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Free Ancient History Essay Examples & Topics

Free Ancient History Essay Examples & Topics

An ancient history essay is a type of assignment that requires students to analyze events, historical figures, and past societies. Based on this research, you will make a claim that should be supported with proof and historical evidence.

That is why our experts prepared a list of tips and advice on how to succeed in writing your following paper in ancient history. At the end of the article, you will also be able to find free samples. Besides, here you’ll have access to ancient history topics that can be useful for practicing or coming up with your ideas.

Any ancient history essay should be based on factual proof and solid arguments regardless of the period it focuses on. A legitimate question might arise: where do I get the evidence? For that, you need to understand where to find information. For most of your papers, the use of primary and secondary sources is a requirement.

Let’s figure out the difference between the two:

  1. Primary Sources are immediate first-hand accounts of a topic. Usually, people directly related to events write them. Primary sources include documents, laws, speeches, photographs, newspapers, and many more.
  2. Secondary Sources are sources that quote primary sources. These resources focus on historical events as well. However, they add a level of interpretation and analysis. Secondary sources can include books, research papers, scholarly articles, documentaries.

A student who strives to produce a well-written ancient times essay should conduct historical analysis. However, what is it? It is a method of examining the evidence to understand the past.

While the past consists of all the events that happened, history is what we know about these events. We have to carefully examine who wrote the text or took the picture to avoid the “authority trap” confusion. One of the ways to do it is by applying the five “w”s:

  • Who?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • What?
  • Why?

History is not a straight line with only one perspective and one answer. Therefore, a good historian is not looking for the truth. They are looking at the forces that shaped history as we know it. Examining a wide range of sources will allow you to write a profound essay.

For a student to deliver a logical paper with solid argumentation, the research has to follow a specific structure:

  • First, you need to draft your thesis statement. Remember that it might change as you learn more and more about the topic. If you’re unsure about your wording, you can use our thesis generator.
  • Then, you should look once again at your sources to decide which are relevant for your paper. For that, you can annotate them and write a short paragraph that summarizes the main idea of the source. When you come back to them later on, it will be less confusing.
  • In the end, provide your arguments with supporting evidence from the sources. Make sure the order in which you list them is logical.

Outlining your ancient history essay is the critical way to keep it clear and straight to the point. The elements that you should include are as follows:

  1. The research question from the prompt or developed by you.
  2. Your thesis statement.
  3. The main idea of the paragraphs.
  4. The evidence that you will use in every paragraph.

16 Ancient History Essay Topics

To simplify your work, we’ve gathered a list of ancient history topics to write about. Here are issues you can use for practice or draw inspiration for your next assignment.

Try the following ideas:

  1. What caused the fall of the Roman empire?
  2. The construction of the Great Pyramids in Ancient Egypt.
  3. A study of Gods and religious beliefs in Ancient Greece.
  4. The governmental structure and organization in Ancient Rome.
  5. Julius Caesar’s role in the expansion of the Roman Empire.
  6. The structure of labor and slavery in Ancient Egypt.
  7. The importance of the Pharaoh in the New Kingdom.
  8. How did the Olympic Games become an international issue?
  9. Odysseus as an epic hero in Trojan War.
  10. Gods, Goddesses, and Deities of the city of Troy.
  11. Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia comparison.
  12. The significance of sports in Ancient Greece.
  13. An analysis of the reign of King Xerxes of Persia.
  14. Roman citizenship and human rights in Ancient Rome.
  15. Similarities between Mesoamerica and Mesopotamia.
  16. The means of communication in Ancient times during the war.

Thank you for reading our article till the very end. We hope you found it useful for your research. You can now look at the ancient history essay examples below.

243 Best Essay Examples on Ancient History

The History of Ramses II

This was also because of the fact that he was the greatest of all pharaohs of his time. He was also able to secure the borders of Egypt.
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Black Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

That was the home to the earliest culture of the black people in Africa. It is claimed in the article that the first rulers of Egypt were black.
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Caral as the Candidate to be the Mother City

Caral, excavated by the archeologist Ruth Shady in the Peruvian desert is believed to be the candidate to the mother city as far as it is a 5,000 years old city of pyramids. It was [...]
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Law and Society in Ancient Rome

In the Roman law, the man is recognized as the head of the household owning the entire property under the family's name.
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The Origins of the Stonehenge

It is believed that this was still a work in progress, given that the arrangement of the stones was altered to create space for new ones.
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Aztec: Barbaric or Civilized

In the picture of a gold necklace placed in the Field Museum it is visible to the naked eye that the work is so fine and marvelous that it is even hard to believe the [...]
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Roman Citizenship Under the Late Republic

Owing to this growing level of dissatisfaction by the Roman citizens, a consul system was incepted by the latter. His success was largely attributed to the system of the Republic.
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Greek and Hellenistic World and Democracy

In addition to the above, the model of democracy in Greece was composed of the Assembly, the Council and the courts that were collectively referred to as the governing bodies.
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Geographical Factor in Emergence of Civilizations

In addition to the above, the origin of civilization in the context of Mesopotamia is also depicted by resource factor provided by the rivers. This illustrates the pivotal role of geography and resources in defining [...]
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Modern Societies and Ancient Civilizations Comparison

The phrase human life as used in this essay encompasses all elements of life such as the system of government, the type of architecture, the religion of the people, and the recreation activities practiced by [...]
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The Eastern Roman Empire Decline

In historical importance, the Great Roman Empire was one of the very important chapters. There was also the cause of deforestation.
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German Tribes and their Migrations

The German tribes attempted to identify themselves with the nobility of the Roman culture interestingly, they identification attempt was meant to gain the services of the military, the German tribes got specific products from the [...]
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The Barbarianism Invasion to Rome Empire

The Knowledge gained of Roman mode of warfare as well as military tactics through serving within the Roman Army by the Babarians, was the major cause of the fall of the Roman Empire.
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The Role of Women in Ancient Egypt

Right to the property for married women and their right to private inheritance and inheritance of the community property belonging to the husband was an essential nature of the status of women in Ancient Egyptian [...]
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The Hisrory of the Byzantine Empire in 565-800

The Byzantium Empire succeeded the Roman Empire in terms of the monarchical government and a complex system of bureaucracy. During the VIIth and the VIIIth centuries, the model of government was evolving, reversing to the [...]
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Ancient Civilization of Rome and Athens

The city of Rome and the city of Athens had great influence and authority over their neighbors and allies. The city of Athens had great influence throughout the Aegean and the influence lasted for about [...]
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Roman Civilization and Its Military Power

The Roman Empire used the first systems of the republic to conquer a lot but for the interest of a few who included those living within the cities as well as those who were close [...]
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Empires’ Success in Ancient World History

They include The Roman empire, the Persian empire, Indian empire and the Parthian empire, there are also a lot of other empires that were also formed. The British empire was also able to withstand a [...]
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Americas, Egypt and Mesopotamia Between 3500-500 BCE

Bentley and Ziegler examine the world as a whole and focus on the development and formation of the world's major societies, 'traditions', and also interactions and connections that have always been established among societies, 'encounters'."Traditions [...]
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Nahuatl Culture Still Exists?

I agree that the conquest of Nahuatl by the Spaniards is a very important event in history that needs to be studied and understood properly.
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Cairo: Historical Features and Artistic Design

Playing fields are in the outskirts of the city due to the development of the modern town although this town is a mixture of modern and historic, some estates date back to historical times of [...]
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Social and Gender Relations of the Pharaonic Egypt

It is doubtless, that the original situation was shown in fiction by ancient authors of the myths, as all the events, associated with gods, wonders and adventures were shown on the background of the Egyptian [...]
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History of Constantinople

Byzantine Constantinople was the capital of Christian Empire the successor of Greece and Rome, and it became the wealthiest and the largest city in the whole Europe.
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Battle of Thermopylae: Course and Results

The Battle of Thermopylae happened at the beginning of the second invasion of Greece by Persians. Greek city-states were led by Sparta."From the age of six boys were trained for the phalanx...the duty of the [...]
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The Ancient Greek Society: Role of Religion

In the cultural sense, the phrase 'ancient Greece' refers to the way of life of the ancient Greek people as depicted in their mode of worship, language, governance, entertainment and their understanding of the physical [...]
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The Northern China: Middle and Late Neolithic Periods

The analysis of the historical research data and the information retrieved with the help of archeological research allows tracing the development and comparing the main features of the middle and late Neolithic periods in Northern [...]
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Civilizations of the Great Valley River

The rulings of the king were taken with a lot of seriousness by the citizens. The divisions of the government were controlled by vizier on behalf of the king.
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Essential World History by Duiker & Spielvogel

One of the greatest legacies of Greek civilization is their contribution to the development of arts and sciences. Christianity and its pacifism are also said to have killed the militantism of the Romans.
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The Reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian (117-138)

Some of his earliest memories perhaps were of the circumstances of Emperor Vespasian's death in AD 79 and the accession of his son Titus, followed shortly by the devastation of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, [...]
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Rise of the Roman Empire

Romulus Augustulus who was the last emperor of the Western empire was deposed in the year 476 and this marked the end of the empire.
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Historical Events in “Ab Urbe Condita” by Livy

The author was intended to show and describe in detail the ancient facts of state formation beginning with Aeneas and then Romulus and Remus and other dominant figures in the historical framework of ancient times.
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The Analysis of Hellenistic Age

When talking of the Hellenistic Age, it refers to the time period of about 30 years between the death of Alexander the Great and the rise of the Roman Empire under the leadership of Augustus [...]
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Latin America Before the Conquest

The Incas Empire occupied what is the modern day the southern frontier of Colombia stretching southward along the coast and highlands of Ecuador and Peru, the highland of Bolivia north western Argentina and Central Chile.
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The History of Roman Empire

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The Discussion of Early Plymouth

In reading the description of American times long past, of people hewing out of the land a small village seated on the slope of a hill by the sea, it may be difficult to avoid [...]
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Jewish Revolt Under Roman Rule

It would be impossible to understand the Jewish revolt against their Roman overlords without first understanding the history of the Jewish people as well as the ascendancy of the Roman Empire, first in Italy, then [...]
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Cato and Marius: Similarities and Differences

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Roman Aristocratic Ethos, Values and Goals

The first characteristics of the nobility appeared to be described from the period of Roman Greece, when the Roman Empire won the battle of Corinth and made the capital Byzantium city.
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History of the Middle East: Shajaret Al Durr

Faced by the opposing forces of the crusaders, Shajar Al Durr maintained the death of the king as a secret, even to the army, to whom she would issue orders armed with the forged signature [...]
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Roman History: Why Julius Caesar Was Assassinated

Julius Caesar was both a politician and a strong leader for the Romans, who were responsible for the changes in the history of the Greco-Roman. Caesar's behavior in the temple was observed to be a [...]
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The Fall of Roman Republic

The Roman Republic lasted over four and a half centuries until it collapsed due to numerous civil wars and from the Roman Republic the government turned from Republican to a government that had a Principate [...]
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Oresteia and the Oedipus Cycle

She seems to be a woman who does not care about the laws and what is allowed or prohibited is of no importance to her, the only thing which has any meaning for her is [...]
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Degredation of Society, Radical Politics

New values makes us inescapably aware of the dilemma of most of the world and unremittingly accuses the rich and powerful nations of complicity in this state of affairs.
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Western Civilizations and Near East

This paper is going to consider all the major aspects of their development in order to find out the reasons for the success of some of them and the failure of others in their attempt [...]
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Greek Mythology, Religion, Philosophy, and History

The ancient religious stories of the Minoans and the Mycenaean were transmitted orally to the other parts of the Mediterranean region which later fused with the Greek traditions and religious practices.
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The Culture of Ancient Egypt

To the advantage of Egyptians in the ancient times, the floods carried with them silt, fertile soils, and minerals which when the flood receded lift rich thick mud that the people grew crops during October [...]
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Ubaid and Uruk: Emergence of Mesopotamian Cities

These characteristics of the environment, in turn, dictated the manner of city-state emergence and structure in Ubaid and Uruk. According to Mieroop, the emergence of the city-state in Mesopotamia was due to the diversity of [...]
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The Mandate of Heaven

Western countries have experienced such disasters in the past, and according to the mandate of heaven, this is a sign of unjust rule.
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Jihad and the Just War Theory by Christians

The just war theory is a theory that describes the occurrence of war and tries to justify the occurrence with reference to various issues such as tradition, doctrine, and history.
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Romans, Gaul, and Their Relations in the History

Prior to the arrival of the Romans, the most advanced peoples appeared on the coast of France. Greeks created a prosperous nation and contributed to the rapid economic development of the French region.
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The Macedonian Empire: Macedonian Culture

The Macedonian empire was characterized by a heavy cavalry due to the broad plains of the area that enabled the raising of horses, and the monarchical system of government provided the landholding nobility used to [...]
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Greece and Egypt: Colonialism and Interaction

Ancient Greek civilization has been immensely influential on the language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, art and architecture of the modern world particularly during the Renaissance in Western Europe and again during various neo-classical revivals in [...]
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Alexander the Great and Stoicism

Just like his father he proved to be a great warrior and led his army to conquer the whole world, at least the world known to the Greeks.
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Ancient Civilization of Rome

Through innovation, town planning was very important in Rome, the roman in the city plans considered factors like the climate, purpose of the town, and the environment.
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History: Pyramids of Egypt

The Predynastic Period of Egypt is traditionally the period between the Early Neolithic and the beginning of the Pharaonic monarchy beginning with King Narmer.
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  • Words: 2361

Classical Greek vs. Republican Roman Societies

The most common dates were the fall of the Athenian tyrant to that of the death of Alexander the Great. The role of the military in both classical Greek and Republican Rome societies was pronounced.
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2250

Korean Ceramics Through History

The Koreans were the first producers of high-fired ceramics. The reduced oxygen environment in the kiln created the gray color that the Koreans were famous for creating.
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1470

Minoan Civilization and Its Collapse in 1450 BC

There was a strong influence of the Minoan palace culture that was greatly affected by the earthquakes that took place in that area most of the time, and therefore it became hard as the palaces [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1518

Aegean’s Urbanization: Technology and Pattern

The intense trading activity in the Aegean region was also supported by the geographical positioning of the region near to the ocean so as to be accessible to the urban civilizations of the Near East.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 1050

Religion and Society in Ancient Egypt

The king sought to control the flow of resources which were collected from the provinces and peasants and channeled upward. The class division was strongly present in the mythology of Ancient Egypt and was accepted [...]
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 828

Ancient History of Babylon and Mohenjo-Daro Cities

The importance of water for Babylonian infrastructure, thus, became leading, influencing the lives of peasants through the necessity of irrigation and the lives of city-dwellers through the integration of water canals into the city's infrastructure.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1216

Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead

It is a critical and ending part of the journey in the afterlife when the individual would arrive at the Hall of Maat and the purity of their soul is judged before entering the Kingdom [...]
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 483

Roman Colosseum in Ancient European History

The monument received the name Colosseum in the Middle Ages from the distorted Latin word "colosseum", while in Imperial Rome, it was called the Flavian amphitheater in honor of the imperial dynasty.
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2537

Wu Zetian and Hatshepsut, Ancient Female Rulers

The Pharaoh Hatshepsut was born in 1507 BC and was the fifth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. She ascended the throne in 1478, as the daughter of Thutmose I, and a wife of [...]
  • Pages: 3
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Ancient Egypt’s Socioeconomic & Cultural Relations

From this perspective, the research of ancient Egypt society as one of the earliest civilizations can help to acquire the idea of how it impacted the further evolution of our views on social, economic, and [...]
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1924

Roman Civilization’ Analysis

This paper will describe the Roman civilization, some important moments in its history, and how it interacted with Islamic civilization. Some of the most important parts of Roman history are related to the changes in [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 356

Ancient History. Polybius on the Roman Republic

As Polybius states himself, he is so interested in the Roman Government because he wants to explain to his readers how "almost the whole world fell under the rule of one power, that of Rome".
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  • Words: 602

Greek and Roman Myths and Historical Reality

Despite the fact that the majority of Greek and Roman myths are about males and their achievements, the root of their actions remains to be a woman and the relations between men and women.
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1724

History of Mesopotamia and Egypt

The central characteristics of the Egyptian state and religion were anchored on the monarchy. In a nutshell, the Egyptian myth demonstrated the wouldeath' of the older creation and the advent of the new creation.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 631

Ancient Art, Architecture, Literature and Politics

Its significance cannot be underestimated, as it was a gigantic step towards the settling down of tribes and the rise of a civilization that as well has led to the appearance of the first states.
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1645

The Great Hymn to Osiris

The passage is critical in the understanding of the Osiris myth since it depicts the position of women in the Egyptian traditional society.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1135

Stylistic Features: Ancient Middle East and Roman

There are several peculiarities of design indicating that the contemporary dress can be viewed as the adaption of the ancient stola. In Ancient Rome, this type of clothing was used to conceal the sexuality of [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 621

Sulla’s Acts Against Roman People and Senate

To emphasize the cruelty of Sulla, Plutarch provides examples of Sulla's multiple murders and accuses him of slaughter against the city. The second act of Sulla that gave offense to the Romans and the Senate [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 446

Marcus Furius Camillus in the History of Rome

The promise Camillus made to Queen was a tenth of the spoils from the City of Veii and, at the same time, beseeched her to follow them in victory to the city they will share [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 778

Lucius Cornelius Sulla and Roman Senate

Sulla earned the secret dislike of the senate because he ordered to kill Gaius Marius a person who once spared Sulla's life. Sulla did several things to offend the Roman people and the senate.
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 149