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Ancient History Essay Examples and Topics

How to Structure Essays on Ancient History

The variety of sources make essays on Ancient history stimulating to write but hard to structure. Therefore, the first thing you must do is research your topic, even briefly.

This advice may seem boring, but good ancient history essay structure comes from understanding your subject and being comfortable with your sources:

  • Write down the books and journals you are using;
  • Ask yourself what they bring to your essay;
  • Reflect on whether your sources let you approach the topic from different perspectives;
  • Remove or add sources.

Repeating this process once or twice will help you create a paper that is both informative and to the point.

Outline and Subheadings

After working with sources, you should be ready to create an outline for essays with all kinds of titles on ancient world history topics. Write out your subheadings, making sure their arguments do not overlap. They have to be broad enough to cover enough, but sufficiently narrow to be distinct from each other.

Let us assume your essay’s title is, for example, on archaeology, with the title “Burial Mounds around the World.” Dividing all the mounds in every corner of the earth by their date of creation, with no regard for the civilization that created them, would be an overlapping mess. However, you could group the information by the mounds’ locations.

Another case of bad subheadings could be created by forgetting your main goal. Always remember that your ancient history essay structure should be reflective of your argument.

Switching from “Women and Court Life” to “The Social Exclusion of Women” could be hurtful to your grade in an essay about Ancient Persian women and their place in society. These topics claim entirely different things! Find examples of better essay structures on IvyPanda.

Women Roles in the Ptolemaic Court

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Ancient River-Valley Civilizations Comparison

Due to the plentiful water supply, the civilizations were able to boost their farming activities and start agricultural revolutions a rapid increase in the crops harvest powering the development of the cities and the population [...]

Mayan Civilization’s Disappearance

Therefore, the drought theory could be considered as the most reasonable for explaining the Mayan civilization's disappearance mystery. Two most reasonable hypotheses of Mayan civilization's disappearance were examined: the drought theory and the environmental theory.

Greek Society’s Early History and Development

Minoan Society Emerged during the third millennium B.C.E. Named after King Minos, the prominent royal figure Remembered for numerous architectural achievements Knossos complex structure containing administrative and residential buildings Were proficient in economic and [...]

Roman Dress: the Influence of Roman Law

The aristocratic nature of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, and the privileged position of Roman citizens about the other residents of the vast territory of the Roman state, as well as the developed bureaucratic [...]

9 Books of “The Histories” by Herodotus

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Ancient Egypt vs Ancient Greece

In this paper, the researcher seeks to investigate the extent to which Ancient Egypt became Greek and the extent to which it remained the same during and after the rule by Ancient Greece.

Book V in Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics

The central discussion of the document revolves around justice to provide a scrutinized analysis of money and exchange. This is because the fair exchange of things is the reciprocity of proportion and not equality.

Egyptian Papyri and Technology

Incorporating the papyrus technology into a conference that seeks to discuss the history of Egyptians begins by understanding how the technology worked, including its significance to modern developments and hence the reason for including this [...]

History of the Periplus

The manuscript was supposedly written in the middle of the first century A.D.by a merchant of the Egyptian Greek origin. In the time of Periplus, Egypt had become a part of the Roman Empire and [...]

Ancient Indian and Roman Civilizations

Traditionally, the system had four main categories, namely 'Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras.' The Brahmins were highest in the ladder of social stratification, while the Sudras comprised the lowest group.

The Fall of Rome

When observed in another way, the primary cause of the collapse was the conflict between the need to manage wealth and the desire to spend it.

History of the Barbarians

The population bordering the Roman Empire included "the Irish and Picts of the British Isles, the highly civilized Persians on the Syrian Frontier, the Berbers of North Africa, Asiatic nomads like the Sarmatians, and many [...]

The Fall of Rome and the Barbarian Expansion

The leading opinion on the matter suggests that the true reasons for the collapse of the state include both internal and external factors; brought together into a system, they have served to destroy the once [...]

Mummification in Egypt: Nature of the Process

In addition, Egyptians believed that both animals and the human soul were inseparable from the rest of the body. The Egyptians felt that such practices were important in the well being of every individual in [...]

Roman Triumph History

Finally, the army leader had to bring the army back, an indication that he had succeeded in defeating the enemy and therefore the presence of the army in the battle field was no longer needed.

The Decline of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire experienced some changes in the government and its way of administration which was, in fact one of the major reasons for the decline of the empire.

Early Civilization in Mesopotamia

Chavalas presents the notion that one of the drawbacks behind the hunter and gatherer stage that existed prior to the development of complex and stratified societies was the lack of sufficient concentrations of native populations.

Similarities between Sumeria and Gupta

An important difference is that while the local rulers of the Gupta Empire contributed to the decline of the empire by fighting amongst themselves, the Sumerian Civilization was weakened by the rapid expansion that made [...]

Mayan Calendar System

One of the great ancient civilizations known to man is that of the Mayan people. As such, this calendar was the center of the life and culture of the Mayan people.

Agamemnon as a Leader – Ancient History

This was just before they sailed to Troy for battle where Agamemnon's insults resulted to them being disciplined as the winds died so that they were unable to navigate, until Agamemnon made a sacrifice to [...]

The Mayan Civilization’s Disappearance

In spite of the fact the Mayan civilization disappeared many centuries ago, the mystery of the sudden fall of the successful and developed civilization which cultural achievements are still examined and discussed as significant ones [...]

Herodotus’ Discussion of the Scythians

To understand whether Herodotus provides the reliable considerations about the aspects of the Scythians life and society, it is necessary to analyze the narrative of Herodotus with references to the discussion of the archaeological evidence [...]

The Epic of Gilgamesh by Sumerians

This paper creates a critical analysis of The Epic of Gilgamesh by specifically discussing Gilgamesh's place in society, the justification of his societal position and his rights and obligations.

Alexander the Great’s Reign

Alexander the Great is often considered the best leader in his times because he introduced a new order in the world by uniting the east with the west.

Warfare and Violence in Ancient Times

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The Societies of Ancient Mesoamerica

Regional conflicts and confrontations between the south and the north of the region, absence of a distinct political center and dynastic unions and rivalries were the basis of the increasing social division in these areas.

Lysistrata: An Anti-War Play

The action evolves around the idea to come about the salvation of Greek people that is hatched by the main heroine of the play Lysistrata who encourages all women of Greece to withhold their marriage [...]

Western History

The role of women in the societies depicted in the stories is a minimal one as compared to that of men.

Lucretius’s View about the Roman Agriculture

This was not a mere rhetoric considering that writers on the Roman agriculture also highlighted the decline in land productivity either due to the land being old or because of humans' failure to preserve the [...]

Mesopotamian Civilization

The history of this great land can be traced through looking at the history of different people who occupied it who included the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Amorites, the Hitites, the Kassites, the Assyrians, and [...]

History of Athenian Democracy

There were three main bodies that governed the affairs of Athens and they were the assembly, the council and the courts all which were run by representatives of the people.

Ancient Societies In Asia

While China has had the distinction of being credited with the development of literally hundreds of different inventions the fact remains of all the technological innovations it has been credited for the top four are: [...]

The Kings of Ancient Egypt

They were empowered by a divine appointment and therefore it is for the best interest of everyone to sustiain the line of succession and preserve the kingdom. The origin of the people, the land mass [...]

The Histories: Greek Identity

With the help of such a deep analysis of the conflict, described in The Histories, and the events, which happened in real, the reader gets a wonderful opportunity to clear up the major elements of [...]

The Pyramids of Giza

These pyramids symbolized the power of Egyptian pharaohs and the idea of wealth that was inherent to the Egyptian nation in the Old Kingdom."Though the kings of the Old Kingdom built pyramids not for the [...]

The daily life of the ancient Maya

Agriculture was one of the very prominent activities that the Maya people engaged in.the ancient agricultural feature of the community still can be found in many available archaeological records; these records stretch from the old [...]

Tacitus’ The Agricola and The Germania

The Agricola and the Germania are the two educative works which describe the achievements of the Roman Empire from different perspectives: the Germania is based on the traditions which were set by the Roman government [...]

The Ancient Mayan Civilization

The political-social organization of the Maya was hierarchical with a king, nobles and priests on top and the common people and slaves on the bottom.

Maya, Aztec and Inca Collapse

The Aztec and the Incas are examples of civilizations present in Southern America and form among the greatest civilization of the world at their time.

History of Teotihuacan Civilization

The figure below is a map of the region during the height of the Teotihuacan civilization in the Mexican area that presents the extent of the empire in context of other cultures that existed at [...]

Slavery in the Roman Empire

The elite were the rich people, and majority of the population that comprised of the common farmers, artisans, and merchants known as the plebeians occupied the low status.

Sparta and Japan civilizations

Socially these two civilizations had a caste system as the Spartans were the highest in the ranking for the system while in Japan society the emperor was the highest in the caste system.

The Maya Civilisation (Central America)

Demarest affirms that the Maya Civilization was located on the eastern part of the modern day Mesoamerica. The confines of the Maya Civilization are, thus, contentious since they changed with the movement of cultural behaviours [...]

Medicine in Ancient Rome

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Concepts of Ancient Greek Culture

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