Home > Free Essays > History > Ancient History

Ancient History Essay Examples and Topics

How to Structure Essays on Ancient History

The variety of sources make essays on Ancient history stimulating to write but hard to structure. Therefore, the first thing you must do is research your topic, even briefly.

This advice may seem boring, but good ancient history essay structure comes from understanding your subject and being comfortable with your sources:

  • Write down the books and journals you are using;
  • Ask yourself what they bring to your essay;
  • Reflect on whether your sources let you approach the topic from different perspectives;
  • Remove or add sources.

Repeating this process once or twice will help you create a paper that is both informative and to the point.

Outline and Subheadings

After working with sources, you should be ready to create an outline for essays with all kinds of titles on ancient world history topics. Write out your subheadings, making sure their arguments do not overlap. They have to be broad enough to cover enough, but sufficiently narrow to be distinct from each other.

Let us assume your essay’s title is, for example, on archaeology, with the title “Burial Mounds around the World.” Dividing all the mounds in every corner of the earth by their date of creation, with no regard for the civilization that created them, would be an overlapping mess. However, you could group the information by the mounds’ locations.

Another case of bad subheadings could be created by forgetting your main goal. Always remember that your ancient history essay structure should be reflective of your argument.

Switching from “Women and Court Life” to “The Social Exclusion of Women” could be hurtful to your grade in an essay about Ancient Persian women and their place in society. These topics claim entirely different things! Find examples of better essay structures on IvyPanda.

133 Best Essay Topics on Ancient History

Greek and Roman Myths and Historical Reality

Despite the fact that the majority of Greek and Roman myths are about males and their achievements, the root of their actions remains to be a woman and the relations between men and women.

History of Mesopotamia and Egypt

The central characteristics of the Egyptian state and religion were anchored on the monarchy. In a nutshell, the Egyptian myth demonstrated the wouldeath' of the older creation and the advent of the new creation.

Ancient Art, Architecture, Literature and Politics

Its significance cannot be underestimated, as it was a gigantic step towards the settling down of tribes and the rise of a civilization that as well has led to the appearance of the first states.

The Great Hymn to Osiris

The passage is critical in the understanding of the Osiris myth since it depicts the position of women in the Egyptian traditional society.

Stylistic Features: Ancient Middle East and Roman

There are several peculiarities of design indicating that the contemporary dress can be viewed as the adaption of the ancient stola. In Ancient Rome, this type of clothing was used to conceal the sexuality of [...]

Sulla’s Acts Against Roman People and Senate

To emphasize the cruelty of Sulla, Plutarch provides examples of Sulla's multiple murders and accuses him of slaughter against the city. The second act of Sulla that gave offense to the Romans and the Senate [...]

Marcus Furius Camillus in the History of Rome

The promise Camillus made to Queen was a tenth of the spoils from the City of Veii and, at the same time, beseeched her to follow them in victory to the city they will share [...]

Lucius Cornelius Sulla and Roman Senate

Sulla earned the secret dislike of the senate because he ordered to kill Gaius Marius a person who once spared Sulla's life. Sulla did several things to offend the Roman people and the senate.

Marcus Furius Camillus in Augustan Rome

Camillus rejected the idea of using hostages as a means of forcing the Faliscans to surrender since in his opinion, such a strategy was ignoble.

Cornelius Tacitus, a Roman Empire Historian

His works mainly reflect on the history of the Roman Empire from the death of Emperor Augustus in 14 AD to 70 AD, which was known as the Year of the Initial War between the [...]

Alexander the Great’s Conquest of Persian Empire

The death of Alexander the Great shook the empire, beginning the process of the division and undoing of his legacy as many of the conquered regions saw opportunities to relinquish the Hellenistic rule.

Augustus’s Individual Autocratic Government

The scope of the Empire and the incapability of the Senate to ensure efficient management of power and the increasing importance of the army's role were the major factors that provoked the thoughts in various [...]

Ancient Anasazi and Their Civilization

Nevertheless, remains of farmsteads and hamlets point to the active involvement of the Anasazi in construction and agriculture and trade with neighboring communities.

Women Roles in the Ptolemaic Court

The attempt to figure out the role that women played in Ptolemaic courts uncovered a radical transition regarding the significance of women from Ptolemy I, the first Ptolemaic king, to the beginning of the reign [...]

Ancient River-Valley Civilizations Comparison

Due to the plentiful water supply, the civilizations were able to boost their farming activities and start agricultural revolutions a rapid increase in the crops harvest powering the development of the cities and the population [...]

Mayan Civilization’s Disappearance

Therefore, the drought theory could be considered as the most reasonable for explaining the Mayan civilization's disappearance mystery. Two most reasonable hypotheses of Mayan civilization's disappearance were examined: the drought theory and the environmental theory.

Greek Society’s Early History and Development

Minoan Society Emerged during the third millennium B.C.E. Named after King Minos, the prominent royal figure Remembered for numerous architectural achievements Knossos complex structure containing administrative and residential buildings Were proficient in economic and [...]

Roman Dress: the Influence of Roman Law

The aristocratic nature of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, and the privileged position of Roman citizens about the other residents of the vast territory of the Roman state, as well as the developed bureaucratic [...]

9 Books of “The Histories” by Herodotus

It is one of the earliest books known today dedicated to exploring the history and describing not only lifestyles and traditions of the society in which the author or his ancestors lived but also lifestyles [...]

Egyptian Pharaoh’s Power and Personalities

The records gathered from the offices of pharaohs helped to comprehend the importance of a gender issue in Ancient Egypt. The power of the pharaoh was impressive and could change history.

World Civilizations: History and Analysis

After the fall of the Roman Empire, two new empires emerged: the Western Empire also known as the Holy Roman Empire and the Eastern Empire also known as the Byzantine Empire.

Ancient Egypt vs Ancient Greece

In this paper, the researcher seeks to investigate the extent to which Ancient Egypt became Greek and the extent to which it remained the same during and after the rule by Ancient Greece.

Book V in Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics

The central discussion of the document revolves around justice to provide a scrutinized analysis of money and exchange. This is because the fair exchange of things is the reciprocity of proportion and not equality.

Egyptian Papyri and Technology

Incorporating the papyrus technology into a conference that seeks to discuss the history of Egyptians begins by understanding how the technology worked, including its significance to modern developments and hence the reason for including this [...]

The River Nile’s Importance to the Ancient Egyptians

This work is an analysis of Abdul's assignment on the importance of the River Nile to the Ancient Egyptians. This work analyses Abdul's task in terms of the satisfaction of the demands of literacy and [...]

History of the Periplus

The manuscript was supposedly written in the middle of the first century A.D.by a merchant of the Egyptian Greek origin. In the time of Periplus, Egypt had become a part of the Roman Empire and [...]

Science and Technology’ Development in Ancient Civilizations

These observations on Egyptian civilization assisted many in understanding the daunting challenges human beings experienced in terms of: the nature of human relationships; the nature of the universe; and the role of the divine forces [...]

Ancient Indian and Roman Civilizations

Traditionally, the system had four main categories, namely 'Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras.' The Brahmins were highest in the ladder of social stratification, while the Sudras comprised the lowest group.

The Fall of Rome

When observed in another way, the primary cause of the collapse was the conflict between the need to manage wealth and the desire to spend it.

History of the Barbarians

The population bordering the Roman Empire included "the Irish and Picts of the British Isles, the highly civilized Persians on the Syrian Frontier, the Berbers of North Africa, Asiatic nomads like the Sarmatians, and many [...]

The Tomb of Shi Huangdi: Mystery and Theories

After taking into consideration the various pros and cons of the theories that were presented, it was decided that the best possible theory to explain why the Tomb of Shi Huangdi was created was due [...]

Egyptian Civilization’s History

The occupation of the Nile Valley by the Romans in 31 BC marked the beginning of change in the culture of the Egyptians.

Medicine and Religion in Ancient Civilizations

Some said that religion is in the way of the medicine and stops it from evolving and changing while others stated that medicine undermines the sanctity of human life and goes against the natural way [...]

The Fall of Rome and the Barbarian Expansion

The leading opinion on the matter suggests that the true reasons for the collapse of the state include both internal and external factors; brought together into a system, they have served to destroy the once [...]

Mummification in Egypt: Nature of the Process

In addition, Egyptians believed that both animals and the human soul were inseparable from the rest of the body. The Egyptians felt that such practices were important in the well being of every individual in [...]

The History of Ancient India Analysis

The construction of the massive buildings in the two cities implied the existence of an autocratic regime that mobilized the labor and provided the necessary raw materials.

Roman Triumph History

Finally, the army leader had to bring the army back, an indication that he had succeeded in defeating the enemy and therefore the presence of the army in the battle field was no longer needed.

The Decline of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire experienced some changes in the government and its way of administration which was, in fact one of the major reasons for the decline of the empire.

Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War: Sicilian Antiquities

The Peloponnesian War saw the introduction of a number of technologies in the war field, with the battlefield being revolutionized. The book by Thucydides on 'The Peloponnesian War' is a significant representation of the events [...]

Early Civilization in Mesopotamia

Chavalas presents the notion that one of the drawbacks behind the hunter and gatherer stage that existed prior to the development of complex and stratified societies was the lack of sufficient concentrations of native populations.

The Umayyad Empire: Rise, Growth and Fall

Uthmann's assassination led to the outbreak of the first Muslims' civil war known as the Fitna. Therefore, the conquest of Mecca led to the conversion of Muawiya to Islam.

The War between the Athenians and the Peloponnesians

The Spartans were the key leaders of the Peloponnesians, and they fought the Athenians because of bitterness. According to Thucydides, this was the major cause of the war between the Athenians and the Peloponnesians.

The Aksumite Empire History Overview

The Aksumite Empire was one of the ancient civilizations whose existence was mainly supported by the natural environment and the natural resources of the region.

Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanid Empires

The ruling dynasties of all of the three empires had a goal to conquer more lands and to make their states even bigger, as back then this was considered the sign of power and influence.

Similarities between Sumeria and Gupta

An important difference is that while the local rulers of the Gupta Empire contributed to the decline of the empire by fighting amongst themselves, the Sumerian Civilization was weakened by the rapid expansion that made [...]

Mayan Calendar System

One of the great ancient civilizations known to man is that of the Mayan people. As such, this calendar was the center of the life and culture of the Mayan people.

Roman Lifestyles’ Influence on Civilization

For instance, the case of Lucretia indicates the perception of the ancient Romans on the matter. The instance of moral decadence within the contemporary America is similar to that in the ancient Rome.

Agamemnon as a Leader – Ancient History

This was just before they sailed to Troy for battle where Agamemnon's insults resulted to them being disciplined as the winds died so that they were unable to navigate, until Agamemnon made a sacrifice to [...]

The Mayan Civilization’s Disappearance

In spite of the fact the Mayan civilization disappeared many centuries ago, the mystery of the sudden fall of the successful and developed civilization which cultural achievements are still examined and discussed as significant ones [...]

Rome’ and Avignon Fighting over the Papacy

Religious and political power played some of the most significant roles in the rise of the Schism. The councils of Pisa, Constance and Basle contributed significantly to the end of the Western Schism.

Greek City-states – Ancient History

Using the case of the early Greek poleis, this paper shows that commercialisation and changing attitudes about leadership have changed the nature of states.

Herodotus’ Discussion of the Scythians

To understand whether Herodotus provides the reliable considerations about the aspects of the Scythians life and society, it is necessary to analyze the narrative of Herodotus with references to the discussion of the archaeological evidence [...]

“The Fall of the Maya” by Dauna Coulter

The ruins of Tikal, the main Mayan city, in Guatemala shows the architecture and the scope of the ancient builders - even now it is difficult to create the city like this.

History: Plutarch’s Vision on Alexander the Great

One of the greatest strengths of Alexander's character is his vision, ambition, and thirst to succeed. The same corruption leads to Philotus disrespecting the king by claiming that he is enjoying the fruits of his [...]

The Epic of Gilgamesh by Sumerians

This paper creates a critical analysis of The Epic of Gilgamesh by specifically discussing Gilgamesh's place in society, the justification of his societal position and his rights and obligations.

Ancient History: the Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It is worth analyzing the place according to its appearance to the eyes of the millions of viewers who visit [...]

History: Ancient Greek Olympics

Hence, the myth concerning the emergence of the Olympic Games involves Zeus. The Olympic Games owed their integrity and significance to religion.

Alexander the Great’s Reign

Alexander the Great is often considered the best leader in his times because he introduced a new order in the world by uniting the east with the west.

Warfare and Violence in Ancient Times

It is also important to note the artifacts and architecture seen in Aztecs and Mayan times. In 2005, this language was recognized by UNESCO in a play as the Intangible and oral Heritage of humanity.

The Societies of Ancient Mesoamerica

Regional conflicts and confrontations between the south and the north of the region, absence of a distinct political center and dynastic unions and rivalries were the basis of the increasing social division in these areas.

Dissolution of the Roman Empire

Historians seeking to determine the actual cause of the decline and eventual dissolution of the Roman Empire have formulated several theories.

Ancient Greek Civilization History

He criticized the government for tyranny and as a result, he is considered the father of democracy in Greek Sacred disease refers to epilepsy.

Lysistrata: An Anti-War Play

The action evolves around the idea to come about the salvation of Greek people that is hatched by the main heroine of the play Lysistrata who encourages all women of Greece to withhold their marriage [...]

Western History

The role of women in the societies depicted in the stories is a minimal one as compared to that of men.

Lucretius’s View about the Roman Agriculture

This was not a mere rhetoric considering that writers on the Roman agriculture also highlighted the decline in land productivity either due to the land being old or because of humans' failure to preserve the [...]

Mesopotamian Civilization

The history of this great land can be traced through looking at the history of different people who occupied it who included the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Amorites, the Hitites, the Kassites, the Assyrians, and [...]

History of Athenian Democracy

There were three main bodies that governed the affairs of Athens and they were the assembly, the council and the courts all which were run by representatives of the people.

Ancient Societies In Asia

While China has had the distinction of being credited with the development of literally hundreds of different inventions the fact remains of all the technological innovations it has been credited for the top four are: [...]

The Kings of Ancient Egypt

They were empowered by a divine appointment and therefore it is for the best interest of everyone to sustiain the line of succession and preserve the kingdom. The origin of the people, the land mass [...]

Factors that Influenced Development on Human Civilization

Some of the ancient trading activities included the exchange of food crops which led to development of agriculture in various territories."Ideas also spread and developed through trading activities". At this time many people were concerned [...]

The Histories: Greek Identity

With the help of such a deep analysis of the conflict, described in The Histories, and the events, which happened in real, the reader gets a wonderful opportunity to clear up the major elements of [...]

The Pyramids of Giza

These pyramids symbolized the power of Egyptian pharaohs and the idea of wealth that was inherent to the Egyptian nation in the Old Kingdom."Though the kings of the Old Kingdom built pyramids not for the [...]

The daily life of the ancient Maya

Agriculture was one of the very prominent activities that the Maya people engaged in.the ancient agricultural feature of the community still can be found in many available archaeological records; these records stretch from the old [...]

Tacitus’ The Agricola and The Germania

The Agricola and the Germania are the two educative works which describe the achievements of the Roman Empire from different perspectives: the Germania is based on the traditions which were set by the Roman government [...]

The Ancient Mayan Civilization

The political-social organization of the Maya was hierarchical with a king, nobles and priests on top and the common people and slaves on the bottom.

Maya, Aztec and Inca Collapse

The Aztec and the Incas are examples of civilizations present in Southern America and form among the greatest civilization of the world at their time.

History of Teotihuacan Civilization

The figure below is a map of the region during the height of the Teotihuacan civilization in the Mexican area that presents the extent of the empire in context of other cultures that existed at [...]

Slavery in the Roman Empire

The elite were the rich people, and majority of the population that comprised of the common farmers, artisans, and merchants known as the plebeians occupied the low status.

Sparta and Japan civilizations

Socially these two civilizations had a caste system as the Spartans were the highest in the ranking for the system while in Japan society the emperor was the highest in the caste system.

The Maya Civilisation (Central America)

Demarest affirms that the Maya Civilization was located on the eastern part of the modern day Mesoamerica. The confines of the Maya Civilization are, thus, contentious since they changed with the movement of cultural behaviours [...]

Ancient Civilizations: The Maya Empire

The Maya in the southern plain region reached the climax of influence in A.D. The empire reached the climax of its influence and power during the 6th century A.D.

Medicine in Ancient Rome

This was after the evolution of the use of herbs as poisons that were used to kill people. Herbal knowledge in the region revolved around the army quite a bit and the soldiers gained from [...]

Welcome to Ancient Egypt. When Legends Were Born

Djoser and Imhotep, carved in people's memories: the architecture When it comes to the architecture associated with Djoser, the first and the foremost thing to mention is that he was the one to begin the [...]

Concepts of Ancient Greek Culture

In particular, one can speak about the establishment of a civic state, the adoption of new approaches to education and science, the development of new artistic forms, and more critical attitude toward those people who [...]

Greek City state and the Roman Empire

Athens developed a democratic form of government that allowed the citizens to participate in the drafting of the constitution and the governance of their city-states.

Structure of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro

The most featured activities were discovery of clothes through the use of the spinning jenny, the domestication of animals, and the discovery of plantation farming.

Civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt

The people of Mesopotamia used calendars in order to determine when the floods could occur along the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The Egyptians had a lot of developments in the field of architecture and art [...]

The Stone Age Period and Its Evolution

Therefore, the term is associated with the tools and the equipments that the ancient people made from the stones. In the Neolithic age, there was development of weaving, pottery and metal weapons and tools began [...]
Psst... Stuck with your
assignment? 😱
Psst... Stuck with your assignment? 😱
Do you need an essay to be done?
What type of assignment 📝 do you need?
How many pages (words) do you need? Let's see if we can help you!