An ancient history essay is a type of assignment that requires students to analyze events, historical figures, and past societies. Based on this research, you will make a claim that should be supported with proof and historical evidence.
That is why our experts prepared a list of tips and advice on how to succeed in writing your following paper in ancient history. At the end of the article, you will also be able to find free samples. Besides, here you’ll have access to ancient history topics that can be useful for practicing or coming up with your ideas.
Any ancient history essay should be based on factual proof and solid arguments regardless of the period it focuses on. A legitimate question might arise: where do I get the evidence? For that, you need to understand where to find information. For most of your papers, the use of primary and secondary sources is a requirement.
Primary Sources are immediate first-hand accounts of a topic. Usually, people directly related to events write them. Primary sources include documents, laws, speeches, photographs, newspapers, and many more.
Secondary Sources are sources that quote primary sources. These resources focus on historical events as well. However, they add a level of interpretation and analysis. Secondary sources can include books, research papers, scholarly articles, documentaries.
A student who strives to produce a well-written ancient times essay should conduct historical analysis. However, what is it? It is a method of examining the evidence to understand the past.
While the past consists of all the events that happened, history is what we know about these events. We have to carefully examine who wrote the text or took the picture to avoid the “authority trap” confusion. One of the ways to do it is by applying the five “w”s:
History is not a straight line with only one perspective and one answer. Therefore, a good historian is not looking for the truth. They are looking at the forces that shaped history as we know it. Examining a wide range of sources will allow you to write a profound essay.
For a student to deliver a logical paper with solid argumentation, the research has to follow a specific structure:
First, you need to draft your thesis statement. Remember that it might change as you learn more and more about the topic. If you’re unsure about your wording, you can use our thesis generator.
Then, you should look once again at your sources to decide which are relevant for your paper. For that, you can annotate them and write a short paragraph that summarizes the main idea of the source. When you come back to them later on, it will be less confusing.
In the end, provide your arguments with supporting evidence from the sources. Make sure the order in which you list them is logical.
Outlining your ancient history essay is the critical way to keep it clear and straight to the point. The elements that you should include are as follows:
The research question from the prompt or developed by you.
Your thesis statement.
The main idea of the paragraphs.
The evidence that you will use in every paragraph.
16 Ancient History Essay Topics
To simplify your work, we’ve gathered a list of ancient history topics to write about. Here are issues you can use for practice or draw inspiration for your next assignment.
Try the following ideas:
What caused the fall of the Roman empire?
The construction of the Great Pyramids in Ancient Egypt.
A study of Gods and religious beliefs in Ancient Greece.
The governmental structure and organization in Ancient Rome.
Julius Caesar’s role in the expansion of the Roman Empire.
The structure of labor and slavery in Ancient Egypt.
The importance of the Pharaoh in the New Kingdom.
How did the Olympic Games become an international issue?
Odysseus as an epic hero in Trojan War.
Gods, Goddesses, and Deities of the city of Troy.
Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia comparison.
The significance of sports in Ancient Greece.
An analysis of the reign of King Xerxes of Persia.
Roman citizenship and human rights in Ancient Rome.
Similarities between Mesoamerica and Mesopotamia.
The means of communication in Ancient times during the war.
Thank you for reading our article till the very end. We hope you found it useful for your research. You can now look at the ancient history essay examples below.
Prior to the arrival of the Romans, the most advanced peoples appeared on the coast of France. Greeks created a prosperous nation and contributed to the rapid economic development of the French region.
The Macedonian empire was characterized by a heavy cavalry due to the broad plains of the area that enabled the raising of horses, and the monarchical system of government provided the landholding nobility used to [...]
Ancient Greek civilization has been immensely influential on the language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, art and architecture of the modern world particularly during the Renaissance in Western Europe and again during various neo-classical revivals in [...]
In the 20th century, Indian archaeologists discovered a civilization that existed simultaneously with the Egyptian civilization of the era of the first pharaohs and Mesopotamia of the Sumerians period.
The king sought to control the flow of resources which were collected from the provinces and peasants and channeled upward. The class division was strongly present in the mythology of Ancient Egypt and was accepted [...]
The importance of water for Babylonian infrastructure, thus, became leading, influencing the lives of peasants through the necessity of irrigation and the lives of city-dwellers through the integration of water canals into the city's infrastructure.
From this perspective, the research of ancient Egypt society as one of the earliest civilizations can help to acquire the idea of how it impacted the further evolution of our views on social, economic, and [...]
This paper will describe the Roman civilization, some important moments in its history, and how it interacted with Islamic civilization. Some of the most important parts of Roman history are related to the changes in [...]
The central characteristics of the Egyptian state and religion were anchored on the monarchy. In a nutshell, the Egyptian myth demonstrated the wouldeath' of the older creation and the advent of the new creation.
There are several peculiarities of design indicating that the contemporary dress can be viewed as the adaption of the ancient stola. In Ancient Rome, this type of clothing was used to conceal the sexuality of [...]
To emphasize the cruelty of Sulla, Plutarch provides examples of Sulla's multiple murders and accuses him of slaughter against the city. The second act of Sulla that gave offense to the Romans and the Senate [...]
The death of Alexander the Great shook the empire, beginning the process of the division and undoing of his legacy as many of the conquered regions saw opportunities to relinquish the Hellenistic rule.
The scope of the Empire and the incapability of the Senate to ensure efficient management of power and the increasing importance of the army's role were the major factors that provoked the thoughts in various [...]
The attempt to figure out the role that women played in Ptolemaic courts uncovered a radical transition regarding the significance of women from Ptolemy I, the first Ptolemaic king, to the beginning of the reign [...]
Due to the plentiful water supply, the civilizations were able to boost their farming activities and start agricultural revolutions a rapid increase in the crops harvest powering the development of the cities and the population [...]
Therefore, the drought theory could be considered as the most reasonable for explaining the Mayan civilization's disappearance mystery. Two most reasonable hypotheses of Mayan civilization's disappearance were examined: the drought theory and the environmental theory.
Minoan Society Emerged during the third millennium B.C.E. Named after King Minos, the prominent royal figure Remembered for numerous architectural achievements Knossos complex structure containing administrative and residential buildings Were proficient in economic and [...]
The aristocratic nature of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, and the privileged position of Roman citizens about the other residents of the vast territory of the Roman state, as well as the developed bureaucratic [...]
It is one of the earliest books known today dedicated to exploring the history and describing not only lifestyles and traditions of the society in which the author or his ancestors lived but also lifestyles [...]
In this paper, I aim to examine how the concept of entertainment and its types changed in the history of Western civilization, addressing particular timeframe, i.e.from the Neolithic Period to the Middle Ages.
The central discussion of the document revolves around justice to provide a scrutinized analysis of money and exchange. This is because the fair exchange of things is the reciprocity of proportion and not equality.
Incorporating the papyrus technology into a conference that seeks to discuss the history of Egyptians begins by understanding how the technology worked, including its significance to modern developments and hence the reason for including this [...]
This work is an analysis of Abdul's assignment on the importance of the River Nile to the Ancient Egyptians. This work analyses Abdul's task in terms of the satisfaction of the demands of literacy and [...]
These observations on Egyptian civilization assisted many in understanding the daunting challenges human beings experienced in terms of: the nature of human relationships; the nature of the universe; and the role of the divine forces [...]
Traditionally, the system had four main categories, namely 'Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras.' The Brahmins were highest in the ladder of social stratification, while the Sudras comprised the lowest group.
The population bordering the Roman Empire included "the Irish and Picts of the British Isles, the highly civilized Persians on the Syrian Frontier, the Berbers of North Africa, Asiatic nomads like the Sarmatians, and many [...]
After taking into consideration the various pros and cons of the theories that were presented, it was decided that the best possible theory to explain why the Tomb of Shi Huangdi was created was due [...]
Some said that religion is in the way of the medicine and stops it from evolving and changing while others stated that medicine undermines the sanctity of human life and goes against the natural way [...]
The leading opinion on the matter suggests that the true reasons for the collapse of the state include both internal and external factors; brought together into a system, they have served to destroy the once [...]
In addition, Egyptians believed that both animals and the human soul were inseparable from the rest of the body. The Egyptians felt that such practices were important in the well being of every individual in [...]
The Peloponnesian War saw the introduction of a number of technologies in the war field, with the battlefield being revolutionized. The book by Thucydides on 'The Peloponnesian War' is a significant representation of the events [...]
Chavalas presents the notion that one of the drawbacks behind the hunter and gatherer stage that existed prior to the development of complex and stratified societies was the lack of sufficient concentrations of native populations.
The Spartans were the key leaders of the Peloponnesians, and they fought the Athenians because of bitterness. According to Thucydides, this was the major cause of the war between the Athenians and the Peloponnesians.
An important difference is that while the local rulers of the Gupta Empire contributed to the decline of the empire by fighting amongst themselves, the Sumerian Civilization was weakened by the rapid expansion that made [...]
This was just before they sailed to Troy for battle where Agamemnon's insults resulted to them being disciplined as the winds died so that they were unable to navigate, until Agamemnon made a sacrifice to [...]
In spite of the fact the Mayan civilization disappeared many centuries ago, the mystery of the sudden fall of the successful and developed civilization which cultural achievements are still examined and discussed as significant ones [...]
To understand whether Herodotus provides the reliable considerations about the aspects of the Scythians life and society, it is necessary to analyze the narrative of Herodotus with references to the discussion of the archaeological evidence [...]
One of the greatest strengths of Alexander's character is his vision, ambition, and thirst to succeed. The same corruption leads to Philotus disrespecting the king by claiming that he is enjoying the fruits of his [...]
If the territories of the Aztec and the Inca civilizations were invaded by the Spaniards and that situation resulted in the civilizations' decline, the causes for the Mayan civilization's collapse are not determined clearly.
In Mesopotamia, civilization sprung from the River-Valley and spread throughout the entire Middle East where as in Egypt, the origin and decline of civilization focused on the River Nile and the surrounding deserts.