Ancient History Essay Examples and Topics

How to Structure Essays on Ancient History

The variety of sources make essays on Ancient history stimulating to write but hard to structure. Therefore, the first thing you must do is research your topic, even briefly.

This advice may seem boring, but good ancient history essay structure comes from understanding your subject and being comfortable with your sources:

  • Write down the books and journals you are using;
  • Ask yourself what they bring to your essay;
  • Reflect on whether your sources let you approach the topic from different perspectives;
  • Remove or add sources.

Repeating this process once or twice will help you create a paper that is both informative and to the point.

Outline and Subheadings

After working with sources, you should be ready to create an outline for essays with all kinds of titles on ancient world history topics. Write out your subheadings, making sure their arguments do not overlap. They have to be broad enough to cover enough, but sufficiently narrow to be distinct from each other.

Let us assume your essay’s title is, for example, on archaeology, with the title “Burial Mounds around the World.” Dividing all the mounds in every corner of the earth by their date of creation, with no regard for the civilization that created them, would be an overlapping mess. However, you could group the information by the mounds’ locations.

Another case of bad subheadings could be created by forgetting your main goal. Always remember that your ancient history essay structure should be reflective of your argument.

Switching from “Women and Court Life” to “The Social Exclusion of Women” could be hurtful to your grade in an essay about Ancient Persian women and their place in society. These topics claim entirely different things! Find examples of better essay structures on IvyPanda.

Herodotus’ Discussion of the Scythians

Herodotus is known as the author of The Histories of Herodotus which is discussed as one of the most influential historical work in the Western culture because of the historian’s focus on describing the cultures of Greece, Asia, and Northern Africa in detail. The book, written in the period of the 450s-420s BC presents many […]

“The Fall of the Maya” by Dauna Coulter

The Great Mayan Empire is one of the most well known ancient empires of Mesoamerica. This civilization achieved the stage of development which was not known before. The great monuments and cities, science of astronomy and math – these cultural peculiarities show the great essence of that empire. Situated mostly on the Yucatan peninsula, it […]

History: Plutarch’s Vision on Alexander the Great

Plutarch writes, “My design is not to write histories, but lives.” What does he mean? In what ways can his biography of Alexander be used as a historical source? By noting that his design is to write on ‘lives’ as opposed to ‘histories’, Plutarch means that he is concerned with characters and inclinations of individuals, […]

Alexander the Great – the King of Macedonia

Alexander, the king of Macedonia or more commonly, Alexander the Great is thought to be the most significant military leader of the ancient world. His empire was vast and could not be compared to any other by size. Even though more than two thousand years have passed, his skills in battle are still discussed today. […]

Ancient History: the Epic of Gilgamesh by Sumerians

Introduction The Epic of Gilgamesh is a pre-historic narrative in the world literature. The original version was written by Sumerians in the Sumerian language and the context constructed from numerous Mesopotamian traditions. It is perhaps the most primitive recording of heroism in existence. The literature presented in the poem exposes people to ancient civilization. Historically, […]

Ancient History: the Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It is located in Egypt and offers a fascinating tourist attraction site that is open to the public. It is named ‘The Great Pyramid’ due to its large size compared to the other pyramids in the region. Historically, it is […]

History: Ancient Greek Olympics

The Olympic Games appeared centuries ago in ancient Greece. The Games were an outcome of the morals of Greek society. Local citizens idealized physical health and mental discipline, and they believed that superiority in those spheres honored their god Zeus (Kyle 15-56). Hence, the myth concerning the emergence of the Olympic Games involves Zeus (Wolff […]

Alexander the Great’s Reign

Alexander the Great is often considered the best leader in his times because he introduced a new order in the world by uniting the east with the west. He had ambitious projects that ended up restructuring the relationships of various regions in the world. However, those who lived during his reign considered his leadership mind-boggling, […]

The Collapse of the Greatest World Civilizations: the Maya, the Aztec, and the Inca Civilizations

Introduction The collapses of such great civilizations as the Maya, the Aztec, and the Inca civilizations are discussed by many researchers as rather unexpected and influenced by a lot of different factors, including environmental and social changes along with the war conflicts. The stages of the development of the Mesoamerican civilization and of the Incas […]

Law and Justice in Ancient Societies

In the ancient world, law and justice was used to maintain peace and harmony between people living in different societies. These laws were used to judge citizens of territories where ancient empires had acquired authority to administer as the dominant source of government. Ancient laws and justice systems were influenced by religious doctrines, where the […]

Warfare and Violence in Ancient Times

Introduction Political economy is vital to existence and expansion of any country. This is evident in ancient empires, which used political economy to strengthen their grip on colonies. For instance, Imperialism, which is currently utilized in United States, was developed by Assyrians. Moreover, use of electric batteries, flush toilets, paved roads and locks were used […]

Ancient Societies in Mesopotamia and Ancient Societies in Africa

Introduction Students of world history face a great deal of problem with the term ancient world partly because it traces its origin from western historical thought. The narrow perspective with which this term has been treated to has confined ancient history to the period from the rise of civilization in South West Asia and Egypt […]

The Societies of Ancient Mesoamerica

The societies of ancient Mesoamerica, their development, structure and collapses are still considered some of the biggest historical mysteries of the world. The researchers and expert experience scarcity of evidence and materials to study in order to have a better picture of the societies and cultures of ancient Mesoamerica. It is a well known fact […]

Dissolution of the Roman Empire

The dissolution of the Roman Empire was a monumental occurrence that continues to elicit varied reactions from theorists and scholars around the world. Historians seeking to determine the actual cause of the decline and eventual dissolution of the Roman Empire have formulated several theories. Such theories interrogate the decline of political, economic, military, and related […]

Ancient Greek Civilization History

Introduction Greek history is very rich. This paper looks at definitions and significance of terms and names used in Greek history. They include: Dark Age, funeral games, hector, Archilochus, Ionia History, Helots, Cleisthenes and Sacred disease. Dark Age is the period in Greek history between 1200 BC and 800 BC. During this period, the Greek […]

Romans and Barbarians: The Decline of the Western Empire

Introduction Romans and Barbarians: The Decline of the Western Empire is a classic work written by E.A Thompson. The book investigates the fall of the Roman Empire from a barbarian point of view and experience. Many interpretations forwarded on the decline of the Roman Empire in the West look at the barbarians invaders as slayers. […]

Lysistrata: An Anti-War Play

Introduction Aristophanes’ Lysistrata discloses not only social relations, reconciliation, and salvation through protest; it also represents anti-war motives achieved through woman’s remonstration as the only means to safe Greece from destructions. The action evolves around the idea to come about the salvation of Greek people that is hatched by the main heroine of the play […]

Western History

The epic of Gilgamesh is a fascinating must-read chef-d’oeuvre featuring the king Gilgamesh of Uruk and his companion and friend, Enkidu. The work is a reflection of the social values. Religion is a key social value depicted in the Sumerian society. There is the presence of gods and goddesses who have power over the mortal […]

Ancient Greek Democracy that Still Makes People Strive for Perfection

Ancient Greece is often referred to as a cradle of the Western World. This is not just a smart metaphor, but a certain fact that can hardly be refuted. Thus, Greek dreams of a perfect society where everyone (or at least the majority) is happy resulted in the creation of the first democracy in the […]

Roman Aqueducts “The relevance of water to the social political climate of the Roman”

Introduction An aqueduct is a passageway for liquids or fluids. In this context, an aqueduct is a passageway or a channel built specifically for conveying water from one area to another. Aqueducts were built to allow water to move to areas that were preferred. This technology relied heavily on gravity. In this case, aqueducts were […]

Lucretius’s View about the Roman Agriculture

Lucretius believed that the universe constituted of particles which arrangement had occurred by chance. In addition, he held the conviction that change and decay were inevitable. These assertions formed a doctrine that was similar to the modern concept of entropy. Lucretius described the way human activities in the Roman agriculture interacted with the environment and […]

Mesopotamian Civilization

Introduction The word Mesopotamia is derived from an ancient Greek work, which translates to “(land) between rivers.” The earliest known usage of the term has been recorded to be in the second century when it was used to refer to the land that sits on the east of the Euphrates River in Syria. This was […]

History of Athenian Democracy

Introduction The Athenian democracy was the kind of democracy that was introduced into Athens in 500 BC and later spread to other Greek cities. Its three main pioneers were Ephialtes, Solon and Listeners and although it spread to other cities, it remained to be most powerful within Athens. Every form of democracy has unique features […]

Ancient Societies In Asia

Introduction Technological innovation is the highlight of any progressive society and as such its use towards the development of early societies is integral towards determining how such societies progressed as a result of new innovations that changed their way of living. Examples of innovations that changed societies can be seen in the development of maritime […]

The Kings of Ancient Egypt

The Kings of Ancient Egypt The study of ancient history will never be complete without taking a closer examination at the history of ancient Egypt. This is because of how the Egyptians made a lasting impact on the lives of ancient peoples; from Africa, the Middle-East, India, Greece and Rome. Their greatness is seen in […]

Factors that Influenced Development on Human Civilization

Introduction Human beings have been struggling to improve their lifestyles since the ancient time. “Civilization refers to the advancement in human culture in terms of technology, science, politics and division of labor” (Trigger 12). Different races have always developed differently depending on the prevailing circumstances. The world is currently experiencing technological changes which have made […]

The Histories: Greek Identity

The Histories is one of the most brilliant works by Herodotus that represents the grounds, the development, and the outcomes of the conflict that happened between the Greeks and the Persians, who also were regarded as non-Greeks or the barbarians. The author underlined that the Persians wanted to win the Greeks by means of a […]

The Pyramids of Giza

Introduction The history of Egypt is one of the richest and the most amazing examples of how people could be devoted to their roots and traditions and what methods they could use to protect and improve their own culture. Egyptian Art was influenced by a variety of things: religion, politics, relations with different countries, environment, […]

The daily life of the ancient Maya

Introduction The Maya are people otherwise known as Mesoamericans. Long time ago, the people of Maya inhabited large cities and urban centers in the Central America; in fact, it is recorded that at a certain point in time, the Maya people had approximately a thousand cities. They used to live in rainforests and mountains; the […]

Tacitus’ The Agricola and The Germania

Introduction Publius Cornelius Tacitus was one of the prominent historians and writers who made a number of successful attempts to describe the conditions under which the Roman Empire had to develop and promote the relations with other countries. For a long period of time, the Roman Empire was considered as a powerful country, and its […]

The Ancient Mayan Civilization

Introduction While the human race takes great pride in the progressive nature of each subsequent civilization, human beings continue to harbor a keen interest on ancient civilizations. This interest in the past sometimes springs from specific attributes of certain ancient civilizations which are hailed as benchmarks in the civilization process. Some of the ancient civilizations […]

Maya, Aztec and Inca Collapse

Introduction The likelihood that any civilization of the world could die is very high in societies today (Tainter 1990:38). However, many people still believe that modern societies possess immunity to such occurrences primarily due to its enhanced scientific and technological capacities as well as the benefits it derives from advanced knowledge of economics and history […]

History of Teotihuacan Civilization

Introduction Between 1st and 7th century AD, Teotihuacan was one of the largest empires in its time that was even larger than Roman Empire. Incidentally, it was during the same time that the Roman Empire was also a formidable civilization many thousands miles away in Europe; during this period the Teotihuacan Empire area of influence […]

Summary of the article “Burying the White Gods: New Perspectives on the Conquest of Mexico” by Camilla Townsend

Contrary to the belief held in the writings by Francisco López de Gómara that the Indians regarded the Spaniard as divine gods, the author of the article “Burying the White Gods: New Perspectives on the Conquest of Mexico”, Camilla Townsend provides a detailed and new perspective showing that the Indians never regarded the Spaniards as […]

Slavery in the Roman Empire

The Roman Empire had mixed complexities with ruthlessness and could suddenly heave from civilization, dictatorship, and extreme greed. Besides, it had different leaders who exercised their powers in unusual ways. Consequently, the unworthy empires abused their offices by infuriating their subjects. They employed several ways of ruling over the Roman Empire (Gordon 94). For instance, […]

Sparta and Japan civilizations

Japan and Spartacus are two early civilizations of the world. They had a well-formed and developed system of governance that had brought about other organizations like the social organization. Hermeneutics is a method of understanding human actions and it can be well incorporated to explain the social science of a particular community. The two societies […]

The Maya Civilisation (Central America)

The Maya Civilization covered Northern Guatemala and bordering areas of Mexico, Belize and Honduras (Demarest 2004). Demarest (2004) adds that this empire covered the Petén rainforest. “Maya civilization’s monuments displayed unrivalled success in astronomy, mathematics, calendrics and violent political history” (Demarest 2004, p.35). For that reason, it is one of the most powerful and widely […]

Ancient Civilizations: The Maya Empire

When the Society Existed The Maya Empire was extremely influential during the 6th century A.D. A majority of the prosperous stone cities were discarded by A.D. 900. The nineteenth century scholars made extra efforts to assess the causes of the dramatic decline. The Maya Empire was exceptionally prominent during its period. Location The Maya Empire […]

Medicine in Ancient Rome

Medicine in the ancient era of the Romanians came about as a result of a number of diverse aspects. There was not a lot of knowledge as there is today and not many people were able to understand the causes and cures, as well as maintenance of certain diseases. This posed serious challenges to people […]

Welcome to Ancient Egypt. When Legends Were Born

Introduction: The Legends, Revived Ancient Egypt is one of those mysteries which are yet to be solved. Taking a closer look at the specific culture and historical details of the famous state, one can see the whimsical mechanism of the world long gone. Djoser and Imhotep: The First Pyramid and the Last Tomb The pharaoh […]

Concepts of Ancient Greek Culture

The period which is now called Classical Greece was marked by significant changes in political, social, artistic and religious life of people. In particular, one can speak about the establishment of a civic state, the adoption of new approaches to education and science, the development of new artistic forms, and more critical attitude toward those […]

Greek City state and the Roman Empire

The Americans and the Western nations’ political systems and ideologies are in a way based on the ancient Greece and the Romans’ ideas. These countries are not the only ones that were affected. However, most of the ideas that are being used by governments in the world were originally borrowed from Greece (Wolin, 1960). Issues […]

Structure of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro

The history of these two cities is rich in civilization matters, religion, economic empowerment and development of the east. The history surrounding the land between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris known as Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt is one that can be closely related to the Indus valley cities. This paper is going to discuss the […]

Civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt

Civilization involves high level developments on the cultural, political and social aspects of a region or a country. Mesopotamia and Egypt can be described as the two earliest civilizations which were located along the great river systems. Mesopotamia and Egypt had well established religion, art, architecture, education as well as political organizations. Both of them […]

The Stone Age Period and Its Evolution

Introduction Stone age is a term that is used in reference to the pre-historic times basically between 600,000 to 700,000 years and ending at around 6,0000 B.C, the time that human beings began to make their own weapons and tools from stones (Ignacio, 2011, p. 770). Therefore, the term is associated with the tools and […]

The Greco-Roman influence

When used as an adjective, the word Greco-Roman refers to regions culturally or even historically influenced by language, cultural practices, government and religious practices of the ancient Greeks and then the Romans. Grant (1995) further defines this region as the Mediterranean world (p.67). The region was subject to cultural integration, as those from the other […]

Democracy in the Aristophane’s Work “The Acharnians”

Aristophanes is known as one of the greatest comedians of his times. Across all ages in history, his artistic work emerged as one of the most excellent plays in ancient Greek playwright. His play, “The Acharnians” is one of the classical works in the category of satirical genre of old comedy. It is also notable […]

Rape in Ancient Societies

Introduction One way to understand the view of ancient men is to rely on the insights provided by a gifted writer. Shakespeare is still relevant in the 21st century as he was during his time because of his ability to penetrate human nature. He does not only understand human nature but he is also a […]

Pyramids of Giza

Egypt is a country which has one of the most interesting histories in the world. Moreover, Egypt is also associated with ancient mysteries of the ancient world. This country possesses really great antiques which impact on people’s decision to view and marvel at the ingenuity which was evoked when they were built. Scientists and anthropologists […]

The Mayan Civilization

Introduction It is a grueling task to construct and connect all the remnants of the distant past of a civilization. But connecting the distant past of the ancient Mayan civilization is a special fascination. The secrets of the civilization are deeply buried in the tropical forests of the Central America. To the historians, the only […]

How Geography Has Impacted the Development of Ancient Cultures

Introduction The geography of a given region or country can greatly influence the cultural development of a society. The location of a region or country greatly impacts on its intercultural influence. Also, the size of a country or region impacts on its demography, as well as social structures development. Its topography largely determines the kind […]

Origin of Greek Civilization. Comparison of articles “Out of Africa” and “Not out of Africa: The origins of Greece and the illusions of Afrocentrists”

Both articles speculate on the origin of civilization. Begley explained the African and African American scholars’ perspective of civilization. According to Begley, Civilization originated from Africa. To support this observation, it was argued that the Pythagorean Theorem, pi concept, geometric formulas, screw and the lever originated from Egypt and not Greece as many intellectuals believe. […]

Ancient Mediterranean civilization

Mediterranean civilization largely entailed interaction of various cultures around the region around the Mediterranean Sea. This sea served as center for cultural exchange, trade as well as transport among communities of diverse cultures. it can be argued that the ancient Mediterranean communities were solely responsible for the entire course of civilization that took place in […]

The Achievements of Cyrus the Great

Introduction In historical times, most of the successful human civilizations were ruled by Kings who governed expansive regions and received tribute from their subjects. One of the great kings of the old civilizations is Cyrus the Great who ruled Persia around 570BC. Persia was located in the Middle East and is the region presently known […]

San Callisto Catacombs – History of Catacombs and the Frescos

Introduction During the ancient Rome, it was popular to cremate a person once he was dead. The ashes were preserved in urns and then stored in houses and sacred places. However, the Christians did not practice cremation since they believed in resurrection. Thus, they preferred to bury each other just like the early Christians did. […]

Thucydides Arguments on Actions of Athens in War

Introduction The 27 year long Peloponnesian war was an obsession for Thucydides. All along, the Peloponnesian War that took 27 years is symbolic of the military conflicts between Sparta and Athens; eventually, it is Sparta which emerged the victor in 404 BCE. Thucydides did record his account of the whole event, but even then it […]

The validity of Thucydides’ arguments in explaining the actions of Athens in the war

The History compiled by Thucydides as the former Athenian general who was accused of losing some of the battles and exiled from his native country remains the main source of historical records on the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens accompanied with their allies. Though the manner of the presentation the historical data by Thucydides […]

The Culture of the Early Civilizations

Forces That Impacted the Culture of Early Civilizations In the early civilizations, geography played a big role in the way that people lived. Comparing the culture of Mesopotamia and Egypt, it is evident that the geographical location of the two areas played a big role. The Egyptians had great access to the Nile River which […]

Race in Ancient Egypt

Race describes classification of human into distinct groups by considering factors such as heritable phenotypic characteristics or geographic ancestry. It is influenced by such traits as appearance, culture, ethnicity, and socio-economic status of individuals. Race in ancient Egypt In the Ancient Egypt, there was minimal consideration in terms of race. Majority of population were black […]

Peloponnesian war

Introduction The Peloponnesian war is still widely studied in the history of Western Civilization. It was the second war that lasted between 431BC and 404BC. Athens and her empires (Spartans) engaged each other fiercely in the war. The main catalyst of the war was intense conflict that had dominated Athens and Sparta. The very conflict […]

Cause and Effect of Art on the Classical Societies

Introduction In ancient Greece, art went through a significant amount of development from the archaic era to the Hellenistic eras. In each era, there were various forms of art that were influenced by the people’s cultures and which reversely influenced the cultures of the people (Richter, 1970). This is because, art is a part of […]

The literature of the Middle Kingdom

Introduction In The history of ancient Egypt, The Middle Kingdom of Egypt refers to a period that stretches over the eleventh dynasty up to the completion of the fourteenth dynasty. This is the period in history known to be between 2055BC and 1650BC. This period was dominated by Osiris cult in major parts of Egypt.Historians […]

The Growth of Civilizations

Since the beginning of time, man has had to rely on his environment for survival. Whether he was located in the cold regions, tropics or near the sea, in one or the other he has managed to make a living from the environment. Therefore, they have left evidence on their landscapes which enable’s us to […]

Ancient Greek History: Athens

Ancient Greek history may reveal the secrets of the Greek glorious past, when all political and cultural life of the state was concentrated in a polis. Probably, the most powerful Greek polis was Athens. Exactly political life of Athens inspired this essay. In the writings of some prominent ancient historians one may find a lot […]

Egyptian Pyramid’s Importance in Egypt’s Society

Introduction There is no doubt that the images mostly associated with Egypt are the Ancient Pyramids. The most famous of these pyramids is the great pyramid (Pyramid with a Sphinx) at Giza. Egypt boasts of over 100 pyramids nationally. Most of the pyramids are assembled around and proximal to the Egyptian capital of Cairo. The […]

The Battle of Pharsalus

Historical Information and Dates Conditions under which the citizens of the Roman Republic had to live. The beginning of the first century BC was not the most successful period for the Roman Republic (McCarty 56). The development of the political crisis made the vast majority of leaders proved their powers and abilities to be supported […]

Alexander the Great Biography

Alexander the great was born on late July 356BC in the capital city of Macedon kingdom. Alexander’s father was Philip 11, who was the honored king of Macedon and his mother was Olympias. Alexander’s mother was the fourth wife of Philip II the king among his other eight wives [1]. The mother to Alexander the […]

The Sarcophagus of Ahiram

A lead made sarcophagus was excavated by a French Archaeologist in Rome in 1923. This was a rarity because a few of the sarcophagus adopted by the Romans used lead. Curiously, there were only countable instances of renowned personalities buried in luxurious sarcophagus. Well, a sarcophagus is a luxurious casket or a coffin that was […]

The Roman Republic

The Roman revolution was a period of great upheaval in the city of Rome. This is because it was during this period that the Roman republic collapsed. It commenced when the last king of the Tarquin monarch lucius Junis Brutus was overthrown. At this time the republic of Rome was also governed by a complex […]

Ancient Rome: The Birthplace of Modern Sports

Introduction The popularity of sporting competition in the modern society reflects that of the ancient Roman Empire’s vision for its society. Entertainment was an important aspect of the daily life of Roman citizens, hence their interest in sporting games and events. Most of today’s sporting games can be traced back to these games, albeit with […]

Western Experience to the Eighteenth Century

Introduction Cut off from the rest of the globe, with practically no knowledge of their neighborhoods, the goals of most individuals are to spread out their territories ultimately forming an empire and then eventually, overcoming the world. Traditionally, man has always tried to exert influence on fellow men and ever since in the early days […]

Political and Cultural Impact of Alexander the Great’s Conquests

Alexander III of Macedonia, commonly referred to as Alexander the Great, exhibited military genius, great courage, and lasting cultural impact during his reign as a king. He was born in Pella  in 356 B.C. and until his premature death at the age of 33 years in 323 B.C. Alexander the Great’s impact on the world […]

History of Nubian

Nubia is a place located alongside river Nile and extends from the southern part of Aswan to the town of Dabba. The bigger part of Nubia is in Sudan while a small potion is situated in Egypt. History clearly indicates the subdivision of Nubia into lower, upper and southern Nubia. The lower and upper Nubia […]

Ancient World to 500 B.C.E.

Africa Paleolithic period of time is distinguishable from other periods since it marked the start of technology with hominids introducing agriculture and tools made of stones. This was during the Stone Age. The main economic activity during Paleolithic period was hunting and gathering. Dominant tools were made of wood and bones. It was in this […]

Circumnavigating the World 1200 C.E. to 1550 C.E.

Introduction Circumnavigation can be construed as the exercise of going around the globe, especially covering a great circle or one which covers or passes at least one pair of points that are opposite to each other. Whereas there exists as many expeditions and conquests as there are travelogues, this study seeks to only explore the […]

The Broken Spears

The city of Aztec emerged in history as a result of a long cultural transformation in the pre Christian era. As per the historians the land of Mexico underwent a great cultural transition around second millennium B.C. The foundations of the sacred cities of Mayas-Tikal, Copan etc. were laid at the beginning of the Christian […]

The Western Roman Empire: The Significance of Its Collapse

The Western Roman Empire was one of the parts of the Roman Empire, located on the west, with its capital Mediolanum, now known as Milan. There were several periods of the Western Roman Empire’s existence, and the abdication of Romulus Augustus was the final reason of the Western Roman Empire’s official fall. After that empire […]

Olympics Games: Should It Not Be Olympics Festivals?

What we know about the ancient Greek history today “survived either by pure chance or for literally reasons unconnected with their historical significance” (Crawford and Whitehead ix). Among the interesting activities in the contemporary society that interest me is claim that Olympic Games have its origins in Greek ancient history. But does it really? Well, […]

Western Civilization

Western civilization came as a result of a certain influence and it is therefore important to mention that it did not occur by accident. Historically, Western civilization began in Ancient Greek and Roman Empires in the 13th century. The influence of the Greek and Roman leaders of the time played a very significant role in […]

Ancient Egypt History

The History of Ancient Egypt was first written in Greek by a priest named Manetho; thus, dividing it into thirty-one dynasties. However, modern day scholars have integrated the dynasties into four groups; hence, restoring the earlier system established by the prophet. The national Unity, which portrayed peace among the Egyptian people, was maintained by a […]

Civilization in ancient Egypt

The basic element of ancient civilization in Egypt besides its geography is religion. The government, literature, astronomy, medicine and arts formed their basis on religion. It is therefore justified to say that religion was integral to the Egyptians way of life. Since the earliest beginnings of religion in Egypt, changes in religious themes, way of […]

The history of Egypt and the Fertile Crescent

Mesopotamia’s history during the 1st 2nd and 3rd Millenniums BC Mesopotamia has been referred to as the cradle for civilization and has been home most of the important ancient civilizations. The first millennium BC in Mesopotamia was epitomized by imperial dominance. There was dominance by the Neo Assyrian kingdom in the first half of this […]

Papyrus: Its Invention and Impact on the World

Introduction The ability to write and keep records was arguably one of the greatest achievements of ancient human civilization. Even so, proper writing material was unavailable and as such, writing was greatly restricted. The invention of papyrus paper by the Egyptians changed the scene since papyrus-paper proved to be the ideal writing material of the […]

Early Greek, Roman, and Christian Historiography

Introduction Roman history originated and unfolded from intensive contact with the Greek culture. This contact was necessitated by the expansion of the Roman Empire and extension of Roman diplomacy and army. The constant contact between the Romans and the Greek assimilated and completely induced them to Greek literature and art. Several aspects of Greek culture […]

Chichen Itza Archeologic Site

Chichen Itza is a great pre-Columbian site which used to be a home of the ancient civilization Maya. The archeological site is located in Yucatan Peninsula and presents one of the most famous archeological sites in Mexico, “Chichen Itza has been considered one of the most important sites in the north portion of the peninsula, […]

Comparisons of Early Greek and Early Roman Cultures

Abstract Early Greek and Rome had high contribution to western civilization. The early Greek and Roman cultures were passed down and still influence the modern way of life. While Ancient Greek consisted of isolated city states (poleis), early city of Rome expanded to an empire. Agriculture was the main economic activity for both ancient Greek […]

Human 215 Unit 3 DB: Early Periods

Researchers in early days found it difficult to date the events that happened in the past because by then man had not invented writing. They therefore studied the artifacts and fossils that were excavated by archeologists to estimate the period when an event occurred (Clisson et al., 2002). Archeological studies state that the ancient inhabitants […]

Roman Civilization

The Roman republic which was characterized by Republican form of government is known to have lasted a period of more than 400 years after it started by overthrowing the Roman monarchy. The Roman Republic was controlled by a special group of people who emanated from high class families whose history could be traced back to […]

Concepts of the Rise and fall of the Babylonian and Egyptian Empires

Introduction Historically many nations that people took to be superior fell due to many varying reasons. A good example is the Roman Empire, which historically people considered very superior and mighty. In addition, another great empire that rose and fell was the Greece Empire, which historically individuals consider as one of the origins of civilization. […]