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115 World History Topics: List of Creative Ideas & Prompts

Writing an essay on world history is one of the most interesting and engaging tasks a student can do. However, brainstorming these topics for your paper can prove to be a real challenge. There are so many ideas concerning the history of the whole world. Especially, when there are no limitations on the period and geography of your title.

So, what is the best solution?

Find thought-provoking and comprehensive world history topics carefully prepared for you by IvyPanda! The article is aimed to help with discovering the best ideas for your essay. Plus, you’ll find out how to choose a perfect topic.

We divided the list into four main sections. There are sections for essay questions, term paper, thesis, and research ideas. We’ll also explain how to start your world history paper and list various essay prompts.

🌞 What Is a Good World History Topic?

Choosing your perfect world history topic is a fascinating process. When choosing the best topic you must take into account several pieces of advice:

1. The topic must correspond with the goal of your work.

The title is dependent on the required format. Basically, your assignment determines how you’re going to write and how your topic should look like.

Essay formats demonstrate it best:

The argumentative essay differs from an opinion essay by the number of necessary viewpoints. In an opinion essay, the author gives their own opinion about a historical event or persona. In an argumentative one, it is vital to list several opinions on the subject.

Cause and effect essays contain an explanation of the event itself and its historical consequences. Persuasive essays should create an impression on the reader. Compare and contrast works should analyze and contrast historical events, figures, eras, etc.

Tip for essay writing regardless of the essay type.

Topics for your research paper must be specific to research one subject. Also, it should be possible to divide your paper into logical sections. Titles for term papers and theses must contain themes and periods familiar, engaging to a student. Plus, they should correlate with the format of your educational facility.

2. Topics must be logical and coherent.

When discussing history, there should be no inconsistencies. Always re-read and proofread your works before submitting them.

3. Your topic can be unusual if it’s justified.

If your idea isn’t standard, this can be an advantage to your paper. You may look at a historical event from a different point of view or find something unexplored before.

📋 Ultimate World History Topics List

Here you’ll find the historical topics we prepared for you. We divided the list into four sections to ease your studies.

✍ World History Essay Questions

Essay questions can help you to brainstorm ideas and write a comprehensive paper. Here you will find the best world history essay topics.

  1. What defines a civilization?
  2. How and why did the first civilizations appear in the Middle East? Explore geopolitical conditions that allowed these civilizations to thrive.
  3. What led Greek and Phoenician civilizations to their initial success in the Mediterranean?
  4. Why was the Mediterranean considered the center of the world in Antiquity?
  5. What were the leading powers of the early Antiquity? Explore the reasons behind their success.
  6. How did Ancient Rome rise to power on the Apennine peninsula?
  7. Why did the Qin dynasty emerge victorious from the Warring States period in Ancient China?
  8. How did Rome defeat Carthage? Explain how Romans eventually prevailed over the superior Carthaginian fleet.
  9. How did the Roman military system evolve?
  10. Why is the Han period considered the golden age in Chinese history?
  11. What were the factors that led to the fall of the Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire?
  12. How Chinese technology advanced during the Three Kingdoms period?
  13. What events caused the fall of the Western Roman Empire? Explore why and how the Eastern Roman Empire survived in these uneasy times.
  14. How can you describe the Early Middle Ages?
  15. How did Islam arise in the Arabian peninsula?
  16. What are the events that caused a split of Islamic religion into Sunnis and Shias? Delve into other branches of Islam that were created at that time.
  17. How did Christianity rise in the Middle East?
The Middle East is the birthplace of Christianity.
Source: Bbc.com
  1. What events led to the division of the Roman Empire into the Western and Eastern?
  2. Why were the Islamic conquests so successful?
  3. Why was the Islamic world so prosperous in both riches and culture?
  4. Why did Europe become obsessed with the idea of Crusades to the Holy Land?
  5. How did the Crusades affect Christian and Muslim nations?
  6. What were the consequences of the Black Plague?
  7. How did Europe eventually rise from the Dark Ages into the Age of Renaissance? Analyze factors that define the Renaissance.
  8. What events caused Europeans to begin the Age of Discovery?
  9. What philosophical ideas led to the Age of Enlightenment?
  10. What was the cause of the American Revolution? Explore the events that defined it.
  11. What was the cause of the French Revolution? Explore the events that defined it.
  12. How did Napoleonic wars shape XIXth century Europe and affected the modern world we live in?
  13. What were the reasons behind the Cold War?
  14. Why were there so many proxy wars in the XXth century? Dive into the details and reasons behind them.
  15. Why did European nations increase their colonization efforts? Analyze and compare colonial nations and their impact on modern-day Africa.
Europeans explored and colonized for gold, glory, and God.
Source: Khanacademy.org
  1. What was the general picture of the world at the dawn of the XXth century?
  2. What ideologies emerged at the end of the XIXth century?
  3. Why is World War I so important?
  4. How is World War I connected to World War II?
  5. What is a Bipolar World term? Investigate its origins and characteristics.
  6. Why did the United States of America lose the Vietnam War? Explore the events that led to the withdrawal of the US forces from Vietnam.
  7. Soviet-Afghan War: Soviets’ Vietnam? Explain why the Soviet Union was largely unsuccessful in the Soviet-Afghan War. Elaborate why many historians draw parallels between America’s defeat in Vietnam and the Soviets’ defeat in Afghanistan.
  8. Why did the USSR fall apart? Explain the complications behind its political and economic system.

🧐 World History Research Paper Topics

World history is full of fascinating events. They should be analyzed and researched to discover new facts about them.

Below, you’ll find the best world history topics for research:

  1. King Gilgamesh. His personality and deeds. Why is he still a popular character today?
  2. The leading nations of the Bronze Age.
  3. The personality of Julius Caesar and his effect on Rome.
  4. Family institute in Ancient Rome. Dive into the ordinary life of Roman citizens and explore the structure of a Roman family.
  5. Circus Maximus in Rome.
  6. Jewish tribes and kingdoms of the Bronze Age.
Israel first appears shortly before the Bronze Age collapse.
Source: Haaretz.com
  1. The expansion of Indo-European languages.
  2. Ancient Greek civilization history.
  3. The dominance of Athens and Sparta over other Greek city-states.
  4. Alexander the Great: Western civilization.
  5. The kings of Ancient Egypt.
  6. The origins of Roman imperialism. Explain how Rome conquered the world and the consequences of its dominance.
  7. Engineering in the Roman Empire. Analyze what engineering solutions Rome used to dominate culturally, politically, and militarily.
  8. The personality of Constantine the Great and his deeds.
  9. The Dark ages as the golden ages of European History.
  10. Abbasid Caliphate: The age of Muslim Enlightenment.
  11. Women in World War II.
  12. Denazification of Germany after World War II. Explore the means of Germany’s denazification efforts after World War II and their effectiveness.
  13. Espionage of the Cold War. How the USSR and the USA spied on each other.
  14. The anti-war movement and American views on the Vietnam War.
  15. Iraq and Afghanistan wars impact on the USA’s economy.
  16. The War of Spanish Succession. Talk about one of the crucial periods of European history and explain why Spain’s global power started to decline.
  17. The Caribbean and the golden age of pirates in the XVIIIth century.
  18. American Civil War and its impact on American society.
  19. Japanese Revolution and the Meiji Restoration in Japan.
  20. T.E. Lawrence and his efforts to create an independent Arab World. Explore the personality of Thomas Edward Lawrence and his life.
  21. The effect of new ideologies on Europe and the Americas.

✒ World History Term Paper Topics

A term paper is a research done on a specific subject. Students are usually assigned to this task at the beginning or the middle of the semester. It should test their comprehension of a subject and their ability to analyze. However, choosing the right topics for world history can prove difficult.

Here you’ll find the best ideas for your research:

  1. Region of Ancient Mesopotamia. Sumerian and Akkadian civilizations.
  2. The rise of Babylonian and Assyrian empires.
  3. Cultural and trade connections between Rome and Ancient China.
  4. Law and Order in Rome.
  5. Life and death of Prophet Muhammad. His influence on the minds of Arab tribes.
  6. Psychological impacts of Christianity and Islam on the Medieval world.
  7. The era of Holy Crusades. Analyze their goals and impact.
  8. Means of Warfare and violence in ancient times.
  9. Life and Death in Ancient Egypt. Explain the life of different classes in the Old Kingdom, their religious beliefs, warfare, civil life, etc.
  10. How did the conquests of Alexander the Great affect the ancient world?
Many of the cities that Alexander founded were named Alexandria.
Source: Livescience.com
  1. Medicine and spiritualism in Ancient Rome.
  2. Women’s roles in the societies of Early Antiquity.
  3. Art in Rome and Greece. The pinnacle of human thought.
  4. The birth of modern sports in Ancient Rome.
  5. King Richard I and Saladin. A rivalry between great leaders. Analyze and compare the personalities of both Richard I and Saladin, describe their relationship.
  6. The Black Death, the Late Medieval demographic crises, and the standard of living controversies.
  7. Weapons and warfare of the Medieval Era. Analyze weapons and means of warfare in the Medieval Era, their use, and evolution.
  8. Reconquista of Spain and Age of Discovery. Talk about these events and explain their connection.
  9. Rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire. Reasons behind its spread across the Empire.
  10. Religious customs of the Roman Empire and its successors.
  11. The rise of the Sassanid Empire. Its political system, military, and Parthian heritage.
  12. The religion of Islam. Geopolitical reasons behind the rise of Islam in the Arabian peninsula.
  13. The Borgia family. Their impact on Renaissance Italy.
  14. Great Italian painters of the Renaissance. Study and analyze their characters, works, relations with influential families and the Pope.
  15. Qing Empire: the last dynasty of China.
  16. Technological military advancements of the XVII-XVIII centuries. Spanish Tercio and invention of the flintlock.
  17. Rise of the Russian Empire and Peter I. Dive into events that lead to the creation of the Russian empire and Peter I character.
  18. Liberty! The American Revolution. Dive into the exciting period of American history that defined the nation. Explore precursors and main events of the American Revolution.
  19. The World Wars of the XXth century and their influence on the modern world.
  20. The post World War II nuclear arms race.

📚 World History Thesis Topics

Writing a thesis is one of the most challenging and crucial tasks a student can have. For this paper, you spend years researching, writing, and perfecting your paper. So, choosing the right topic is essential.

See intriguing and well-composed major topics of world history worthy of your time and energy below:

  1. The samurai of Japan: why were they so effective? Explore the rich and mesmerizing military history of Japan. Remember to talk about the rise of Feudalism and samurais, their role in Sengoku Jidai, and the abolition of this warrior class in the modern era.
  2. Trail of Tears and the tragedy of Native American people. Explain why the United States government was forcefully relocating Native American tribes and the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Talk about the hardships on that journey.
  3. History of Earth’s Electrification. Present a detailed overview of electricity’s history and scientists who contributed to its development.
  4. The importance of the Crusades. Analyze their influence and the Christian and Muslim worlds.
Crusades were organized by western European Christians.
Source: Britannica.com
  1. The Gold Rush of the XIXth century. Analyze the roots of the Gold Rush around the world and the USA. Discuss how miners seeking their fortune contributed to San Francisco’s rapid growth and creation of the Californian Dream.
  2. The Automobile. A case study of the automotive industry. Discuss the first car prototypes and their creators who pioneered the industry. Remember to talk about the first automotive companies and their innovations.
  3. Oil. The Black gold of the XXth century. Talk about the discovery of oil and how it eventually became a strategic resource. Explore fiery competition between the first oil tycoons.
  4. African American involvement in the Vietnam War. A case study. Talk about African Americans in the Vietnam War and the extent of inequality they had to deal with.
  5. The tragedy of Afghan wars. How the Soviet’s invasion of Afghanistan led to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Dive into Afghanistan’s history to analyze their perseverance against foreign occupation. Talk about the CIA and Saudi involvement in the Soviet-Afgan war, the creation of the mujahideen and the Taliban.
  6. Trench warfare in World War I. Provide detailed characteristics, origins, and reasons behind the trench warfare doctrine in World War I.
In World War I, trenches became a fundamental part of the strategy.
Source: History.com
  1. The impact of World War II on the global political landscape. Analyze the political and economic consequences of the Second World War.
  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis. A case study of the biggest Soviet-American standoff. Analyze political motifs behind one of the darkest events in human history and use sources on nuclear warfare to speculate what would have happened, if the situation had had not deescalated.
  3. Vietnam Anti War of the 1960s. Describe anti-war movements across the United States in the 1960s and the hippie counterculture as a way to oppose the war.

😎 How to Start a World History Paper?

Now you’ve chosen one of the topics on world history to write about. But how do you start the actual paper? How to compose an entertaining and informative essay? How to get both a good mark and respect from your professor?

If you follow several simple and solid rules listed below, you’ll have no problem beginning a good paper. Each piece of advice is explained in detail for your convenience.

Essay structure consists of an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

To start a comprehensive paper:

  • Determine what ideas you want to discuss in a paper. Think about the key ideas you want to mention in your essay. They will determine the general outline of your work, making it easier for the reader to follow.
  • Find good evidence (use reliable sources). Reliable and comprehensive sources are crucial for a historical paper. Try to be skeptical of its neutrality and remember to cross-check everything. Search for reliable secondary and primary sources and carefully check the facts if the data is ambiguous. You’ll never find a completely unbiased source, as every historian has some personal opinion on the subject.
  • Make an outline. Even when you don’t struggle with the body of your paper, outline your work. You will waste less energy with a general plan.
  • Introduce your topic. Make your introduction concise and explicit. You should catch the reader’s attention with a hook. Avoid using vague statements and facts.
  • Compose a clear thesis statement. A good thesis determines whether your whole work is going to succeed or not. Make sure you answer the main question of your paper and present your perspective on a subject. After stating your thesis, elaborate on it in every paragraph.
  • Analyze the information. So many students tend to make the mistake of retelling instead of analyzing the event. Of course, some context is necessary to give the idea of an event but never go too far with it. Analyze the found information before writing it down.
  • Don’t abuse your sources and quote reasonably. If the majority of your work consists of excerpts from your sources, you are in trouble. Quotes cannot exceed 10-15% of the total word count. Use them within reason to prove your point. Remember, your analysis is the key aim of your paper.
  • Start beforehand. Never postpone your term/thesis/research paper. The sooner you start—the better.
  • Use writing prompts. Find examples or prompts to rely on, writing a history paper for the first time. You can use our prompts to start your essay.
A writing prompt provides a potential topic idea of an essay.
Source: Thoughtco.com

⭐ Essay Prompts for World History

  1. Alexander the Great’s conquests should be accredited to his father Philip II, as he was the original creator of the mighty Macedonian phalanx. Do you agree with that statement? What can you say about Philip’s actions to modernize his army and state? Plan and write an essay in which you compare and contrast.
  2. The fall of the Roman Empire was inevitable. Internal complications played a bigger role in Rome’s downfall than external ones. Do you agree with that statement? What can you say about Rome’s political system in the Late Antiquity?
  3. Tatar-Mongol Yoke of Russia was a centuries-long symbiosis of the two cultures. Russians gained more things than lost from the Yoke. Do you agree with that statement? What can you say about Russian state affairs under the Yoke?
  4. The Fall of Constantinople sparked the Age of Discovery and Renaissance in Europe. Do you agree with that statement? Describe Europe’s reaction to the Fall of Constantinople.
  5. If France and Britain did not cripple Germany with reparations after the end of World War I, the Second World War would not have happened. Do you agree with that statement? Talk about the aforementioned reparations and why they played a role in Germany’s ideological radicalization.
Writing prompts can help you to develop your writing style and turn into a more mature writer.

Thank you for reading our article. We sincerely hope that this ultimate list of world history topics will assist in preparing and writing your perfect paper. Share it with other people who might need some guidance for their studies.

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"115 World History Topics: List of Creative Ideas & Prompts." IvyPanda, 16 Oct. 2021, ivypanda.com/essays/topic/world-history-essay-topics/.

1. IvyPanda. "115 World History Topics: List of Creative Ideas & Prompts." October 16, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/world-history-essay-topics/.


IvyPanda. "115 World History Topics: List of Creative Ideas & Prompts." October 16, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/world-history-essay-topics/.


IvyPanda. 2021. "115 World History Topics: List of Creative Ideas & Prompts." October 16, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/world-history-essay-topics/.


IvyPanda. (2021) '115 World History Topics: List of Creative Ideas & Prompts'. 16 October.

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