The independence of the duke of Burgundy greatly influenced the personality of Louis XI from the time his father Charles VII was king, Louis intrigued with his father and he was sent off to [...]
Monastic orders allowed the monks to devote themselves to their mission: praying for the grace to the living and to the dead.
The papacy was also supported by Louis VIII who followed the advices of the Pope and supported all of the crusades.
The rural population was rapidly increasing and the growth has intensified the competition for land and increased the pressure on local suppliers.
There were three events that led to the Treaty of Paris in 1763: the war of the Polish Succession, the War of Austrian Succession, and the Seven Years' War. The war of the Polish Succession [...]
The first service of Colbert was to make the king aware of the corruption of the Superintendent of Finances. The king has limited the power and authority to faith matters only and the pope was [...]
Second, Richelieu was aware of the benefits navies gave to England and the Netherlands. Renaissance was related to the Counterreformation and the wars of religion in the sixteenth century.
The age of enlightenment was dubbed as the societal shift in the direction of science and reason. The age of enlightenment could also be dubbed as the "age of criticism".
In a few words, the explorer is trying to assure the king that the decision to send him on the voyage was sensible and would surely turn profitable, He also mentions the magic word of [...]
Through the detailed analysis of the process of the Great Migration that took place in the seventeenth century the author claims that the first cohort of first settlers of New England deserves to be regarded [...]
Witch trials in the new colonies of America were not a unique phenomenon in world history but the events of 1692 in Salem Massachusetts differed in scope and circumstances from in Europe, the origin of [...]
During this period of time, most of Europe and the British Isles experienced a period of dynamic growth and recovery from incessant warfare.
Whereas medieval science and technology did not seek to defeat the existing world views of the time, their activities did lay the ground for the scientific revolution as well as European global expansion of the [...]
The archers joined the slaughter on the French flanks, and the press of additional French troops in the rear prevented their successful retreat.
During the Mongol empire trade routes were opened between Europe, Asia, and the Middle East together with Eurasia as well as mailing services intensified within the regions.
It is clear to historians that the process of the English Reformation was primarily guided by the nobility and highest ranks of the English government.
The dislocation towards the government of the papal curia and the rule of the clergy were manifested in parliament yet were restrained by the royal authority, which wanted to remain in union with the church.
Finally, the unity of the Catholic church was significantly damaged by the Western Schism that forced its split and emergence of serious religious debates about the nature of faith, rituals, and the role of the [...]
The new pope was under the control of the French king, putting the authority of the Church under that of the political ruler.
Baghdad was the most prominent city of the empire, and many scientists of the realm gathered there in the House of Wisdom to teach and research.
In medicine, the focus shifted to anatomical investigations, and the role of surgeons became evident in the efforts to understand the causes of the plague and its effect on the human body.
In short, the ideals of the monastic reform movement during the medieval periods such as total devotion to worship and seclusion from the material world were generally manifested in the architecture of the churches in [...]
The houses of the wealthy were made of slate floors and had used a provision for a fireplace in the kitchen and sometimes in the main bedroom.
Some of the areas covered include but are not limited to the savaging of the al-Andalus, proliferation of Christian kingdoms, the assault of Murabit Iberia, early societal structures, and the culture of Iberian people during [...]
The causes of this protestant movement can be linked to the poor leadership of the church and the ability of people to read the Bible on their own.
Religion is known to have been the driving force behind the first and even subsequent Crusades and has long been the main reason for the existing division between the West and the East, and this [...]
It is inappropriate to perceive the problem only in the light of sharply declining numbers of population, and changes in the patterns of settlement.
To fully understand the impact of the Black Death pandemic, it is important to establish the power of the Catholic Church in the years before the appearance of the plague.
Speaking about the particular role of women in medieval medicine and its further development, it is necessary to say that women were supposed to fulfill a wide range of important tasks even though they were [...]
Literally, it meant that the Pope was considered as Head of the Christian universe and that secular princes had to submit to Gregory VII's concept of the implied universal supreme power of the Pope.
The religious, political, and economic changes of the Middle Ages were connected with the event known as the Investiture Controversy and the growth of the movements known as the Crusades.
In comparing the Crusades to the Investiture Controversy, it is possible to state that the similarities between these two historical phenomena are found in their relationship with both the religious and political development of European [...]
With the rise of the market economy in the medieval towns, the church had to provide its own regulations with money and the new form of economics.
The Islamic world has been covering great geographical areas in the mid 8th century which was one of the key reasons for the emergence of the Islamic Golden Age.
The development of New German Kingdoms, rise of the Orthodox Church, and a sophisticated leadership and establishment of Charlemagne's empire could be regarded as the primary contributors to the rapid and strong emergence of Europe, [...]
The paper discusses the age of the plague in relation to the Mongol empire and how it represented the birth of the modern world.
The achievements of the Muslim technology and science contributed to the development of the Western society and helped Europe come out of the Dark Ages.
The comparison of similar and distinctive features of the Arab conquests will help to make a complete picture of the peculiarities of brutal Islamic invasions.
Despite the fact that a lot of research has been done on the history of witch prosecution and the part of the Church in it, it is still debatable whether its power exceeded the influence [...]
However, the lack of unity was problematic, and it is possible to state that they did not have a common goal most of the time.
Certainly, the popes hoped that the crusades and the work of the crusaders would bring the church under the Roman control.
Due to the changed realities of the modern world, the images of the crusades' savagery and manslaughter are persistent. The documentaries of the past used to link the crusades to the colonial politics of the [...]
Over the course of centuries, Arabs were able to build a civilization that made significant contributions to the cultural and scientific treasuries of the world.
The availability of standard quality coins was crucial to the effective running of the government and the stability of the economy.
Although the Mansa Musa pilgrimage to Mecca may have been reported in some ancient Arab sources, such oral stories as narrated by Al-Maqrizi provide an aesthetic appeal to historical accounts and endure the test of [...]
The cultural, religious and trade factors formed the basis of strengthening and expansion of the Mongol Empire. The cultural, religious and trade formed the basis of strengthening and expansion of the Mongol Empire.
The Crusades were born out of a chain of military struggles under the watch of the Roman Papacy spanning for 200 years between the 11th and 13th centuries. The result of this move was defeat [...]
In the case of the Crusades, the type of information that can be discovered is the probable dates of the Crusades, the type of people involved, and the rationale for the happening.
Describing that period through actions and feelings of Peter the Hermit and Emperor Alexius as well as of others, the author shows atrocities of both sides and provides some food for thought to consider relationships [...]
Most people are unanimous about the fact that the result of this process is the execution of thousands of people. Most people doubted the credibility of the trial due to the way witch trials used [...]
Besides, the analysis of the causes of the decline of the Republic will help to understand the conditions that can lead to the fall of a powerful and wealthy state.
The Abbasid period is often described as the Golden Age of Learning in the history of the Islamic world. Apart from that, much attention should be paid to the spread of philosophical ideas and creation [...]
The biggest problem is that many believed that it cannot be contagious because of religious reasons, and it has led to numerous casualties. However, the issue is that it was not possible to control the [...]
However, the Christian armies were unable to hold on to the captured land and at the end; the Holy Land remained in the hands of the Muslims.
Although the Europeans started the First Crusade in order to respond to the religious goal of freeing the Holy Land from the Muslims, the actions of the crusaders were also influenced by the economic and [...]
The attrition between Ghayir-Khan and Chingiz-Khan during the conquest of the Bokhara Empire significantly brought a new Mongolia nation into existence.
This essay discusses the life of Charlemagne based on his military conquest, association with the church, and the reforms instituted in his administration.
Although the church was the dominant force that supported political and religious leaders, there were several efforts to change this system in the 12th century.
The information about the spoiling and mistreatment of pilgrims angered the crowd and hence they were ready to take whatever action the Pope told them would be necessary to take back the Holy land.
This forth stage is the one that determines the survival of the state, as the society is already discontented with the rule, hence disintegration of the state.
It was in the monasteries and cathedrals of the west that the Roman way of life was adopted to the point of being preserved.
This article explores the property rights of the Europeans in the aftermath of the Black Death. In this article, Zapotoczny focuses on the effects of the Black Death.
Silk road supported the economy of the whole empire and was important in the transportation of porcelain, silk and tea to the outside world.
The emergence of trade routes marked a major development in the history of humankind. Evidently, the major trade routes of the post-classical world helped in the emergence and establishment of an empire.
According to Brad, It is important for the state to have these rights as stipulated by the international law for the well being of its citizens and to promote peaceful interactions.
The crusades started in the year 1095 with the appeal of Pope Urban II to the European Christians and ended in the year 1291 with the downfall of Acre.
Similarities between the textile and mining/ metallurgy industries of medieval Europe The first most outstanding similarity in the economic significance of the textile and the mining industries of medieval Europe is that both industries provided [...]
Such claims make the name of the pandemic a moot point because another group of historians dispute the idea that the name originated from the discoloration of the victims' skins, but it is instead a [...]
The audiences were also impressed by Bede's demonstration of the harmony in England despite the Kingdoms that existed during the time of the penning of the text.
The rich in the society managed to flee from the country, and as a result, the poor were the ones who were left vulnerable to the disease.
In addition to the spread of the gospel, the crusades were also organized as a strategy for the Christians and the leaders to exemplify their wealth and religious zeal.
The author has found the materials and data that can contradict the knowledge that the Europeans and, in fact, the Asians as well have got so far about the Medieval people of Palestine and their [...]
At Fez, he continued to win the hearts of many through his knowledge and doctrines of the Ash'anya school. For instance, he was exiled from the city of Fez, after the fuqaba heard his theology, [...]
Historians have always been interested in discovering the motive behind the action of the monarchs to start inquisition in Spain at a time when elsewhere in Europe it was declining. What was the role of [...]
Hence, the remnants of the great Roman Empire had been preserved in the philosophical, scientific, and artistic achievements representing the major cultural sources influencing the reformation of the European society in the Middle Ages.
The Conquest of Toledo took place in 1085 and played a major role in the history of Medieval Spain as it led to the change of power from Muslim to Christian rule.
In understanding these tributes and Jizya, it is important to underscore the fact that this section of Iberian is vital in establishing the Jewish life history in Al-Andalus from between the 10th and 12th century.
In attempting to digest how the city of London looked like during the Roman age, extant literature demonstrate that the "...trail trenches dug in 1985 revealed distinct evidence of timber-built workshops and houses built in [...]
Therefore, to German, the fall of the Roman Empire is significant for some of the aspects of feudalism are still present in German societies.
The church was thus an inseparable part of the medieval times, and anyone researching the history of the middle ages, must come across the role played by the church during this time.
The paper will look into the events of the crusades, the Arab view of the crusades, their response to the crusades as well as their reaction to the west after the crusades.
An obvious social impact of the plague is the fact that the Black Death led to a significant reduction in the human population of the affected areas.
Manorialism on the other hand refers to an important component of feudal community which entailed the principles used in organizing economy in the rural that was born in the medieval villa system.
One of the major reasons that led to the fall of the Roman Empire was the decline in morals particularly among the emperors, nobles as well as the upper rich classes.
Undoubtedly, the ideals of chivalry played a major role in the huge success that the First Crusade achieved. This paper set out to argue that the First Crusade represented the perfection of the chivalric ideal.
One of the relatives of the founding knights, Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, managed to convince the Pope about its activities and the Church endorsed it in 1129.
Therefore, the essence of this research paper is to investigate the role of Catholic Church during the Black Death, specifically paying attention to the steps the church used to prevent the disease, the Flagellants and [...]
Lacey and Danziger described the lifestyles of the Anglo Saxons in the format of the Julius Work Calendar by having twelve chapters in the book related to the twelve labor months.
Northern Greece was also invaded Dorians and this led to the collapse of the famous arts culture and playwrights that had charmed the world.