Contemporary History Essay Examples and Topics

The Rwandan Genocide: Hutus and Tutsi Ethnic Hatred

The Rwandan genocide caused the death of almost one million people, and the incidence will remain in history forever. The Rwandan population comprised of many Hutus and a few Tutsis. Since the Tutsis were more successful than the Hutus, there was enmity between the two groups. People have always believed that the ethnic hatred between […]

What Changes Do French Students Want to Make in Their Society?

The students fought for meaningful changes in the 1960-1970s. Notably, those changes were to improve educational system of the country. Nonetheless, they were also to change considerably the very basis of the society. In the first place, students demanded improvement of the tuition. Young people claimed that professors were absolutely indifferent to their subjects, students […]

Major Impacts of Consumerism in Contemporary World History

Introduction Consumerism is a social and economic order based on systematic creation and development of a desire to purchase goods and services in greater quantities. Stearns defines consumerism as the process through which consumers buy items in bulk, not because they had planned for, but because they have come across it and think the items […]

“The Battle for the Falklands” by Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins

Introduction “The Battle for the Falklands” is one of the books authored by Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins. The text focuses on the war the British fought with Argentina over the Falklands. The battle, also known as the Falklands affair, has been reviewed by several authors over the years. Hastings and Jenkins are some of […]

The Inevitability Of The Need To Reform Apartheid And To Safeguard Racial Segregation Under White Control

South Africa is a country located in the southern part of Africa. It is the leading country in Africa in terms of aspects considered as effective in the developed countries. These aspects include an established economy, a stable political framework, employment, education, and civilisation. Other countries in Africa have not yet reached this level of […]

Political Violence in South Africa between 1985 and 1989

Introduction Apartheid was a political principle that was adopted by the National Party administration of South Africa between 1948 and 1994. It was one of the systems adopted to segregate the black people and deny them their rights. It was aimed at instilling the white supremacy, through maintaining the Afrikaner marginal rule. Apartheid was established […]

Failures of the Media during the Falklands War

The Falklands War of 1982 was alleged to be the worst reported warfare after the Crimean War, as the war reporting went back to the pre mass communication era. No reports or news came from the front line due to the strict censure of news by the British Government of that time (The Falklands Conflict […]

Analysis of the Twentieth Century’s Last Decade

This book highlights the issues that were present in the world towards the end of the 20th century as people in the world braced themselves for the 21st century and the new millennium that was beckoning. The century had witnessed significant events, milestones and conflicts that were to shape the destiny of various regions for […]

The Problem of East Timor Genocide

Introduction The problem of genocide is often considered as one of the most controversial issues in the world history because this question involves the discussion of a lot of cruel massacres, and the main reason for them is the destruction of the certain ethnical group which can occupy the definite territories. It is also important […]

The History of the Genocide in the Rwandan

Introduction The Rwanda genocide that occurred in 1994 led to the loss of about 800,000 lives of the Tutsi community. The assassination of the president Juvenal Habyarimana triggered the genocide where the Hutu militia together with the Rwandan military organized systematic attacks on the Tutsi who were the minority ethnic group in Rwanda. The Rwandan […]

Achievements of Nelson Mandela

Abstract World leaders have hailed Nelson Mandela as “the greatest and most courageous leader of our generation”. In a life of personal surrender, Mandela dedicated himself to the resistance against apartheid in South Africa, a period that ended with the country’s first multi-racial elections on 27 April 1994. During these elections, the Africa National Congress […]

History of Linux

Abstract Linux is perhaps the most explored operating system in terms of development. After the invention of the first Linux kernel by Linus Torvalds, developers have been modifying this UNIX-based kernel to produce operating systems with more functionalities and stability. One of the main factors that make Linux development interesting is the fact that Linux […]

The cellphone: the history and technology of the gadget that changed the world

Technology has changed the way people go about everyday activities such as writing, cooking, cleaning, and the means by which they move from one place to another among others. Sometimes, these changes occur at blurring speed and people can hardly get time to acquaint themselves fully with each phase before another one replaces the earlier […]

Sierra Leone’s 1991 Civil War

The civil war that broke out in Sierra Leone was caused by political instability and disenfranchisement of the youth by subsequent governments in office since the country’s independence. According to Zack-Williams, the political turmoil experienced prior to the start of the civil war was very important in pointing out the rot in the government and […]

Are we living in an Age of Empire?

The term “Empire” has a common meaning of the notion of a state headed by an emperor or a monarch together with culturally distinct people. The most salient political in the empire were customarily between noble elite and the lower. An Empire is a systematically organized governing organ that formulates and amends state’s policies. Empires […]

The Western culture in the early 21st century

The peculiarities of the Western culture in the early 21st century depend on the heritage of the 20th century with its orientation to the social, economic, scientific and technological progress. The central values and ideas of the century are not connected with the issues of morality or ethics, but they are determined according to the […]

Dynamics of the Relationship between Central Government and Regional Administrations in Spain since 1978

Introduction Until the year 1975, Spain was under the dictatorial rule of Francisco Franco, who died in power (Agranoff 2007: 5). After his death, democracy started to take root in this country. It is perhaps the experience that Spanish nationals had under the dictatorial rule that made them averse to a centralised government, where power […]

Syria and the Revolution

Introduction The Arab wave of unrest began in Tunisia in December 2010, and led to the ousting of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, who had ruled the country for 23 years. The revolution in this small North African country was characterized by demonstrations and riots, which were quelled violently by the police and other state security […]

Post Modern World

Introduction Postmodernism is the word used by sociologists and other scholars to refer to a the intelligence that has developed in the western world. It is a perception that incorporates a varied range of ideas, practices and critical methods that can be regarded as “postmodern”. Postmodernism is the historical period which is seen to follow […]

Impact of Apartheid on Education in South Africa

Introduction One of the bleak outcomes of European settlement in South Africa was the adoption of the apartheid. This system which was adopted by the minority white government was characterized by unequal rights and opportunities for the various races living in South Africa1. Apartheid had various far reaching social, economic and political implications for the […]

Apartheid in South Africa

Introduction South Africa is one of the countries with rich and fascinating history in the world. It is regarded as the most developed state in Africa and among the last to have an elected black president towards the end of the 20th century. Besides its rich history, the South African state has abundant natural resources, […]

Critical Review of Chapter 5 and 6 of the book HIV/AIDS

HIV-AIDs-Book Review The problem The world’s production rate has been adversely affected by HIV-AIDs epidemic; the reason for the adverse effect is the infection rate among the productive population. When the productive population is suffering, labour force, a factor of production, is reduced. The rate of production in an economy determines on the economic growth […]

Peace and Justice

While conflict, used interchangeably with a clash or violence, refers to a state of opposition between people, views, or objectives, violence “…is any condition that prevents a human being from achieving her or his full potential” (Cortright 7). The issue of conflicts has become a daily subject as cases of killings, bombings, and assassinations continue […]

Disease in The News

“Understand Your Global Crisis: What the AIDS industry might learn from the population story” (Foley, E. E. & Hendrixson, A., 2009) Ellen E. Foley, originally from Fenton in Michigan is a renowned medical anthropologist in America. She got her undergraduate degree in Cultural Anthropology and Women’s Studies at Kalamazoo College. It is here that she […]

The Construction of the Postmodern Subject in Professional Writing

Entering the era of postmodernism, all spheres of social and political life have been affected by this movement, including music, art, literature, and education (Woods 9). Due to the appearance of the Internet, the process of writing has also undergone significant changes. It has become dependent from the computer screen being an alternative, postmodern method […]

The Syrian Conflict

Syria is one of the countries that are most strategically situated in the world because it borders Turkey, Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan, and Iraq to the north, west, southwest, south, and southeast respectively (George 56). The Syrian population was estimated at 22,457,336 as of July 2013. A third of this population is under 15 years of […]

Some of the most significant innovations of the 20th Century

Introduction There is no doubt that the 20th century is probably the most remarkable in the history of mankind. It is remembered by the developments in technological innovations, which have had some positive and negative impacts on humanity. The 20th century is renowned for numerous innovations and discoveries. It is impossible to narrow down to […]

How the AIDS epidemic has affected the world on a political, social, economical way

Introduction AIDS is an international epidemic that has interfered with the political, social and economic status of most states in the world. It is an epidemic that was discovered in the 1980s, and since then it has taken many lives, not to mention, both adults and children, scientists have been involved in vigorous research, although […]

Apartheid, Its Causes and the Process

The essay on Apartheid, its causes and the process itself is very limited in its explanations, has weak arguments and irrelevant evidence that does neither support nor explain the true reasons, process or the outcome of the struggle between the population and the government. The absence of thesis adds to the confusing structure of the […]

In-class Reaction Paper: Rwandan Genocide

The book offers a detailed description of the events that took place in the 1994 Rwandan genocide as told by the survivors of the massacre. According to Gourevitch (339), the genocide did not take the locals by surprise because there was every indication that a major war would inevitably break out. The author retells the […]

Nelson Mandela’s Use of Power

The dark struggle in South Africa saw many black people suffer at the hands of the immigrants—white settlers. In order to combat the situation and forge the path to freedom, majority of native South Africans came together to form an organization known as the African National Congress (ANC). ANC became the vehicle of promoting the […]

Relationship Between Modern Imperialism and Economic Globalization

Introduction Globalization of the economy has played a vital role in shaping the post-war period. Over the last fifty years, international trade in services and goods has increased tremendously. In addition, international financial flows have also increased immensely. The rise of modern imperialism has a close relationship with economic globalization. The two concepts can be […]

Darfur Genocide

Introduction The Darfur genocide is one of the Sudan’s most remarkable conflicts. The genocide led to a massive loss of life. Apart from this, several people remained displaced from their native lands. The genocide caused a severe disruption in the settlement patterns. There are detrimental impacts of the war on the humanitarian situation. There was […]

Use of Arts in the Second World War by Nazi

Introduction Art can be defined as the deliberate arrangement of things in a manner that influences an individual’s senses, emotions and intellect (Stokstad, 1995). Art has long been used as a form of universal communication. In politics, art is mainly used to advance propaganda. Political art may refer to human creations that create a visual […]

Article Review for Rwandan Students, Ethnic Tensions Lurk

Genocide is considered to be one of the gravest offences against humanity as it is evidenced by its listing among the offenses that the ICC have jurisdiction. When talking about Genocide, one of the countries that comes to one’s mind is Rwanda. To many, Rwanda learnt from the Genocide and is now engaged in reconstruction. […]

Genocide in Rwanda: Insiders and Outsiders

Introduction Genocide refers to an act of intentional and planned destruction of a given tribe, race, nationality or even ethnicity. The intended destruction could be with respect to the whole considered group or part of the group. The genocide in Rwanda was a mass killing of a tribe in the country of Rwanda. This paper […]

History of Somalia

Somalia has had no central government since after the Civil War in 1991. Only the internationally recognized Transitional Federal Government controls a small part of the country. In the late 19th century, during the years of the European scramble for Africa, Somalia – officially the Republic of Somalia and formerly known as the Somali Democratic […]

Vietnam’s History in 20th Century

Introduction The socialist republic of Vietnam had a war within its borders, putting its north against south. The north eventually won it in 1975, but at the time, the country was already politically isolated. However, following efforts by the government to institute both political and economic reforms since 1986, the country has made important milestones […]

Liberia: A country struggling from the effects of civil war

Introduction – Facts on Liberia Liberia is a country located on the shores North Atlantic Ocean in West Africa. Covering an area of 43,000 sq. miles and having a population of around 3.49 million people, its capital city is Monrovia, which has a population of 1.01 million. In addition, the country’s annual economic growth rate […]

The Impact of Genocide on the Modern Society

Causes and the impact of genocide on economies, women and children Genocide is an operation planned and executed on a group of people belonging to a certain race, religion, ethnic group or religion with the intent to kill them. Genocide classifies people into groups, dehumanizes them using hateful symbols and languages, stereotypes, and it is […]

Nelson Mandela “Freedom in Africa”

Introduction It can be difficult to understand the meaning of oppression if at all one has never experienced the struggles coupled with oppressions hence, the desire to liberate from shackles of oppression. However, it is not easy to find the way out of oppression, especially when the oppressors seem to gain much from their egoistic […]