Home > Free Essays > Psychology > Psychological Issues > The Psychology of Lottery Gambling

The Psychology of Lottery Gambling Research Paper

Exclusively available on IvyPanda Available only on IvyPanda
Updated: Sep 11th, 2021


This study uses the hypothesis of intended behavior (TPB) to explain why some populace plays the lottery, and it examines how the TPB’s variables and changeable relationships are different due to civilization, or gender, or their interaction. A telephone meeting conducted in English, Cantonese, and Mandarin resulted in information on the lottery play intentions of 208 Chinese/Canadians (97 males, 111 females) and 220 British/Canadians (112 males, 108 females). When the intention to play the lottery was regress on six TPB variables, it was found that: (a) effective attitude was a significant predictor for all four groups, while involved attitude was only significant for British/Canadian males; (b) injunctive standard was an important forecaster only for Chinese/ Canadian males, while the evocative norm was an important forecaster only for British/Canadian males; (c) controllability was a significant forecaster only for Chinese/Canadian females, with an unenthusiastic coefficient suggesting minor manage; and (d) self-efficacy was not a significant predictor for some of the groups. A follow-up mail questionnaire supplied additional information on the self-reported lottery play performance of 100 Chinese/Canadians (51 males, 49 females) and 115 British/Canadians (57 males, 58 females) 30 days after the first telephone meeting was conducted. When lottery play performance went back on self-efficacy, controllability, and intention, the meaning was found to be a significant forecaster for all four groups. These answers are discussed in the glow of new investigate on the TPB, free time and gambling, and civilization and sexual characteristics.

Literature Review

There is small doubt that gambling usually and playing the lottery especially are extremely popular free-time activities in North America. In the United States, for instance, Welte, Barnes, Wieczorek, Tidwell, and Parker (2002) establish that 82% of Americans reported having gambled in the past 12 months, with the majority prevalent action being playing the lottery (66%). Similarly, Azmier (2001) establish that 72% of Canadians had gambled in the preceding year, with the majority of popular movement once again life from playing the lottery (50%). In Alberta, where this learn was conducted, gambling occurrence was even senior using 83% of Albertans coverage having gambled in the history year (Smith & Wynne, 2002). Smith and Wynne establish, however, that this proportion varied by gender and civilization. especially, males were considerably (p <.01) more probable than females to have gambled in the history year (84% vs. 80%) while, of the four European and one Aboriginal collection recognized, British Islanders were considerably (p <.05) less likely than Ukrainians to have gamble (84% vs. 96%, respectively). Finally, of all of the betting activities obtainable to Albertans, playing the sweepstake was the majority well-liked (62%).

Despite the lottery’s fame, only one other study has looked at this free time activity using the hypothesis of intended behavior. Based on a sequence of surveys behavior in Britain, Sheeran and Orbell (1999) establish that, when manifold regression psychoanalysis was conduct, while attitudes (affective and active combined) and evocative norms predict a person’s meaning to play the lottery, the self-efficacy measurement of perceived behavioral manage did not, with varied results being established for injunctive norms.


Gambling or gaming, gambling of money or valuables on, and frequently contribution in, games of possibility (some involving degrees of skill). In England and the United States, gambling was not a common-law crime if behaviors confidentially. Even in regal America, however, gambling was legally responsible to irritate public view because it was frequently associated with disorderly activities and might produce debtors who would load civilization.

In the United States, condition laws rule gambling. Some states forbid public bet or gambling by minors, while others permit wagering up to a convinced quantity. In several states pari-mutuel gambling on horse races at the path is officially permitted; more than a few states authorize pari-mutuel gambling on dog races and jai alai sports competition, and the majority of states function or participate in everyday and weekly sweepstakes. Furthermore, though all of these state-sanctioned forms might disagree with the public view on the ethical and financial worth of gambling, all give state and local governments using large revenues. The first legal offtrack betting scheme (OTB) in the United States was unlocked in New York City in 1971.

Nevada was the primary state to sanction a lot of types of gambling, with casinos operating slit machines, card sports competitions, and various sports competitions of chance. For a lot of years, Nevada (joined in 1978 by Atlantic City, N.J.) was merely put in the United States where casinos were lawful; by the late 1990s, 27 states allowable them. Some conditions, though, particularly that length of the Mississippi River, restrict social establishment gambling to riverboats. Following the centralized Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988, states were necessary to permit on doubts any type of gambling that was allowable off-reservation. Since that occasion, tribes all through the country have opened lawful gambling establishments, often greatly ornamental to their economy and that of the region where they live, but condition gambling still produces only a small proportion of all gambling revenues in the state. In the late 1990s, concern over compulsive gambling (said to affect up to 3% of adult Americans) and the communal effects of the growing gambling economy which had full-grown by 1,600% since the mid-1970s, with revenues of several $50 billion—brought greater than before government notice.

This research focused on the truth that in fresh years, betting on sports such as baseball, basketball, boxing, and football, though illegal in the majority of states, has greater than before extremely. Several countries in the Caribbean have recognized offshore sports gambling and online casinos, patronized mainly by Americans. Organized game, though haunted by the reminiscence of the Black Sox scandal of the 1919 World Series and university basketball scandals (1951, 1961), has done small to discourage the gambling, and instances of expert gamblers attempt to fix the outcome of generous events still occur. It is also ordinary for network television and journalists not only to make public odds but also to use an odd-making expert. For sporting proceedings, gambling brokers (popularly, bookies) usually set up two sets of odds, one for each surface of the bet, so that they income no matter what the result of the competition.


Lottery system for distributing prizes by lot or other technique of chance assortment to persons who have salaried for the chance to win. The term is not appropriate when lots are haggard without payment by the paying attention to social gathering to decide some substance, e.g., the sharing of property among heirs. The nonattendance of any constituent of ability or play differentiates the lottery as a form of gambling. Under ordinary law in England and the United States lotteries were legal. They paid for many community buildings and founded and hold up instructive, generous, and religious enterprises. Private lottery, which was chiefly vulnerable to fake practices, was first usually prohibited near the beginning 19th cent. Most openly supports lotteries were discontinued not extended afterward. With the acceptance in 1890 of a federal decree prohibiting the transport of lottery tickets or prizes by letters or in throughway trade, the largest American state lottery that of Louisiana came to an end. It was not awaiting additional than 50 years later that condition lotteries were again legal in the United States when New Hampshire authorized (1963) a sweepstakes lottery, the profits of which were to go to teaching. With the support of computers, 37 states and the quarter of Columbia now function daily and broadsheet lotteries with huge payoffs; states also contribute in local and multistate lotteries, varieties from Tri-State Megabucks (Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont) to Powerball (with 26 states and territories). Often the lottery drawings are televised. Lotteries are also lawful in many European countries, some of which jointly operate multinational lotteries.

Opinions On Gambling From My Different Point Of Views

To my first tip, “what is gambling?” Nowadays, gambling is a quickly growing manufacturing. The term “gambling” is distinct in the dictionary as to engage in recreation a game in which a being can risk losing something, particularly money. Some forms of gambling comprise; lottery, casinos, social gambling, wager on races, sports betting, or yet Internet gambling. If an important person who did not risk was asked whether gambling was high-quality or bad, the being would probably say “No.” In information, gambling is not of necessity bad and is careful as a form of entertainment since it is often enjoyable. It is merely when gambling gets out managing and starts to reason serious evils on people’s lives.

“What is extreme gambling?” Excessive gambling is concerning the expenditure of time, money, and power in a way that is damaging to the gambler. It may in addition be soreness to others such as the gambler’s relations and friends. This kind of gambling also refers to the expenditure of more currency than was first future and then returning afterward to win the cash lost in the history.

Some of the reasons that populace venture are:

  • To Win Big – Most gamblers believe a big win will resolve financial and other troubles in their lives. These gamblers keep ‘chasing the delusion of winning, which consequences in the defeat of additional money.
  • For Something to Do – It is satisfactory for a person to venture infrequently. It only becomes a quandary when gambling is regarded as the first main concern and control over the majority of a people’s occasion.
  • For Excitement or Fun-Seeking – There are several people who similar to gamble since of the thrilling atmosphere and the high risks concerned. However, populaces who gamble for enthusiasm are more horizontal to lose manage of their cash.
  • To Forget Troubles (procrastination) – Gambling may dish up as a relaxing exploit to some populace who want to go away from the daily pressures and pressure of realism.
  • To Gain Social Acceptance – Some people risk so that they can sense accepted keen on a communal collection.

Did you know, according to figures, Australians are the heaviest gamblers in the world? They lose two times more the quantity of money of gamblers in North America and Europe. It is exposed that 82% of all mature Australians risk- of which 40% gamble frequently. For most people this is an undamaging pleasure…but 2.3% (or 330,000) of Australian gamblers have grave gambling troubles. These gamblers lose on standard $12,000 per year compared to the additionally accountable gamblers who lose $625 per year.

There are so many more gambling troubles in Australia than in other countries of the globe. This may be since the government is allowing rising gambling businesses to function in Australia.

It is exposed that in Australia, there are more than 7,000 businesses that supply gambling services, 2785 pubs, 2419 clubs, and in addition 13 casinos and other lottery services. An attractive fact is that Australia owns concerning 180,000 electronic betting machines, which generates up to about 21% of the world’s sum. People can use their currency on gambling since of the wide variety of services provided. It is predictable that in this state, the gambling income (or the amount of cash spent) is more than $80 billion each year.

There are frequent ways in which an extreme gambler be able to try to stop their addiction troubles. Financial counseling and other services such as the “Break Even” agenda are helping a lot of gamblers recover control of the habits that their cash is spent. Some steps that extreme gamblers can obtain to stop themselves from homicide money are self-denial or forbidden gambling. Abstinence is a word that describes a technique of quitting gambling altogether. If gamblers are judgment it hard to attach to their limits, it is a great deal easier to quit so they determination not be tempted once more in the future. Gamblers can desist themselves by avoiding all forms of gambling and connected activities. Another effective way is to take the alternative to be willingly banned or barred from casinos and additional gambling venues.

An excessive gambler who does not desire to completely quit gambling can decide the option of forbidden gambling. These gamblers can pass on to services similar to Gambling Anonymous which can assist the gamblers plans their cash wisely. Gamblers can still help themselves by the footage the behavior that helps them stay track of all wins and wounded.

If all these events are taken, gamblers’ determination has a greater possibility to manage their use of money, or still better, to remove gambling beginning their lifestyles.

Although the Bible does not condition much concerning gambling, there are a small number of verses that explain the greed and wickedness of people who want to get wealthy In 1 Timothy 6:9-10 says, “populace who want to obtain rich fall into enticement and a trap and into many stupid and harmful needs that plunge men into ruin and obliteration. For the love of money is a origin of all kinds of evil.” These verses tell of how cash can be bad when the populace is too keen and do bad things in arrange to obtain it. My sight of gambling is that, also it can be fun for several populace, we all need to think about how we use our money and the majority importantly- to use it shrewdly and not for morally wrong purposes.

My Research on Different Aspects of Gambling

Organized Crime

During the Prohibition Era (1920-1933), against the law gambling was prearranged into an authoritarian local and national scheme. Responsibility for the syndication of betting is usually credited to Arnold Rothstein, who imaginary the inner-city dismisses. He is too recognized for masterminding the “Black Sox” disgrace in which the White Sox flings the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds to promise betting proceeds.

Gambling legally, once again, becomes acceptable

If we analyzed then we come to know that because of the 1970s, the United States has turned full circle in its approach toward betting. Three hundred years ago, the “sport”, more often than not in the form of the draw, was seen as a completely acceptable way to hoist money for civic purposes. (Savage 12) Over the history, several years, slow financial enlargement, cuts in central financial support to states, and rising public needs have compulsory many frantic states and still restricted government to seek supplementary sources of income. Most states have twisted to lotteries, horse and dog race, and, most lately, a growing number of the condition have resorted to casino betting as a way to raise cash and keep duty near to the ground. (James B5).

Sports gambling

During the late 1980s, and early 1990s, more than a few states have tried to bring in sports betting, also as part of the draw, like sports pool, or as sports bookmaking. Never the fewer, the head of the nation’s sports education honesty, counting the National

This research focused on the truth that Basketball Alliance (NBA), the National Football League (NFL), and Major League Baseball (MLB), we’re worried that the states, in their extreme anxiety to raise money, might start to tie in sports gambling with the draw. Then the three sports education teamed up to attempt to put a discontinue to this. First, they begin to put physically powerful force on state legislature not to persuade sports gambling. Second the sports education industry also in progress lobbying Congress, and as a consequence, more than a few bills have been introduced in the U.S. Assembly to limit the enlargement of sports wager, either as the fraction of the lottery or as sports education bookmaking. (Savage 18).

Making Gambling Interests Heard

If we analyzed then we come to know that the state legislatures choose if gambling resolve becomes lawful in the person states. Currently, some form of betting is legal in all states apart from Hawaii and Utah. While achievement is never certain, revenue-hungry condition government are almost always willing to provide gambling wellbeing an investigation.

The most touted instance of a lottery funding teaching is in Georgia, where give up work governor Zell Miller organizations the lottery in 1993 to help finance the Helping Outstanding Pupils Educationally, or HOPE, a learning program that pays school operating costs for scholars. The Georgia lottery sells additional lottery tickets in deprived areas than in wealthy neighborhoods, but the standard income for those in receipt of HOPE scholarships is $13,000 senior to the state standard. This has led critics to propose that this is a container of the deprived subsidizing the improved off under the guise of government high-quality works. “You are introducing a regressive tax organization, funded through populace by means of low incomes and behavioral troubles,” Goodman says. “Is that a high-quality way to run administration?”

Using currency from the lottery, the bulk of which comes from deprived and low-income groups, to finance programs for such groups barely is a wash since such as diagram fails to think the long-term social and economic troubles caused by gambling itself. University of Illinois lecturer John Kindt works out that for each $1 the state receives in gambling revenues, it expenses the state nearly $3 in greater than before criminal justice, social welfare, and another operating cost. In addition, reports show that optional spending in groups of people goes down when the lottery is introduced.


The degree of gambling and difficulty gambling in the there sample of extremely educated, mostly feminine scholars was unexpected. Indifference to North American findings in which young urban university males are in danger of being difficult gamblers, the there results demonstrate that even youthful urban females in institutions of higher teaching may be in danger too. Gaming equipment is chiefly attractive to difficult gamblers. In this unrepresentative sample, apart from for differences flanked by socio-demographic group, the difference between difficulty gamblers and non-problem gamblers on all of the pertinent variables were important, confirm results from other examinations. Even when the payment of these variables in the categorization of difficulty and non-problem gamblers was forbidden, there was several proofs that the trait of habit seems to be concerned in problem betting as it may be for additional addictive behaviors. For the majority of the scholars, though, problem betting indications will probably reduce with maturity. An alternative will continue to twist out to be pathological gamblers.


Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211.

Ajzen, I. (2002). : Conceptual and methodological considerations. 2003.

Ajzen, I., & Driver, B. (1991). Prediction of leisure participation forms behavioral, normative, and control beliefs: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Leisure Sciences, 13, 185-204.

Ajzen, I., & Driver, B. (1992). Application of the theory of planned behavior to leisure choice. Journal of Leisure Research, 24, 207-224.

Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission. (2001). Web.

Armitage, C., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the theory of planned behaviour: A meta-analytic review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 471-499.

Arnscheid, R., & Schomers, P. (1996). Attitude and performance in groups: A test of the theory of planned behavior on basketball players. Z. Soczialpsychol., 27, 61-69.

Azmier, J. (2001). Gambling in Canada 2001: An overview. Calgary, AB: Canada West Foundation.

Beneke, T. (1997). Proving manhood. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Blanchard, C., Rhodes, R., Nehl, E., Fisher, J, Sparling, P., & Courneya, K. (2003). Ethnicity and the theory of planned behavior in the exercise domain. American Journal of Health Behavior, 27, 579-591.

Blanchard, C., Nehl, E., Rhodes, R., Baker, F., Annesi, J., Courneya, K., & Spence, J. (2004). Does ethnicity moderate the associations between the theory of planned behavior and physical activity? International Journal of Cancer Prevention, 1, 89-97.

British Broadcasting Company. (2004). .

Browne, B., & Brown, D. (1994). Preditors of lottery gambling among American college students. Journal of Social Psychology, 134, 339-347.

Abbott, M. W. (2001). Problem and non-problem gamblers in New Zealand: A report on phase two of the 1999 national prevalence survey. Report number six of the New Zealand gaming survey. Wellington, NZ: Department of Internal Affairs.

Abbott, M. W., & Volberg, R. A. (1991). Gambling and problem gambling in New Zealand. Research Series No. 12. Wellington, NZ: Department of Internal Affairs.

Abbott, M. W., & Volberg, R. A. (1996). The New Zealand national survey of problem and pathological gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 12, 143-160.

Amey, B. (2001, June). People’s participation in and attitudes to gaming, 1985-2000: Final results of the 2000 survey. Wellington, NZ: Department of Internal Affairs.

Beck, A. T., Ward, C. M., Mendelson, M., Mock, J. E., & Erbaugh, J. K. (1961). Inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.

Bell, R. A., LeRoy, J. B., & Stephenson, J. J. (1982). Evaluating the mediating effects of social support upon life events and depressive symptoms. Journal of Community Psychology, 10, 325-340.

Bergh, C., & Kuhlhorn, E. (1994). The development of pathological gambling in Sweden. Journal of Gambling Studies, 10, 261-274.

Blanco, C., Orensanz-Munoz, L., Blanco-Jerez, C., & Saiz-Ruiz, J. (1996). Pathological gambling and platelet MAO activity: A psychobiological study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 119-121.

Blaszczynski, A. P., & Nower, L. (2002). A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling. Addiction, 97(5), 487-499.

Blaszczynski, A. P., Buhrich, N., & McConaghy, N. (1985). Pathological gamblers, heroin addicts and controls compared on the EPQ “addiction scale”. British Journal of Addiction, 80, 315-319.

Caldwell, L. L. (2005). Self-construal in context: A response to Walker, Deng, and Dieser. Journal of Leisure Research, 37, 106-116.

Camarota, S. (1999). Immigrants in the United States–1998. A snapshot of America’s foreign-born population. Web. Washington, DC: Center for Immigration Studies.

Chan, R., & Lau, L. (2001). Explaining green purchase behavior: A cross-cultural study on American and Chinese consumers. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 14, 9-40.

Chang, R., & Scrogin Chang, M. (2001). Speaking of Chinese: A cultural history of the Chinese language. New York: W. W. Norton.

Chang, W., Chua, W. L., & Toh, Y. (1997). The concept of psychological control in the Asian context. In K. Leung, U. Kim, S. Yamaguchi, & Y. Kashima (Eds.), Progress in Asian Social Psychology, Vol. 1, (pp. 95-117). Singapore: John Wiley & Sons.

Cheng, J. (2000). Acculturation and control strategies in Chinese-Americans. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, Palo Alto, CA.

China Contact. (2002). Lotteries and gambling in China: A market analysis. Chipping Sodbury, South Gloucestershire, UK: China Contact.

China Daily. (2000). More people willing to bet on lotteries. China Today, 49(6), 58.

Chinese Roots (2003). Surname dictionary. 2002. Web.

Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155-159.

Courneya, K. (1995). Understanding readiness for regular physical activity in older individuals: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Health Psychology, 14, 80-87.

Crawford, D. W., & Godbey, G. C. (1987). Reconceptualizing barriers to family leisure. Leisure Sciences, 9, 119-127.

Friedland, N. (1998). Games of luck and games of chance: The effect of luck- versus chance-orientation on gambling decisions. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 11, 161-179.

Godin, G., Maticka-Tyndale, E., Adrien, A., Manson-Singer, S., Willms, D., & Cappon, P. (1996). Cross-cultural testing of three social cognitive theories: An application to condom use. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26, 1556-1568.

Gramann, J. H., & Allison, M. T. (1999). Ethnicity, race, and leisure. In E. Jackson & T. Burton (Eds.), Leisure studies: Prospects for the twenty-first century (pp. 283-297). State College, PA: Venture.

Hong, Y., & Chiu, C. (1987). Sex, locus of control, and illusion of control in Hong Kong as correlates of gambling involvement. Journal of Social Psychology, 128, 667-673.

House, J. (1977). The three faces of social psychology. Sociometry, 40, 161-177.

House, J. (1995). Social structure, relationships, and the individual. In K. Cook, G. A. Fine, & J. House (Eds.), Sociological perspectives on social psychology (pp. 387-395). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Hrubes, D., Ajzen, I., & Daigle, J. (2001). Predicting hunting intentions and behavior: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Leisure Sciences, 23, 165-178.

This research paper on The Psychology of Lottery Gambling was written and submitted by your fellow student. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly.
Removal Request
If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda.
Request the removal

Need a custom Research Paper sample written from scratch by
professional specifically for you?

Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar
Writer online avatar

certified writers online

Cite This paper
Select a referencing style:


IvyPanda. (2021, September 11). The Psychology of Lottery Gambling. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-psychology-of-lottery-gambling/

Work Cited

"The Psychology of Lottery Gambling." IvyPanda, 11 Sept. 2021, ivypanda.com/essays/the-psychology-of-lottery-gambling/.

1. IvyPanda. "The Psychology of Lottery Gambling." September 11, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-psychology-of-lottery-gambling/.


IvyPanda. "The Psychology of Lottery Gambling." September 11, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-psychology-of-lottery-gambling/.


IvyPanda. 2021. "The Psychology of Lottery Gambling." September 11, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-psychology-of-lottery-gambling/.


IvyPanda. (2021) 'The Psychology of Lottery Gambling'. 11 September.

More related papers
Psst... Stuck with your
assignment? 😱
Psst... Stuck with your assignment? 😱
Do you need an essay to be done?
What type of assignment 📝 do you need?
How many pages (words) do you need? Let's see if we can help you!