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Thomas Aquinas: Morality and God Essay (Critical Writing)

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Updated: May 10th, 2020

Thomas Aquinas, philosopher and theologian, made a valuable contribution to the development of the scholasticism. The philosopher aimed to find less evident proofs of God’s existence. His work resulted in identifying five ways that provide evidence for the existence of God. The first argument is that everything moves by someone (the original engine). The second way is about the cause. The third is the contingency. The fifth point towards the better understanding that God exists is that everything is happening for some reason, and the Lord determines it.

As the matter of fact, the fourth argument has the moral aspect that shows the Aquinas’s attitude towards the relationship between the God and morality. The fundamental aspect that is essential for the existence is the gradation. Something or someone can be more or less good or true. However, there should be the perfect example, which will be the role model for the comparison. According to the philosopher, “therefore there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God” (Anderson 173).

I suppose that the moral theory of Thomas Aquinas can found the reflection in the real life. Righteous act with the consideration of God. They control actions and mind to become closer to the moral standards. Whereas wicked ones make a lot of mistakes and take decisions that lead to the negative consequences. It is how gradation works; someone is less or more noble, and it is reflected in actions that can be measured to the moral standards – God. I find the connection between morality and God in the works of the Italian philosopher relevant and argumentative. Judging is in human nature and dealing with morality, society always lays the accent on religion and God.

Work Cited

Anderson, William P. A Journey through Christian Theology: With Texts from the First to the Twenty-first Century. 2nd ed. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2010. Print.

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IvyPanda. "Thomas Aquinas: Morality and God." May 10, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/thomas-aquinas-morality-and-god/.

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IvyPanda. 2020. "Thomas Aquinas: Morality and God." May 10, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/thomas-aquinas-morality-and-god/.

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IvyPanda. (2020) 'Thomas Aquinas: Morality and God'. 10 May.

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