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Use and Abuse of Drugs in New York Essay

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Why Do Citizens of New York Need Drug Laws?

  • To limit drug abuse
  • To protect innocent people
  • To save the communities
  • To control the use of drugs and prevent their usage

(Robert Wood Johnson, 2004)

Drugs

Major Findings of New York State and Drug Use

  • New York drug offenders have been arrested an average of 10 times;
  • Offenders of New York City are characterized by more widespread criminal histories than offenders of any other city in the state;
  • 7% of offenders have no prior arrests only;
  • About 84% of offenders have been sentenced to prison.

(O’Donnell, 2010)

Drug Laws in New York and Their Legacy and Effects

New York’s Rockefeller Drug Laws Dates:

  • 1973 – the year of enacting;
  • April 2009 – changes by the Legislature (minimum sentence lengths, elimination of some drug offenders);
  • 2009 – the reform of New York’s drug laws to evaluate the impact of changes.

Essence

  • Definition of commitment trends;
  • Differentiation of commitments from the City of New York and other cities of the state;
  • Analysis of drug convictions and appropriate sentences.

(O’Donnell, 2010)

Drugs and Punishment for Sellers in New York

(Robert Wood Johnson Foundation,2004; Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2008).

Drugs General information Sentence
(Maximum)
fine
Cocaine Available in economically depressed parts of the state. Lifetime $ 100,000
Heroin/marijuana
ana
Its usage is increasing in New York and supported by Colombian and Dominican corporations. 7 years $ 5000
Methampheta
mine
less serious problem but still existed in the state of New York. It is produced in Mexico and supplied by local labs. Lifetime $ 50,000
Ecstasy Available in New York clubs. Canada and the Netherlands are its major exporters. Lifetime $ 30,000

Drugs With Quantity (New York) (DEA, 2000).

2nd 1ST Quantity DRUGS Quantity 1st 2nd
offense Offense y that is y that is offense offense
consider consider
ed illegal ed illegal
Between Between 100-999 HEROIN 1 Kg or Between Between
10 years 5 years to Gm more 10 years 20 years
to life 40 years mixture mixture to life to life
time time time
Between Between 500-4,999 COCAINE 5 kg or In the case of In the case of
10 years 5 years to gm E more serous serous
to life 40 years mixture mixture injury or injury or
time death death
more not less
than 20 than life
years
2nd offense 1ST
Offen
se
The quantity that is considered illegal DRUGS The quantity that is considered illegal 1st offense 2nd offense
Between Between 10- Methamp 100 gm or Between Between
10 years
to life
en 5
years
99gmpure
or 100-
ketamine purer
or 1 kg or
10 years
to life
20 years
to life
time to 40 999 gm more time time
years mixture mixture

Punishment for Drugs’ Processors in New York

(Robert Wood Johnson Foundation,2004).

Drugs Sentence fine
Cocaine 15 years $ 15000
Marijuana 1 year $ 1,000
Methamphetamine Lifetime $ 50,000
Ecstasy 25 years $ 30,000

Illegal Behaviour

  • lesser than this quantity
  • not illegal behavior
  • police cannot apply any charge

Agencies & Responsibilities

  • Responsible agencies, cooperating with the Division of Criminal Justice Services
  • OCA (Office of Court Administration);
  • DOCS (Department of Correctional Services);
  • DOP (Division of Parole)

Few Take Drug Dealing as a Primary Mission and Others Take It as a Secondary Mission

Responsible agencies

  • DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration)
  • MET
  • Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement

Responsibilities

  • DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration)
  • DRUG dealing is a secondary mission
    • destroy powerful drug organization.
    • hunts the major drug traffickers with other agencies.

(Leonhart.M.M., 2009)

Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement

  • DRUG dealing is the primary mission
  • protect public health
  • monitors the insurance of licenses to
  • manufactures
  • distributors
  • hospitals
  • researchers

Met

  • DRUG dealing is the primary mission
  • supportive team of DEA
  • provide enough resources to local police and state.
  • minimize exposure of local undercover police.

(Department of Health, 2009)

Drug wars

Limitation of DEA, Met, and Bureau

  • Lack of standard data
  • No assurance of Met using standard criteria
  • No measurement against actual and intended performance.

Due to these limitations, DEA cannot perform its task as desired

  • excess use in hospital
  • staff involved
  • difficult detection

These limitations reduce the control of drug dealers (GAO, 2001).

The end

References

Department of Health. (2009). Web.

GAO.2001. Steps Taken to EnhanceProgram Management, Web.

Leonhart.M.M. (2009). Web.

O’Donnell, D.E. (2010). Division of Criminal Justice Services: Criminal Justice Research Report. Web.

(2008). State of New York. Web.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (2004). Web.

Special Operation.com (2000). Web.

U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, (2000) Federal Trafficking Penalties. Web.

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