The principles of human intelligence have always been of certain interest for the field of science. Having understood the nature of processes that help people to reflect, scientists started proposing projects aimed at creating the machine that would be able to work like a human brain and make decisions as we do. Developing an artificial intelligence machine belongs to the number of the most urgent tasks of modern science. At the same time, there are different opinions on what our future will look like if we continue developing this field of science.
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According to the people, who support an idea of artificial intelligence development, it will bring numerous benefits to the society and our everyday life. At first, the machine with artificial intelligence is going to be the best helper for the humanity in problem-solving (Cohen & Feigenbaum, 2014, p.13). Thus, there are tasks that require a good memory, and it is safer to assign such tasks to machines as their capacity of memory is by far more developed than one that people have. What is more, the machines with artificial intelligence help people to find the information that they need in moments. Such machines perform the record retrieval with help of numerous search algorithms and the human brain cannot do the same with such a high speed. To continue, the supporters of further artificial intelligence development believe that such machines will help us to compensate for certain features that make our brain activity and perception imperfect (Muller & Bostrom, 2016, p.554). If we look at artificial intelligence from this point of view, it acts as our teacher despite the fact that it is our creation. Importantly, people believe that artificial intelligence should be developed as it gives new opportunities to the humanity. Such a machine is able to teach itself without people’s help, and it also can take decisions even when circumstances are changing. Considering that, it can be trusted to fulfill many highly sensitive tasks.
Nevertheless, there are ones who are not so optimistic about the development and perfection of artificial intelligence. Their skeptical attitude about that is likely to be rooted in their concerns about the future of human society. To begin with, people who are skeptical about artificial intelligence believe that it is impossible to create the machine that will show the mental process similar to the one that people have. It means that the decisions made by such a machine will be based only on the logical connections between the objects. Considering that, it is not a good idea to use these machines for the tasks that involve people business. What is more, artificial intelligence development can store up future problems in the world of work (Ford, 2013, p. 37). There is no doubt that artificial intelligence programs do not have to be paid a salary every month. What is more, these programs usually do not make mistakes and it gives them an obvious advantage over human employees. With a glance to these facts, it is easy to suppose that they will be more likely to be chosen by employer. If artificial intelligence develops rapidly, many people will turn out to be unnecessary in their companies.
To conclude, artificial intelligence development is a problem that leaves nobody indifferent as it is closely associated with the future of the humanity. The thing that makes this question even trickier is the fact that both opinions on artificial intelligence seem to be well-founded.
Cohen, P. R., & Feigenbaum, E. A. (2014). The handbook of artificial intelligence. Los Altos, CA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Ford, M. (2013). Could artificial intelligence create an unemployment crisis?. Communications of the ACM, 56(7), 37-39.
Muller, V. C., & Bostrom, N. (2016). Future progress in artificial intelligence: A survey of expert opinion. In Fundamental issues of artificial intelligence (pp. 553-570). New York, NY: Springer International Publishing.