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Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection Case Study


The world is a host to many different types of people with different backgrounds and holding different cultural views. Therefore, it necessitates formulation of rules and regulations, which are intended to help these individuals to conduct them in a way that will maketheir life simpler and sober (Kerwin & Scott, 2010).

This is done by establishing administrative policies. As such, administrative policies are those rules created in an organization aimed at guiding the company’s overall performance and as such, the company ensure that the organization archive its targeted milestone. These rules are usually made by the organization officials to help the subordinate or the outside world to perform as required.

As usual, these rules always restrict the performance of a person. As such, rules give guidance to a person, that is, to act according to the main goal of an institution or country. The notion of the rules leads to easy operation and quick achievement of the goal (Kerwin & Scott, 2010).

Thesis Statement

The purpose of this paper is to describe the relationship between a bureaucratic or an administrative policy and a legal or ethical dilemma, strategy or innovation.


The difference in perception of people concerning the rules creates a dilemma whereby, one is unable to choose from the set rules concerning what course of action he should take in order to have the same performance. The confusion created makes the goal unrealizable.

Moreover, these dilemmas delay the performance of an organization. In order to achieve any set goal, some strategies have to be established in an effort towards ensuring that, everyone in the organization is informed and that every employee abides to the statute (Trimble, 2011). The generated strategies need to be known by everyone.

This in turn will ensure that, focus on the set goals is shifted from in individual point of view to a group point of view. The ethical dilemma brought about by the administrative policies tends to make people to act against their will which may bring contravene of oneself. This is a great challenge, which an organization needs to address in an effort towards bringing everyone on board into a consensus regarding matter pertaining to his or her performance (Trimble, 2011).

As to comprehend the relationship between the set rules and the dilemma, which result from their perceptions, it is necessary that one focus on the Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection. Chesapeake Bay is a bay in North America. It is greatly spread in areas around Virginia. Due to the favorable environment around the Bay, the area is highly inhabited (Ferrier, & Jenkins, 2009).

The approximated number of people who live on the banks of the Bay is about 4.7 million people, this, therefore pose as a great risk since it is likely that the people living there will destroy the not only the immediate environment but also the water in the ocean. Therefore, the government had to create rules and regulations to control the activities that were to take place in this region (Ferrier & Jenkins, 2009).

The prevention of water pollution was made possible through a rule that controlled the amount of pollutants discharged into the ocean by the players in the manufacturing industry. (Thomas & Copeland, 2008) conducted a research and it followed that, according to their findings, the pollutant pose as a great risk to the aquatic plants and animals. As such, the pollutants affected the water such that it could be used neither for domestic purposes nor for leisure.

The erosion from the lands, which used nitrogen and phosphorous manures, were directly affecting the appearance of the ocean because it accelerated the growth of the aquatic plants, which eventually died due to excessive growth, that is, they grew in such a way that, they competed for the available nutrients and therefore most of them died (Thomas & Copeland, 2008).

The deposition of the dead plant materials on the surface of the water acted as barriers to the penetration of sunlight into the water. Sunlight being a necessity for the survival of plants and the animals, the reduced intensity has a negative impact to the ecosystem in the ocean (Thomas & Copeland, 2008).

The government passed a rule such that, for a person to discharge the pollutant into the Bay’s waters, one should obtain a permit. This regulation can be said to cause an ethical dilemma whereby, it leaves the people around this area without an idea on where or how to get rid of the waste products from the factories or even how to deal with the issue of fertilizer.

The tremendous development within the area around the bay has caused great change of the landscape. The construction of buildings, as well as leveling off the ground to build roads has resulted to large mass of sediments being carried into the ocean by water (Thomas & Copeland, 2008). Consequently, this lowers the water level or the ocean bed. This therefore has fatal ending as the life of those aquatic animals, which cannot survive in shallow waters, are placed in jeopardy.

This indeed proves that there a great risk in the world loosing it indigenous aquatic animal species, particularly, the rare fish. From all this observation, the government had to come up with rules to restrict or control the methods of building and construction. As usual, the dilemma involved here is that, people have to build specific type of houses as directed by the government but not according to his desire.

The environmental protection agency decided to set rules and regulation, which were to be followed by people residing within the countries surrounding the Bay. As such, these rules were designed for the governments and from that point, the governments would then impose them on its citizens.

In fact, these rules were drafted and gazzeted incorporating the views and the contributions from the inhabitants. To elaborate this, each country’s residents were given chance to say what they thought could be the best rules. They were encouraged to find those views that were beneficial to them and at the same time, help in conserving the environment (Galloway, 2002).

It became mandatory that the oil and gas companies or investors within the energy sector had to obtain a permit from this organization. The licensing body had to inspect the proposed sites and as such, they ensured that these energy firms are situated in the right place. Further, it required the firms to install waste disposal pipes so that, the water system was not interfered with. Consequently, this initiative gave rise to the development of the Energy policy act, which helped in ensuring that the rule is strictly followed.

The plans, which are made by the environmental protection agency, are very positive and as such, they aim at helping the actions towards conservation of the environment. The organization aims at helping the farmers around the Bay to produce or to plant crops, which are of short seasoned and hence avoid bare land seasons. This will help to reduce soil erosion and assist greatly in mitigating the death of aquatic animals.

The EPA also aims at providing a report on an annual basis concerning the ocean toxicities (Galloway, 2002). This will in turn create awareness to the residents in regard to the risk they are posing unconsciously.

Moreover, it assists in helping individuals recognize the progress of their intended goal that is, reducing toxicities of the water. Since this is a public issue, they also have to strictly deal with those individuals, who have a tendency of going against the set rules. Consequently, this measure provides a lesson to those who might be holding such motives.

The organizations is also aiming at teaching the people on the importance of clean water and inform them on the risk cropping up when people neglect their environment. This will make the residents to join hands in fighting against pollution and instead conserve the Chesapeake Bay. They will achieve this through collaborating with investors and the government in order to reach many people (Galloway, 2002).

The regulations established by the environment protection agency may appear unfavorable to everyone and as such, this serve as a dilemma as some people perceive the rules as cornering them and therefore, they tend not to abide to them. Therefore, the organization need to hold training workshops in order to assist such people in understanding what people are doing and the objective of the project concerning the conservation of the environment.

The agreement created between; the environment protection agency, the countries around the Chesapeake Bay, and the people leaving around those areas has an influence on the people’s ethics. The reason for this is that, it has helped people understand the benefit of the environment and therefore, making them to development an attitude of responsibility.

Concerning their countries of residence, the agreement makes them to develop a concern in regard to their surrounding and hence they come to realize that, reduced economic growth is a consequent of destroyed environment. Still, they come to understand that it takes a great deal of time and resources in an effort towards rejuvenate a destroyed place (Galloway, 2002).


To conclude this discussion, the environment entails very vital resource Individuals ought to ensure that the environment is maintained in its original state. This is because, when one element of our surrounding is affected, it follows that very many elements are affected too, either directly or indirectly. Water being the main source of life, there is great need to ensure that we do not exhaust or infect the water resource.

Having seen some of the causes of water pollution people need to reduce the use of manure in their farms, to always plant crops to prevent sediments being carried to the water catchment areas of which otherwise could pose as a great risks to aquatic animals. Let us preserve the environment since it is a non-renewable resource.


Ferrier, R. C., & Jenkins, A. (2009). Handbook of Catchment Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons

Galloway, J. (2002). Optimizing nitrogen management in food and energy production. London, UK: Taylor & Francis,

Kerwin, C.M., & Scott, R. F. (2010). Rule Making: How Government Agencies Write Law and Make Policy. (4th ed.). Washington D.C: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Thomas, S.V., & Copeland, C. (2008). Water pollution issues and developments. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers

Trimble, D.C. (2011). Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Congressional Testimony. Collingdale, PA: DIANE Publishing

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IvyPanda. (2019, December 17). Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/chesapeake-bay-environment-protection-case-study/

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"Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection." IvyPanda, 17 Dec. 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/chesapeake-bay-environment-protection-case-study/.

1. IvyPanda. "Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection." December 17, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/chesapeake-bay-environment-protection-case-study/.


IvyPanda. "Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection." December 17, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/chesapeake-bay-environment-protection-case-study/.


IvyPanda. 2019. "Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection." December 17, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/chesapeake-bay-environment-protection-case-study/.


IvyPanda. (2019) 'Chesapeake Bay Environment Protection'. 17 December.

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