Decision makers in China are a monolithic group which consist of the elites and thus share the same views, values, and visions and are always engaged in a force which consist of zero sum struggle for political power where the winner takes it all. In the fifth generation, dynamic inter-dependence in China and its growing diversity in leadership are evident among the competing factions and it is indicated by the allotting of equal number of seats in the supreme decision making organs which are the most powerful camps in the fifth generation.
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This indicates the willingness to cooperate showing a source of strength since their leadership is complemented. the overall concept that entails how power ought to be balanced definitely results to abroad spectrum of ideas which include the incorporation of the economic dependency ,protection of the environment and the emulation of the conditions that favor justice.But other factors described below show a sign of weakness.
The emerging fifth generation is likely to face challenges of producing elite harmony and unity within their pack more than the leaders of the previous generation because over three decades China has been in transform away from the rule by a charismatic single and a one powerful leader, they are heading towards a more collective form of leadership ending the era of the strong men politics and its long history of one lone individual arbitrary decision making. A collective leadership makes decision making process to be difficult, more complicated and takes a long time to reach a conclusion and at times leading to deadlock.
The second part of it is that in China the ruling elite were homogeneous in their sociological and professional backgrounds and therefore the second generation was composed of communist revolutionary veterans with backgrounds as peasants and soldiers while those who made the third and forth generations were engineers turned technocrats and the fifth generation is thus argued to be the most elite generation in the PRC’s history due to its class background, education credentials, career paths and political association (Li & Thornton).
In essence the disparity that entails amid the management of the situations and the occupational knowledge in the leadership arena acts a s a basis of tension within Chinas managers At this age is when China is receiving and facing a multiple of daunting problems like growing economic disparities, repeated industrial and environmental disasters and the common social unrest. Foreign policy challenges have also been acute as the PRC confronts an increasing complicated external environment thus this will make it difficult for the fifth generation to govern effectively since other factors as the establishment of public health care, energy security, financial reforms, foreign trade and domestic ethnic tension are so contentious that they will find it difficult to handle (Teiwes 1984).
The overall stands and the focus that are brought about by the cynical persons has to be totally in line bowing to he fact that in the process of the evaluation of the competition that is adversely depicted in the fifth generation, the concept of the inhuman power is consider as a factor that has to be employed. in china the rivalry that exist amid the various factions is seen as unethical since the leaders have in mind that to focus in the achievement of results they have to focus in the attainment of problems concerning the general welfare of the public in most case the economic issues that are entailed.
A positive development is seen in the diverse demographic and political backgrounds of this generation of leadership and it can also be seen on the extent that the diversity contributes to political pluralism in the country, it might also be argued that collective leadership not only is a machinery of power-sharing through checks and balances among opposing political sides but also involves a more dynamic and institutionalized decision creating process through which political leaders appear to represent different social and geographic constituencies and thus increase better policies to meet up new and complicated socio-economic requirements. An aspect that cropped up was of the vast disparity that existed among the youth of both the forth generation and the fifth. This emerged as a result of the difference that existed on the level of the colleges that were being attended on the event of the revolution but towards the end of the revolution, there was the cropping up of a generation that was depicted as lost which in real senses portrays the fifth generation. The leader in this case are the various young person that were taken to the marginalized areas t work as farmers after several years of straggle , there was a clear return in that most of them decide to enroll back in schools so as to obtain more knowledge. This late comeback gives an unskilled politics.
On the other hand, there was an absence of a diverse political affiliation on the fifth generation despite the unprecedented experience of hardship that had entailed on the onset of the revolution (Li & Thornton). The youth were the people who were given motivation to continue to pursue goals that would define their destiny by going back to colleges. In most cased there was an urge to go back to the cities especially from those who had undefined backgrounds in order to pursue the education in the relevant colleges that existed.
In the early seventies and the mid eighties, there was an emergence of a large number of populations to join the party. On the other hand there was divers view on the various issues in term of the policy setups therefore portraying the gap in stratification of the two generations.
Cheng Li and John L. Thornton China’s Fifth Generation: Is Diversity a Source of Strength or Weakness? 2008. Web.
Frederick C. Teiwes Leadership, Legitimacy and Conflict in China. New York Palgrave Macmillan. (1984).