Differences between domesticated and wild Plants
Studies indicate that the domestication of plants by humans ensures the productiveness of plant and animal species for providing food to them. The domesticated plants have exhibited differences compared to wild plants in the sense that selective breeding results in the elimination of thorny features, toxins, and bad testing components. Therefore, these depict some of the morphological differences between wild and domesticated plants (Haviland et al. 232)
We will write a custom Essay on Differences of Domesticated and Wild Animals and Plants specifically for you
301 certified writers online
On the other hand, scientific studies have shown that domesticated plants differ from their counterpart wild species in modes favored by human beings. Domesticated plants are generally larger with reduced seed dispersion and protective mechanisms compared to the wild plants of similar species. The domesticated species of plants have tough stems, which make them disperse seeds by themselves, a feature that lacks in wild plant species.
Differences between domesticated and wild Animals
The domestication of animals by human beings is an artificial natural selection mechanism aimed at improving or carrying forth some of the desired animal traits. Therefore, domestication has ensured that only those species with “good” qualities are domesticated, thus their genealogy becomes more disease resistant, with better mating behavior. The domestication process of animals eventually presented favorable conditions that were in favor of these species (Haviland et al. 232).
Although the process does not lead to genetic changes, mal-adaptation to virtually good conditions support their extended productiveness compared to wild species of their family. Early evidence shows that domestication produced variations in the skeletal composition of some animal species.
According to Haviland, et al (2010), domesticated sheep and goats have smaller or no horns as contrasted to the wild ones (233). An investigation into the process of domestication over time has shown that different sex and age ratios distinguish domesticated from wild animals sharing similar genetic lines. In general, domestication has acted as an artificial selection enabled by a man with a view of gaining from the reproductive advantages through selective breeding.
Haviland, William A, et al. Anthropology: The Human Challenge. New York: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.