Globalization promotes the occurrence of numerous criminal activities in the international scene. As a result, globalization greatly impacts the policies of different countries. Globalization leads to changes in the criminal justice policy, both locally and internationally (Schmalleger, 2009). In the end, globalization ends up affecting the criminal justice system of the country. During the past years, globalization has had an influence on the criminal policies that aid in fighting drugs. It also plays an important role in crafting the guideline that criminal courts use to send criminals to prison. Such factors greatly affect the criminal justice policy of a country (Dunn, 2008). Drug trafficking continues to increase due to the advancing effects of globalization. To combat the increase in drug trafficking, the criminal justice policy of the country enforces stringent penalties on any drug peddler or illegal drug consumer. It also enforces the initiation of a compulsory prison sentence to drug traffickers.
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Changes I would recommend in the global criminal justice policy
Currently, different countries have different criminal justice policies on international crimes (Schmalleger, 2009). Countries develop such criminal policies according to the laws of their lands. Consequently, some countries end up coming with relatively less stringent policies on international crimes as compared to other countries that such crimes receive extremely stringent penalties. I recommend that the world should have a global policy system on the International criminal policy. From the single universal policy, perpetrators of international crimes will receive equal stringent punishments according to their crimes. I also recommend the world to adopt single international police and judicial system to arrest, prosecute, and judge international crime perpetrators. The universal system should majorly deal with issues of terrorism, drug trafficking between borders, international cybercrimes, human trafficking, and immigration migrations, among other serious international crimes.
Contemporary concerns in criminal justice policy
Just as many governmental policies, criminal justice policies also have their downfall or limitations. For instance, society meant to receive protection from the existing criminal justice policy may not appreciate the existence of such policies. People in society might have valid intelligence on the perpetrators of drug trafficking. Unfortunately, they may fail to notify the authority that such perpetrators exist among them (Dunn, 2008). Ignorance is also another setback that hinders the function of criminal justice policy. Most people lack ideas on the existing criminal justice policies. In the end, they fail to do their part as stakeholders in the criminal justice system. Corruption and lack of political goodwill also hinder existing policies against criminal activities (Schmalleger, 2009).
Comparison of extrapolative, judgmental, and theoretical forecasting as the three major approaches of creating and developing information concerning expected policy outcomes
There are many approaches used by people to create information concerning expected policy outcomes (Schmalleger, 2009). Some of such approaches include extrapolative forecasting, theoretical forecasting, and judgmental forecasting. Extrapolative forecasting involves the prediction of future occurrences through the act of extrapolating historical trends of such activities. It uses occurrences of the past to determine the future. This method is never suitable for a new policy whose effects will be observed for the first time or where the effects of policy radically change. Theoretical forecasting involves the usage of a construct of some functional policies or subsystems to forecast the possibility of occurrence of future events. The method uses empirical models to reduce calculations problem during the forecasting process together with non-empirical models that do not involve quantification of the problem under study. The method is more complex than extrapolation forecasting since it involves long research. Judgmental forecasting involves the usage of a highly skilled and experienced expert in predicting future occurrences of events. Such a person is highly knowledgeable to aid him in coming up with an accurate and reliable prediction. The problem involved in this method is that the person involved may give biased information to impress some party involved in the forecasting. Judgmental furcating is the most common forecasting method since it is reliable, cheap, and simple to use in policy outcome prediction.
Dunn, W. N. (2008). Public policy analysis: An introduction (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson Education
Schmalleger, F. (2009). Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentis-Hall