The paper at hand is going to analyze the attitudes to the Eight Amendment during the terms of the Warren Court, the Burger Court, the Rehnquist Court, and the current Roberts Court.
The Supreme Court is the highest institution of justice in the United States that has a special role in the system of the American government.
Conversely, if a judge becomes conscious of the fact that a verdict is inaccurate, they may allow conducting a new hearing to escape the defendant's petition and an obligation to reverse the verdict of the [...]
If a case is believed to make it to the US Supreme Court, it should be filed in the state or federal court first.
Based on the factors depicted above, the primary goal of the paper is to understand the working mechanism of sex trafficking by describing the characteristics of the victims, offenders, applicable laws, and steps to face [...]
The retribution argument is concerned with the severity of hate crimes and states that bigots have to be punished more severely than other offenders.
The government is on the constant lookout for new strategies intended to minimize the incarceration costs while trying to keep the people safe.
The efficacy of this novel policy lies in the fact that by being just towards the convicts the court will be able to elicit trust and respect in the detained individuals.
However, the sophistication of the coherent society and the great attention given to various humanistic issues result in the appearance of several factors that might be considered mitigating circumstances. For this reason, it is possible [...]
Despite the vitality of the legal definition of hate crime, the desire of the victim to participate in the lawsuits also affects the prosecutor's involvement.
Because hate crimes are associated with the violation of the First Amendment rights of freedom of speech and association, it is believed that the motive for hate crimes is a crime itself.
The assumption above means that football hate crimes can be avoided by reducing the competitiveness of the sport and promoting the idea of participation as opposed to winning as the focus of the game.
The writer argues that the main focus of the investigator should be on developing as many leads as possible instead of trying to solve a case.
The application of community policing in the Bronx and Florida described in these two cases refers to the differences between the times when the authors of these texts served as police officers and their knowledge [...]
In the first place, according to the Code of Ethics, the police officer has to be a representative of the law enforcement system and "protect the constitutional safeguards".
Meanwhile, Dempsey and Forst assume that discretion is particularly vital in the context of the police officers' activity. Despite the ambiguous character of the discretion outcomes, there is a series of reasons that explain the [...]
In my opinion, exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule should only be made in the few cases where there is no other way to obtain evidence and only on the grounds of the probable cause, supported [...]
Its full name is Directive 2015/849 of the European Parliament and the Council on the prevention of the use of the financial system for money laundering or terrorist financing 2015/849 of the European Parliament and [...]
In covering the benefits and shortcomings of sex tourism, the paper will try to establish whether sex tourism is something that is ethical and desirable in society. The analyses of the legal aspect of sex [...]
However, the lack of information regarding the concept of cybercrime, the ways of inhibiting it and the tools that the UAE society can use to prevent cybercrimes are not completely obvious.
This paper discusses the use of force by law enforcement officers and attempts to explain why it is necessary to allow the use of force in the enforcement of law and administration of justice.
Admittedly, this law has limited the accessibility of firearms to those individuals who may pose a threat to the lives of other people.
This essay analyses the fourth, the fifth, and the sixth amendments of the American constitution, their application to the adult and the juvenile court proceedings, and their influence on the routine court procedures.
However, in the nineteenth century with the advent of the modern times, the nature of punishment transformed and the new form aimed at deprivation in seclusion, hence the prison system.
When it comes to the primary source of law, common law is mainly based on the customs in a society while civil law originates from written code that is provided by rulers and legislators.
This is one of the main pitfalls that should be avoided. This is one of the risks that should not be disregarded.
The main idea of the article is the current problem regarding the growing number of elderly prisoners in Florida's prisons. In addition, the author notes that the problem needs a flexible solution that will lower [...]
Privatization of the prisons may allow the prisons to expand faster because the private sector has the financial ability for the same.
In the process of conducting the investigation, the prosecutor- and the entire investigative team- must realize that they are yet to prove the crime committed by the suspect.
According to Al-Kisswani, the Presumption of Innocence Law is used to ensure that there is fairness in the process of prosecution, and that the accused will only be considered guilty after the prosecution has proven [...]
Al-Kisswani says, "Islamic law has dedicated many principles and rules based on the Presumption of Innocence Law or the assurance of it whether it is related to the right of the defense or the right [...]
The police have implemented these policies and the correctional facilities have been the drivers of the policy on the convicts. Courts were more considerate of the state of the imprisoned and their place in the [...]
The Victims of Crime Act of 1984 is an act of the authorities of the USA, which is addressed to support the victims of offenses against the law by methods that does not include the [...]
In the end, globalization ends up affecting the criminal justice system of the country. To combat the increase in drug trafficking, the criminal justice policy of the country enforces stringent penalties on any drug peddler [...]
Key stakeholders, including experts in matters of security and politicians, are making every effort to see to it that the public is aware of the consequences of cyber terrorism.
On the other hand, a criminal action involves the state or society bringing a case against the accused party in the determination of whether the latter committed the offence in question, thereby leading to punishment [...]
The decision of the court in the case of Gitlow versus New York is that it supported the arrested due to the subversive nature of the text that was published.
Thus, bystanders should be free to bear witness of the victimizing circumstances to enable the victims receive appropriate assistance and for the public to prevent future occurrence of the same.
Heavier sentences are being imposed, and the anti-drug war is attributed to the development of the prison system in the US.
It is an issue of concern to the government of United States as it is in other places of the world.
For example, it is claimed that one of the reasons why the developing nations have economies that perform poorly is because of the high rate of corruption among the public officials.
In the case of Kris, it is clear that he is 25 years. The intention is to match the offender with the needs and level of supervision required.
Some say that the disorder is so severe that it causes criminal behavior and is linked to the other people directly.
I will use this example to allude to the crime stories that exist to prove that it is true that they are about the law of unintended consequence.
Instead of reporting to the police, the patient opted to report to a female nurse in the morning, and she cleaned and changed the clothes of the victim hence erasing all the forensic evidence that [...]
CCTV cameras are also used in places of work to aid employers to monitor their employees' activities, improve productivity and security, and reduce theft.
The officer should also package information in a way that it is easy to decode and understand. Such communication enables police officers in charge of the inmates to access important information from them.
The main objective of this paper is to attempt to clarify what effective communication comprises of in the criminal Justice setting.
It refers to the process of offering false information regarding a crime, suspect or situation in an attempt to associate or disassociate an individual from the activity.
This type of sentencing is based on the philosophy that the offender should maintain close family ties, be productive in the workplace, and actively participate in the community programs that are available to him/her. The [...]
The necessary part of the paper is the information about changes to the original policy. The discussion of this act and how necessary it is for the criminal justice system in The United States is [...]
Flaws in the network allow hackers to access the systems. In efforts to reduce hacking in the country, a number of police units have been formed.
Available criminology scholarship demonstrates that La Cosa Nostra, also referred to as the mafia, the mob, the outfit, the office, and the family, was by any standards the most prominent criminal organization in the United [...]
This would also evaluate the effectiveness of the programs in reintegrating the individual back into society by the elimination of stigmatization of the gang members.
Perhaps, the most likely achievement that can be attained by prison authorities is to minimize coordination and communication between different categories of gangs.
Legalizing the use of drugs would mean that the production, distribution, and sale of drugs would not be prohibited. This is due to the fact that drug trafficking across the borders brings about a lot [...]
It is obvious that if there are two or more gangs on the territory of a prison they are going to fight for the sphere of influence.
The second group of factors is associated with the peculiarities of the prison management which can be effective or ineffective to control the development of riots and disturbances.
According to Latzman and Latzman, child abuse may be manifested in the use of excessive physical force when disciplining a child or an adolescent.
These movies may be defined as the sources that involve people into the idea of identity theft and prove that it is one of the possible ways to earn good money.
Cybercrime refers to a crime of any kind that involves the combination of a network and a computer. If the threat is not dealt with, every crime that constitutes a cybercrime could lead to a [...]
However, the police said the arrest warrant allowed them to search the house without his consent. To clarify their point, they said if the police had arrested the suspect at his workplace, they would have [...]
The Supreme Court ruled that law enforcement officers had to let the suspects know of their Fifth Amendment rights before interrogation.
Proponents argue that the more uncontrollably the government continues to allow firearms' possession to the public, the higher the chances of acquisition by the 'high risks groups' and hence threatening the public security.
Mark is very upset that he did not get the promotion and has decided to go to the EEOC to report that he is being discriminated against and that you are retaliating against him because [...]
First of all, it is necessary to improve the justice system which is the reason of overpopulation in prisons. Secondly, it is necessary to rethink the life of inmates in prison.
Relation of Brian's death to the Bureau It is indeed very clear that the death of Brian is not a natural one and the first and almost a sure proof is that of the forensics [...]
The increased number of elderly inmates is partly due to the introduction of longer sentences in the 1970s and 1980s as US took a tough approach to crime.
Intensive supervision is implemented in order to support an offenders need for rehabilitation and help them start living a new safer life, as well as to ensure the security of the communities around and the [...]
The article elaborates on the scandalous shut down of a Detention Center in Baltimore that was the responsibility of the state government.
The cases of female sex offenders are not unknown to the society; for example, a high school or college teacher that was accused of student's sex abuse and confronts the criminal justice system.
However, the man was not a threat to the police officer. In addition, the incidence happened during the day and the police officer could clearly tell that the man was holding only a knife.
The public is the main customer of the criminal justice system that is why the functioning of the agencies and police should be influenced by the public's needs.
The thesis of this paper was to determine whether the enactment of the Brady Act has a significant effect on the rates of homicide and suicide in the USA.
Since the arresting officer searched the petitioner without probable cause, it was important to understand if the fourth amendment protected the suspect from an unwarranted search and seizure.
The lieutenant needs to ask other officers in the department to give Ripley the support he requires by following the vehicle to find out the real intentions of the driver.
The American society also has divided opinions on the issue of gun ownership and use in the continent. Even with the great benefits of gun-use in the US, the situation also drawbacks in the society.
The first occurrence of gangs in the US was witnessed in 1783 following the collapse of the American Revolution. Thus, the government should act proactively to counter the issue of gangs in the US.
These racial differences have led to poverty amongst the minority groups since the Native Americans lead most of the business sectors in the United States.
In this respect, most convicts in the correctional systems spend most of their days planning to revenge against the claimant instead of focusing on changing their behavior to the better.
Over the years, they have been forced to adapt to legislative changes introduced by the government to reduce high rates of crime in the country.
The information is contaminated and made in such a way that the innocent suspect is the true perpetrator of the crime.
The right to own firearms is one of the fundamental human rights entrenched in the American Constitution. Additionally, the right to own firearms facilitates the implementation of the right to life.
As mentioned in the introduction, building more prisons is just one of the many solutions to the problem of overcrowding in prisons.
Moreover, the study of these theories can demonstrate some of the principles that govern the work of law-enforcement agencies. It should be noted that this person attached much importance to the training of law-enforcement officers.
Such tendencies in violence between Americans of different religious, political, racial, or socioeconomic backgrounds is detrimental to the peace and development of the United States. Such a vicious cycle of violence within American society is [...]
Costs of the death penalty show that instead of the death penalty leading to a decrease in the cost of administering justice, it has led to an increase in the cost incurred when compared with [...]
This sentence assumes that there are sufficient reasons to kill a criminal and that there is no possibility that the case can be readdressed.
Some of the factors that punishers consider when passing sentences in this school of thought is the magnitude of the harm caused by the perpetrator as well as the expression of remorse from the individual.
Definition of Restorative Justice It is necessary to analyze the strengths of the two realms to fully understand the downsides of these principles.
The Homeland Security Act led to the creation of the United States Department of Homeland Security as well as the newly formed cabinet level vacancy of the Secretary of Homeland Security.
In some instances, law enforcement officers have to get court orders first before they are allowed to search the premises of criminal suspects and this makes it difficult for them to stop different criminal incidents [...]
Lastly, in terms of theoretical underpinnings, it is argued that relative deprivation and social control theoretical perspective are most applicable to the perspective of social inclusion as it relates to organized crime.
The critique of informal justice systems is extended to the gender composition of the persons adjudicating the dispute. The latter is gaining acceptance owing to the need to have an option when it comes to [...]
Both the criminal and victim have rights, and the prosecutor coordinates with the defense attorney to ensure the court protects the rights. Victimization is the most common element in the criminal justice system that is [...]
On the other hand, the states refer to statutory rape that refers to the illegal sexual contact between an adult and a minor.
The trade involves various stakeholders, including the United States government, the Chinese government, the doctors, and the customers. The government of the United States should put in place measures to would deal with the illegal [...]
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is one of the approaches that can be used to solve cases of a sexual offense in adolescents.
As a result, courts are empowered to use the law to defend the weak and defenseless in society. All judicial officers and other professionals that work in the justice system are required to adhere to [...]
This paper discusses some of the methods that can be used to counter these barriers and ensure the successful community reintegration of prisoners. The successful reintegration of prisoners into society is crucial to the safety [...]