The increased control over people's lives executed by the state government can be considered one of the greatest problems of the PATRIOT Act.
The court also cited the provisions of the Fourteenth Amendments as adequate grounds to overturn the previous ruling. Florida, the Supreme Court ruled that it was a contravention of the Eighth Amendment to condemn an [...]
The model enforces the law through dialogue between the offenders and the law enforcers' agencies. The police and courts are the main bodies in the conflict control model of criminal justice.
The three-strikes law is among the fundamental causes of why the population in prisons increases and contributes to the rise in the number of permanently ill inmates.
In this way, Ewing wanted to prove that the decision made by the court violated the Eighth Amendment and had to be altered because it was cruel.
To ensure the success of these aims, all the components of the justice system including the courts, the police, and the correctional section need to work in harmony.
The topic of searches and seizures has been one of the most debated due to the inconsistencies in the expectations of privacy.
Judges are usually advised to give general deterrence to such crimes, and in a case where their sentences do not give general deterrence, it is usually overruled by the courts of appeal.
Consequently, there was the need to supervise sex offenders within the community in spite of the posed challenges. Depending on the risks posed to the society, sex offenders may be subjected to different lengths of [...]
As highlighted by Reiman and Leighton, the resultant effect of inequality and poverty is a crime and the emergence of criminals.
In the context of the events that happened in the past two or three decades, it is possible to state with certainty that school shootings appear to be one of the most prevalent and worrying [...]
To investigate the organized crime activities of Cosa Nostra, I will use the following tools and law enforcement strategies. During investigations, informants can provide information on; the nature and organization of the organized crime group, [...]
Faulty eyewitness identification, especially when the eyewitness to the crime is not able to properly recollect the perpetrator's identity during the pre-trial identifications and the justice processes may affect the verdict of a case.
The purpose of this paper is to prove that in the case with non-violent crimes, determinate sentencing does not reduce crime, encourages social isolation upon release, increases chances of the transformation of a relatively benign [...]
It is the duty of the investigating officer to advise the subject that constrained responses would not be admissible in future hearings by a jurist.
The proposal to implement superior policies that have the potential to benefit the liberty and safety of community members can be a powerful step towards demonstrating the level of police accountability.
The purpose of this paper is to present, define, and propose restorative justice as the best model for addressing the challenges affecting the effectiveness of the United States' criminal justice process.
The main reason for the enactment of the legislation was to send dangerous criminals to prison to improve the safety of people in communities.
This valuation of the anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism government of the United Arab Emirates is founded on the forty endorsements and the nine special commendations on extremist supporting of the monetary [...]
It is hard to argue with the fact that the guide was well-developed, and the fact that it is still used indicates that it is incredibly efficient.
The legal maintenance of counteraction to the legalization of criminal incomes is carried out by means of a system of laws and regulations, controlling financial, bank, and customs relations and establishing the order of licensing [...]
The primary purpose of the article in question was to explore "processes and mechanisms" that contributed to the escalation of gang violence as well as its spread. The researcher tried to answer the question concerning [...]
Despite the unprofitable nature of the Panoramic View, which is a development consisting of several beachfront apartments, Callahan and Manson went ahead and sunk millions of dollars in this unprofitable investment, an act that resulted [...]
While a transnational crime implies illegal actions and the breaking of law across borders or between two or more countries, the UN Convention has not made an effort of listing the type of crimes for [...]
The large-scale of the global drug trade has grown primarily due to the levels of financing and expansion that organized crime has invested in the industry.
First, it is necessary to note that any reported crime is regarded as alleged until the necessary evidence is collected, a suspect is identified, other procedures are carried out, and the guilt of the suspect [...]
It is up to the court to make a judgment after determining the mens rea of the perpetrator. Their reasoning, therefore, cannot be compared to the argument of a defendant that is mentally competent.
In the context of criminal defenses, there are at least three major topics that require a more in-depth discussion, and these include: double jeopardy; the nature of the court's application of the adversarial system of [...]
However, the current social realities and experience gained from the use of the registry have presented certain practical challenges and an incentive for the potential amelioration of its purpose. The cost of operation for facilities [...]
It is interested in the fluidity of one's behavior and the process of change. The authors point out that while other factors are also crucial to the process of developing offending behavior, one's ethnicity and [...]
Even though it is not a direct representation of sexual harassment, this aspect of the issue cannot be ignored because employees have access to social media not only at home but also in the workplace.
Considering that any form of employee theft induces substantial harm to the financial performance of companies, the integration of adequate crime prevention procedures in the corporate security system is of great importance.
The issue of possible prejudice against ethnic minorities in the American police force is one of the most discussed topics of the last 30 years.
The purpose of the new system would be to essentially filter registrants on their risk of reoffending, violent crime, or other factors which may endanger the safety or well-being of the public.
The problem analyzed in the current paper is the impact of probation on the work of the officers engaged in this system.
Mass incarceration in the United States of America is considered one of the most important problems and the number of prisoners continues to increase.
Depending on a jurisdiction in which the crime has occurred, the man's actions could be prosecuted as an assault, as there were a criminal act and a specific intent; moreover, the victim apprehended the possibility [...]
It could be said that different priorities and the lack of time for supervision of the employees are the critical reasons for the violation of rules and high frequency of fraud in the religious institutions [...]
One of the recent occurrences that undermined the reputation of art connoisseurs was the case of the Russian billionaire who has been using the services of the antiquarian Yves Bouvier during the past ten years.
The validity of this suggestion can be shown, regarding the article's lines that imply it was namely in the aftermath of der Sloots' relocation that Joran became addicted to gambling and drinking alcohol.
The two judiciary issues that will become prominent in the Criminal Justice System are the sentencing reform and the improvement of criminal procedures.
Although his influence on the team members was huge, it would be quite a stretch to claim that it was a game-changer in the history of the criminal justice system.
The purpose of jails is to confine the offenders so as to ensure their safety, that of the prison personnel, visitors, and society in general.
Thus, they seek for collaboration with the FBI and want to implement a considerable change that is likely to affect the whole population and organization and transform the existing order to achieve this goal.
In the current Dubai public prosecution system, non-legal counseling is not a service that is offered either to the victim or the accused.
The author of the book is one of the most renowned lawyers in the USA, and he tells his story, as well as stories of his clients, in his book.
In conclusion of the argument about the individual perspective with regards to white-collar crime, it is worth mentioning that the levels self-control to refrain from offending in combination with the characteristics mentioned above predicted whether [...]
It was demonstrated that pretrial motions have a significant impact on the outcome of the trial, including the sentence length, as well as on the rate of criminal activity before and after the conclusion of [...]
That being the case, the criminal justice system must consider the most desirable approaches in an attempt to deal with this issue.
The State of Florida falls in the 10th position in terms of incarceration. It advocates for the necessity to bring the rates down beginning with states with the highest rates of incarceration, namely, Louisiana and [...]
In the end, the reflection is offered to portray the effect of transferring the lawsuits to the court on the mental stability of the victim and highlight the existence of civil litigation in the future.
The authors of the article state that the public is exposed to the risks of committing crimes and this ultimately leads to the mitigation of an increased number of wrongful convictions by means of inducing [...]
It describes the civil forfeiture in admiralty law that is connected with the stop and search of the King Diamond II by the Navy ship while it was in the international waters, during which a [...]
Before the Civil War, there was a rapid increase in crime rates caused by the move of rural Americans and the influx of immigrants to cities.
However, the implication of the above concept leaves much to be desired and does not allow for the rehabilitation of the prisoners.
The rationale for this proposal is that coordinated efforts will allow law enforcement agencies to share information and deal with cybercrime from a global perspective.
To begin with, I would like to state that my opinion on the criminal justice system has changed due to additional knowledge that I gained during the course with the help of additional materials that [...]
The term can also be used in the field of academics to refer to the study of programs, policies, and theories that are related to the practice of corrections.
Upon discussing the impact of money laundering, illegal drugs, and prostitution, the paper proposes the issuing of a court order restraining the use of wealth acquired from victimless crimes as one of the approaches to [...]
The basis of research on the issue of wrongful convictions is supported by a number of articles that address this criminal justice misconception from a number of perspectives and define police misconduct as one of [...]
The operation of the current system of justice, i.e, the framework according to which the American justice system responds to crime, seems to be the easiest part of the book ".
One of the main differences between the two types of cases is the terms of their punishment. The standard is very high because the crimes are highly severe and the legal liability of criminal cases [...]
Community corrections are the topic that has been the easiest to understand because, unlike other aspects of criminal justice, this is the area of the administration of punishment that is the most familiar to me.
It was found that overcrowding contributed to the reduction of the mental well-being of prisoners and the correctional staff; nevertheless, there was no relationship between the decrease in crime rates and the increase in the [...]
After the completion of the first stage, the bill should be introduced to the Senate of Assembly' secretary for a first reading and to receive a bill number in order to become public.
War on Drugs was a set of policies adopted by the Nixon administration in 1971, following a tremendous growth of the local illegal drug market in the 1960s, in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.
The United Nations organization is deeply concerned with the high level of violence experienced by women in the family, the number of women killed, and the latency of sexual violence.
The major issues faced by the officers include large caseloads, underfunding, lack of capacity and rigid correctional system, and the use of outdated technology. Employment policy: The policy should be based on a workable ratio [...]
A major disadvantage of classification is the fact that it affects the trust that the public has on the criminal justice system and their officers.
Though being only parts of the grand system, the Procedural Law and the Bill of Rights create the environment in which handling the issues occurring in the legal field of the U.S.becomes a possibility.
According to the current U.S.regulations, there has to be a distinct connection between the crime committed by the offender and the service that they are given.E.g, a person accused of drug abuse could be sentenced [...]
When it comes to the corrections, the very first thing that has to be addressed is the improvement of the situation in prisons.
For this reason, the given article presents a theoretical framework needed to understand the nature of fire, its main physical properties, three basic elements that make up a fire triangle, the oxidation process, and factors [...]
The complexity and importance of the given tasks result in the increased importance of the comprehensive investigation of the functioning of specialists who work in the given sphere.
Only the systematic approach will help to solve the major problems: the cause of the fire and the cause of death.
The elements of proof for arson include motive, evidence of ownership, malicious intent, and presence of fire. The elements necessary to prove arson include malicious conduct, presence of fire, and ownership of property.
The analysis of the case of fire indicates that arson was the cause because the fire started in every part of the warehouse and the fire alarm was disconnected to prevent early warning.
In this instance, the lies are acceptable, and the acquired evidence can be used in situations such as playing the role of a member of a criminal group.
The Exclusionary rule is based on the rights granted to the United States citizens by the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution that was designed to protect the right of the American citizens "to be secure [...]
The aspects that may shock the conscience of the court include the setting up of the cocaine dealer to obtain evidence, searching the prostitute without her consent, and requesting the prostitute to plant the vial [...]
If one is to discuss the issue with the senior management of the organization in which the crime occurred, there is a high chance that the issue will not be taken as seriously due to [...]
Terms like police misconduct and corruption are used to describe the situation when police officers abuse their authority, driven by greed, desire for personal gain, ignorance, prejudice, and malicious intent.
In turn, the Addams' case is also contradictive as the doctor prescribed the medications and it led to the death of the patient.
Reports show that the crime is on the rise because more people have access to computers and the internet than ever before.
The fact that they started chanting anti-terrorist slogans the moment they spotted the professor is a clear indication that the crime was premeditated.
Regarding to the elementary and intensified types of identity theft, the law states that the defending individual's knowledge will be evaluated in a form of an assessment of all conditions of his or her use [...]
The public has enthusiastically met the change for the reason that the ban on drugs is not discriminating and is designed to prevent most of the arrests connected to drugs.
This paper will discuss the effect of the media on the relationship between the criminal justice system and the community. As a result, the level of crime is likely to reduce, thereby improving the relationship [...]
The adoption of technology by the police both improved the ways in which the officers fought crime and created a gap between them and the community.
The notion of the indeterminate sentence is based on the expectations that the act of imprisonment will re-educate some criminals. The key benefit of indeterminate sentencing is that the criminals who demonstrate the ability to [...]
Nevertheless, it is important to discuss the most likely international bodies that should be responsible for the prosecution and the punishment of the cybercrime offenses.
As a result, a criminal justice agency administration is torn between the need to protect the people from their employees' misconduct and uphold the reputation of the institution and, at the same time, to protect [...]
Their testimonies help the jury and the judge to comprehend the events at the crime scene and the possibility that the accused was really involved in the crime as suggested by the attorney.
Of course, the inmates will be detained and monitored, but it is the government's attitude to the problem that will change.
The current point of view at the crimes and violence is predestined by the commercial pressure applied to the mass media sources. In the majority of the cases, popular media becomes the viral source of [...]
The key objective of the final paper is to explain the issues inherent in the contents of the legislation and its ability to provide administrative equal protection to all the citizens of the United States [...]
The fact that he was put under his mother's care is rather surprising because she failed to take care of him as he was a child and suffered from a mental disease.
The concluding statement of the Supreme Court of the United States defined the procedure of obtaining DNA samples as a procedure identical to taking fingerprints or taking pictures of the crime scene.
Following the admission plan, the University had to organize its admission practice based on the interests of the government and adjust it in terms of admission of those who did not belong to the top-10% [...]
This means that the bureaucracy expects to find a balance between the needs of the population and the requirements of the upcoming policy.
Taking that into account, Fisher decided to file another complaint and challenge the decision of the Court of Appeals in the Supreme Court of the United States of America.
Nonetheless, there are several serious implications inherent in the processes of the development and application of criminal justice policies that critically impact the everyday life of US citizens. The long-term goal of the current government [...]
The paper at hand is devoted to the investigation of the life, personality, and criminal behavior of one of the most notorious American serial killers of 1980s-1990s, Jeffrey Lionel Dahmer.
The key premise of the development and establishment of this policy was the increase in illegal drug shipments and criminal activity under the influence of narcotic substances.
The agenda formation process of this policy is based on the flexibility of using the funds that are available to the federal jurisdiction.
Nowadays, it is used in most of the countries that want to emphasize the diversity of the issue. It was not until the 1960s that the prominence of liberalisation of sex activity started to be [...]
The paper at hand is going to analyze the attitudes to the Eight Amendment during the terms of the Warren Court, the Burger Court, the Rehnquist Court, and the current Roberts Court.
The Supreme Court is the highest institution of justice in the United States that has a special role in the system of the American government.
Conversely, if a judge becomes conscious of the fact that a verdict is inaccurate, they may allow conducting a new hearing to escape the defendant's petition and an obligation to reverse the verdict of the [...]
If a case is believed to make it to the US Supreme Court, it should be filed in the state or federal court first.
Based on the factors depicted above, the primary goal of the paper is to understand the working mechanism of sex trafficking by describing the characteristics of the victims, offenders, applicable laws, and steps to face [...]
The retribution argument is concerned with the severity of hate crimes and states that bigots have to be punished more severely than other offenders.
The government is on the constant lookout for new strategies intended to minimize the incarceration costs while trying to keep the people safe.
The efficacy of this novel policy lies in the fact that by being just towards the convicts the court will be able to elicit trust and respect in the detained individuals.
However, the sophistication of the coherent society and the great attention given to various humanistic issues result in the appearance of several factors that might be considered mitigating circumstances. For this reason, it is possible [...]
Despite the vitality of the legal definition of hate crime, the desire of the victim to participate in the lawsuits also affects the prosecutor's involvement.
Because hate crimes are associated with the violation of the First Amendment rights of freedom of speech and association, it is believed that the motive for hate crimes is a crime itself.
The assumption above means that football hate crimes can be avoided by reducing the competitiveness of the sport and promoting the idea of participation as opposed to winning as the focus of the game.
The writer argues that the main focus of the investigator should be on developing as many leads as possible instead of trying to solve a case.
The application of community policing in the Bronx and Florida described in these two cases refers to the differences between the times when the authors of these texts served as police officers and their knowledge [...]