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Relationships in the family, as it is known, are formed largely due to the participation of parents and their desire to lay the foundations of morality and social values in the process of raising children. Different approaches and methods aimed at adapting the child and the ability to develop cognitive and other important skills will determine relationships with peers and family members. It is possible to achieve concrete success, helping children to obtain relevant knowledge without suppressing their personalities and not compelling obedience to the orders of adults.
The evaluation of opportunities for children’s socialization and their adaptation skills depends on the degree of parents’ involvement in the education process and the use of certain approaches that determine the development direction.
Work to Promote Emotional Outcomes
The manifestation of emotions in children is an important component of their development. According to Berns, if the child is able to show feelings about certain events and actions, it should be reflected in parents’ behavior (420). In other words, the role of adults in many ways determines how children perceive the surrounding world and respond to specific conditions. The lack of attention of parents, on the contrary, can cause the slow mental development of children since the absence of behavioral skills in specific situations can lead to misperceptions (Berns 422). For example, if the child does not feel adults’ approval, he or she does not know how to react correctly to certain events and may assess their consequences wrong. Therefore, emotional outcomes largely depend on parents.
The Formation of Cognitive Skills
The ability to adequately perceive facts from the outside world and compare them with available experience is an essential component of the successful development of the child’s psyche. As Berns claims, “cognitive methods of socialization focus on how an individual processes information” (66). The role of parents in this work is also significant. If adults monitor how their child reacts to the knowledge that he or she receives and applies in practice, it can help in the upbringing process and build the right strategy of behavior. Moreover, according to Berns, the constant control provides an opportunity to timely identify violations in the development of children and take relevant measures to eliminate them (432). Therefore, the participation of parents is also mandatory.
Socialization as the Process of Adaptation
All of the mentioned aspects of child development form the overall process of socialization. Successful adaptation is an integral component of proper development, and children’s communication with peers and adults directly depends on the degree of application of relevant knowledge and skills. According to Berns, a certain pattern of behavior is formed in the process of socialization, which forms the personality (452). In its turn, the lack of a particular position can lead to problems with psyche (Berns 454). Therefore, adult help and control over behavioral motives can become successful and valuable factors in the process of the child’s adaptation to the society.
Parents’ participation in the process of socialization and adaptation of children is an important aspect of mental development at an early stage. Approaches to the formation of the child’s personality may be different, and a number of behavioral factors should be taken into account in order to timely identify potential developmental disabilities and violations. The lack of parents’ control can lead to problems and misunderstandings in the family and also cause the child’s mental development to become improper.
Berns, Roberta. Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization and Support. 10th ed., Cengage Learning, 2015.