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Saudi Arabia Sustainable Development Research Paper

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Updated: Jun 23rd, 2020


Sustainable development can be defined as the right approach to meet the needs of todays resources without compromising the needs and resources of tomorrow. An example of such an approach would be the Saudi Arabian initiative of sustainable development for all types of energy. This initiative has been on the go from the Saudi government for the past few years on both an international level as well as a domestic level. Since the late 90’s The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been working hard with the amount of international summits and conferences.

International, which has sought to build a common sustainable development vision to respond to existing needs and challenges of the world and for countries inner befit. These countries will have sustainable developed in the framework of a partnership with the domestic and international levels.In order to achieve the objectives set goals of these programs. Which has been approved by many Member States such as Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom’s sustainable development is a very broad topic on both an international and domestic platform.

This is evident in the integrated umbrella of the kingdom’s sustainable growth that comprises of state and systemic levels. The levels are composed of populations, social growth, gender equity and equality, and individual settlements. In addition, the children, elderly, education, rights, technical know-how, and information technology are incorporated. The country’s efforts have managed to make generate some improvements. To achieve compatibility and integration of the industries to focus and intensify efforts at all levels to achieve those Goals.

On a full International level

The Saudi Arabian government implemented an initiative called “NEEP”. What is the National Energy Efficiency program (NEEP)? This program is aimed at assisting the energy sector in the kingdom to meet the increasing power and energy needs. This would be through effective and efficient use of energy. Moreover, protection of local environment would be vital and provision of alternative sources of energy. What does The National Energy Efficiency program ( NEEP ) involve?

The NEEP program is expected to support energy assessment in the manufacturing and profitable sectors in the kingdom. It would assist in value load management, adoption of rules and regulations for energy consumption in the residential areas. In addition, the program would focus on utilization of the right technologies for effective use of energy. As a result, outreach and awareness construction initiatives would be enhanced through provision of education and capacity building with regard to energy preservation. Outcome results of the program? If the country achieves its long-term goals of sustainable growth, then, it would have realized success in improving energy preservation in the production industries and in its consumption and use of other crucial resources.

This results result in increase in demand, which emanates from fast economic growth and growth of towns. As a result, Saudi Arabia welcomes many investors to meet the rapid increase in demand of energy. After the kingdom completes its project in relation to energy conservation, then, it would be correct to say that it would have achieved the goal of the program. It would be characterized by continuous, effective, and efficient methods of power conservation, which would be vital for future generations. What can we expect of the project? There is a policy of a long-term growth that focuses on regulating and implementing projects that are in progress.

This policy aims at improving efficiency in line with international growth objectives. A set of relations between Saudi and international organizations will be established through the assistance of the United Nations and Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA) and United Nation Development Program (UNDP). These associations aim at enhancing and spreading effective policies that would negotiate and take action after the completion of the project. That will give significant outcomes towards global and local challenges of the environment and climate change and energy security such as exporting gigawatts of energy via solar power.

On a full domestic level

The sustainable development challenges are the most important challenges facing the domestic development process in the Kingdom, including the following: the risein the standard of living and improvement of the quality of life, Job’s, education and poverty. To make this work the Kingdom needs to start diversifying their economic base. The economy of the country should be diversified to maintain economic growth.

For domestic economic and social development since the beginning of the planning process for domestic development, and in recognition of the importance of reducing the dependence on petroleum resources being depleted resources in the long term. This would lead to strengthening of the roles of other sectors that do not rely on oil for domestic use. It is important to note that for sustainable development to take root in the country, concentration on human resources and employment would be vital.

However, The requirements of the development process exceeded the supply of appropriate Saudi national employment in a number of private and governmental professions which forces the kingdom to bring in imported labor to meet demand. Which made the issue of jobs and immigration as well as securityavery domestic hot-topic with their sustainable development.The country is typified by many challenges that have continued to hinder development projects. On the other hand, has emerged in recent years, the phenomenon of poor alignment between the outputs of the Saudi system.

Education and training on the one hand, and the requirements of the development of skills and disciplines on the other hand,Which led to the emergence of structural unemployment among citizens. The issue of poor alignment with its various aspects and dimensions of various key issues and major challenges. Like the sustainability of natural resources such as water. Water is a problem in the kingdom. This is for the reason that most of it that is used in all sectors is from non-renewable sources. Regardless of the remaining water reserves, the requirements of sustainable development call for total reliance on traditional sources of renewable water and otherwise.

In terms of agricultural land, the preservation to prevent it from deteriorating, and stop the desertification is one of the major challenges for sustainable development, and the same concept applies to wealth. To achieve a balanced development between regions in spite of careful provision of equipment and basic public services in all regions of the Kingdom, where the percentage of coverage of most of these service rates is very high, but that economic activity was mixed among them. This has contributed to the variation in stimulating internal migration from rural areas to cities and consequently led to inflation.Demographic and geographic expansion in these large cities, resulting in significant pressures on services And equipment.

So the re-balancing between the regions of the Kingdom represents one of the major challenges of sustainable development, which requires initiatives to stimulate economic activity.Another domestic initiative is enhancing the competitiveness of the national economy. The Kingdom is managing during the relatively brief period of adopting a distinguished economist based site to an economic advantage in solar energy and petrochemical sectors. And some other activities. However, this feature mainly results from an abundance of energy resources and resources in the government finances that made it easy to afford all these changes.

That’s why the gaining of new competitive advantages for the development and diversification of exports, increase the degrees of integration with the global economy in light of growing globalization, and domestic development issues.

The international level of analysis

Sustainable development can be best explained using the international level analysis. This is because it discusses development outcomes systematically, and incorporates all countries in economic assessments. This level of analysis considers the position held by states, and how they interact with other nations across the world. It is important to note that sustainable development is crucial for economic growth in any country. Thus, it is crucial for it to be studied systematically to investigate the best methods that would promote it. However, it is vital to indicate that sustainable development can be analyzed at three levels, i.e., individual, state, and international levels.

Individual level deals with causes of events among people who are involved in decision-making processes in a specific country. At this level, concentration is on human actors who are involved in planning. For example, the causes of low levels of development could be attributed to certain leaders of specific countries who are key in decision-making.

Individual level of study is both advantageous and disadvantageous with regard to analyzing sustainable development in Saudi Arabia. Its strengths are found in many aspects. It helps a country to understand how leaders’ decision influence development. In addition, this level of study is crucial in appreciating the role of individual motivation and creativity of workers, and how they influence the environment in which they are working. It also helps researchers to understand the effects of individual perception, ethics, and employee turnover on sustainable development. However, this level of study is typified by many weaknesses that render it unsuitable for analyzing sustainable growth.

This is for the reason that it only examines leaders within an organization, and not among organizations. Hence, it is difficult to compare and improve specific developments in many firms, which play important roles in maintaining developments. Nonetheless, investigating sustainable development using leaders’ characters in a business establishment does not benefit many companies, which are critical in sustaining growth. Thus, it would be advisable to utilize other levels of analyses to identify the locality, range, and scale of a research target. This would culminate in positive long-term outcomes.

Domestic or state level of analysis focuses on the characters of an individual state. For instance, failure to achieve sustainable development could be attributed to mismanagement of institutions, which are involved in implementing decisions with regard to long-term development. For example, nations have different views about sustainable development. This is evident in socialist and capitalist ideologies that have different feelings and perceptions toward economic growth. State level of analysis is better than the individual approach.

The study involves examining the character of a country to identify the level of expansion in relation to sustainable growth. This level of analysis is advantageous because group changes and leadership among different firms are examined to improve growth. The administration of power, communication, and the roles of different participants in a company are studied. Comparing many strategic approaches in different firms improves performance outcomes in a country, fostering sustainable development. Despite the fact that this level is better than the individual analysis, it has some disadvantages.

First, a country could have less control over its all organizations, making it difficult to compare and contrast to obtain a solution to a problem. A country’s politics are influenced by various factors, such as the personalities of politicians, ethnic composition, economic status of a country, and geographic locations of states. This implies that those factors could be different among nations. Arguably, the analysis is not conducted in a scientific manner, making the data that are collected be inaccurate. Thus, the analysis is not appropriate to study sustainable development in Saudi Arabia, which implies that other levels of analyses should be considered.

The third level of analysis is referred to as the systemic or international level of analysis. As discussed earlier, it is vital because there would be central power, which would maintain peace and stability. This level is advantageous because it enables countries to adhere to the set rules for achieving economic goals. It is argued by economists that the working of a state is essential for its own survival, and not for a common goal. This renders the analysis less important in studying sustainable development.

Despite the weaknesses of the international level of analysis, I have decided to utilize it for various reasons. Arguably, this level employs scientific methods of gathering information about how countries across the world are working toward achieving economic goals. The collected data are relatively accurate, making it easier to analyze sustainable growth. In addition, when countries belong to a particular block, they would be compelled to maintain specific standards in order to improve economic growth. It is crucial to point out that analysts who use this level hold that it allows predicting economic strategies that should be adopted. This implies that the way a country would behave toward a certain goal would influence other countries. Each state is partly affected by the development trends of other countries.


I believe that Saudi Arabia should have more supportive environment programs to achieve development goals that is available in the Kingdom of a mixed combination of factors that are integrated information to support the livelihood of development is the availability of economic and social base that is fairly solid. And good human capacities, and features many natural resources. And can limit the most important of these factors like having a successful development experience despite the recent march of economic and social development. The Kingdom was able to have achievements reflected in all development indicators that are sustainable.

This has contributed to the strengthening of these achievements, good preparation for the priorities of economic growth over successive development plans. As well as having a guarantee to continue to work continuity, in development, with a focus on human development sectors. Such as education, Job’s, health, in addition to family care, and city infrastructure. Equipment basic and advanced services covering all deferred Kingdom urbanegearof transport and services, electricity, water, sanitation, and product distribution networks of petroleum, in addition to all kinds of health services, and education and training services to be developed in a more modernized method. One of the major achievements in the long-term development is the establishment of two industries in Jubail and Yanbul. This has been the greatest achievement in the kingdom at the domestic level.

For a dynamic Saudi sector is characterized by a high degree of capacity of this sector in terms of financial and administrative moved from the stage of approval by a large margin on government contracts and public spending to the stage of self-propulsion, can become possible. The Kingdom makeup is majorly petroleum resources and reserves large enough to meet the development needs for the foreseeable future. In addition, there are factors in the economy that attract foreign investors who help in maintaining sustainable development. Saudi Arabia is one of the developing countries in the Gulf region and the implementation of sustainable development is easier because the country is still under development and the construction rate is higher than ever.

The use of local materials and knowledge of how the historical traditions are changing this must be considered together. It is recommended that the use of natural resources, for example solar power is crucial for the success of the application of the concept of self-reliance. Local engineering bodies and the government must work together to legislate the concept of sustainability. Understanding and knowledge of the community is also crucial to the successful implementation of any concept. It is recommended that further research of public awareness needs to be conducted to apply sustainability in context where the majority of residents are still developing their freedom and rights under a total monarchical regime.

The Saudi Monarchy realizes that they must keep their people content or the inevitable of a regime change is very verypossible within the kingdom. King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia implanted programs and other projects to support the poor and middle- income earners. It was also to increase wages and salaries and for solving the problem of unemployment. The wealthy Saudi administration promised to donate a total of $400billion dollars before 2016 to provide education, create employment, promote quality healthcare, and improve communication and transport systems.

That being said the Saudi monarch realizes the disadvantages of their regime. So they must keep their people “happy” or they will face dissemination of power and a system of classes among their self’s. Non inclusivity among many other aspects given the topography of the region and its rule. It was anticipated that Saudi Arabia would remain a monarchy. Wishful thinking of a democratic monarchy within the Kingdom is out of the question for the time being. Is it possible? Yes! Given the fact that more Saudi nationals are actually very educated. Yet we see a massive majority of Saudi youth are being educated overseas and realizing their rights via numerous reforms passed and set in motion by the Saudi king himself. You see Saudi Arabia is like a tank!

It doesn’t take a turn as if it was a car. It takes its turns on a slow wide pace which equals improvement and adjustment on its own terms. Changes to allow individuals to move forward given their deep cultural and traditionalbackdrop so it won’t be seen as westernizing.Consequently we would have a smooth transition for even the semi-extreme faction of the Kingdom the religious faction that is the backbone of the Saudi monarchy regime. Many reforms have been taking place under this comprehensive umbrella that the Kingdom calls their sustainable development that is very integrated on all platforms alike.


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