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In the beginning of the twentieth century, the statute of colonial dynasties that had been in use for some time in China ended. This brought havoc in political affairs as the state tried to reconcile and come into agreement with its un-modernized peasant subsistence and escalating number of inhabitants.
This spearheaded the spread of Marxism in China as they hackneyed their Russian neighbors who had knowledge in communism that they acquired through the Soviet Union. China then became a renowned communist state (Rigdon 176). This research paper reports on the practice of Communism in China and its effects.
The spread of China Communism
The Russian Revolution in the nineteen seventeen evidently stirred up the Chinese academic groups to shape up the Communist Party in nineteen twenty-one. Roughly, twenty years after the formation of the Communist Party, the nation experienced some setbacks. Besides, there were gains as the Party of Chinese Communist transformed lots to their peasant-founded communists’ ideologies.
Consequently, the stretch of communism in the region resulted into the establishment of the People Republic of China in the fiscal nineteen forty-nine (Fayaz 244). Up to this moment, the communist government gear-shifted the state almost in all corners and aspects of governance.
History suggests that in nineteen twenties, the Chiang Kai-shek Nationalist Party managed to scheme China in adherence to the Party of Chinese Communist. Zedong Mao led the communists to inhabit the Southern parts of China in the fiscal nineteen twenty-eight. During this period, the Chiang and nationalists started ruling China.
The communist ideologies had inbuilt superiorities which made Chinese to start fielding in followers from pastoral areas. This further made the Soviet Republic of Jiangxi to declare itself sovereign due to communism spread to the southern district. The Chinese Communists established a strong platform in the central north of China in nineteen thirty-six after the nationalists sent them away (Lijun 6).
Constant fights between nationalists and communists were experienced till after the Second World War, but the support of communists by the peasant family fostered the conquer of the nationalists in nineteen forty-nine. Finally, the institution of the People Republic of China by Zedong boosted communism hence, it became legally authorized in China.
The features of communism
Several features of communism became evident. In fact, whoever used Soviet Communist approach adapted to the Chinese setting and recognized this party not in the customary Marxist urban workers-base, but in the colossal country peasant-base. There was the need to make a communist administration around these peasants. The reason was that the peasants were at the core of uprising against Chinese Communists.
As a result, the emphasis on the peasant residents aided the communists to overthrow factions of followers all over the rustic areas. Hence, the communists boasted of the widening communalism to various parts of rustic neighborhoods.
Immediately after gaining authority, Zedong and the communists took power from the outlawed government, trade and production as well as individuals’ freedoms (Rigdon 178). However, many had supported and helped spread communism, Zedong, and communists faced antagonism and condemnation by many during his reign.
Although communism governed China, it had its effects. For instance, the asylum by the nationalists under Kai-shek Chiang to Taiwan in nineteen forty-nine was because of the communists’ occupation.
This led to anxious and deprived relations between China and Taiwan up to the present date. Moreover, incompetent government programs like the undeveloped communes led to the death of millions due to starvation (Fayaz 245). Poverty and unawareness conquered Chinese population because of the spread of communism.
The assassination of protesting students who endeavored for personal freedom and rejuvenation in nineteen eighty-nine was due to communism. Therefore, the natural abuse of power and its effect on the citizens by the Chinese communist regime made most of the developed nations to endorse China. Generally, China continues to be among the most traditionally inhabited communist states.
Fayaz, Sadia. “China’s Xinjiang Problem and Pakistan”. Dialogue (1819-6462). 7.3 (2012):235-254. Print.
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Lijun, Bi. “Ideological Inspiration for China’s Revolution”. Agora, 47.1 (2012): 4-9. Print.
Rigdon, Susan. “Communism or the Kingdom: ‘Saving’ China, 1924-1949”. Social Sciences & Missions, 22.2 (2009): 168-213. Print.