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Creativity in the process of language interaction is especially significant for linguistic researchers from different countries. The ability to improvise various means of communication is believed to be a crucial part of any communication (Duranti and McCoy, 2020). The conversation is closely linked to social actions, as it frames the possibility to express one’s views and needs.
Everyday conversation is essential in understanding the processes behind creativity in communication. Informal discourse can be seen as a primary source of exchanging information and a method of establishing social connections and fulfilling specific functions. Conversation analysis is incredibly informative in outlining the main social actions accomplished through communication (Rapley, 2018). Such activities vary significantly and usually express the speaker’s needs or desires, for example, sharing common experiences, upholding friendship, or creating a group identity (The Open University, 2017).
Additionally, channels of information exchange can be beneficial for certain groups’ interaction, as it might shift particular perspectives and increase the group’s willingness to participate in a public discussion (Swaab et al., 2016). As stated by Swaab et al. (2016), engaging in a case-specific dialogue is a significant factor of a majority group’s readiness to consider the social standing of minority groups around it. Overall, the conversation seems to possess several functions imperative for a successful individual-group interaction, such as performing various social actions.
The prominence of speech practice regarding social functions accomplishment is a lucrative branch of academic research. Mondada (2019) explains how social action is a complex phenomenon, which includes different grammatical features and can be analyzed from different perspectives. For example, Rapley (2018) describes a court case where the defendant communicates her uncertainty of the information disclosed. The author analyses the witness’s phrases, such as “I don’t remember” or “I don’t know,” to illustrate the speaker’s desire not to be held accountable for the details that are being discussed (Rapley, 2018).
The woman is not merely stating a fact pertaining to her memetic abilities or personal existence but is also performing a social action, hoping to avoid the negative consequences of her answer (Rapley, 2018). Altogether, this example presents the variety of social activities performed by conversing practices.
Any conversation can serve a specific function, not only in the cases connected to legal evidence. Many linguistics experts have focused their attention on the discourse patterns presented by online communication systems users. The process of exchanging information in social media is linked to the fulfillment of various social actions, as well as the process of real-time conversation (Paulus et al., 2018). Such activities as affiliating oneself to a specific social group or displaying expertise on particular topics can also be performed via mass communication services (Paulus et al., 2018). Even though it is more challenging to distinguish some of the features, such as repair moves, the details discovered about turn-taking’s natural occurrence can still be of exceptional use for the scholars (Paulus et al., 2018). It is clear that any kind of communication still performs various functions necessary for successful personal interaction.
Writing skills are often dependent on several factors, among which is an outstanding life experience. Fagan (2016) argues that accessing personal memories and using them as an instrument in one’s writing process is an effective method of producing high-quality work. Applying the first-hand experience provides the author with the information necessary to create an incredibly engaging story, including characters, events, and surroundings that are believable to the reader (Fagan, 2016).
Additionally, devising a truly meaningful story is only possible when the writer is personally connected to the situations described (Fagan, 2016). Furthermore, several studies show that readers feel more captivated by the narrative if it is closely related to the experience that they or the author have encountered (Rosenhan and Galloway, 2019). Such works become more meaningful as they transcend simple grammar structures and convey events that a specific person has engaged in (Rosenhan and Galloway, 2019). Adding a self-related narrative is an essential part of any work created.
Availability of a suitable environment is exceptionally valuable for one’s achievements in poetry and prose. Research into the environment’s impact on people’s interest in writing shows a tremendous increase in written expression for those who spend more time in a more natural setting (Gardner and Kuzich, 2018). The authors present a unique perspective on the understanding of various factors affecting future creativity. The results of the study state that children who engaged in more nature-related activities, such as forest walks, can produce much more sophisticated works (Gardner and Kuzich, 2018). In comparison with the group, which did not interact with the natural world, the first respondents had a much more vivid imaginative and descriptive skill (Gardner and Kuzich, 2018). These findings assess a critical factor of the writing abilities, explaining the role that the author’s upbringing might play in future works.
Manifesting the situations from one’s personal experience is a way to capture the reader’s attention and a valid option of understanding oneself. Some scholars provide remarkable evidence that the writing process is a key part of the individual’s acceptance of themselves (Li and Deng, 2019). Creating personal statements and self-related stories is regarded as a vital aspect of the writer’s acceptance of themselves and their main traits (Li and Deng, 2019). Furthermore, one of the newest approaches to well-being, the Expressive Writing Approach (EWA), is specifically based on the impact that writing can have on an individual’s characteristics (Pennebaker and Smyth, 2016). This way of interacting with a person’s experience implies certain techniques to be used to obtain particular health benefits, such as a better mental state and lowered stress levels (Pennebaker and Smyth, 2016). Overall, writing appears to be an effective way of dealing with one’s emotional difficulties.
The world of literature knows several writers who produced captivating stories while relying on the events from their own lives. One of the most prominent examples is Stephen King, a famous fiction author, who created numerous best-selling works. In his remarkable book, “Dark Tower,” King presents himself as a part of the story, a writer concerned with the main hero’s life (Rossen, 2016). Additionally, King places his character into an automobile accident during the novel’s narrative (Rossen, 2016). Stephen King was reported to be involved in a traffic event similar to the one described in the same year that it has transpired in the poem (Rossen, 2016). Altogether, the author includes his personal experience into the novel, thus proclaiming a more personal connection with his work.
To conclude, the processes of conversing and writing were shown to be closely related to several factors. Conversation practice serves as an essential functional process, which allows the speaker to perform various social actions. The creation of written works is heavily dependent on the individual’s life experiences and can be extremely beneficial to the overall self-acceptance and well-being. This statement is supported by the similarities between the author’s lives and the events in their narratives.
Duranti, A. and McCoy, M. (2020) ‘Language and creativity: improvisation’, in Stanlaw, J. M. (ed.) The International Encyclopedia of Linguistic Anthropology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 1-9.
Fagan, B. (2016) Writing archaeology, second edition: telling stories about the past. New York: Routledge.
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Li, Y. and Deng, L. (2019) ‘I am what I have written: a case study of identity construction in and through personal statement writing’. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 37, pp. 70-87. Web.
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Paulus, T., Warren, A. and Lester, J. (2018) ‘Using conversation analysis to understand how agreements, personal experiences, and cognition verbs function in online discussions’. [email protected], 15(1).
Pennebaker, J.W. and Smyth, J.M. (2016) Opening up by writing it down, third edition: how expressive writing improves health and eases emotional pain. New York: Guilford Publications.
Rapley, T. (2018). Doing conversation, discourse and document analysis. London: SAGE.
Rossen, J. (2016). 7 authors who wrote themselves into their work. Web.
Rosenhan, C. and Galloway, N. (2019) ‘Creativity, self-reflection and subversion: poetry writing for Global Englishes awareness raising’. System, 84, pp. 1-13. Web.
Swaab, R.I., Phillips, K.W. and Schaerer, M. (2016) ‘Secret conversation opportunities facilitate minority influence in virtual groups: the influence on majority power, information processing, and decision quality’. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 133, pp. 17-32. Web.
The Open University. (2017). Creativity in language: from everyday style to verbal art. Edited by Zsofia Demjén and Phillip Seargeant. London: Page Bros Group Ltd.