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Saving Energy Systems: Water Heater Technology Essay


Introduction

A water heater is a device that is used at homes to heat water for bathing. It works on the principle of converting electrical energy into heat energy. The following components make up water heaters: tank, dip tube, shut-off valve, heat-out pipe, thermostat, heating elements, drain valve, pressure relief valve, and a sacrificial anode rod. It is important to underscore that all the components should work in a coordinated manner for the device to function.

Modern water heating devices are designed with efficient systems of saving energy. For example, setting a water heater to relatively low temperatures could greatly save energy. Many manufacturers recommend that the devices should have temperature settings within a range of 49oC to 60oC.

Discussion

The following discussion relies on the components shown in Figure 1 in this paper.

Tank

The inner portion of a water-heating device is made of a heavy metal material that contains a protective liner. In most cases, a tank can hold about 151 to 227 liters of water. The exterior part of a tank is composed of an insulating substance, such as polyurethane foam. In addition, an outermost layer gives the device more insulting properties.

Dip tube

This part is at the top of a tank. Water enters a water heater through the component.

Shut-off valve

This is located outside the heating device. Its main function is to stop water flowing into a water heater when a tank is full. Thus, it is essential to avoid water wastage that could result from overflows.

Heat-out pipe

Once the water is heated, it is critical to allow it to exit the heating unit. Thus, this component is important to act as a channel through heated water flows out of the device. If heated water does not flow out, then this could result in some levels of inefficiencies.

Thermostat

This is used to control temperatures within a water heater. In fact, when a maximum temperature value is attained, the component leads to a disconnection of electrical circuits, which are only reconnected when temperatures reduce remarkably.

Heating elements

Heating elements are contained within a tank. They are the main components that are used to heat water. They conduct electrical energy and convert it into heat energy by becoming red hot.

Drain valve

This is situated near the bottom of the external part of a tank. It is used to achieve three goals. First, it empties a tank when it is necessary to replace the elements. Second, it is crucial to remove sediments. Third, it is used when moving a tank to another location.

Pressure relief valve

This component is utilized to maintain pressure in a device within safe limits. It is important to note that excess pressure could result in damage and altered heating efficiencies.

Sacrificial anode rod

The purpose of the component is to retard corrosion. It is made of magnesium or aluminium.

A gas heater looks like an electric unit, except that it doesn't contain the two heating elements.
A gas heater looks like an electric unit, except that it doesn’t contain the two heating elements. It has a gas burner at the bottom, with the chimney running up through the middle of the tank.

Conclusion

Water heaters work by converting electrical energy into heat energy, which is utilized to make cold water hot. A standard water-heating device has the following components, which function in a coordinated manner: heating elements, tank, dip tube, drain valve, heat-out pipe, a sacrificial anode rod, thermostat, pressure relief valve, and shut-off valve. It is critical to emphasize that safe limits of temperature and pressure are maintained in a water heater.

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IvyPanda. (2020, March 31). Saving Energy Systems: Water Heater Technology. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/saving-energy-systems-water-heater-technology/

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"Saving Energy Systems: Water Heater Technology." IvyPanda, 31 Mar. 2020, ivypanda.com/essays/saving-energy-systems-water-heater-technology/.

1. IvyPanda. "Saving Energy Systems: Water Heater Technology." March 31, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/saving-energy-systems-water-heater-technology/.


Bibliography


IvyPanda. "Saving Energy Systems: Water Heater Technology." March 31, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/saving-energy-systems-water-heater-technology/.

References

IvyPanda. 2020. "Saving Energy Systems: Water Heater Technology." March 31, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/saving-energy-systems-water-heater-technology/.

References

IvyPanda. (2020) 'Saving Energy Systems: Water Heater Technology'. 31 March.

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