Economics Essay Topics: 147 Practical Ideas & Useful Tips

Essay writing is an inherent part of the economics studying process. Nevertheless, it is quite a challenging task. Are you a high school or college student who is struggling with an economic essay topic choice? Or maybe you are unsure about your writing skills?

We know how to help you.

The following article will guide you in choosing the best topic for your essay on economics. Here, you can find a variety of ideas for high school or college. The economic essay topics are divided into several categories that will help you with your research. And a pleasant bonus from our team! We have created a great guide on how to write an economics essay.

So, don’t miss your chance to write an outstanding economic paper! Check out our essay ideas, read our tips carefully, and be ready to receive your grade A!

✨ Excellent Economic Essay Topics

Has economics always been a subject of meticulous research? The question is quite controversial, right? There is no specific time when economics started its rapid progress. Generally, economics remains the topic of interest since the establishment of capitalism in the Western world.

Nowadays, the economy is the main engine that moves our world forward. The way we do business determines the geopolitical situation in the world. Moreover, it influences many other parts of our lives.

To sum up:

Economics studying is of utmost importance nowadays. It helps to gain a better understanding of processes that put everything in motion.

Economics is quite broad, so it has a great variety of subfields. And this is a fantastic opportunity for us to generate as many essay ideas as possible. Here, you will find great economic topics for your paper. As mentioned before, we have divided them into several sections to ease your selection process.

🤝 Socio-Economic Essay Topics

  1. The economic impact of racial segregation in America in the 1950s.
  2. Designing a just socio-economic system. 
  3. Socio-economic status of Hong Kong in modern-day China. Explain how the city of Hong Kong gained a special status in China. Why did it emerge as one of the most important cities in its economy? Comment on the significance of Hong Kong in the international economic arena.
  4. Economic growth in the United States in the post-World War 2 period.
  5. Mobile banking in Saudi Arabia: towards understanding the factors that affect the sector.
  6. The importance of Dior’s bar suit to the women’s fashion industry.
  7. Economic problems in the 1980’s Soviet Union. Talk about the significant problems with the economy the USSR had in the 1980s. What role did they play in its collapse?
  8. What socio-economic problems did segregation in South Africa cause?
  9. History of economic development in the UAE. Discuss the economic miracle in the UAE and Dubai. Explain how the government could turn the city of Dubai into one of the most famous tourist destinations. What strategies were applied?
  10. Gender inequality and socio-economic development.
  11. The problem of poverty in Venezuela.
  12. How the socio-economic and political position of women changed between 1880 and 1940.
  13. The economic impact of COVID-19 on global trade.
World trade is expected to fall due to the Coronavirus pandemic.


  1. How do the three main economic groups interact with each other? There are three critical economic groups:
    – Consumers
    – Producers
    – GovernmentAnalyze the interaction of these groups with each other.
  2. Extended essay: how the study of economic data helped our society to advance?
  3. Western industrialization socio-economic impacts.
  4. Inequality at the top: not all billionaires have the same powers. Analyze billionaires’ net worth, liquidity, political power, and wealth security. Explain why they have unequal social status. What factors determine the influence of billionaires?
  5.  An analysis of systems that help us measure agricultural development in a country.
  6. Is social media a useful tool for brand promotion?
  7. The phenomenon of dualism in economic development.

🗺️ International Economics Essay Topics

  1. Globalization and its impact on international economic relations. Define the term globalization. What role does globalization play in international economic relations? Provide specific examples of globalization’s impact on the global political economy.
  2. The lack of justice for the cheap international labor market. Discuss the issue of cheap labor in various countries. Why do some workers often lack fundamental human rights while others abuse moral norms? Analyze the causes and effects of inequality in the workplace.
  3. Japan macroeconomics: problems and possible solutions. 
  4. The issue of mercantilism in the history of Great Britain. Analyze the rise and development of mercantilism in the history of Great Britain. To solidify your ideas, provide persuasive arguments, and appropriate examples of mercantilism.
  5. Why does the problem of environmental protection remain unresolved among global economies?
  6. Nissan Motor company’s international business.
  7. International environmental concerns in economics: the case of China.
  8. The issue of international criminal justice in industry. Explain why international businesses often avoid criminal justice after wrongdoings. Select one case of unethical behavior of a company’s CEO or regular employee. Briefly introduce the problem. What were the causes and effects? How was the issue resolved? Express your own opinion regarding the lack of criminal justice in business.
  9. The economy of Singapore and its role in international trade.
  10. International microeconomics trade dispute case study: US-China dispute on the exportation of raw materials.
  11.  The phenomenon of the “gig economy” and its impact on the global economy.
  12. The effect of population growth in the international economy.
  13. International economics in the context of globalization.
Technological and political changes have chipped away at the barriers separating nations.


  1. How does Brexit affect the economy of the European Union? Analyze the immediate impact of Brexit on the EU’s economy. Predict future advantages and disadvantages of Brexit for both: Great Britain and the EU.
  2. South Africa: international agribusiness, trade, and financing.
  3. Historical essay: the economy of the Dutch East India company.
  4. The issue of Mozambique’s economy and possible solutions. Investigate the issue of extreme poverty in Mozambique. What are some possible solutions to the problem of poverty? Base your suggestions on the country’s cultural, historical, and geographical aspects.
  5. Imbalances in the global economy. Discuss the imbalances between trading countries on the scale of the global economy. What solutions would you suggest to deal with this issue?
  6. How will global economies adapt to China’s growing power?
  7. Etihad Airways company managerial economics.

🛠️ Labor Economics Essay Topics

  1. Ford Motor company’s labor economics.
  2. Labor economics: child labor.
  3. The UPS firm perspective: the labor market.
  4. Gender inequality of wage rate in modern business. Research how and why gender inequality is still an issue in the modern world of economics. What are some ways to deal with the problem? Present your ideas accurately and effectively. Provide solid arguments and appropriate examples to prove your position.
  5. What are the best ways to increase labor productivity in business?
  6. Labor unions adverse effects on economics. 
  7. The decrease of the labor force in modern industries. Talk about the rising rates of robotization in the majority of industries. How will it affect the traditional labor force? Comment on the problem of unemployment caused by labor automatization.
  8. Violations of labor rights of workers.
  9. Modern labor essay: how can an entrepreneur guarantee the minimum wage to their workers?
  10. How can labor geography help develop a special economic zone? Talk about labor geography and its effects on developing an exclusive economic zone. How does the geopolitical location of a particular country influence its level of economic development?
  11. Entrepreneurship in the organic cosmetics sphere.
  12. Gender-oriented labor trade unions. A case study. Discuss the gender-oriented trade unions and analyze their impact on our society.
  13. Child labor in the Turkish cotton industry.
The Syrian refugee crisis increased the risks of child labor in Turkey.


  1. The connection between economic growth and demography. Analyze the connection between economic growth and its demographic context. Investigate both sides:

    – The issue of overpopulation
    – The problem of low birth rate.

    From an economic perspective, what problem is more dangerous?

  2. The issue of sex discrimination in the workplace.
  3. The effects of Landrum-Griffin Labor Act. Explore the labor Act of Landrum-Griffin that was passed in the US Congress in 1959. Discuss its implications and consequences. Discuss its implications and consequences.

🌆 Urban Economics Essay Topics

  1. Cities and their role in aggregate economics.
  2. Urbanization in Hong Kong and its effects on citizens.
  3. The urban planning of the city of New York: a critical analysis. Analyze the urban history of NY. How has the city been developing? Discuss revolutionary solutions to the past and problems of modern times.
  4. The impact of a city’s design on the local traffic.
  5. Dubai’s spatial planning: creative solutions for building a city in the desert.
  6. Globalization, urban political economy, and economic restructuring.
  7. How do urban areas affect local wildlife? Comment on how modern production technologies in urban areas impact the natural diversity of wildlife. What impact does the rapid economic progress have on the environment? Suggest possible solutions.
  8. Urban sociology: does the city make us better people?
  9. Why should people be more careful about investing in real estate? Discuss the issues of overinvestment into real estate. Consider the economic crisis of 2008 as an example.
  10. How can regional authorities help improve a city?
  11. Urban life and its effects on education.
  12. The economic development of a city’s metropolitan area: challenges and solutions.
  13. Main factors for the emergence of cities in the Middle Ages.
  14. The ethics of relocation: is it justified? Talk about the case of relocating locals when building projects of great magnitude. To what extent can it be justified? Mention its economic and ethical side.
  15. The difficulties behind the construction of “green” buildings. Discuss the relatively new phenomenon of environmentally friendly buildings. Analyze both sides: the pros and cons. What obstacles lie behind the “green” building? What opportunities do the “green” buildings offer? Elaborate on your ideas by providing clear arguments or counterarguments.
  16. What factors play a critical role in the success of retail productivity in cities?

⚽ Sports Economics Essay Topics

  1. Do teams with higher budgets perform better on the field?
  2. Corruption in European football leagues: a critical analysis. Investigate the corruption issue in the European football leagues. State reasons and solutions for the problem.
  3. The managerial catastrophe of Arsenal F.C.

Discuss the football club of Arsenal.

  1. The NextG sports company’s communication planning.
  2. Roger D. Blair’s Sports Economics literary review. Write a literary analysis of Sports Economics by Roger D. Blair. Discuss his opinion on the economy of sports. Do you agree or disagree with his position? Provide compelling supportive arguments or strong counterarguments.
  3. How significant is the impact factor of a local team on a city’s economy?
  4. Kinsmen Sports Centre: marketing metrics innovation.
  5. What role does statistical data play in sports? Analyze the part of economic statistical data in different sports organizations. How can statistics help to develop an effective financing plan? Comment on the impact of financing on the performance of a sports club.
  6. Sports and energy drinks marketing analysis.
  7. Is there a connection between the lack of money and any contemporary issues in a sports team?
  8. Performance-enhancing drugs in sports.
  9. The business of FIFA: a financial analysis. Investigate the finances of FIFA. What economic factors make them so influential in the modern world of football?
  10. The global sports retail industry.
  11. The Olympics: logistics and economy. Discuss the logistics behind the Olympics Games event. How the Olympic Games impact the economy of the host country?

💉 Health Economics Essay Topics

  1. Is bioprinting the new future of medicine? Analyze the new market of organ printing and discuss its challenges. Investigate bioprinting from an economic perspective. Will the outputs cover the inputs? How will bioprinting impact the financial aspect of the health care sector?
  2. Cost-effectiveness of pharmaceutical products in the United States. Comment on the immense cost-effectiveness of pharmaceuticals. What do you think is the price of pharmaceutical products reasonable?  Is it ethical to set extremely high prices on the medicals?
  3. An economic evaluation of the antibiotics market.
  4. Health economics-SIC and NAICS.
  5. The financial side of cancer treatment: is it too expensive? Analyze the market for cancer treatment programs in various countries. Explore its costs and complications. What are some possible ways to reduce the price of cancer treatment and make it more affordable?
  6. The issue of fast food consumption: a multibillion-dollar market. Fast food has always been one of the notable causes of obesity, diabetes, and other illnesses. Investigate the economic aspect of the issue. Are high profits from fast food production worth peoples’ health conditions?
  7. History and evolution of healthcare economics.
Health has become a dominant economic and political issue over the past years.


  1. The financial management of a hospital: a case study.
  2. The issue of public healthcare in the USA. Write about the long-standing issue of medical sector operation in the USA. Analyze its history, financial, and social aspects.
  3. Demand in healthcare economics.
  4. What are the economic outcomes of a global pandemic? Taking the COVID-19 outbreak as an example, conduct research on the effects of a pandemic on the economy. How does it affect local economies? What impact does the quarantine have on the international economy? Provide appropriate examples to support your ideas.

💼 Business Economics Essay Topics

  1. When does an advertising campaign become unnecessary?
  2. Sustainable development of a nation’s economic stability. Discuss how a country can create a sustainable economy. Provide bright examples to solidify your position.
  3. How can a small business compete with monopolies?
  4. What are the limitations of the Lewis Model?
  5. The phenomenon of inflation: inevitable liability or a land of opportunity for our economies? Explore the process of inflation in modern economies. Does it only have adverse effects on the countries’ economies? Are there any advantages of inflation? Analyze it from a positive perspective.
  6. Economics, business, and sugar in the UK.
  7. The shadow economy of the finance sector. Dive into the backstage of the finance sector and research various “grey” areas where business can be done.
  8. Chinese and Japanese business systems comparison.
  9. Oil demand and its changes in the XXI century: a critical analysis. Analyze the oil sector and write about its fluctuation in the XXI century. How did the changes in oil demand affect the global economy?
  10. The social and economic impact of mass emigration.

🌠 40 More Good Economic Essay Topics

Scrolled through our ideas, but can’t find a suitable topic for yourself? No worries! We have more issues to share with you.

So, don’t stress out. Take a look at our list of economical essay topics. Here are 40 more ideas focusing on globalization and the history of economics.

🏤 Economic Globalization Essay Topics

  1. The impact of globalization on the tourist industry in the Caribbean. Analyze both: the positive and negative effects of globalization on the Caribbean. To make your paper well-structured, explore two advantages and two disadvantages. Don’t forget to improve your essay with strong evidence and appropriate examples!
  2. Toyota Motor Corporation: impacts of globalization.
  3. What are the effects of globalization on developing countries? To what extent do developing countries profit from globalization? Research the subject by comparing various examples.
  4. Defining globalization and its effects on current trade.
  5. Economic growth as a result of globalization: proper financial strategies. How can a country successfully achieve prosperity with globalization? Discuss proper economic strategies.
  6. The socio-political significance of the IT industry’s globalization.
  7. Human trafficking in developing nations as a result of globalization.
Modern-day trafficking of humans has become more rewarding for traffickers due to globalization.


  1. Globalization and criminal justice policy.
  2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization?
  3. Globalization challenges and countermeasures.
  4. The effect of globalization on worldwide trade and employment rates.
  5. Economic integration within the European Union: a critical analysis. Talk about the history of economic integration within the EU. What are the negative and positive outcomes of economic integration?
  6. Globalization and food in Japan.
  7. Does globalization bring negative effects to cultural heritage and identity?
  8. The Industrial Revolution as the first step towards globalization. Focus on the Industrial Revolution in Europe. Discuss its precursors and consequences. Why is the revolution considered to be a starting point of globalization? Provide specific examples of globalization processes that occurred in the economic sector after the Industrial revolution.
  9. Globalization 2.0 an analysis of a book by David Rieff.
  10. Globalization effects on fundamentalism growth.
  11. Does direct investment by foreign businesses come with strings attached? Dive into the shady area of globalization and discuss how to direct foreign investment can bring problems of geopolitical scale.
  12. Effects of globalization on sexuality.
  13. Alibaba’s globalization strategy: an economic analysis.

🧮 Economic History Essay Topics

  1. The rapid economic growth of Europe during the Age of Discovery. Analyze the factors that brought economic growth to Europe during the Age of Discovery. What factors contributed to the dynamic economic progress of that time?
  2. Brazil’s economic history.
  3.  History of capitalism: from the Renaissance to the United States of America. Discuss the origins of capitalism and its centuries-long path towards XXth century America. How the establishment of capitalism impacted the economy of the USA?
  4. Max Weber: economic history, the theory of bureaucracy, and politics as a vocation.
  5. 2008 Economic Crisis: origins and fallout. Talk about the 2008 Financial Crisis. Discuss its causes and outcomes. What should have been done differently to avoid the global crisis? Comment on the economic strategies countries used to recover from it.
  6. The economic marvel of Communist China: from rags to riches.
  7. What made world economic growth of the Renaissance possible?
  1. The economic history of Canada: how did the settlers facilitate economic growth?
  2. What did the major powers of the XIXth century base their economies on?
  3. The Rothschilds: political and financial role in the Industrial Revolution. Research the dynasty of Rothschilds and how they came to power. What was their role in Europe’s Industrial Revolution?
  4. The link between the “oil curse” and the economic history of Latin America.
  5. Roman Empire’s monetary policy: a socio-economic analysis.
  6. How did the demand for different goods change their value in the 2000s years? Analyze the demand for goods in the 2000s years and their change in value. Why do these fluctuations in demand for products and services occur?
  7. The history of economic thought.
  8. Soviet Union’s economic timeline: from the new Economic Policy to Reformation. Discuss the economic issues of the Soviet Union from the historical perspective. Why did the Soviet Union collapse? What improvements in the financial sector should have been done?
  9. History of France economics over the past 20 years. 
  10. The history of economic analysis.
  11. The concept of serfdom and slavery as the main economic engine of the past. Dive into the idea of feudalism and serfdom. Discuss its social and economic aspects.
  12. The World Bank’s structure, history, activities.
  13. The history of Islamic banking: concepts and ideas.

💫 How to Write an Economics Essay?

Generally, essay writing on economics has the same structure as any other essay. However, there are some distinctive features of economic papers. Thus, it is essential to figure them out from the very beginning of your work.

You might be wondering what those aspects of the economic paper are. Well, we have an answer.

An economic essay usually relies on the common essay structure.

Below, you will find a detailed plan that explains the fundamental concepts of the essay writing process. So, don’t hesitate to use our tips! They are indeed helpful.

Pick a topic and dissect it. Picking the right topic is the very basis of writing a successful essay. Think of something that you will be interested in and make sure you understand the issue clearly. Also, don’t forget to check our ultimate economics essay topics and samples list!

Research it. After selecting the right idea from our economical essay topics, research your subject thoroughly. Try to find every fascinating and intriguing detail about it. Remember that you can always ask your fellow students, friends, or a teacher for help.

Come up with a thesis statement. A thesis statement is an essential element of your essay. It will determine your focus and guide the readers throughout your paper. Make your thesis secure and try to catch the reader’s attention using context and word choice.

Outline your essay. Never underestimate the power of a well-structured outline! Creating an essay outline can significantly help you to determine your general plan. Evaluate which economic framework you will be using to address the issue. State the main points of your thesis and antithesis. Make sure that they answer the central question of your work.

Write your introduction. First and foremost, a practical introduction should capture the readers’ attention and state the essay’s key topic. So, put enough effort to develop an outstanding introduction. It will create the first impression of your paper.

Moreover, an introduction should include a thesis statement. As we have mentioned above, a thesis plays a crucial role. Thus, make sure it is clearly stated.

Another significant feature of the introduction is its coherence with the body of your essay. Consequently, the introductory paragraph’s last statement has to present the subject of the next section, generically. Also, keep in mind that no more than three key points can be discussed in a paper, even if it is an extended essay.

Thoroughly work on the body paragraphs. Usually, the body of the essay contains several paragraphs. The number of these paragraphs will depend on the nature of your question. Be sure to create one section for every critical point that you make. This will make your paper properly-structured, and the reader will quickly get your ideas.  For your convenience, we created a plan to develop your ideas in each paragraph, So, use it and make your writing process easier!

  • Argument.  Present your argument in the topic sentence of the paragraph in a way that directly answers the question. A hint: the most effective way to introduce the critical point is to place the topic sentence at the beginning of the paragraph. This will help the readers to concentrate their attention on a specific idea.
  • Comment and discussion.  Explain the meaning of your argument and provide an economic analysis. Present clear evidence and persuasive arguments to solidify your position.
  • Connection.  Link your comments with the vital point of the paragraph. Demonstrate the coherence of your evidence with the point.
  • Diagrams, tables, charts. If necessary, provide the reader with visual aids. Sometimes, an appropriate diagram or a suitable chart can say more than words. Besides, your paper will look more professional if you use any kind of visual aids.

Conclude your essay. In your conclusion, summarize and synthesize your work by restating your thesis. Also, it is crucial to strengthen it by mentioning the practical value of your findings. Remember to make your essay readable by choosing appropriate wording and avoiding too complex grammar constructions.

Create a reference list at the bottom of your economic essay if you referred to sources.

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