British Literature Essay Examples and Topics

You should consider many different factors when writing your essay on British literature. Authors from the Middle Ages, such as Chaucer, had different beliefs and opinions than Renaissance writers like Shakespeare.

Capturing the specific circumstances and important contexts of a work is critical to a British literary analysis essay. As such, you should conduct extensive research into the creator’s biography, especially during the period when he or she wrote the piece.

With that said, the numbers of potential ideas and connections can be overwhelming and difficult to organize. For this reason, you should create an outline before starting work in earnest.

The outline serves as the structure that ensures that your paper remains coherent and logical. To create it, you should first write down every concept that comes to mind when you think about the topic.

Next, try to eliminate some of the results by including them into another, broader category or deciding that they are not viable. Organize the remainder in an order that represents a progression. For example, you should put influences that affected the author at the time of writing before their expressions in the work.

Here are some tips you should use to write an excellent outline:

  • Try making your titles and subtitles concise but informative. The matter that is discussed in a section should be evident from its name.
  • Select your topics so that they have a connection instead of trying to find one afterwards.
  • Try to support each outline point with at least one piece of evidence. In doing so, you guarantee that you will have valid material that you can discuss.

Be sure to visit IvyPanda for British literature research topics, British literature essay examples, and other useful samples!

Robinson Crusoe’ and ‘Pride and Prejudice’ by Daniel Defoe and Jane Austen

Introduction The novels Robinson Crusoe and Pride and Prejudice by Daniel Defoe and Jane Austen respectively, share a lot. Characterization and themes that the two novels portray are drawn from the medieval British society. This implies that the two novels use huge amounts of realism as a technical element that facilitates their themes. At the […]

The Miller’s Tale and its Form: the Fabliau

Introduction In the Miller’s tale, both Nicholas’ tricks and Absolon’s speeches do not appear plausible especially when told by Miller, a violent thug. However, when looked from the narrator’s point of view, Chaucer himself, the concepts become clearer to the reader. In particular, Lambdin and Lambdin note that two ideas, viz. the ‘ernest’ and ‘game’, […]

Lady Anne Clifford

Introduction Lady Anne Clifford’s lineage had a profound influence on her life course. She was the only child of Countess Margaret Russell and George Clifford. Anne’s father was the Earl of Cumberland; the Clifford properties were under his name, and he had the right to bequeath them to whomever he saw fit. However, when making […]

The Theme of Servitude in “The Tempest”

William Shakespeare’s play “The Tempest” provides an in-depth description of the extent to which humans have subjected their fellow humans to injustices. One of the most well described forms of injustice is slavery. Throughout the play, the theme of servitude is shown by the inability of various characters to obtain personal freedom. However, Acts III […]

James Bond. Cultural Analysis

Introduction James Bond refers to a fictional character that was created in 1953 by one of the renowned writers Ian Fleming. James Bond featured in twelve novels and an additional two short stories. Since the original author died in 1964, other writers have taken over the authorship of James Bond novels, including Christopher Wood and […]

Application of Marxism Theoretical Perspective in ‘To be taken with a Grain of Salt’

Introduction Why do many ghost stories involve an encounter between the higher and the lower social orders? Why is prostitution the last resolution to survival? Several theoretical perspectives can be used to respond to the above questions. One of such perspective is the Marxist theory. Marxism is an idea that includes a number of different […]

Ethical Issues in “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad

The novel Heart of Darkness was written in 1899 by Joseph Conrad but published in 1903. The novel is considered to be among the greatest books in English language. The book is a dreamlike tale that relates adventure and mystery in central Africa. It also tells a story of man’s journey which is symbolic in […]

An Essay on Man, Alexander Pope

In the preface to An Essay on Man, Alexander Pope says, “If I could flatter myself that this Essay has any merit, it is in steering betwixt the extremes of doctrines seemingly opposite.” The “doctrines” that Pope talks of are the seeming contradiction in human mind that, there exist, “not many certain truths in this […]

R.K. Narayan’s ‘The Guide’

Introduction The very title of the Narayan’s ‘The Guide’ is ambiguous since the main character, Raju, is a tour guide. But he is also believed to be a spiritual guide, ‘believed’ because the readers and even Raju himself know he is not. But that statement is debatable when the whole story has been read. Implicit […]

The Social Life of Information

This essay presents a review of the book ‘The Social Life of Information,’ by J Brown and Paul Duguid. People expect numerous changes to take place in their lives due to advancements in technology and the advent of information age. The manner in which human beings perform their activities has changed significantly due to technology. […]

Falling Angels by Tracy Chaveliar

Introduction Falling angels is the third novel of Tracy Chevalier, an American born writer. It began in January 1901, which marked a new epoch since Queen Victoria had died. Her son, Dandy King Edward became an emperor. This novel presumes a wide cultural focus, looking at death and burial as shown hundred years ago. This […]

David Lodge’s Novel ‘Author, Author’

David Lodge’s novel ‘Author, Author’ is one of the most common novels used by many teachers and students of literature studies due to its unique presentation that moves it far from other literature pieces. The author has embraced the use of various styles to develop and advance several themes and any reader will not compromise […]

Romantic Era Literature: “Frankenstein” by Mary Shelley

The Romantic era/ Romanticism The Romantic era of art and literature is a movement which started in Europe at the end of the 18th century, peaking around the time between 1800 and 1840. Its main proponents were keen on showing that emotion was a fundamental origin of all beauty, and in this regard, deep-seated feelings […]

Analysis of Poems by Veronica Forrest-Thomson, J .H Prynne & Barry MacSweeney

Introduction Prynne, Barry and Veronica stand out as some of the poets who exhibit or rather demonstrate characteristics of contemporary poets. Although they feature different opinions and styles in their poems, most of their views and poetic works rhyme taking on similar characteristics. Proponents of these poets commend positively on the different approach and styles […]

Imperialism and Racism in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness

Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness attracts a particularly harsh brand of criticism for its allegedly racist depictions of African blacks in the Congo at the turn of the 20th century. Certain critics, including Lennard J. Davis, consider removing the novel from the literary teaching canon, because of the “sadness and weariness” it evokes in students […]

Irony and the Narrative in Forster, Howards End

Introduction This narrative begins by demonstrating an array of varied experiences and scenarios that affect the lives of people living in three different interlinking English social classes, but with unfavorable consequences. The two sisters, Margaret and Helen Schlegel, are the representative of the bourgeois class, which is financially independent. They are representatives of the intellectual […]

‘The Jungle Book’ by Kipling

Introduction One of the most important, but often forgotten communities in the world histories is the Indian community, which has a remarkable history of evolution (Crinson 55). In the 1800s, the Indian community was still traversing the world and one of its destinations was Britain, even as the British people crossed to the Asian zones […]

Wordsworth’s Vision on Childhood and the Basic Themes

While deliberating on the perception of childhood, Wordsworth’s poems focus on the power of real action and suffering. In particular, We Are Seven expresses “…the perplexity and obscurity which in childhood attend our notion of death, or rather our utter inability to admit that notion” (Lyrical Ballads xiii). Therefore, the poet reveals the reluctance of […]

The Political Characterization in Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travel”

Though often treated lightly as a mixture of social and political satire, the first two parts of Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travel, in fact, conceals an array of references to the political controversies that surrounded the British Empire at the time, as well as contained numerous hints about the possible solutions to the conflicts erupting in […]

Use of Symbols in “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”

“Sir Gawain and the Green Knight” is an ancient poem that tells the story of the exchanges between Sir Gawain and a mysterious Green Knight. Sir Gawain is a blood relative of King Arthur and a brave knight while the Green Knight is a disguised character who sets out to test his opponent. “Sir Gawain […]

Wordsworth’s Vision of Childhood in His Poems “We Are Seven” and “Alice Fell or Poverty”

Introduction William Wordsworth’s vision of childhood is reflected in his poems “We Are Seven” and “Alice Fell or Poverty”, where he describes his childhood experiences. From the two poems, it is evident that these childhood experiences continue to influence him throughout his adult life (Moorman 81). For instance, both poems show the evidence of some […]

George Orwell’s “Why I Write”

In his essay “Why I Write” (1946), George Orwell presents the discussion of his development as a writer. The essay is autobiographical. It can be divided into three parts. The author’s childhood is described in the first part of the essay. The author pays attention to his first experiences as a writer and notes that […]

“The First World War” John Keegan

Introduction The book The First World War by John Keegan is a historical book that narrates the situations before, during, and after the First World War. Therefore, this paper is an analysis of the whole book that explores different elements that have been brought out by the author as well as the goal that it […]

The Second Battlefield: Women, Modernism, and the First World War

Following the publication of the scholarly works such as the Great War and Women’s Consciousness by Claire Tylee’s, other feminist scholars such as Angela K. Smith emerged to provide an expanded investigation and a critical assessment of various writings on the roles of women in the First World War authored by women scholars. While Women […]

The Book “The First World War” by John Keegan

John Keegan was an author of British war history books. Besides, he was also a lecturer and a journalist. He was born on 15 May 1934 and died on 2August 2012. His books cut across “the 14th to 21st century history of armed combats from air, maritime, land, and military warfare intelligences”1. His books reflect […]

The nightingale and the rose: poem analysis

Introduction The ‘NIGHTINGALE AND THE ROSE’ refers to a short story to which love features as the overall theme. In the story, we are introduced to a young student who has been promised a dance by the young beautiful lady that is the professor’s daughter. From the story, it is quite clear that the young […]

The Persuasion of a Lifetime: Jane Austen’s Swan Song through a Critical Lens

Introduction: Persuasion through the Prism of Time Talking about the impact that Jane Austen had on the English Romanticism takes hours. Jane Austin created a number of other works that touch upon not only personal, but also social and ethical issues. One of these works, Persuasion, is famous for the moral issues serving as the […]

Critical Articles on the Harry Potter Series

Joanne Rowling’s books on adventures of Harry Potter in the magic world are discussed as perfect examples of literature for children. However, the series about Harry Potter is also actively read by many adults because a lot of philosophical questions are discussed in the books, and researchers are inclined to find different hidden meanings and […]

Health Research Literature

Evaluation of Frankenstein Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley is an exemplary written piece in English literature. The novel is influenced by many movements that were prominent in the period of romanticism. This paper evaluates the important motifs of the novel with its cultural roots to the concept of prejudice, character sketch of victor Frankenstein and […]

George Eliot’s Silas Marner

Introduction Written by George Eliot, ‘Silas Marner’ is a captivating tale published in 1861 and set in the beginning of the 19th century. It depicts Eliot’s attitude towards religion. Employing the elements of literature, Eliot uses characters like Silas Marner, a miser and a weaver, Godfrey Cass, Squire’s son, Eppie, Silas adopted girl, William Dane, […]

Lireture Analysis: Charles Dickens

Introduction Dickens is regarded as the master of style because he has the ability to describe scenes in colorful detail thus making the scenes being described to come alive. The two pieces of work that will be the main area of concern in this analysis are ‘A Tale of Two Cities’ and ‘Oliver Twist’. Analysis […]

Religion in Barker’s books

Introduction The story of Abraham in ‘The Ghost Road’ and ‘Regeneration’ epitomizes the theme of sacrifice in the novels. It is an overarching representation of what can occur when people prioritize their ideologies over their daily responsibilities, even towards their family and friends. Abraham in the books Any mention of Abraham in religious circles solicits […]

Text, Time and Technology in News English

One of the most common forms of storytelling is the personal narrative. According to experts “a personal narrative contains the following elements: abstract; orientation; complicating action; evaluation; resolution; coda” (Bell 1996, p.4). The abstract is basically the summary of the main points of the story. The orientation set the scene and deals with the four […]

Tipping the Velvet

Sarah Waters’ novel Tipping the Velvet enables the readers to better understand the Victorian society with its values and norms. To a great extent, this work focuses on gender distinctions and behavior patterns that were considered to be appropriate for men and women. The main female characters try to evade and violate these norms by […]

Much ado about nothing

Much ado about nothing is a romantic intriguing comedy written by William Shakespeare. By focusing on relationships, the author of the play highlights the impact of deception to unity, love and happiness. Deceitfulness is the device the characters use to either destroy or improve each other’s lives. The love relationships are either build or destroyed […]

The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

Introduction The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson is an investigation into the duality in human character. The novel demonstrates the duality in personality of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde through the conflict between the good and evil side of human personality. Dr. Jekyll, a scientist, brews a potion […]

Anne Bradstreet’s Approach to Exhibiting Gender

As “Contemplations” was written in the 1660s, it was not included in the first edition of The Tenth Muse, and it became known to the reader only in 1678, after the author’s death (Gatta 40). It is possible to suggest that Bradstreet did not publish the poem earlier because she was not ready to share […]

Gothic masculinity in the Wuthering Heights

Introduction Masculinity is a term used to categorize human behave that uses a lot energy and force. Baker (164) explains that masculinity refers to the ‘manliness’ of a character. A female who exposes male qualities is identified as threatening to the society. Masculinity may explain the character of the forceful male or the threatening female […]

Book Analysis: Time Machine by Wells

Time Machine by H.G. Wells is a famous science fiction novel that discusses dystopian future and adventures in time. It also focuses on various social and economic factors that are interpreted in a fictional context. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to define how these factors, including depiction of humanity and equality, criticism of […]

Socio-economic Issues in The Time Machine

Herbert George Wells, a prominent English writer, published his The Time Machine in 1895. At that time, the writer was 29 years old, and probably already had his outlook and ideas about the human race existence formed. During his student years, Wells studied biology and economics, and was making a research related to the theory […]

Defended: The use of ridiculous characterization in Joseph Andrews is an effective means of satirizing the novel as a genre.

This novel is an ardent satire on the ethical and social evils that inundated the English society in the 18th century. Fielding has used his characters to satirize his novel as a genre. In this novel, readers read about a chameleonic society that often alters its appearance to satisfy personal lusts/desires of different kinds. It […]

Proposal on identity, belonging and masculinity as presented in The White Teeth and My Beautiful Launderette in relation to the post colonialism

Introduction In several parts of the world, immigrants have in most cases been perceived to be in competition with indigenous communities over one thing or the other. This has at times created a feeling of not being wanted among the communities within which they are living. However, the situation has conspicuously changed over time especially […]

Role of Women in Twelfth Night and Hamlet by Shakespeare

Introduction Background The treatment of women in Shakespeare’s plays has been a subject of debate for a long time. Some scholars have criticized his portrayal of women as unbalanced while others praise his deep understanding of human nature, which is apparent in his characters. Whichever way one looks at it, most of the female characters […]

Gardens in pride and prejudice

Introduction Austen uses gardens to advance the themes of class, love, parental relationships and family honor. She also reveals Elizabeth’s, Darcy’s and other people’s character through the gardens. Significance of gardens in the novel The novel “Pride and Prejudice” does not rely heavily on symbolism because it has more dialogues than descriptions. Nonetheless, certain physical […]

A visit to Grandpas Dylan Thomas

Introduction A “visit to Grandpa’s” is a story by Dylan Thomas, featured in the “Harrap book of modern short stories,” published in 1956. It portrays the artist as a child, and the close relation he develops with the country side of Wales, at an English village, characteristic with the twentieth century literature. The book also […]

Immigration and changes in British society around the time period the novel is set

The novel, Buddha of Suburbia, was set in a period when the British society was experiencing several social dilemmas regarding how to handle intercultural influences in the post-colonial period. In fact, BBC explains that the novel is as much about Amir’s personal experiences (to find his true identity) as it is Britain’s struggle to accept […]

The immigrant perspective: Jamila’s identity and the problem of belonging

Jamila is the most vivid female character in Hanif Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia. The young girl belongs to the family of Indians who live in England, and she is the second-generation immigrant. This aspect is significant for understanding her opinion on the question of her personal and cultural identity. In spite of the fact […]

Marie de France’s Lanval

Marie de France wrote this wonderful piece of literature in the late 12th century. The author is considered one of the earliest French woman poets but she was probably active in England. This trivia provides an insight as to why she wrote about her hero as someone who is an outsider because Marie de France […]

Book Summary: “Realism and the Novel Form” by Ian Watt

The novel is a literary work whose roots can be traced to the eighteenth century. It came as a break from the traditional prose fiction of the Greeks and the French. Earlier novelists such as Defoe, Richardson and Fielding whose contribution to writing is seen as one that came accidental and also one that was […]

The peculiarities of Karim Amir’s identity

Karim Amir is the protagonist of Hanif Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia, and all the situations and characters of the story are presented from Karim’s perspective. Hanif Kureishi discusses a lot of significant social issues in his novel such as racism and interactions with the representatives of different social classes with references to the characters’ […]

Revision and reversionary in The Empire Writes Back

To begin with, upon seeing the title, I immediately thought of the Star Wars movie. The content is very far from the movie though. In general the book is a very helpful and clearly articulated accumulation of the main issues and problems in post-colonial scholarship. Although some scholars call it outdated and too academic, I […]

The Interpretative Journey in Ursula K. Le Guin’s The Left Hand of Darkness

Christine Cornell’s “The Interpretative Journey in Ursula K. Le Guin’s The Left Hand of Darkness” positions itself against two acknowledged factions which have reservations toward the gender issues as depicted in the book: scholarly critics of Le Guin’s masculine world, and college readers wary of the exclusive use of the masculine pronoun. As an apologetic […]

The Theme of Loneliness in David Nicholls’ One Day

The novel One Day written by David Nicholls shows it might be difficult for two people to admit that they love one another. Yet, without this feeling they are most likely to be discontented with the quality of their lives and become alienated from others. In part, this self-contradiction can be explained by some of […]

Stream of Consciousness

Background Information Stream of consciousness is a linguistic premise, which accentuates individualistic thoughts and ideas that traverse the subconscious mind. It brings such thoughts to the fore in a discreet and subtle manner with a view to create stylistic and narrative impressions (Steinberg 21). Stream of consciousness seeks to recognize the vital role of innate […]

Book Review: “In Frankenstein’s Shadow: Myth, Monstrosity, and Nineteenth-Century Writing” by Chris Baldrick

Introduction The Mary Shelly’s story of Frankenstein and the monster so produced remains one of our contemporary myths. This study reviews this myth by analyzing its history in literature in the pre-film times, beginning with an examination of the strings of meaning arising out of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein in respect of the political “monstrosity” images […]

The Darwinism theory in the text The Island of Dr Moreau

The Darwinism theory talks about evolution or better still the transmutation of species. This entails the transformation of various species from their original form to a lot more different forms through what is commonly called genetic transformation. This simply means that the present existing organisms descended from somewhere and therefore there is a difference between […]

Modernism – Yeats, Eliot, and Wolf

Introduction Literacy modernism was adopted in the early 20th century when modernist writers adopted a new form of writing. Unlike in the traditional writings where writers could narrate their messages directly to the readers, modernists brought some sense of self-consciousness and imagery in their writings (Lewis The Cambridge 39). In the modernism literacy, readers are […]

Human Nature: Comparative Analysis

Aphra Behn lived between 1640 and 1689. He is most known for his popular novel titled Oroonoko that was written in 1688 based on his trip to Surinam. First, he underscored the fact that he was a famous author by going against the ideas of Aristotle on fiction. Aristotle perceived fiction as an imitation of […]

“The Odd Women” and “Women in Love”: Evolving Views of Gender Roles

Introduction Women’s roles in the society have been evolving as time progresses. In the late 19th century, many nations had imbalanced demographics with respect to social structures. More women dominated the structures in relation to men. In the words of Rhoda Nunn, “…there are a half a million more women than men in this unhappy […]

Elizabethan View of Machiavelli as ‘Evil’

Elizabethan writers were among the major critics of Machiavelli’s work, where they depicted him as an evil and unjust individual. Writers such as Shakespeare continuously invoked Machiavelli’s work in their writings, in which they portrayed him as advocating for violence, gang society and deviance. In fact, there are some religious and political reasons that motivated […]

The use of stream-of-consciousness technique in The Dead and in The Heart of Darkness

One of the most peculiar characteristics of now famous literary works, published throughout the 20th century’s early phase, is that the themes and motifs, contained in these works, reflect the essence of what was a predominant socio-philosophical discourse of the time. In its turn, this discourse used to be largely concerned with the fact that, […]

Breaking the rules: Romeo and Juliet’s quest for independence

Romeo and Juliet is a famous play by the great playwright William Shakespeare. People who read the play or watched films that adopted its plot feel the touch of this tragic love story of Romeo and Juliet. With regards to this play, people hold different opinions and interpretations. Some feel sorry about their eventual death […]

Making His Way to the Top: The Orphan Who Works His Way to the Top

One of Eliot’s most influential works, Middlemarch is literally packed with characters that, nevertheless, turn out to be fully developed and have unique personalities. Obviously unwilling to resort to creating stereotypes, Eliot managed to create unique story arches for each and every one of them – and, naturally, they all leave an impression. One of […]

Examination: “The Accomplish’d Rake” by Mary Davys

In the Accomplish’d Rake, Mary Davys reverses the perception of the faulty female character requiring reforming by paying attention to the licentious rapist and rake Sir John Galliard. The author focuses on Sir John’s encounters with women and his experience of vices in London. The main storyline focuses on the event of Sir John’s intoxicating […]

“Lord of Flies” by William Golding

Introduction The author uses a rational narrator. It can be seen when Simon, Ralph, and Jack reach the top of the mountain and they are filled with excitement. The narrator expresses that “the cause of their pleasure was not obvious” (Golding 35). They are happy without a real reason. Levinson argues that it is necessary […]

Subversive Comedy vs Social Comedy Essay in Restoration Drama

Introduction One of the main reasons why Restoration comedies The Country Wife by William Wycherley and The Rover by Aphra Behn were able to attain a popularity with the members of viewing audiences at the time of their staging, is that both dramaturgical works contain themes and motifs of an unmistakably societal significance. That is, […]

“Restoration Comedy” – English Play of 17-18th Centuries

This play is a comedy that seeks to show the author’s opposition to susceptibility of women in the Restoration society. This play seeks to show how the female characters play prominent roles. Further, it portrays them as strong and independent. The play extensively focuses on three women Hellena, Florinda, and Angelica. The fates of nunnery, […]

The Travel of Sir John Mandeville

Mandeville’s travels can be regarded as a pastiche of facts taken from various sources because the author is unlikely to travel east and witness such incredible events. Despite the fact that the narration does not contain any information about the author, it still manages to convey the world reminding of the remarkable journeys of Christopher […]

Tale as Old as Time: In Search for Women’s Sovereignty

Taking a glance back into the time when women were fully dependent on men, one cannot help wondering how much has been accomplished in such little time. However, the idea of women’s liberation is not new to any existing field, and literature is no exception. In the prologue to his The Wife of Bath’s Tale, […]

Pride and Prejudice and Sense and Sensibility

Introduction Literary work is a reflection of what is happening in the society. Authors normally voice their opinion about issues affecting the society through various themes. These themes are closely linked together through analysis of a character’s actions. In the contemporary society, introduction of literature research has extensively increased the volume of literature in every […]

Book reviews: Northanger Abbey Maria or the Wrongs of Woman

Introduction In the first four centuries after the inception of writing, it happened that paper writing stood out as the major component of communication, in that it transcended through space and time. It bore much acclaim in terms of the consequences it be held. As such, many believed it to shape popular opinion, belief systems, […]

Gulliver’s Travels

Although Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift was for a long time regarded as an adventure story for children, it is in reality a satire of political and social events that occurred in England and Ireland during his time. The story is based on the travels of Gulliver to fanciful foreign lands. The fantastic tale is […]

The Novel “The Time Machine” Hebert George Wells

Introduction: Wells’ Biography The following essay on the novel ‘The Time Machine’ presents the apparent differences between the book and the world at the time. The novel is a work of science fiction by H.G. Wells, which was first published in 1895. George Herbert Wells was a pioneer in the field of science fiction who […]

Alpha Behn Biography and Works

Alpha Behn is one of the first English Professionals female writers. Others famed writers include Eliza Haywood and Delavierier Manley among others. Behn was born in England in sixteen forty to Bartholomew Johnson and Elizabeth Denham. His parents lived in Canterbury. The father was a barber while her mother worked as a family nurse to […]

Review on Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe

Childhood is the period which is meaningful for every person because it is the start of a life-long journey. In his Moll Flanders, Daniel Defoe concentrates on many controversial social issues. Moreover, the childhood theme is also masterfully described in the novel as the key point for understanding the persons’ actions and the peculiarities of […]

Jhumpa Lahiri’s “Hell-Heaven”

Introduction ‘Hell-Heaven’ is a story that revolves around a family. The narrator’s family is not socially stable and her mother, Boudi, falls in love with Pranab, a stranger that the family has taken in as a friend. Pranab however falls in love with Deborah, revealing Boudi’s level of vulnerability. This paper seeks to discuss the […]

Throughout Frankenstein, Mary Shelley refers to poetry, often quoting long passages directly. With direct references to particular examples, explore how and why she does this. In what ways do the poetic texts inform, or perhaps destabilize, the narrative?

While writing the novel ‘Frankenstein’, Mary Shelley was influenced profoundly by romantic poets such as William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Percy Bysshe Shelley, her beloved husband, also influenced her largely. Although the dark and horrific motifs of Frankenstein may appear to contrast with the bright tones and subjects of such poetry, there is a […]

Orientalism in Ozymandias and Alastor: When Exotics Meets Wisdom

The Asian world has always been a mystery for the Western civilization; the former lives according its own laws which the European culture conceive completely, envisions the world, its origins and the way its elements intertwine in harmony in a slightly different way than the Western civilization does; in addition, the Oriental culture uses a […]

Writing Back and Giving Agency to Suppressed Voices

Introduction Writing back refers to the literature where an author reflects on past experiences. An author writes back on the issues that he/she has been passionately involved in and which affect the author’s life directly. Queer voices have been oppressed in the past; most writers who have experienced this oppression have found it necessary to […]

Frankenstein and Science

The role of science in the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley has been disputed by many scholars. Critics tried to consider the problem from different perspective stressing on the nature, science and human being. It should be mentioned that much research of the novel is based on the contemporary knowledge of the end of the […]

Purpose of literature; what can literature do?

Still Falls the Rain by Edith Sitwell is a poem on the sufferings in the world. The poem, written during World War II after the Germans bombed England, begins with the reference to the event. It then spins to describing the sufferings on humankind throughout the history of the world. The theme of the poem […]

Alice in Wonderland

A critical analysis of Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland will help resolve the question regarding the purpose of fantasy in films and literature. It is important to determine if fantasy serves only one purpose, to provide an escape from reality. It is the contention of the proponent of this study that there is another reason […]

Pride and Prejudice

The main values for the young women in the nineteenth century were their successful marriage and family. This fact can be explained by the dependent economic position of a woman in society. Thus, to receive the economic security, a woman should be married or inherit the income from her male relatives. Traditionally, girls and their […]

Northanger Abbey

Summary of the “Northanger Abbey” From the provided excerpt, it is evident that Tilney invited Catherine to spend several weeks with her and she was to stay in Northanger Abbey. Unfortunately, Catherine could hardly sleep due to strange illusions that engulfed the fateful night discussed in the passage. Initially, she thought Northanger Abbey to be […]

Jane Austen and Convention of the Gothic

Introduction The novel Northanger Abbey adversely mentions gothic literature; it even influences the main characters’ actions and decisions. However, the use of this genre is done to mock and trivialise the genre. How Jane Austen challenges conventions of gothic novels As one reads the novel, one comes across a series of gothic titles throughout the […]

Analysis of “Dr. Jekyll and the Emergence of Mr. Hyde”

Dr. Jekyll and the Emergence of Mr. Hyde written by Masao Miyoshi is a description of the gothic influence on the classic Victorian novel by R. L. Stevenson. The article is an analysis of the novel as well as an attempt to understand the moral dualism and paradox that haunted the men of the Victorian […]

The Peculiarities of “The Tongue” from Lucy by Jamaica Kincaid

Sometimes it is rather difficult for young people to overcome the period when they are not children, but not adults yet. It is the beginning of a new life, and it is very important to start it under the best circumstances. However, what are the peculiarities of growing up when you are in a foreign […]

Edmund Burke: Reflection on Liberty and the French Revolution

Liberty is a concept that every independent nation has to embrace. As countries transfer from the era of colonialism to freedom, both personal and public liberties are among the first things every constitution addresses. However, many times these liberties remain a constitutional matter when they are supposed to become realities. The important question, as far […]

The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde

The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde is the story which reflects many ideas and themes which are interesting and actual for people in the modern world. Answering the question why Dorian Gray was motivated to adopt his life philosophy and to lead a double life it is possible to look at the facts. […]

What makes Hamlet such a complex character?

In William Shakespeare’s literary works, Hamlet, Hamlet is the most fascinating character. Shakespeare concentrates on Hamlet’s emotions, dilemma as well as inconsistency to achieve his heart desires especially revenge. Hamlet’s questionable sanity and captivating character contributes to the success of the play. The inability to decide and sentient his actions signifies the complexity in his […]

Piers Plowman, Manuscript Douce 104, and the Dissemination of Literature in the Middle Ages

Introduction The middle ages witnessed the commencements of a renaissance in literature. Books during this period were solely hand-copied and bore illustrations from monks. Paper was a rare commodity (Lambdin and Lambdin 12). The medium used for writing mainly consisted of vellum and parchment. The former was gotten from calf’s skin while the latter was […]

Characteristic, common and any facts of 20th- century British poems

There are three elements of modernist poems. They include the individuals, experimentation and anti-realism. The contents of this paper will focus on these three elements. Traditional writers were more stereotyped, employing ceaseless experimentation and rejected the old forms of writing. One of the facts about modern poems is their ability to represent the writer’s inner […]

Criticism of Novel-To the lighthouse by Virginia Woolf

The story written by Woolf is fascinating since it depicts the highest level of professionalism in the modernism era. Nonetheless, some of its features ranging from writing style to the portrayal of some characters are astonishing when subjected to criticism. The book has several characters incorporating Mr. Ramsay, his family, visitors, and other characters that […]

Representation of Women in Wrongs of Woman and Maria by Mary Wollstonecraft and Ann Radcliffe’s The Italian

Both the Wrongs of Woman and Maria (1798) by Mary Wollstonecraft and Ann Radcliffe’s The Italian (1797) reflect particular social perspectives of women at different stages in the then changing cultural environment of the eighteenth century. The woman has to reconsider the limiting identity that the patriarchal society has accorded her and form alliances that […]

Summary: “To the Lighthouse” by Virginia Woolf

A novel To the Lighthouse written by Virginia Woolf is related to cultural movement which is called modernism. There are a lot of thoughts in the novel; however, there is no action at all. The novel is considered to be the so-called extension of Modernist literature which appeared at the beginning of the 20th century. […]

Annette Dumbach and Jud Newborn, Sophie Scholl and the White Rose

The main theme in the story of Sophie Scholl and the White Rose is resistance and oppression. The book revolves around the German resistance to the Third Reich, a military body used by Hitler to carry out his atrocities against the Jews and the German people. The story follows the lives of five young German […]