On careful examination of his writings about the body and mind, one finds out that they are rich with a lot of metaphysics which is related to theories of the body and mind together with [...]
After the final monologue in which Socrates tells Crito that the voices in his conscience have been urging him against going against the state and the laid down laws, it becomes rather clear that he [...]
One of the fundamental concerns of social and political philosophy has been the topic of what levels of restrictions if any, should be placed on the liberty of a nation's inhabitants.
There is the emphasis on the people's eccentricity which should be given chance to flow as this is of great importance to the entire society.
The Platonic dialogue in The Symposium epitomizes the progression that Diotima describes as pursuance of beauty in highly refined and generalized forms and each speech in the symposium takes the reader closer to the comprehension [...]
The discussion begins by Meno asking Socrates whether there is a definition of the word 'Arete' because he thinks that it cannot be taught in class because there is apparently no definition of the word.
Despite this view of the writer he receives opposition from the Mencious view of the human nature who argues that if at all a man saw a child at the verge of falling over a [...]
Faith, according to the readings of Clifford and James is a strong belief inscribed in the mind of an individual that that what they think is right.
Thesis Statement: Foucault suggests that the "deployment" of sexuality is closely connected with the deployment of integrity, which is the main principle of the social and political welfare of the state.
A hypothetical imperative is conditional with command applied to us at our will and the end of it is willed while categorical imperative is unconditional where our will is exercised in a particular manner with [...]
The book abounds in controversies, for instance, the author makes use of the process of dreaming to show that the work of the brain alone is not sufficient for the creation of consciousness.
Plato's dialogues bring out the nature of justice in the society. The issue of guardian of the society is a major issue in the society.
The same goes for the state and its laws: the citizens are expected to obey these laws for they are meant to do good to them; when, for some reason, the contrary occurs, the citizens [...]
At the beginning of the eleventh book of "Confessions" Augustine justifies his analysis of the problem of time by means of referring to the act of creation of the book itself, saying that he analyzes [...]
The plan to kill Oedipus takes a twist when his mother and the servant refuses to kill him, allowing the opportunity to live and later to fulfill the oracles.
The Apology by Plato is the account of Socrates' defense in the court of law, while the Plea for Captain John Brown by Henry David Thoreau is the essay defending the captain who rebelled against [...]
The philosophical heritage of the US from the side of African American authors is significant to evaluate on the prospects of freedom, religion, education, and social importance of Black population for the United States.
This is why the discussion of self-development cannot do without the integration of analysis of profound works of several transcendentalists in the present paper such writers as Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Frederick [...]
Plato extols the virtues of a statesman stating that it is not the power of the statesman that is important but his knowledge.
The paper focuses on ethical naturalism and as such differentiates between "ethical naturalism' and "unrestricted naturalism" on the grounds that ethical naturalism is only concerned with moral properties and ignores other properties of naturalism.
He does so through VII:15, in saying that happiness is found in the acceptance of the conditions of one's environment, not in varying degrees of performance. Socrates, if trying to gain the sense of a [...]
The Upper Scripture of Purple Texts engraved by the Spirits is gained from a being more distant and majestic than those religions that the former scriptures were obtained from, and the procedure for getting the [...]
According to Hegel's concept of the ethical life of the family, it is very essential to have the love which is said to be the spirit of feeling of ones own strength of mind of [...]
In his book, "Compassion: A New Philosophy of the Other" the author explores the role of empathy and compassion in solving the problems that people have to surmount.
The growth of the movement towards the formation of states is, however, a gradual one; it is continuous, from the sixteenth century to our day, and while, throughout this period, and in almost every country [...]
The author's identity is very important in the essay, he was personally attacked by a criminal and this is why the author wants to ensure that justice prevails in the society, a clear picture of [...]
While Mill does not use the complicated jargon that is put forth by Kant, nonetheless the notion of good and actions to which we should subscribe are relative points in this complex world.
The central topics here are the doctrines of intuition) and deduction, and it is in these that the novelty of Descartes' account resides.
The agreeable type of judgment can be used for subjective judgments; the goof can be used for ethical judgments, the beautiful for analysis of a form and the will.
The main topic of this very essay is the consideration of the three metamorphoses of the human spirit developed by Nietzsche in his book and their influence on the whole work and outlook of the [...]
One of the first things that he perceived in this line of thought was that he had a basic idea of the existence of God.
I however beg to disagree with this great English poet that this predestination was actually intended to benefit mankind and not Him; it's actually the opposite because the fall was predestined to benefit God and [...]
The author introduces his heroes as individuals: Ahab, on the one part, a brave sailor and a captain, who is always ready to meet any difficulties and reach his goal at any coast and a [...]
In the time of what is called the "Enlightenment" period where there was resurgence and rejuvenation in Europe in matters regarding the purpose of human life and the flowering of the sciences, there was also [...]
His studies point to the fact that only when a man begins to inquire about the meaning of Being [Dasien] and its presence in the beings of experience does he grasp his own essential reality [...]
Reading, beyond the list, is an understanding, by a subject, of the sense manifests only in and as the determinate bondings of words; the words, the "list," are the expression of a force of meaning, [...]
Hume's critique of theology is driven by and expressed as a suspicion that natural theology is for the most part an unconscious effort to rationalize and legitimate a preexisting and culturally acquired religious view of [...]
As the relevance and the appropriateness of the metaphor are established, it is of paramount significance to consider the different aspects of the question in a meaningful and judicious manner.
The world outside the cave is the logical place; which is reachable to logic but not to insight; the voyage outside of the cave into daylight of the world is the soul's inclination to the [...]
He also explains that we as humans tend to relate to things based on our perception and not on a neutral basis; as quoted, "Nature always wears the colors of the spirit".
Knowing that some of the beliefs of philosophy are opposite to the beliefs of the Christian doctrine and ignoring it is just not acceptable.
In the chapter entitled "The concept of essence", Marcuse defines the philosophical construct of the essence as the abstraction and isolation of the one true form of existence from a multitude of changing appearances, and [...]
Soon, Oedipus also understands that the prophecy has come true and that he is the source of the curse for the kingdom.
Therefore, the first element of viewing death is evil that the author examines is the contrast of this occurrence to life, which is perceived as good.
Nevertheless, Hobbes seems to distinguish his writings on the Law of Nature from realistic conditions, with the philosophy based on maxims of the knowledge of human nature and behavior that apply moral precepts on science [...]
According to Dougherty and Slevc, the identification of one's research philosophy when participating in scientific research is vital because it clearly articulates the goals and estimated outcomes of a study, as well as the perspectives [...]
The study of ancient thinkers' philosophical arguments, their concepts, and the interpretation of certain social norms and laws is the goal of the educational course and the work conducted during this period.
As for the wages and labor section of The Wealth of Nations, it appears that Smith regards workers as a homogenous human capital with transferable and, hence, subject to substitution.
The philosopher indicates that the process of acquiring knowledge only reveals what is close to the truth. It emphasized the idea that people, not gods, were responsible for their words, thoughts, and actions, which also [...]
The author of this paper will outline all four of the philosopher's lines of reasoning that a person's soul is immortal while promoting the idea that it specifically the second one, concerned with one's possession [...]
Candy has to cheat and trick several people in order to leave the farm and attend the meeting with the people from the land of her dreams.
The arrangements that were exposed by the means of the exploration in solid-state physical science or molecular environmental science have to be contained within the possibility of his analysis on the same level as the [...]
The philosopher compares the life of gratification to that of slaves; the people who prefer this type of happiness are "vulgar," live the same life as "grazing animals," and only think about pleasure.
A common feature for all emotions is that they are related to the mind "insofar as it is active" and, at the same time, they are associated with "pleasure and desire".
The argument against this prejudice is that people are ignorant and do not realize that there are certain reasons for their desires.
The article entitled "The house, from cellar to garret, the significance of the hut" tries to represent the meaning of a house from a phenomenological perspective.
Why does he argue that the "I" is a thinking thing, and what counts for him as "thinking"? Therefore, the philosopher's understanding of a "thinking thing" is related to such processes as analysis, meditation, and [...]
However, doubting everything as proposed by Descartes is wrong because it may make us discard almost all of our knowledge.....in preparing the easiest way for us to withdraw the mind from the senses Descartes questions [...]
Thus, the mind that is capable of understanding love to God is free because it has the power to control lust.
This idea transitions into other arguments that Descartes explores in the book, and as a way to be sure of the existence of at least one thing, he proposes that since he is capable of [...]
To support his claims, the intellectual compares the qualities of mind and body and deduces that they cannot be the same thing since the body is divisible and mind is whole.
The concept shared by the author consists in the statement that human life is irrational: one has to admit that it is senseless and is forced to overcome this knowledge to continue living, working, and [...]
In doing this, he sets out on a planned course; to recall all he had believed as true, examine the reasons that made him doubt them, and to consider what to continue believing.
Similar to the theme of natural forces, in 'The Open Boat,' Crane describes the plight of four men who have been shipwrecked and are isolated on the ocean in a tiny dinghy.
He says that he is not a sophist or physicalist, he is not irreverent, and he does not corrupt the youth.
The philosophical concepts of the nature of man presented by the author as a part of this narrative reflect the atheistic ideas of the major political movements that were popular at that time in Russia.
The picture that unfolds before the viewer shatters all conventional notions of nature and challenges the idea of the geological magnitude, offering a new meaning of it.
The central theme of the article is the idea that living by certain values might be conducive to having a happy and fulfilled life.
The following paper will discuss the relationship between Atman and Brahman in "The Upanishads", observe the tractate's perspective regarding pantheism or panentheism, and explain differences between both higher and lower selves to prove that the [...]
Therefore, to conclusively draw his philosophical views, it is paramount that we take what the characters say to represent Plato's stance and view of the world.
According to the author, the proposed method can offer practical solutions to the nine problems. The book argues that the main disquiet of philosophy is to offer questions and respond to them.
At the same time, our human practicality interferes with our ability to understand and perceive the feelings of others; the core problem is that "each is bound to feel intensely the importance of his own [...]
In Plato's opinion, because the guardian class would be the judge of the people, there would be no need for laws, and this would make it easier to run the city.
Although the principles from Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals can be considered as associated with authoritarian ethics or reflecting other views on humanistic ethics, Kant's work presents a system of ethics that is similar [...]
The following paper will evaluate the presentations in support of Plato's conception of Eros, by using a different approach in understanding appearance and reality and their influence on love, fate and eternity."The Consolation of Philosophy" [...]
Among this view's foremost weaknesses is named the fact that it is based upon the philosopher's belief in the existence of God.
Nicomachean Ethics is one of the most significant works of the prominent ancient philosopher, dedicated to the analysis of the moral purposes and virtues of a man.
A critical review of the book, Ishmael an adventure of the Mind and Spirit, shows how the author of the book presents themes in an appropriate manner.
It is in the form of a dialogue. Arjuna is the prince of Pandava.
The writing of the text is easy to read and understand, and it is not overfilled with unnecessary words. The view of this book depends on what a reader is expecting to receive from it.
Plato used the analogy of the sun, the line, and the cave in explaining the living conditions of prisoners in the cave.
Being one of the independent systems in the organism, the enteric nervous system takes control of the digestive process and does not have to report about the processes to the brain.
That is why, one of the main ideas of this section is the importance of intellect and thinking for a human being and his/her understanding of the nature of things.
The two issues that are outlined in the book are the definitions of justice and the reasons of being just. Although Thrasymachus stated that this was his explanation of justice, it was not truly intended [...]
Bertrand Russell, a British philosopher and mathematician, in his works, sought to unravel the mystery surrounding God's existence and the foundations of Christianity.
I will also aim to explore the validity of a suggestion that, while pointing out that no one is wiser than Socrates, the Oracle of Delphi meant to say that people are being just as [...]
The main accusations that played a significant role in Socrates' death sentence were the accusations of impiety and corrupting the young people of Athens.
The life and people started to be studied from the perspective of science, not from the religious point of view. This was the period when the meaning and power of critical thinking started to be [...]
According to Locke, the State is placed with the burden of protecting the rights of the individual. He seems to hold a similar view with that of Locke in regards to the equality of individuals [...]
Plato was of the view that Socrates was accused falsely of inciting the youths against the ruling class yet he was the righteous person in society.
In order to form a solid basis on how the two theories visualize the ability of man to reason, it is important to have a valid understanding of the theories themselves.
Plato as well turns off the partition amid the private and the public and he contends for common kids and wives for the guardians in a bid to create a society amongst the rulers of [...]
For example, in the first paragraph, the narrator depicts the serenity that is characteristic of the city in the morning. As the story unfolds, the narrator delineates the reason behind the child's suffering, thereby giving [...]
The new generations must respect that creating new things or ideas must be in respect to the desires of humans and God.
It is apparent that Nagel's account of sexual perversion and the application of his theory omits masturbation, which is a contentious form of sexual activities.
Specifically, the philosopher's idea of metaphysics is described through the review of the scientist's work, The Critique of Pure Reason. Thus, it is claimed that the idea of autonomy concern that was made in the [...]
However, since it is very similar to others and has similar characteristics, a person categorizes it with the rest of the leaves.
In the chapter, the author uses events in Socrates' life to argue against the stigma of unpopularity. Socrates' position is meant to offer consolation to the people who find themselves unpopular as a result of [...]
For example, Aristotle's work raises questions such as, "What is the purpose of human life?", "What is happiness?" and "Why do people do the things they do?" On the other hand, Plato's text raises questions [...]
That being the case, the concept mainly focuses on the relationships between outputs and the targeted inputs. This knowledge explains why the two aspects of materialism will make it easier for individuals to redefine their [...]
According to the author, human actions do not depend on determinism or "free will". I will use this idea in order to promote the best actions.
Furthermore, Thrasymachus' interpretation of justice can undermine the efficiency of the state and deprive the elites of their credibility. This is one of the paradoxes that should be recognized, and Thrasymachus does not speak about [...]
Spinoza affirms that while the philosophical interpretation of the scripture assumes that God/nature is supreme, the religious interpretation assumes that the universe is comprised of two powers: God's power as a person/king and the natural [...]
Before the Greek physicians and philosophers of the Classical Age took up the question of the nature of women, the Greeks had serious attitudes toward women as revealed in their literature.
He claimed that his wisdom was greater than that of other humans which means that the judges and the accusers did not possess any of it for he believed that they were invented people who [...]
In the end of a dialogue or a debate, the truth is supposed to emerge from the clash of the two opinions, and the defeated one is morally obliged to accept the force of a [...]
Locke therefore argues that the real essence is reliant on the nominal essence as it is from the nominal essence that the qualities that define the particular object are derived.
Keeping law and order is thus essential in addition to evading things that are considered to be against the prospects of the society so as to be just, a virtue encouraged by Aristotle.
The law defines the relationship between the ruled and the ruler, the environment and man, and among the ruled. The paper goes a notch high to compare the views of Aristotle on civil relationships with [...]
In particular, he writes that virtue is "a state that decides, consisting in a mean, relative to us, which is defined by reference to a reason, that is to say, to the reason by reference [...]
This should be done with restraint and caution in order not to compromise the validity of modern studies and to avoid bias, as evident in the studies of some historical philosophers in their quoting of [...]
He overlooks other important factors such as the act of feeling them in the most appropriate time, with special reference to the right objects, to the right individuals, with the right intention, and in the [...]
Hall continues to say that, "Gramsci felt the need of new conceptualizations at precisely the levels at which Marx's theoretical work was itself at its most sketchy and incomplete: that is, the levels of the [...]
That is necessary to say that Darwin tried to show the role of Nature and the role of man in our world.
His theory of Seduction Ethics actually begins on what he terms as the production of facts, meanings, and representations of what people are actually made to believe that it is the reality while it is [...]
On building trust at work, employers are required to give minimum supervision to the employees in an effort to make the latter feel a sense of belonging and responsibility.
Their organization is such that the top in the rank consists of all properties of the one at the bottom. The rational soul's ability to reason that is not in the other types of souls.
Aristotle notes that "the attainment of the good for one man alone is, to be sure, a source of satisfaction; yet to secure it for a nation and for states is nobler and more divine".
Later on at the age of eighteen, he moved to Athens to study and this became his home for the next twenty years, after which he moved to Asia after the death of Plato where [...]
The first level appeals to a part of the human soul that focuses on reason while the second part appeals to the part of the human soul that follows reason.