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Philosophy of Science Essay Examples and Topics

Value Judgments in Scientific Research

This is because the inductive risk, or the risk of error in rejecting or confirming a scientific hypothesis, forces scientists to make value judgments.
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  • Words: 560

“The Theory of Complex Phenomena” by F. von Hayek

The fact is that the author is concerned with the search of specific relations between natural sciences and society, the social law in accordance to which it functions, and the nature of particular processes.
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Precis of an Analogical Argument

The premise is that the Gumball candies are similar to SuperBall toys. The second premise is that both the toys and the candies are small and round.
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Stephen Greenblatt’s Concept of New Historicism

New historicism is a conservative, establishment-type of approach to literature involving the strict, historical contextual analysis and background. This means that New Historicism is a modern perspective of understanding past events through the use of [...]
  • Pages: 20
  • Words: 529

Pacifism Philosophy and Technology Use

The philosophers holding the pacifist view also claim that the institution of the military should be reconfigured to prevent any proliferation of arms. Langley on the other hand went out to experiment with the new [...]
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2178

Western Ideologies, Philosophies, and Science

Considering that all the sciences and knowledge as it is the root of the discoveries and observations of the Ancient Greeks, he followed the ideas of the Greek philosophers with enthusiasm.
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Philosophy of Scientific Knowledge

This issue leads us to the necessity of defining something within the scope of the experiment while leaving out the areas not covered by it. What are the values these principles bring to the field [...]
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  • Words: 659

Contextualism in Theory of Knowledge

The knowledge people perceive and present as the truth might be argued from the perspective of the context or situation in which the information is uttered.
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  • Words: 320

Ontology and Epistemology in Leadership Research

In the frames of this research on leadership as a practice, it is impossible to clarify what has been already known, what could be expected, and what lessons could be offered. It is a practice [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1406

Educational Research of Philosophy

Therefore, it is necessary to consider the following questions in the class: What theory of truth should be used by educational researchers?
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  • Words: 581

Value of Philosophy to the Society

As such, in order to understand the value of philosophy to the society, it is important to consider what the focus of philosophy as a study is.
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  • Words: 835

The Logic of Modern Physics

The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the writings of these three scholars and generate three questions that can be discussed in class.
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  • Words: 580

Rene Descartes and David Hume: Nature of Knowledge

Probably the main discursive aspect of Descartes' view on the nature of knowledge is that, according to the philosopher, it is indeed possible for a person to attain a thoroughly adequate understanding of the surrounding [...]
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  • Words: 985

Descartes Philosophy Regarding Knowledge

Descartes' perspective on knowledge is based on the concept of "absolute conviction" which can be described as a surety of belief that is so strong that it cannot be destroyed.
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  • Words: 921

David Hume on Ideas, Impressions, Causality

Hume proposes two main concepts in this book: the concept of impressions and the concept of ideas. Surprisingly, this concept of cause and effect closely resembles the modern scientific ideas of cause and effect.
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  • Words: 560

Epistemic Superiority over Computer Simulations

The first challenge is to explore and determine the source of the epistemic privilege of an experiment. Parke also observed that simulations are seen to have less impact than experiments on the generation of scientific [...]
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2756

Meanings Are Created in Experience

Later the Carthage ruler realized that their people were moving out of the country in much of the fertile land and they, therefore, forbade the movement as it was to depopulate the country hence lose [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1168

Demarcation, Its Problem, Importance, Solutions

In the 21st century, distinguishing between scientific and non-scientific theories has been one of the most complex issues. There has to be a clear definition to establish the scope of a scientific hypothesis and other [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1353

Scientific Paradigms: Theory and Practice

This paper will explore the validity of the above-stated at length while exposing the actual significance of the suggestion that, "Though the world does not change with a change of paradigm, the scientist afterward works [...]
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2815

Knowledge and Gettier’s Argument

Because the process contains an assumption and it happens to be the end result, it does not mean that it is universal and can be applied to all situations and the definitions of knowledge.
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  • Words: 832

Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies

From this point, the purpose of this research paper is to evaluate the current debates on the acceptability of using quantitative and qualitative methodologies and to discuss the possibility of creating the effective integrated inquiry [...]
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  • Words: 2209

Grounded Theory

The sensitivity of the information that is collected in the process of grounded theory research determines the applicability of the developed concepts.
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  • Words: 848

The Role of Paradigms’ Changes

Moreover, the shift to the new paradigm means significant changes in the scientists' perception of the world, and in their scientific 'imagination'; thus, the focus on the new paradigm means changes in the scientists' world [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1458

The Problem of Demarcation

The fact that philosophers and scientists try to find the adequate answers to these questions during long periods of time supports the idea that the problem of demarcation is important to be solved to prevent [...]
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1374

The Duhem-Quine

The malfunctioning of both the background assumptions and the hypothesis may perhaps lead to the falsification, as well as examination of the experimental scientists.
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  • Words: 1406

Inductivist Method of Science

The other one is the mode of reasoning used in order to obtain predictions. The other criticism is that the results of an induction are subject to variations that are in tandem with changes in [...]
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 841

Popper on Corroboration

Popper is of the view that induction belongs to the non-science category. In Popper's view, the best-tested theory remains the best approach to scientific research.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 309

The Philosophical Revolution of Early Seventeenth Century

He promoted the Scientific Revolution to a great extent since he believed that experiments were instrumental in correcting the evidence of the senses and revealing truths obscured by nature."Through the astute use of experiments, the [...]
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  • Words: 1092

Objectivity of Science

On the other hand, the measurement of these methods will form part of the objective test related to the outcome of the facts.
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  • Words: 1392

First Person Perspective as a Way of Acquiring Knowledge

G oals and objectives of an individual is also a tool to self awareness. Though every individual is subject to the external factors that drive first person perspective of self knowledge, individual personalities dictate the [...]
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  • Words: 533

Rethinking a no brainer

Therefore, the occurrence has become so engrained in the minds of the population to a point of causing professionals to do the same.
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  • Words: 3070

Education as Growth

Active habits involve thought, invention and initiative as the basis for new goals as opposed to routine that is an arrest of growth.
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1994

Thomas Kuhn’s Scientific Revolution

The implicit assumptions of a paradigm act as criterion that is used in study or to validate study. A paradigm shift is a radical change in the way science as a study and criterion for [...]
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  • Words: 1483

Thomas Kuhn’s Scientific Revolutions

However, Kuhn notes that, this process of reconstructing and reconsidering assumptions and facts is tedious and time consuming; therefore, he offers a way of creating paradigms in the process of scientific revolution.
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  • Words: 1789

Arguments on the unscientific nature of astrology

Popper emphasis that the entire scientific enterprise is common and natural, by giving the examples of the exploits of a Copernicus or Einstein, which to him make a better reading than those of a Brahe [...]
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  • Words: 860

Demarcation of Science and Non-Science

Therefore, it is impossible to demarcate science from non-science on a case-by-case basis because they are integrated fields of study and knowledge that are interdependent. For scientific field to expand, it must delve into the [...]
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  • Words: 882

Logical Analysis

In spite of the fact that knowledge enhances the intellectual capacity of the people, it deprives them of the ability to think critically about the information that they have amassed.
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  • Words: 1146

Philosophies of Community

Completed and published in 1689, the essay was revolutionary since it was in direct opposition to the traditional understanding of knowledge at the time.
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  • Words: 575

Doubt is the Key to Knowledge

In spite of the infinite reproaches, debates and libels made against his observation, Galilei Galileo disapproved the endured concept that the earth was the epicenter of the world. The untiring doubt might give rise to [...]
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1717

New ways of thinking versus discovery of new data

In the sciences, new ways of thinking often spearhead the detection of new data or facts. A counterclaim made by some individuals to this argument is that the discovery of new facts led to the [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1411

Crisis of the Modern World

This paper therefore seeks to address the crisis of modern science, how and why the religion and metaphysics continue with their long and slow decline as well the role of Romanticism in the crisis of [...]
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  • Words: 1203

Journal on Philosophers

Augustine is concerned about the certainty in knowledge claims especially of knowledge in things that he has never seen or things that were enacted beforehand by predecessors.
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  • Words: 695

Dualism vs. Monism

This is by far the most convincing evidence that we have, which so far supports the model of dualism in our contemporary society.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 564
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