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Philosophy of Science Essay Examples and Topics

The Logic of Modern Physics

The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the writings of these three scholars and generate three questions that can be discussed in class.

Rene Descartes and David Hume: Nature of Knowledge

Probably the main discursive aspect of Descartes' view on the nature of knowledge is that, according to the philosopher, it is indeed possible for a person to attain a thoroughly adequate understanding of the surrounding [...]

David Hume on Ideas, Impressions, Causality

Hume proposes two main concepts in this book: the concept of impressions and the concept of ideas. Surprisingly, this concept of cause and effect closely resembles the modern scientific ideas of cause and effect.

Epistemic Superiority over Computer Simulations

The first challenge is to explore and determine the source of the epistemic privilege of an experiment. Parke also observed that simulations are seen to have less impact than experiments on the generation of scientific [...]

Meanings Are Created in Experience

Later the Carthage ruler realized that their people were moving out of the country in much of the fertile land and they, therefore, forbade the movement as it was to depopulate the country hence lose [...]

Demarcation, Its Problem, Importance, Solutions

In the 21st century, distinguishing between scientific and non-scientific theories has been one of the most complex issues. There has to be a clear definition to establish the scope of a scientific hypothesis and other [...]

Scientific Paradigms: Theory and Practice

This paper will explore the validity of the above-stated at length while exposing the actual significance of the suggestion that, "Though the world does not change with a change of paradigm, the scientist afterward works [...]

Knowledge and Gettier’s Argument

Because the process contains an assumption and it happens to be the end result, it does not mean that it is universal and can be applied to all situations and the definitions of knowledge.

Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies

From this point, the purpose of this research paper is to evaluate the current debates on the acceptability of using quantitative and qualitative methodologies and to discuss the possibility of creating the effective integrated inquiry [...]

Grounded Theory

The sensitivity of the information that is collected in the process of grounded theory research determines the applicability of the developed concepts.

The Role of Paradigms’ Changes

Moreover, the shift to the new paradigm means significant changes in the scientists' perception of the world, and in their scientific 'imagination'; thus, the focus on the new paradigm means changes in the scientists' world [...]

The Problem of Demarcation

The fact that philosophers and scientists try to find the adequate answers to these questions during long periods of time supports the idea that the problem of demarcation is important to be solved to prevent [...]

The Duhem-Quine

The malfunctioning of both the background assumptions and the hypothesis may perhaps lead to the falsification, as well as examination of the experimental scientists.

Inductivist Method of Science

The other one is the mode of reasoning used in order to obtain predictions. The other criticism is that the results of an induction are subject to variations that are in tandem with changes in [...]

Popper on Corroboration

Popper is of the view that induction belongs to the non-science category. In Popper's view, the best-tested theory remains the best approach to scientific research.

Objectivity of Science

On the other hand, the measurement of these methods will form part of the objective test related to the outcome of the facts.

Rethinking a no brainer

Therefore, the occurrence has become so engrained in the minds of the population to a point of causing professionals to do the same.

Education as Growth

Active habits involve thought, invention and initiative as the basis for new goals as opposed to routine that is an arrest of growth.

Thomas Kuhn’s Scientific Revolution

The implicit assumptions of a paradigm act as criterion that is used in study or to validate study. A paradigm shift is a radical change in the way science as a study and criterion for [...]

Thomas Kuhn’s Scientific Revolutions

However, Kuhn notes that, this process of reconstructing and reconsidering assumptions and facts is tedious and time consuming; therefore, he offers a way of creating paradigms in the process of scientific revolution.

Demarcation of Science and Non-Science

Therefore, it is impossible to demarcate science from non-science on a case-by-case basis because they are integrated fields of study and knowledge that are interdependent. For scientific field to expand, it must delve into the [...]

Logical Analysis

In spite of the fact that knowledge enhances the intellectual capacity of the people, it deprives them of the ability to think critically about the information that they have amassed.

Philosophies of Community

Completed and published in 1689, the essay was revolutionary since it was in direct opposition to the traditional understanding of knowledge at the time.

Doubt is the Key to Knowledge

In spite of the infinite reproaches, debates and libels made against his observation, Galilei Galileo disapproved the endured concept that the earth was the epicenter of the world. The untiring doubt might give rise to [...]

Crisis of the Modern World

This paper therefore seeks to address the crisis of modern science, how and why the religion and metaphysics continue with their long and slow decline as well the role of Romanticism in the crisis of [...]

Journal on Philosophers

Augustine is concerned about the certainty in knowledge claims especially of knowledge in things that he has never seen or things that were enacted beforehand by predecessors.

Dualism vs. Monism

This is by far the most convincing evidence that we have, which so far supports the model of dualism in our contemporary society.