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Philosophy of Religion Essay Examples and Topics

Teleological Argument: St. Thomas Aquinas and Kant

The argument, idealistically appeals to the existence of a super-order and implants an overarching purpose in the universe, and contends that the best explanation of the functioning of the order could be adduced in terms [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1339

Problem of Evil and Illegitimate Theodicy

Discussing the first claim, it should be noted that the evil never preceded the good; therefore it should not be taken as if the evil were the first to occur and then as a result [...]
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 834

Calvinism and Wesleyanism: Predestination vs. Free Will

On the one hand, the emphasis on the sovereignty of God has been the source of Reformed piety, the inspiration of the courage, self-sacrifice, and broad humanitarianism that has often marked the Children of Geneva.
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 1956

German and Jews – Mendelssohn and Lessing

The thesis of the paper is "Sacrificing truth for friendship is a way to understand the shortcomings of progress". In this play, Lessing identifies a Jew as a champion of friendship and the enemy of [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1619

Interpretation of the Koran

The holy Book promotes belief in the oneness of Allah, encourages one to indulge in remembrance of Allah, be charitable to the poor, be clean and moral in thought and actions, be honest and fair [...]
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1842

The Argument of Being and Becoming

In summary, becoming is seen as the special case of being. The research on philosophy of being and becoming was confusing in defining the clear distinction between the two concepts.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 613

The Amish Lifestyle and Religion

Dressing style is one of the most confronting aspects of the Amish religion in the sense that they tend to be traditional in their dressing styles and their dressing styles are the most simple ones.
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1886

Comparative Eastern Influence on European Religion

They are based on philosophies that so much influence the life of the people in these regions. Confucianism advocated for social responsibility and that is why it has influenced the people of china for a [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 606

Mencius of Medieval China Analysis

Xun Zi was a Confucian who hailed the belief that human nature is originally evil, and the purpose of moral cultivation is to develop our nature into goodness.
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1244

Buddhism in Koryo Analysis

Although some of the concepts similar to the teachings Buddhism had spread to Paschke and Koguyo, the places inhabited by the Koryo people, the religion preached by Buddha could not be firmly established in two [...]
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 871

Meeting of Buddhist Monks and Nuns

The stupa became a symbol of the Buddha, of his final release from the cycle of birth and rebirth - the Parinirvana or the "Final Dying," the monk explained. He explained that the main Buddha [...]
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2097

Teachings of Buddhism as a Means To Alleviate Sadness

Buddhism, one of the major religions of the world, provides valuable teachings on how to alleviate sadness in life, among others specifically advocating Contentment, Peace of Mind and Love, all of which lie at the [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 789

Minister: Temptations, Blessings, and Rule of Life

The temptation to be relevant is likely to affect the life of a minister in case they forget that serving the Lord and following His Word should be the focus of their efforts and, instead, [...]
  • Pages: 13
  • Words: 3630

Clifford’s and James’ Philosophical Articles

2 Both ideas make sense, and the goal of this review is to compare the opinions of James and Clifford to strengthen an understanding of the connection between beliefs, evidence, and sentiments.
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1676

Faith and Critical Reason Issues

My understanding of faith is close to the definition suggested by Tilley, who argues that faith is the relationship between the person who has faith and that "which one has faith in".
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1410

How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth

It is thus possible to say that the text describes a ritual that is performed by the priest in the name of God to determine if a woman is impure or not to make her [...]
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 842

Fine-Tuning Teleological Argument and Objections

The objection states that the observation that humanity exists is claimed to support the fine-tuning argument. Therefore, the people who use fine-tuning to prove God's existence do not deny the possibility of non-carbon life.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1191

Heroism and the Pursuit of a Meaningful Life

The concept of the meaning of life is a broad and contested topic in the literature. A sense of belonging is an essential facet of heroism and human social life in general.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1175

The Theories of the World Creation

Such a variety of statements on genesis allows people to experience critical thinking in order to choose the most appropriate theory.
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 287

Beliefs and Interests Within the Human Being

The present essay will interpret the themes of belief, attachment, and desire in two books - Bhagavad Gita and The Pillow Book of Sei Sh nagon - through the lens of Aeneid.
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 969

What Is Morality?

The aim of this paper is to contribute to the discussion by attempting to give an insight into what constitutes moral and immoral behavior as well as the relationship that exists between morality and religion.
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 907

Socrates as a Christian Thinker

The third argument that can be employed to discuss whether Socrates was a Christian thinker is the philosopher's loyalty to his people.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1110

Human vs. Divine Ego: What Is the Difference?

Divine ego is part of the mind that reacts to reality by deciding on what options to take in response to life experiences. Human beings, therefore, need to have faith in the Almighty.
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 261

Philosophy. Existence of God: Moral Arguments

However, the natural universe is characterized by gigantic, complex, and fascinating features compared to those of the artificial world. This means that there is no conclusion to a single creator of the universe.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1124

Descartes’ “Discourse on the Method”

In the conclusion of the fourth part of Discourse on Method lies Descartes' paradoxical assertion that the whole process of systematic and rational deduction is based on our assured knowledge of God, however, in the [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 609

Teleological Argument of William Paley

Nowadays, people are more accustomed to the thought that it is possible, but it is still obvious that people had nothing to do with the creation of the world of animals.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 805

The Philosophy Arguments of God Existence

He argues that human beings may not know the identity or the capability of the being that made the watch, but this does not negate the very existence of that being.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1283

Death of the Historical Buddha in Zen Buddhism

The hanging scroll Death of the Historical Buddha is a perfect example of an idiosyncratic subgenre of the nirvana images, which permeated Japanese art in the sixth century after the adoption of Buddhism.[4] The composition [...]
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1676

Wu Wei in Daoism and Zen Buddhism

Therefore, the original ideas and thoughts of Taoism are believed to have influenced the development of Zen Buddhism in China. This discussion shows clearly that emptiness in Buddhism points to dependent origination as the true [...]
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1894

Filial Piety in Zen Buddhist Discursive Paradigm

Nevertheless, there appears to have been a phenomenological quality to the development in question, because during the initial phase of Buddhism's expansion into China this concept used to be commonly regarded contradictory to the religion's [...]
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1902

Daoism’s Influence on Chan Buddhism in China

To comprehend the connection between Daoism and Buddhism and the possible influence of the former on the latter, it is expected to identify the main concepts of Taoism in Chinese philosophy and culture first.
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1885

Philosophy of Science: Approaches on Buddhism

In this view, this research paper aims at understanding the Tibetan monks' practice of feeding the remains of one of their own to vultures, upon their demise, based on the Durkheim and Wittgensteinian's approaches to [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1415

Confucian Tendencies in China and Japan

In West, the term "Confucianism" is used to refer to diverse philosophical movements known in the Japanese history as jugaku, which means "the learning of the scholars".
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1136

Aquinas and Spinoza’s Philosophical Framework

With regards to the first point or the first method to prove the existence of God, Aquinas' arguments focused on the concept of causality, so that God is the first cause or the primary mover.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 975

Taoism and Chinese Calligraphy Development

Chinese calligraphy is one of the premier practices of Chinese art and is considered an essential feature of Chinese culture. The beauty of calligraphy is realized only when we combine the expressions of the words [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1431

Aristotle’s Virtue Theory vs. Buddha’s Middle Path

The purpose of this paper is to review each of the two theories and develop a comparison between them. This term is in contrast to the paths of extremities described by eternalism and annihilationism that [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 323

Religious Pluralism and Tolerance

Therefore, it is possible to state that all religions have the same goal though they may have different tools to achieve it but people should embrace the idea of religious pluralism, as it will enable [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1399

The Medieval Ages Philosophy

It is possible to note that this was due to the need to convey the idea of the God's and the Church's grandness.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 565

Clarke’s Cosmological Argument

To a large extent, Clarke's argument is based on the claim that every single truth is based on the fact that it must be true in the virtue of something that is quite distinct from [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1433

Teleological Argument for God’s Existence

That is, in their strive to prove the existence of God, theologians mainly operate with the categories of logic, which in turn is expected to legitimize the validity of the would-be obtained insights into the [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1121

Bertrand’s Russell’s View on Religion

Specifically, the paper dwells on the origins Russell's agnosticism as well as the major arguments that were provided by the philosopher in support of his theory.
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1393

Where Religion and Politics Cross?

Depending on the specifics of the religion that a certain society professes, as well as the extent, to which the religion in question is followed by the members of the society, the former does have [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 582

Can God and Real Evil Be Reconciled?

Despite the fact that God and the Evil are traditionally opposed in Christianity, the only possible way of handling the evil should be viewed through the reconciliation of the two, since the former, as the [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1441

Teachings of Jesus and Kant

According to the rules by Jesus, there is no need of fixing rules to guide moral judgments because when people are guided by love for each other they do the right things.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 566

Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism

For this reason, all men in the society are required to assist the authorities in the administration of the state. To a Confucian, the state is the guardian of every individual, and should be protected.
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1395

Philosophy of Religion

The major question about this argument is what is the appropriateness and success of using the philosophical tools to show the existence of God in a probable way.
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1208

Rational Approach to the Issue of Belief

In spite of the fact, objecting the position of Clifford, the person can support James's views, and objecting the position of James, the person can discuss Clifford's ideas as relevant, it is possible to provide [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1130

Philosophies of Religion

Theism is the belief in the existence of one God who is the creator of mankind. This 'something' is God's supernatural abilities that explain the cause of everything that exits in the universe.
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2235

Theories about Human Nature: Hinduism and Christianity

Christianity and Hinduism are certainly at the top of the list of important attempts at explaining the origin of the universe and human nature, since approximately 47% of the world's population belongs to these two [...]
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2247

Pseudoscience – creational science

The story of the origin of languages is true because it comes from the Bible, and even though it stands to be criticized, creationists believe it is true because it is in the Bible.
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1878

W. K. Clifford, ‘The Ethics of Belief’

Clifford provided an opinion in opposition to theism where his statements can be put in three points; there is inadequate evidence to believe that there is existence of God, it is incorrect forever, all over, [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 545

Euthyphro Problem

To argue that God loves something because it is pious contradicts theists' belief that, God is the foundation of morality and ethics.
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 838

Belief, Doubt and modern mind

With the efforts to try and find solutions to one of the greatest mysteries, the ancient societies tried to come up with different suggestions that became a foundation for the creation of religion and religious [...]
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1357

Philosophers and the Church Doctrine

First was to provide a form of example to human beings on the right way to live and the second is that the death of Jesus was to provide satisfaction to mankind who had been [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1080

Leave it Empty: Existence of God and Evil

There is a contradiction between the existence of an all-powerful God and the existence of evil. For that reason, the notion that evil and an omnipotent God coexist is debatable.
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 819

St. Aquinas and Averroes

He argues that for an individual to understand about the existence of God, the concept of the artisan has to be applied at which man has to appreciate art in order to appreciate the products [...]
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1815

Belief without Prior Evidence

This is one of the main points that one can make in response to William Clifford's essay The Ethics of Belief.
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1366

An Individual’s Belief is a Private Matter

In Clifford's article "The Ethics of Belief", the author argues that individuals' beliefs are not private matters. In the story of the ship, had the ship not capsized, the owner would have achieved his aims.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 547

Constructive Disobedience.

The Christian religion argues that obedience is one of the virtues that lead to salvation and an afterlife with one's creator. Such a view serves to ignore the entire nature of obedience and disobedience.
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 828

Hick’s Theory of the Attitude Towards God and Sin

In that case, the fall of humans was viewed as a manifestation of the weakness found in human beings. To support that claim, Hick asserted that human beings were created not in the "likeness" of [...]
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 846

Belief without Prior Evidence

In his essay The Ethics of Belief, William Clifford argued that every form of belief had to be based on some evidence or inquiry.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 549

The Clifford And James Philosophies On Beliefs

The most notable aspect of the ideology is the fact that beliefs exist when there is evidence. I strongly believe that the theory, which is based on having sufficient evidence to support a belief, is [...]
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 562

Is Man inherently good or inherently evil?

In conclusion, the question of whether man is inherently good or evil can only be answered within a specific context. People are neither evil nor good and they behave in the way they do, whether [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1106

Kekes and Schwitzgebel on Evil

In the example of the crusade, the main objective of the pope and other Christians is alleged to be eliminating the Cathers and the perfects.
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 640

The logical problem of evil and the freewill defense

The free-will defense as a response to the logical problem of evil will also be covered in the essay as well as how the free-will response demonstrates the existence of evil to be logically inconsistent [...]
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1291