However, the natural universe is characterized by gigantic, complex, and fascinating features compared to those of the artificial world. This means that there is no conclusion to a single creator of the universe.
In the conclusion of the fourth part of Discourse on Method lies Descartes' paradoxical assertion that the whole process of systematic and rational deduction is based on our assured knowledge of God, however, in the [...]
Proteus, a god in Greek mythology, is referred to as the god of 'elusive sea change' and is known to change just as the seawater or water in any container is bound to change shape.
One of the earliest ontological arguments, in defense of the de facto existence of God, is that of Anselm of Canterbury.
On religious beliefs, Clifford advises that belief matters are private and that people have the right to choose whichever religion to believe.
Thus, referring to the cases provided in the paper written by Gettier, it is important to state that in spite of the fact that it is possible to speak about the justified true belief as [...]
Nowadays, people are more accustomed to the thought that it is possible, but it is still obvious that people had nothing to do with the creation of the world of animals.
As for the moral features of God, it is possible to assume that he is evil since he causes many evil events.
Chapter seven of Kupperman's book "Theories of human nature" describes the essentiality of human imperfections to the doctrine of original sin.
According to the philosophy, the infinity of God remains a crucial factor. However, the significance of the philosophy is that it appreciated and emphasized the rational capacity of the human kind.
He argues that human beings may not know the identity or the capability of the being that made the watch, but this does not negate the very existence of that being.
The fight against religion is, therefore seen as a fight against the whole of humanity. The emancipation of Germans is the emancipation of man.
In the creation hymn of the Rg Vega, Aditi is acknowledged to be the god of all gods because he is the creator and has equally been granted the status of five men.
The hanging scroll Death of the Historical Buddha is a perfect example of an idiosyncratic subgenre of the nirvana images, which permeated Japanese art in the sixth century after the adoption of Buddhism. The composition [...]
Therefore, the original ideas and thoughts of Taoism are believed to have influenced the development of Zen Buddhism in China. This discussion shows clearly that emptiness in Buddhism points to dependent origination as the true [...]
Nevertheless, there appears to have been a phenomenological quality to the development in question, because during the initial phase of Buddhism's expansion into China this concept used to be commonly regarded contradictory to the religion's [...]
To comprehend the connection between Daoism and Buddhism and the possible influence of the former on the latter, it is expected to identify the main concepts of Taoism in Chinese philosophy and culture first.
In this view, this research paper aims at understanding the Tibetan monks' practice of feeding the remains of one of their own to vultures, upon their demise, based on the Durkheim and Wittgensteinian's approaches to [...]
I find it most interesting how human societies tend to come up with the idea of the temporal nature of death due to the cycles of seasons and the day and night that they witnessed [...]
In West, the term "Confucianism" is used to refer to diverse philosophical movements known in the Japanese history as jugaku, which means "the learning of the scholars".
With regards to the first point or the first method to prove the existence of God, Aquinas' arguments focused on the concept of causality, so that God is the first cause or the primary mover.
The very existence of the universe and the living creature there in has been the basis of confirmation that God exists. The existence of evil is simply to prove that there is good.
Chinese calligraphy is one of the premier practices of Chinese art and is considered an essential feature of Chinese culture. The beauty of calligraphy is realized only when we combine the expressions of the words [...]
Clifford's essay "The Ethics of Belief", it is difficult to come to conclusion whether it is necessary to believe without arguments or not.
The purpose of this paper is to review each of the two theories and develop a comparison between them. This term is in contrast to the paths of extremities described by eternalism and annihilationism that [...]
The first proposition deals with definiteness of the beginning and the end of the world in comparison to the infiniteness of the world.
Therefore, it is possible to state that all religions have the same goal though they may have different tools to achieve it but people should embrace the idea of religious pluralism, as it will enable [...]
It is possible to note that this was due to the need to convey the idea of the God's and the Church's grandness.
To a large extent, Clarke's argument is based on the claim that every single truth is based on the fact that it must be true in the virtue of something that is quite distinct from [...]
In his work, The Ethics of Belief, Clifford gives the reader the impression that any belief that people construct to guide them should always have enough evidence to support it.
That is, in their strive to prove the existence of God, theologians mainly operate with the categories of logic, which in turn is expected to legitimize the validity of the would-be obtained insights into the [...]
This state of awakening is the highest good that a human being can achieve, and all Buddhists are urged to aspire to achieve it.
To Karl, the key element of religion is that it is a human product."it is man who makes religion, not religion that makes man"; that it is a product of those in power, controlling production.
Specifically, the paper dwells on the origins Russell's agnosticism as well as the major arguments that were provided by the philosopher in support of his theory.
First of all, it should be said that Bhagavad Gita is a part of the great epic of Mahabharata, which is known to be one of the greatest literary works of Ancient India.
Cleanthes' response to Philo when he is challenged on his design argument shows that he is least interested in research about the design hypothesis.
For instance, the argument states that God is a self-existing being, but it fails to provide enough grounds to prove that God really exists.
The article "The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism" gives a powerful argument to support the ideas of atheism based on the existence of evil.
Depending on the specifics of the religion that a certain society professes, as well as the extent, to which the religion in question is followed by the members of the society, the former does have [...]
Despite the fact that God and the Evil are traditionally opposed in Christianity, the only possible way of handling the evil should be viewed through the reconciliation of the two, since the former, as the [...]
According to the rules by Jesus, there is no need of fixing rules to guide moral judgments because when people are guided by love for each other they do the right things.
The concept of rebirth is also absent in Daoism and individuals are asked to lead a life that is in harmony with nature.
For this reason, all men in the society are required to assist the authorities in the administration of the state. To a Confucian, the state is the guardian of every individual, and should be protected.
With the above highlights on postmodern plural approach to religion and Ratzinger's "dictatorship of relativism," the paper confirms that indeed it is true that postmodern and plural approach to religion lead to a dictatorship of [...]
While this was a problem to that person, it educated the rest of the people on the dangers of drug use.
To use Hick's allegations on the existence of evil as a plan of God is confusing to Christians. It is in this view that Hick traces back the reason of sinning to God.
The major question about this argument is what is the appropriateness and success of using the philosophical tools to show the existence of God in a probable way.
In spite of the fact, objecting the position of Clifford, the person can support James's views, and objecting the position of James, the person can discuss Clifford's ideas as relevant, it is possible to provide [...]
Thus, it is logical for the aesthete to choose the aesthetic way of life and the ethicist to choose the ethical way of life.
Theism is the belief in the existence of one God who is the creator of mankind. This 'something' is God's supernatural abilities that explain the cause of everything that exits in the universe.
Ivan maintains that the world is unjust and, therefore, he cannot accept God's world if it allows the continuation of evils such as the suffering of children.
Traditional yoga is the epitome of spirituality for it seeks to cease the agitation of the consciousness. The spirituality of yoga is concerned with the human condition and how to manage the flaws of humanity.
This paper will discuss the problem of evil, state the main claims that have been argued by John Mackie and Alvin Plantinga, and show some of the arguments that other scholars have raised with regard [...]
They believed that the best way to ease the pain they felt as a result of the loss was to revenge the death of the Germans.
Christianity and Hinduism are certainly at the top of the list of important attempts at explaining the origin of the universe and human nature, since approximately 47% of the world's population belongs to these two [...]
The story of the origin of languages is true because it comes from the Bible, and even though it stands to be criticized, creationists believe it is true because it is in the Bible.
Clifford provided an opinion in opposition to theism where his statements can be put in three points; there is inadequate evidence to believe that there is existence of God, it is incorrect forever, all over, [...]
To argue that God loves something because it is pious contradicts theists' belief that, God is the foundation of morality and ethics.
God is omnipotent and it is impossible to reject it under the statements of evil's presence. God is unable to create a world where everything is good, as it contradicts the idea of personal choice [...]
The argument implies that the superior being is as a result of the existence of the cosmos. Mackie argues that theism's argument on the existence of God and evil is not consistent.
With the efforts to try and find solutions to one of the greatest mysteries, the ancient societies tried to come up with different suggestions that became a foundation for the creation of religion and religious [...]
First was to provide a form of example to human beings on the right way to live and the second is that the death of Jesus was to provide satisfaction to mankind who had been [...]
The restoration of religious institutions to earlier principles is necessitated by the retrogression in the same. Finally, the restoration of a religious institution to earlier principles has many positive effects.
There is a contradiction between the existence of an all-powerful God and the existence of evil. For that reason, the notion that evil and an omnipotent God coexist is debatable.
He argues that for an individual to understand about the existence of God, the concept of the artisan has to be applied at which man has to appreciate art in order to appreciate the products [...]
This is one of the main points that one can make in response to William Clifford's essay The Ethics of Belief.
The world is full of hardship that Hick considered not to have been made by a perfectly benevolent and powerful God.
In Clifford's article "The Ethics of Belief", the author argues that individuals' beliefs are not private matters. In the story of the ship, had the ship not capsized, the owner would have achieved his aims.
The Christian religion argues that obedience is one of the virtues that lead to salvation and an afterlife with one's creator. Such a view serves to ignore the entire nature of obedience and disobedience.
In that case, the fall of humans was viewed as a manifestation of the weakness found in human beings. To support that claim, Hick asserted that human beings were created not in the "likeness" of [...]
One of the main reasons why it is impossible to trust without sufficient evidence is that all people have a different vision of life and situations, therefore, being good enough for a person, the issue [...]
In his essay The Ethics of Belief, William Clifford argued that every form of belief had to be based on some evidence or inquiry.
The most notable aspect of the ideology is the fact that beliefs exist when there is evidence. I strongly believe that the theory, which is based on having sufficient evidence to support a belief, is [...]
Answering the question of the origin of evil, John Hick accentuates the peculiarities of the soul-making project and the necessity of evil for the development of the humans' souls with references to the possibility of [...]
In conclusion, the question of whether man is inherently good or evil can only be answered within a specific context. People are neither evil nor good and they behave in the way they do, whether [...]
In the example of the crusade, the main objective of the pope and other Christians is alleged to be eliminating the Cathers and the perfects.
The free-will defense as a response to the logical problem of evil will also be covered in the essay as well as how the free-will response demonstrates the existence of evil to be logically inconsistent [...]
The universe is perceived as the creation of a supernatural being and hence there are devotional practices and ritual performances that are directed towards the relationship between people and the superhuman being and a set [...]