Philosophy of Religion Essay Examples and Topics

Can God and Real Evil Be Reconciled?

The battle between the good and evil has always fascinated people’s minds. Millions of books were written on the clash of the two forces, thousands of movies were shot to disclose the scale and the grandeur of this fight. In fact, many religions include a description of the absolute good and the absolute evil, the […]

Teachings of Jesus and Kant

The process of making moral judgment is guided by rational principles, which are based on teachings of Jesus and Kant. According to Jesus, people should not judge others lest they be judged too. The principle is usually misinterpreted to mean that it is wrong to make any moral judgment. Jesus urged people to do to […]

Asian Philosophy: Concept of Samsara

Introduction Eastern religious philosophy is regarded as the oldest and most advanced in the world. The major philosophies of Buddhism, Confucian and Daoism have influenced the oriental civilization for centuries. This philosophies purport to offer answers to the great questions of life and death. By following them, people can understand life and death better and […]

Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism

Confucianism is a traditional form of ethics that was developed among the Chinese people during antiquity. Confucius, a Chinese teacher, taught his followers various things about living in a society (Harwood 52). Other influential people such as Jesus of Nazareth did their teachings in a style similar to his. However, Confucius lived more than five […]

Postmodern Plural Approach to Religion and Ratzinger’s “Dictatorship of Relativism”

Introduction Postmodernism is a cultural movement that comments on the foundations and assumptions that make up most philosophical postulations especially modernism. Postmodernism was preceded by modernism, which can be described as a cultural movement that cuts across many different fields by moving away from what can be described as the traditional past of artists and […]

Personal Philosophy on Heaven and Hell Themes

Jonas is a fellow student who I met after joining college. He is very smart and has interesting philosophies. He came from the southern part of the country where he grew up on a farm. Later on, he moved to the city where he attended high school. In a philosophy class where each of us […]

Hick allegations on how a perfect God might allow evil

John Hick is a contemporary philosopher who sheds light on theodicy. Hick’s view on soul-making is one that agrees with the Augustinian theodicy. According to Hick, the project of soul-making is a worldly-based conception. This concept implies that the world is the ideal place designed by God for soul-making. Hick adamantly argues that the world […]

Philosophy of Religion

Introduction This paper is a critical analysis of the philosophy of religion. Philosophy of religion addresses the existence of God and seeks to find out what God is like. The most important aspect of philosophy of religion is if God exists and what God means to us (Collins 43). Each one of us ponders these […]

Rational Approach to the Issue of Belief

The question of people’s beliefs can be discussed from many perspectives. The issue of God’s existence is closely associated with the problem of believing in God when there is no sufficient evidence. From this point, William Clifford and William James’s arguments are significant to be discussed in the philosophical and religious contexts. Clifford and James […]

The importance of religion in eitheror

Either/ or phrase explains two possible situations. It has its roots from Kierkegaard’s critique of the Hegelian philosophy, for its contradiction in solving of solutions, involving a hypothesis that a thesis evolves into an antithesis and that the two results into a new thesis. He disputed this contraction to the truth and law and claimed […]

Philosophies of Religion

Introduction The human population has a sizeable variance regarding the image and location of God. This is determined by the demographic characteristics and the religious beliefs (Swinburne, 2003). Theism is the belief in the existence of one God who is the creator of mankind. In this belief, God controls the organization of the entire universe […]

The Pragmatic Superiority of Existential Atheism

Arguments for the belief and existence of God are, all too often, ontological endeavours that eventually run aground by predominant worldviews or other such complexities. In the history of philosophy, we rarely witness the adoration of a particular belief that comes without the hidden intention of persuading others into accepting, or being persuaded by, an […]

The disconnect between tradition and contemporary practice in yoga

The practice of yoga dates back to ancient Indian philosophy. It uses a system of mind and body control to achieve liberation from the vices associated with the weakness of the human body and mind. Traditionally, yoga practices were meant to unite the human body with the divine. The postures involved in yoga (asana) were […]

John Mackie and Alvin Plantinga Arguments on the Problem of Evil

Introduction The problem of evil has been defined by different scholars. Polkinghorne (14) defines it as the process of reconciliation between evil and good. The problem of evil, therefore, tries to show that there is no logical way in which good and evil can exist in the way they are presented in religion. This paper […]

The Mourning Process: A Critical Analysis from Different Perspectives

Introduction Life is regarded as a cycle that has distinct phases from when it starts to when it ends. The cycle starts from conception and leads all the way to the death of an individual. Each of these phases is characterized by emotional reactions and such other elements. Death is the culmination of an individual’s […]

Theories about Human Nature: Hinduism and Christianity

History has proved that since the dawn of mankind, people have had the tendency to make theories about the world around them, and to try to explain their own relationship to that world. Such theories, or creation stories, as we usually call them, are usually so speculative that at the beginning of the 21st century, […]

Pseudoscience – creational science

Introduction Pseudoscience refers to a set of theories, methods, or beliefs that are based on authoritative text yet wrongly considered as scientific facts. There are several examples of pseudoscience and among them is creation science (Kaiser 9). This paper is, therefore, an in-depth analysis of creation science as a pseudoscience by looking at the various […]

W. K. Clifford Essay, ‘The Ethics of Belief’

In the W. K. Clifford essay, ‘The ethics of belief,’ he stated that creating a belief is the right way and subject of true ethical significance. Clifford provided an opinion in opposition to theism where his statements can be put in three points; there is inadequate evidence to believe that there is existence of God, […]

Euthyphro Problem

Introduction The Euthyphro problem is a dilemma that seeks to delineate the relationship between God and piety. The dilemma is about whether something is inherently pious or dependent on God’s perception. According to Hardwig, Socrates inquires from Euthyphro whether something is pious because of God’s love or God loves it because it is pious (263). […]

The Problem of Evil: Rational, Reasonable, and Scientific Explains

Introduction As a philosophical issue, dealing with the Problem of Evil is fundamentally a matter of refining definitions. It means that the apparent contradiction between the existence of Go3d and the presence of Evil should be dissolves. It is important to consider those natures differently, do not try to create opposition between them. God is […]

A Response Paper to H.J McCloskey’s “On Being an Atheist”

Introduction The article ‘On Being an Atheist’ is a thoughtful piece that discredits the arguments poised by theists as being inadequate. Written by a great philosopher, McCloskey engages the reader with his intellectual critic approach of theists over atheists. He argues that most people who believe in God either do so blindly or lack adequate […]

Belief, Doubt and modern mind

One of the oldest and most influential beliefs in human history and in the creation at large has been the belief concerning the origin of life and universe and the different theories that tried to give an explanation to the origin of life and the universe. With the efforts to try and find solutions to […]

Philosophers and the Church Doctrine

Introduction Philosophy has in most cases contradicted theological works particularly the church doctrine and the scriptures. From the thirteenth century, there emerged a large number of philosophers whose writings and ideology constantly clashed with the church doctrine. These philosophers most of the time raised strong arguments to support their claims about God, religion, the Bible […]

The Meaning Of Machiavelli’s Claims On The Survival Of Religious Institutions Or State

Machiavelli asserts that for a Religious institution or state to survive, it is obliged to frequently restore its original principles (Machiavelli 1). According to him, deterioration in character and observation of religious norms are inevitable. This is evident in most cases if the institution fails to undergo a significant restoration to its earlier principles. He […]

Leave it Empty: Existence of God and Evil

Many philosophers and atheists believe that a loving God should not let His children suffer. Explaining the logical problem of evil, Horner states that evil and good cannot coexist. For that reason, if God exists, then, there is no evil. Likewise, if evil exists, then, God is a fairytale. Existence of evil is, therefore, the […]

St. Aquinas and Averroes

Introduction Summa Theologica, is one of greatest literature written by St. Thomas Aquinas. He focused on issues concerning philosophy and religion. Despite the fact that he cited principles from many religions, Summa Theologica is highly associated with Catholic belief. Decisive Treatise, was written by Averroes and focused on outlining Islamic laws based on philosophy. Averroes […]

Belief without Prior Evidence

William Clifford’s famous essay The Ethics of Belief is aimed at showing that it is immoral to believe something without sufficient evidence because unjustified opinions can pose a significant threat to others. In his work, the author demonstrates that in some cases, a person’s conviction can imperil the lives of many people; therefore, one has […]

God is responsible for the continuation of evil

Introduction The essay on the problem of evil has been a focus of argument since the sixteenth and the eighteenth century. The argument about the theodicy problem in the early modern philosophy was as a result of the new scientist’s dream. The dream was about a perfect science that could explain everything on the surface […]

An Individual’s Belief is a Private Matter

In Clifford’s article “The Ethics of Belief”, the author argues that individuals’ beliefs are not private matters. The author illustrates this argument using a set of two stories that involve religious views and ship voyage into the sea. The author supports his argument based on the incidents that occur in the two stories. The author’s […]

Constructive Disobedience.

Most people in the contemporary world regard obedience as a virtue. However, the dilemma with obedience is that a person may have to accept wrong orders from a superior in an organizational or any other setting. In this phrase, wrong means going contrary to one’s responsibilities and beliefs. By obeying the orders, a person relinquishes […]

Hick’s Theory of the Attitude Towards God and Sin

Many Christians usually find it difficult to explain how both good and evil coexist at the same time. This fact makes this issue a popular subject for many Christian and non-Christian philosophers. On the other hand, their points of view result in arguments. One of the philosophers who have contributed to this debate is John […]

Clifford/James on Whether and When It Is Ok to Believe without Sufficient Evidence

Clifford/James argument is devoted to the issue that there are cases when people have to believe the information without additional arguments and proofs. This statement cannot be agreed on as there are no cases when people are to believe others without supportive arguments. It is possible to accept the evidence without any arguments, however, one […]

Belief without Prior Evidence

In his essay The Ethics of Belief, William Clifford argued that every form of belief had to be based on some evidence or inquiry. Moreover, in his opinion, it was unethical to suppress ones doubts and accept the ideas of others for granted. This paper is aimed at evaluating Clifford’s claims. It will also examine […]

The Clifford And James Philosophies On Beliefs

Introduction The Clifford and James philosophies on beliefs have various elements attached to their assertions. The most notable aspect of the ideology is the fact that beliefs exist when there is evidence. The theory emphasizes on the need for justification to support every belief. Numerous words have been used to describe the assertions. The most […]

Is Man inherently good or inherently evil?

The Webster dictionary defines good as that which is virtuous, pious and excellent and evil as that which is morally wrong (Strodtbeck, 1990). For many years, psychologists, scientists and philosophers have been grappling with the challenge of identifying if man is inherently good or evil. Attempts to answer the question effectively are faced by a […]

Kekes and Schwitzgebel on Evil

Introduction There are various definitions and conceptions of evil as brought out by Kekes and Schwitzgebel. One of the conceptions brought out in Kekes’ aork is the notion that any ideology that has an external affiliation, such as religion, is justifiable and can therefore not be considered as evil (12). Crusade In the example of […]

The logical problem of evil and the freewill defense

Introduction The purpose of this essay will be to evaluate the logical problem of evil and free-will defense. The aspects that will be focused on in the essay will be the logical problem of evil where the concept of God and the key attributes that are in conflict with the existence of evil will be […]

Philosophy vs. Religion

According to the American heritage (1), philosophy is the love of wisdom and a study that tries to identify the essential principles of various arts and sciences together with the environment in which the arts and sciences operate. Its is a broad concept with various branches each dealing with specific issues, for instance, epistemology which […]