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Ethical Philosophy Essay Examples and Topics

The Difference Between Act and Rule Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism emerged as a systematic theory at the end of the eighteenth century with the philosophical works of Jeremy Bentham, who created the "greatest happiness of the greatest number" formulation of the principle of utilitarianism.
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Bentham’s Utilitarian Theory of Value

Utilitarianism is a moral hypothesis postulating that a suitable strategy focuses on the general good of the majority in society. The difference between the two forms of utilitarianism is thus rooted in a distinction concerning [...]
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Models of Ethical Decisions

Given the intense rivalry between the two brothers on who to donate the kidney to the ailing dad, and the chilling revelation of their mother on the paternity of the younger brother, it is convenient [...]
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Kant and Singer on Morals

This means that before engaging in an action against a human or a nonhuman, it is proper to consider the interests and include them in the calculus of rightness.
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Cloning: Ethical Questions

The discovery of DNA and its role in predetermining the physical and mental subtleties of one's existence, allowed us to realize that it is now only a matter of time before we are going to [...]
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Ethical Theories in Works Great Thinkers

This is as opposed to examining the consequences of the act itself or the character of the actor. One of the strengths of Kant's theory is the fact that he safeguards the justice of the [...]
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Moral and Rules: Comparison and Contrast

In most cases, people evaluated their moral conduct concerning rules; conduct is considered to be moral if it is by rules and wrong if it is against the rule.
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Philosophy of Merit and Desert Distribution

Surely, there is much injustice in our world, and nobody will argue this fact, but the question is in what would be if everything were equal and all people got merit and desert according to [...]
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Philosophy : The Power of Ideas

More than thirty years ago, one of the most interesting philosophers of the twentieth century, Hans Jonas, discussing the problems of the experiments on human, outlined the necessity to limit the appetites of "number-hungry research [...]
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Kant’s Opinion on Morality

Kant basis his principles of moral ethics on rational procedures and distinguishes the concept of duty from the "self and others" asserting that all actions must be performed only out of a sense of duty [...]
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The Golden Principle of Ethics and Its Arguments

It is on such a basis that this paper observes the various aspects of this very important principle in morality and its influence on the various systems and ecologies in the lives of humanity as [...]
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Aristotle’s – The Ethics of Virtue

Ethics is not a theory of discipline since our inquiry as to what is good for human beings is not just gathering knowledge, but to be able to achieve a unique state of fulfillment in [...]
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Act Utilitarianism: Term Definition

The theory advocates for actions that bring a large amount of pleasure and little pain to the majority of the people or rather the course of actions that maximize happiness and minimize pain by considering [...]
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Moral Being and Vicious Individual by Kant

This, therefore, means that any moral being is allowed by Kant's moral reasoning to enter into a relationship with an individual based on the goodwill of the individual rather than the vicious nature he is [...]
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Foundations and Concepts of Ethical Relativism

Ethical relativism has to be based on the overall ideas of the individual and it has to be intrinsic such that all the necessary changes or the responsibilities can be adhered to.
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Ethical Systems According to Different Authors

The Republic explains the plan of the Euthydemus: to reveal and clarify the matters of good. Understanding is, questionably, significant and adequate for the regulation of motive in the spirit.
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Kant’s Ethical Theory: Rational and Free Choices

Another theory that Kant criticized is the view of Baumgarten wherein it states that God is the author and the legislator of all the natural obligations because HE was the one who made the world.
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Care Ethics: Role of Feelings and Reason

The ethics of care recognizes that human beings are dependent for the most part of their lives and dependent people have a pressing moral claim to care in order to live and progress.
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Person Virtuous Behavior

For an action to be considered virtuous, it must originate from an individual and be in the self-interest of whoever is claiming to be virtuous.
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Kant’s Deontological Ethics Review

Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals underlines that autonomy acts as the link between the analysis of morality and the moral will and free will.
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Mill’s vs. Kant’s Ethical Theories on Lie

Stuart Mill's utilitarianism and Emmanuel Kant's deontology, to answer the question is it acceptable to lie to my friend to spare her feelings if the lie would not cause great harm?
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Ethical Philosophy. Moral Relativism

The idea that man is inherently selfish and is motivated only by his fundamental needs is not a new one. The idea is that any act of a human being requires some basic motivational factor.
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Ethical Egoism vs. Altruism Theory

In philosophy, egoism is the theory that one is self is or should be; the motivation of one's action. This divergence can be explained further using the following features of the concept of ethical egoism: [...]
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Utilitarianism vs. Moral Relativism

If to assume that moral relativism is true, then it is impossible to discuss good and bad outside the specific situation. Thus, their actions were morally wrong according to the assumptions of moral relativism.
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Philosophy: Aristotle on Moral Virtue

Both virtue and vice build one's character and therefore can contribute to the view of happiness. Therefore, character education leads to happiness that is equal to the amount of wisdom and virtue.
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“Virtue Ethics and Adultery” by Raja Halwani

In my opinion, that in the context of marriage and adultery, there is a connection between love and sex. According to Halwani, adultery is permissible in situations where the partner does not demonstrate fidelity, including [...]
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Socrates and the Root of Evil

The philosopher's inquiry into the nature of human morality was closely tied to the examination of how one could live his or her life in the most fulfilling manner.
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Ethical Theories and Nepotism Relationships

Relating to the ethical theory of ethics of justice to nepotism, it should be mentioned that justice is considered to be fair on the basis of various human considerations.
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Moral and Contemporary Philosophy

The philosophical utilitarianism view explains why morality is everybody's concern and elucidates the "nature of the reasons" behind any moral act.
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Socrates: Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living

By saying that "unexamined life is not worthy living", Socrates was referring to freedom, a state of making choices about your surrounding, a state of choosing your destination, having the freedom to criticize issues, setting [...]
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Aristotle Philosophical Perspective

To understand the connection established by Aristotle between a good life and a rational one, it is first necessary to discuss the concept of good used in the Nicomachean Ethics.
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Morality of Friedrich Nietzsche and Alasdair MacIntyre

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Self-deception is the nature of moral judgments because relying on a set of rules that is universal for everyone, regardless of how limiting, presupposes the control over the people's actions and the security of the [...]
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Professional and Business Ethics

The primary objective of the project is to investigate the aspects of this philosophical approach applied to ethics and use it for analyzing real-life examples of actors operating in professional and business environments.
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Professional and Business Ethics: Basic Issues

Kant's second formulation encourages people to treat each other with respect and not to make use of each other because a person is to be valued and not the things he or she can do [...]
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Utilitarianism, Kantianism, Virtue Ethics, Egoism

Quote: The amanagers of a corporation must take responsibility to fulfil their duties to their stockholders and to the public'. According to this normative theory, the utility can be described as anything that is related [...]
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Thomas Aquinas’ and Emanuel Kant’s Moral Philosophy

Since human beings have rationality that is generated from God, they possess natural law that enables them to perceive what is morally acceptable."Aquinas emphasizes that human acts should be based on reason which is intrinsically [...]
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Immanuel Kant’s Moral Theories

If I were to say the truth in the questionnaire in order to preserve my moral integrity and fall in line with the Police Code and Kantian standards for morality, I would be compelled to [...]
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Kohlberg Dilemma Matrix

Another characteristic of this stage of moral speculation is that the speculators mostly view the dilemma through the lens of consequences it might result in and engage them in a direct or indirect manner.
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Ethical Theories and Christian Tradition

As for the Deontology theory, its primary absolute is the proposition that rules and obligations define the morality of various actions as perceived by people.
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Ethical Naturalism in Hursthouse’s “On Virtue Ethics”

Thus, Hursthouse's approach to discussing the ethically relevant aspects in the life of human beings with the focus on ethical naturalism is convincing because the philosopher assumes the difference in people who can be good [...]
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Consequentialism and Human Rights

Ethics is a moral code that governs the behavior or conduct of an activity."Ethics is thus said to be the science of conduct".
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Immanuel Kant’s Views on Lying

Responsibility and accountability are the facets of morals, the consequences of your actions should be borne by you alone and no one must suffer or gain favors in the name of a lie.
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Euthanasia: Moral Rationalist View

Human beings rely on the available evidence to generate beliefs about life and goals that should be attained, and thus the use of reason leads to success in these objectives.
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Ethics Types, Differences, Applications

To be more particular about the two types above of ethics, virtue ethics can be defined as the type of ethics that "focuses on the character traits and nonobligatory ideas that facilitate the development of [...]
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Justice in Ethics: Thomas Hobbes and John Rawls

The actions of people are considered moral or immoral based on the assessment of the consequences of such acts on the people engaged in the acts and the people who are affected by the acts.
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Ethical Models and Non-Human Entities

For instance, one can mention Peter Singer, who argues that it is necessary to accept the ethical responsibilities of a person to non-human animals.
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Strong Encryption and Universalization Principle

There is a kind of ethical dilemma, and Kant's Principle of Universalization offers one of the possible solutions to treat strong encryption as a morally permissible concept that is wrong to prohibit or make obligatory.
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Machine Ethics: Essence and Rationale

Discussions and arguments in this area seek to establish a rationale for machine ethics in order to facilitate the construction and rationalization of ideas and thoughts in support of counter-arguments.
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Ethics of Emergencies: Ayn Rand’s View

For example, if you are faced with a gang of hoodlums who want to kill you and the only option you have is killing one of them to escape, then the "ethics of emergencies" allow [...]
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Environmentalism Theory in Ethical Philosophy

The ongoing drought in many parts of the world is attributable to the changes in climate. Due to the high temperatures experienced in various parts of the world, the ice is likely to melt, and [...]
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Aristotle’s Ethics Conception and Workplace Relations

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is one of the ethical writings that have spurred understanding of ethics of work place relations. A critical discussion in the Nicomachean Ethics provided by Aristotle is the argument and conversation over [...]
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Niccolo Machiavelli’s Philosophy

According to Machiavelli, it is the duty of the prince to protect his realm and to further enhance his sovereignty. He asserts that a prince should not be generous when spending the State's wealth as [...]
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Nietzsche’s Notion of Slave Morality

Nietzsche praised the master moralities as the strong values that lead to onward development and evolutionary growth of mankind while he blamed the slave moralities for the weak and decadent nature of the society.
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Michael Sandel’s Objections to Utilitarianism

The moral and intellectual pleasures were considered to be "highest pleasures", and the experiences, that caused satisfaction of flesh were considered to be "lower pleasures". The pleasures of the majority, in that case, are considered [...]
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Defensive Approach: Utilitarianism

The utilitarian attitude towards rights is that the moral 'right' is built on the basis of utilitarian aspects, especially on the principle that seeks to reduce pain and suffering of living organisms.
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Ethical relativism concept

Indeed, just as societies have different frameworks for assessing the ethical or moral implications of their actions, it is equally important to acknowledge that these ethical and moral actions are also subject to time adjustments.
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Human Dignity and Bioethics

The current paper is a critical analysis of the controversy surrounding the issue of human dignity and bioethics. On the contrary, it is the ability of the individual and the society in general to set [...]
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Particularim as a Direct Consequence of Holism

Essence of generalism and particularism, and atomism and holism as the outcomes of their debate Jonathan Dancy is one of the fist philosophers, who makes an attempt to define particularism and generalism from one and [...]
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Philosophic Dilemma

This is because, given the fact that Utilitarian theory's foremost theoretical premise is being concerned with the notion of amaximization of benefits' 1, it will only be logical, on my part, to assume that the [...]
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Utilitarianism theory

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This argument has led to the development of the second premise in the theory, which states that in order for actions and decisions to qualify as right and moral, they must appeal to the happiness [...]
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Fear and Trembling

To a great extent, this feeling belittles a human being, and in the long term, this emotion can only lead to the bitterness of the individual who is a subject of pity.
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Utilitarian Analysis and Stakeholder Analysis

In this case, the happiness of the customers and that of John count the same. On the other hand, the stockholders who own the company are in pursuit of profits and anything that acts contrary [...]
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Philosophy of Human Conduct

The aim of the paper is to reveal the nature of human conduct from the philosophical point of view. That is why, the nature of human conduct is a difficult aspect of a human being.
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The Basis of a Moral Judgement

One of the tasks of moral philosophy is to discover the binding principles of behaviour among humans. Therefore, moral judgement is merely a formation of the mind and is susceptible to sentiments.
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Epictetus and Epicurus

It is possible for one to live in a state of tranquility or ataraxia when one limited oneself to the necessary and natural things of life.
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Utilitarianism Theory

At the center of the utilitarian argument that shifts from the concern we physically have for our personal feelings of pain and pleasure, to others feelings of pain and pleasure, is the belief that this [...]
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Principles of Utilitarianism

At this point, the utilitarian theory is also associated with the tools that can provide individuals and community with happiness through recognition of felicity as the foundation of all human actions.
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Ethics is not Based on Religion

That is they believe that religion is the bedrock of ethics and that religious persons are individuals with immense moral principles.
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Euthyphro: Concept of Holiness and Piety

According to Burrington, Socrates was to attend a court hearing in which Meletus accused him of distracting the attention of young people from believing in the gods that the state religion recognized.
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Humanity Theories

Second, the theory of deontology embraces the concept of duty and adherence to rule. However, this theory does not refer to physical happiness, but that of the mind and soul.
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Famine, Affluence, and Morality

He claims that giving a certain amount to Bengal would result to suffering of individuals and their dependants, which will correspond to the suffering he relieved in Bengal.
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