Eco-Tourism and Eco-Cities

The earth is evolving at a remarkable rate. It is also changing rapidly. To many, evolution refers to better species and strength. However, change also refers to negative things. The major cause of change and evolution is human interaction. The rising population of mankind has also led to physical changes, like the building of cities […]

Early Climate Change Science

Available literature demonstrates that, although early climate change science has its roots in the early 1800s, it has nevertheless continued to influence modern-day thinking on climate change and related concepts, including the greenhouse effect and global warming (Nierenberg, Tschinkel & Tschinkel 319). The present paper traces the contributions of early scientists such as Joseph Fourier, […]

Changing Water Resources

Though each of the watersheds in the estuaries and coastal areas is distinctive, they are all under threat from the effects of global warming (Gönenç 178). As such, several forces have contributed to the degradation of these watersheds. A number of these result from human activities that speed up global warming. Environment and land alterations, […]

Pesticide Contamination

Introduction Dan Olmsted and Mark Blaxill wrote the article about the new evidence on Tics and Toxins. It was written in July 2012. In the month of September 2011, schoolchildren at Leroy Junior-Senior high school were affected by tic disorder. Eighteen students were affected and after tests, the State Health Department reported that they had […]

The Possibility of Ecologically Sustainable Forestry

Introduction Forests should be managed in an ecologically sustainable perspective which entails management of forest ecosystems, wood production as well as non-timber values. There is need of maintaining integrity of the ecosystem through establishment of wide range and even distribution of forest structures, species composition as well as biological diversity (Swanson and Franklin, 1992). Ecologically […]

Industrial Ecology

Industrial processes have varied impacts on the environment. Depending on the intensity of these environmental impacts, these processes can be streamlined to ensure sustainability of resources within the industrial set up. (Ayres & Ayres, 2002) Industrial ecology is an environmental agenda where industrial systems are modified to enhance sustainability of resources and limiting environmental degradation. […]

“Eco-Warriors” by Rik Scarce

“Eco-Warriors” is a book that investigates the actions of environmentalists using both historical and philosophical accounts. The author of this book is Rik Scarce a sociologist at Skidmore College and he refers to the several environmental organizations in this book. This paper provides a review of Scarce’s book in the view of the effects that […]

Ecological Footprint Analysis

After taking the “ecological footprint quiz”, it has occurred to me that human beings are no longer living in a sustainable world. The footprint analysis is one of the best tools that can help people reexamine their assets and resources. The obtained results explain that human beings are consuming more resources than their planet can […]

Toxicology Field

Site Overview The derelict site was hitherto used by two industries, which have remained nonfunctional for the past sixty years. There are 100 drums buried underground and, unfortunately, their contents are not indicated. The drums show a sign of cracking and a, strong pungent, smell is felt in the air at the site. This must […]

A Sustainable Management for the Conservation of the Galapagos Islands Ecological System

The Galapagos Islands are one of the archipelagos renowned as one of the most beautiful places in the world, “the ecological and evolutionary processes characteristics of the Islands have been minimally affected by human activity. However, due to the impact of human activity, such as tourism and fisheries management, for example, the archipelago is recognized […]

Recycling in the UAE

Recycling allows people turn waste materials into something new and useful. In such way, we gain the opportunity not only to save our environment but also to reduce utilizing of raw materials. Car recycling is also dedicated to these purposes. More than 70 percent less energy is used to recycle metal instead of making new […]

Going Green in the GCC?

Renewable energy technologies now have become representatives of a common source of energy. The benefits of using this measure are unrivaled due to its environmentally friendly origin and reduction of resource usage. Over the past decade, the renewable energy distribution has expanded tremendously, thus inducing growth in all sectors. The presented report not only draws […]

Spill off from Fossil Fuel Based Powerplant Affecting a Local Ecosystem

Bhanarkar, A. D., Gajghate, D. G., & Hasan, M. Z.  (2003). Assessment of impacts of a fossil fuel based power plant. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 60(4), 325-333. Type: Research Paper Main Argument/Research Question:The main argument of this particular research paper is that fossil fuel powerplants produce a significant degree of pollution which creates a negative […]

Environmental Protection Agency and Transportation Standards

EPA Regulations and the Impact on Transportation Standards The objective of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is to establish a program that helps to minimize the greenhouse gas emission. The agency works in liaison with other organizations like the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to enhance fuel efficiency. The growth in international trade has […]

Nitrate and phosphate pollution of freshwater ecosystem: Sources, impacts and cost effective measurements

The Effect of specific land use practices (sewage treatment, arable farming, livestock farming) on the dispersal of these pollutants to surface waters. The nitrogen cycle has a problem in that human beings are contributing to twice the nitrogen entry into the land-based nitrogen cycle (Vitousek et al, 1997). The alterations due to human domination have […]

Chloramine in Drinking Water: When the Threat of Pollution Emerges

Introduction: The Significance of the Issue In the age when the environmental awareness has become an integral part of everyone’s life, the issue of drinking water pollution causes considerable anxiety and demands immediate solutions. Unfortunately, in the light of the recent conducted researches, the fact that drinking water is being polluted by large amounts of […]

Applying ecological theory: Agricultural degradation of tropical forest ecosystems & restoration of exhausted agricultural land

Introduction Anticipating change in the planetary system and especially the biosphere has become a modern preoccupation. The need to know, and to know instantaneously, what is happening to different ecosystems across the globe has brought ecologists out of corners of research departments into the limelight. Mass media and the culture of open access to information […]

Ecological effects of the release of genetically engineered organisms

Introduction There are adverse ecological effects of genetically engineered organisms in the environment. However, they have varying effects on the environment. Nonetheless, both natural plants and animals are affected by these side effects. However, apart from the side effects on animals and plants, there are general degradation of the ecosystem that results from the associated […]

Carbon Dioxide and Greenhouse Effects

Introduction Scientists have attributed greenhouse effect or global warming as a significant factor, which is causing climate change and threatening the existence of humanity and other forms of life. Scientist argue that, greenhouse effect occurs when greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), chlorofluorocarbons, methane, and water vapor accumulate in the atmosphere and shield the […]

Empowering and assessing social change of Local communities through participatory action research

Introduction The researcher hopes to make use of the participatory action research (PAR) technique to gather the necessary information to facilitate in the implementation of the current project. This will result in the generation of useful information that will in turn enable the community and project implementers to examine the developmental needs of the current […]


The earth goes through different climates, normally based on temperature and precipitation differences. Most of the organisms found on the earth’s surface have developed mechanisms to adapt to different climates, though some climatic conditions are too harsh for these animals. Drought is one of the worse climatic changes since it does not only interfere with […]

Agriculture versus Forestry

When making a choice on whether to develop land for farming or forest growing purposes, a number of innumerable factors ought to be considered. Agriculture entails apportioning land to food production and keeping of animals while forestry involves devoting land to the growth and generation of forests. It is imperative to consider some aspects when […]

Measure of biodiversity

In simple terms, biodiversity is the number and variety of both plants and animals species within a given ecosystem which can range from a small habitat to the entire planet earth. It is the “sum total of all biotic variation from the level of genes to ecosystems” according to Andy Purvus and Andy Hector in […]

Environment Sustainability

The class lessons taught about environment sustainability. Sustainability of environment refers to the ability of the world’s natural resources to satisfy our needs without becoming exhausted. This is because human beings continue to extract resources from the environment without managing the disposal of the waste that is created after the useful resources have been refined. […]

Carbon fiber

Introduction Carbon fiber consists of fiber of about 5 to 10 μm in diameter made of mostly carbon atoms. Carbon fiber is made from mainly Precursor and other materials. Polyacrylonite constitutes 90% of the carbon fiber produced while 10% is from rayon or petroleum pitch (Kroschwitz, Jacqueline & Howe-Grant, 1993). In some cases polyacrylonite is […]

Ecosystem Report (Geelong Botanic Garden)

Introduction Ecosystem comprises of biotic and biotic factors that are present in a given environment. The biotic factors are the living organism such as microbes, plants, and animals, while the abiotic factors are nonliving components like water, air, rocks, soil, sunlight, and topography. The interaction of biotic and abiotic factors in a certain environment occurs […]

Natural Resources Economics

Sharks are disappearing from the ocean because there is the lack of effective regulations and laws to control the overly fishing and aspects of the international trade which can often be based on some illegal points. The problems in ecosystems and the popularity of sharks’ meat among consumers also affect the issue. This problem can […]


Introduction The sum of all living organisms residing in an ecological environment forms a community. In the community, the living and non-living factors interact in a manner that ensures balance in the environment. The aspect of the living organisms-both plants and animal, sharing an environment forms an ecosystem. An ecosystem is always in a dynamic […]

The Particular Features of the Ecosystem in the Fitzroy Gardens

Introduction Different types of ecosystems constitute the biosphere that is why people can find themselves within various ecosystems which function according to many ecologic laws. That is why, it is important to examine properly the qualities of ecosystems. According to Hollar, “an ecosystem consists of a biological community and its physical environment” (Hollar 2011, p. […]

The impact of logging and deforestations on an ecosystem

Introduction The ability to understand and address the effects of deforestation and logging forms the basis towards sustainability of resources, greater social-economic development, political stability and ecological sanctity in the fast globalizing society. Deforestation is not a one state issue as it was previously thought. In fact, it is a highly diverse aspect with far […]

Life Cycle for a plastic bottle

Plastic bottles Plastic bottles have become a popular packing option for many soft drinks manufacturers, including soda drinks (Hill, 2010). The increased environmental awareness among many consumers has resulted to an increase in concern for plastic bottles’ product life cycles. Curran (2012) asserts that the product life cycle for a plastic bottle commences with the […]

Tourism and Ecosystem

This paper aims at describing the impact of tourism on the ecosystem. This paper will begin by defining tourism and the ecosystem. Thereafter, it will give examples of how tourism affects the ecosystem. This paper will then sum up its discussion by providing a number of recommendations. According to Jax, “an ecosystem is a community […]

Endangered Species

In the past, widespread federal and private poisoning almost led to the extinction of the gray wolf in the United States (Goodall & Hudson, 2009). After it was listed among the endangered species in northern America, the government and animal conservationist spent millions of dollars in ensuring that this endangered species regained its initial population […]

River Clean-Up Project

Due to increased rate of dumping of dirt in the Community Rivers, students should carry out a river clean-up project (Crews, 2002). This involves removal of the solid waste dumped in the water and purification of the already dissolved materials (Crews, 2002). Community clean up will also be included in the project, whereby students will […]