Using Infrared Technology to Determine the Hydrocarbons in Contaminated Soil

Literature review A number of literature reviews have been documented on using infrared technology to determine the hydrocarbons in contaminated soil. Ten literature reviews will be utilized in the research below. Their reliability had to be checked to ensure that they are scholarly. A New Perspective to Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy asserts that spectroscopy focuses on […]

Oil and Gas Drilling Industry

Introduction This essay presents an overview of the Oil and Gas drilling industry. Some of the peculiar aspects of this industry are the price unpredictability of oil. The industry grows in a cyclical way and is largely oligopolistic. The industry is money and labor intensive thus only companies or individuals with access to huge capital […]

Definition of a physical geology term: Sedimentary Rock

Introduction Rocks are divided into three major types, viz. sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. The geologic reactions occurring on the Earth only cause minute alterations to the landscape in a given lifetime. The changes become evident after millions of years. Though gradual, the geologic processes can reduce a mountain to a plain. The geologic processes lead […]

Geology and its Significance

Introduction The field of geology has been in existence over several centuries. In spite of the recent developments, the precept of this science remains the same. Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the elements of geology in terms of career, qualities of a good geologist, geological solution to using spring water, and the […]

Geothermal Project in Eden

Introduction The increasing global population has mounted a lot of pressure on natural resources to expand and sustain economic development. The energy sector is a notable industry that has contributed immensely to the growing pressure for natural resources (Bargh, 2012). Consequently, many economies have tried to adopt sustainable ways of maintaining energy production. One such […]

The Asphalt History

Introduction The composition of crude oil is infinitely varied and complex. This is because of the several components that can be derived from crude oil after the separation process of distillation. However, the components derived from crude oil vary with the original location of the crude oil (Barth, 1962, p. 56). For instance, crude oil […]

Eldorado springs

This report discusses and interprets mountain front, foothills and the plains geology of Eldorado springs (Gerdner, 9). It gives a description of the soil formation in the area. The map and tables give detailed data of the area. Problem definition What is the guide to engineering soil in a site? Review of the existing literature […]

Earth Atmospheric Evolution

Introduction Because of forces that are beyond human control, the earth’s atmosphere has been undergoing gradual changes, a process called evolution. It is evident based on historical facts as laid by archeologists and geologists that all the constituents of the earth have changed with time. This change can be realised upon considering the various geological […]

Scoping report for the earthquakes in New Madrid, and Fulton City, Missouri

Introduction Earthquakes are not a new phenomenon in the U.S.: numerous parts of the country experience them. They are cause stress accumulation in the underground rocks. The accumulation of this stress is a clear indication of the slow but constant movement of the earth’s outermost rocky layers. These are large sections of which move about […]

Geophysical surveying used in the search for magnetite and hematite irons ores

Summary This literature review deals with examples of geophysical surveying technique that are used in the exploration of hematite and magnetite iron ores. The examples dealt with in this literature review include gravity methods; which defines the anomalous density in the earth surface. This method has the capability of predicting total anomalous mass. Another method […]

Geology: Introduction and Overview of Methods

Introduction Numerous studies have revealed that the development of Sweden during Weichselian glaciations presents a challenge to scholars. In particular, the assessment of the period has revealed that the Late Weichselian period has contributed greatly to the appearance of straits and inter-fjord areas, which is sufficient evidence for the given research(1). Due to the fact […]

Grand Canyon Geology

This is a great feature in the world. It is in the list of the most scenery worldwide. The formation of the Grand Canyon “ Grand Canyon formation occurred an exceedingly long time ago. However, no one is pretty sure of how its formation took place. Nevertheless, geologists come up with some guesses about this. […]

Environmental Geology

Introduction Erickson (108) notes that it is important for any country or region to be aware of disasters that can occur and be prepared against them. Lack of proper disaster preparedness skills may lead to major calamities in the event of risk. Hence, this is the reason why there are myriad of risks and calamities […]

Geology of California

California’s Fossil, Rock, And Mineral Composition California is known to have a rich history of fossils, rocks and minerals. However, the state is known to mainly posses oceanic fossils such as the rich accumulation early mammal fossil such as the turtle fossils which are found in many of the state’s national parks. Most of the […]

Latest Japanese Earthquake

The latest Japanese earth quake is the Tōhuku earthquake which occurred in March 2011. It is also referred to as the Great East Japanese Earthquake. The earthquake had a magnitude of 9.0 on Ritcher scale occurring at 14:46 Japan Standard Time (JST) on Eleventh of March, 2011. The earthquakes epicenter was approximately seventy two Kilometers […]

The Use of Fracking

Introduction As a result of the ever-increasing demand for natural gas, over the recent past numerous organizations have ventured into exploiting shale deposits for natural gas using the fracking method. Basically, this method entails sinking of boreholes and creating fractures in the bedrock layer using a fluid (a solution of water that is mixed with […]

Erosion and Deposition

The breakdown of the earth’s surface into fragments or segments is known as erosion. The agents of erosion include gravity, water, wind or animals. These agents carry the weathered rock sediments and particles from one location to another. The transportation of the eroded soil materials is called deposition (Berhe 4). Erosion can occur where these […]

The Erosional and Depositional Landforms that Result from Rivers and Glaciers

The forces that the earth possesses have the ability of moving tectonic plates, in turn, creating volcanoes and ranges. These forces whose energy is obtained from the sun, have the ability of destroying mountain chains. This paper aims at discussing numerous erosional and depositional landforms, which appeared as a result of glaciers and rivers. Some […]

The Processes of Erosion and Deposition Help to Reshape the Landscapes Produced By Uplift and Other Tectonic Processes

Erosion occurs when water runs through the rock. The ice and strong wind blow away soil, transferring it from one place to another, leading to transformation of landscapes. The water runs carrying away particles of soil changing the shape of existing rocks. The fragments of rock with ice pass through the surface of the earth […]

Erosion and Deposition

Introduction Different landscapes, like plateaus, plains and mountains, arise as a result of different processes. They include glaciations, wind, weathering, erosion and deposition. Erosion and deposition have been termed as one of the major forces behind landscape types. Erosion usually occurs after weathering. Weathering is the process where rocks are exposed to water and air […]

Land Feature of Texas

Introduction 230m years ago, all the continents were merged into one gigantic and enormous uniform supercontinent called Pangaea. (Johnson, 2006) The gravitational and conventional forces beneath the surface of the Earth forced the crustal layer of the Earth to divide and drift apart forming the presently existing continents. As they drifted away from each other, […]

The Rocks of Grand Canyon

Abstract The Grand Canyon is the second largest canyon in the world. The region has attracted a lot of tourists from various parts of the world for different reasons. Tourists come to this region for many reasons. Some of the tourists are scholars, while others are just holiday makers. The rocks of Grand Canyon were […]

Natural Resources: Diamonds

Botswana is a country found in Southern Africa that is ranked among the highest diamond producers in the world. The tremendous growth in Botswana’s economy over the last three decades is attributed to its valuable diamonds. There are very few countries that produce diamond and this therefore makes diamond to be among the most valuable […]

Kyanite Geology

Introduction In their mission to understand nature, geologists have managed to identify thousands of minerals and mineral deposits that are spread worldwide. Following these discoveries, it has been necessary to come up with effective methods to facilitate identification and differentiation of various mineral types . Kyanite is a mineral whose occurrence and properties have been […]

Tsunami’s Causes

Introduction Tsunamis are series of the ocean waves with very long wavelengths, hundreds of kilometers away, being brought about by various processes like sub marines, landslides, glacier calving, volcanic eruptions, meteorite impacts but greatly by earthquakes. It is formed in the ocean and big lakes. Tsunami originated from the Japanese words ‘tsu’ meaning ‘harbor’ and […]

The Difficulties in Exploiting Sea Floor Massive Sulfide Deposits

The discovery of underground mineral deposits is always seen as an opportunity for economic emancipation. However, the difficulties involved in exploring the minerals have been the greatest obstacles to the full exploration of sea floor mineral deposits such as sulphide. The first challenge is in locating an active ridge spreading area. The location of an […]

Why the Central Saudi is Rich in Oil

A geological survey of the central Saudi Arabia reveals a lot about its structural transition and rock compositions that make it the world’s largest reservoir of oil in the word. Specifically, central Saudi Arabia consists of the world’s richest oil fields that are concentrated in the Greater Ghawar province whose Paleozoic and Jurassic systems of […]