It must be kept in mind that the two kinds of the Arabic language, the standard one, and the vernacular Arabic, are unlikely to merge further on.
Some of the courses that I took included curriculum development and assessment, language reading acquisition and research, teaching in a pluralistic society, and the English linguistic. In these classes, I gathered methods and tactics to [...]
The reason behind this is the fact that English has been considered for long as a foreign language in the Expanding Circles and therefore only suitable as an official medium of communication with the native [...]
The "How do you do?" utterance is a manner of formal greeting between the acquaintances and traditional response to this expression would be the same "How do you do?" Obviously, the Englishman, intending to greet [...]
These include the daily duties discussed, the domain of the ELT which is mainly educational, the medium mostly used in the presentation of ELT programs that are to be 'spoken', the mode that is a [...]
The statement of the problem should also be included; this is a summary of the problem to be investigated, that is, diglossia in the teaching of Arabic as a foreign language.
Due to the growing body of research on the issue of grammar proficiency and processes involved in grammar acquisition, the project is aimed at showing which approach to grammar improvement is the most viable, and [...]
This is perhaps the reason why at the end, critics of time like Jose Luis Borges were forced to accept that time is real and that time is needed by all especially when it comes [...]
Thus, the majority of the interviewed students claimed that the concept of global citizenship is applicable to a person who treats the humankind as a whole and believes that people should emphasize that they belong [...]
Studies Devoted to Gloss Use The impact of glosses usage on the performance of the learners of English as a foreign language has been researched in numerous studies.
At the end of the lesson, the learners showed competency in speaking and pronouncing the English words taught in the most appropriate manner.
Since the result is crucial in teaching, an educator is to be able to measure the performance of the learners, their improvements, strengths and weaknesses and this is where testing is necessary.
Here, the story is told and there is certain return to the beginning of the story. This section is the end of the story and reference to the point mentioned at the start.
Lack of inclusion of teachers and learners in the development of EFL teaching materials in the KSA has resulted in poor relations between teachers and the materials.
The issue of misinterpretation in language use is tricky because it is likely to have several valid interpretations of one utterance.
The main tasks of the investigation are as follows: To identify the reasons of why the Saudi Arabia community is an appropriate research choice; To define multilingualism as an important factor in the discussion of [...]
There are primary schools that have such programs to enable the non-citizens to get used to the English language and be able to adapt quickly to the new system.
The theory called the ethnography of speaking, offered by Dell Hymes, will be used to situate the problem of multilingualism and its effect on children's language behaviour as it helps to comprehend the components of [...]
The examination of the pros and cons of the CC and standardized testing will generate a clearer mental image of the effects of the CC particularly on teachers.
First, it is critical to have school-wide commitment to the needs of students who are not native speakers of English. Apart from that, it is critical to remember about the use of best methods in [...]
While examining the stages of the new language's development with the focus on the concrete social group, the researchers are able to resolve the dispute on the role of culture and nature in forming the [...]
Most of the similarities are in the domain of lexicon, but the differences are located in syntax and phonology. The category of velar sounds is quite rich in Cantonese.
Considering the following quote from Fries' paper: "The most efficient materials are those that are based upon a scientific description of the language to be learned, carefully compared with a parallel description of the native [...]
In order to properly study the effectiveness of the research and improvement methods, many more aspects of the individual characteristics and social life must be taken into consideration.
Taylor argues that an evaluation seeks to test the ability of the learner to understand how the language works and to test the level of proficiency in that particular language.
The aim of the plan is to utilize the legend of the Mayans to depict to the students the way science evolved through the ages.
Among the most common practices in the Christian fraternity, which, for the purpose of this paper, can be classified as magical, one could mention the practice of speaking in tongues. Can the practice of speaking [...]
According to Alatis, the language of children vary a great deal when they talk to their peers, and when they talk to the adults.
Morphology is a linguistic term that refers to the process of identifying and describing morphemes, parts of speech, intonations, affixes, and root words of a language. This knowledge is important in the improvement of reading [...]
The research results state that the process of literacy instruction is hindered to an impressive degree by the misunderstandings between teachers and students due to the language issues.
The set of articles reviewed in the present work provide a deeper understanding of the connections that a language has with the reality on any level, the functions that it plays in reflecting the human [...]
Role of adjectives in Russian Due to the differences in language structures, the role of different parts of speech in Russian and English also differs.
I like you and want to be with you. Now I do not want to go either', 'And i did not like that at all.
The present study is the actual replication of the study of Chang on the analysis of developmental pragmatics and evolution of speech acts of L2 learners with the increased proficiency levels in English.
Most of the signs and codes are recognised by all as living in one and the same society we seem to have the similar vision and interpretation of those signs.
The problem becomes even more obvious and hard to cope with when it comes to dealing with the similarities and differences between Semitic languages, which the Arabic one belongs to, and the Indo-European language family, [...]
An example of an analogy is the relation of ones situation to "a fish out of water". An example in this case is the use of the phrase "sure as death", to refer to a [...]
It is a good way to attract tourists and to serve them to increase the profit of the organization. It is more important whether this language can meet the needs of the speakers referring to [...]
The purpose of this report is to show the benefits of learning more than one language among kindergarten children. The purpose of this report is to analyse the benefits of learning two languages among kindergarten [...]
The study by Eckman and Iverson focuses on the way how the contrast between [s] and [ ] is manifested in the native languages of the participants.
Where the Theory Is Applicable I believe the major concept of the Skopos Theory is very important for a translator as it helps to achieve the major goal of translation, i.e.to make an original text [...]
This paper is a critical review of semantic primes within and across languages, particularly of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage theory developed by Anna Wierzbicka, a Polish and Australian linguist who is engaged in linguistic semantics, [...]
Whichever reason it may be, the important thing that a writer should realize is that it is normal to make errors in the first attempt.
However, to discuss the aspects of bilingualism and multilingualism, it is necessary to focus on the factor of the social motivation and psychological peculiarities of the ability to use two or more languages for interactions.
The perception of the world depends on human culture as in most cases cultural and traditional aspects influence people from their birth and it presupposes the formation of their vision of the surrounding reality based [...]
The excerpt "the problem of speech genres" explores the infinite diversity of speech. In addition, the excerpt argues that style is complex and that it determines the nature of the grammar used in a specific [...]
Spelling is considered to be one of the invaluable components of orthography and also prescriptive component of the language of the alphabets.
Muller, it is possible to come across a number of different metacommentaries used by the author with the purpose to make sure that the readers can correctly understand the reasons of the elaborated information and [...]
In spite of the fact that L1 has a role to play in students life, it is imperative to mention that English for academic purposes is very crucial not just to outshine in academic field, [...]
In some cases, it may force the listener to make guesses based on the context of the speech to develop a meaning because the speaker could be pronouncing a word in a manner that is [...]
As noted from the name of the technique, the core of the task based technique in language learning is the task itself.
There are those who argue that use of authentic materials in teaching listening is more beneficial both to the learners and to the instructors as compared to the use of scripted materials.
Its important to note that the same style that is used in the US, UK and other countries that have English, as their first language is not the same that is used by learners taking [...]
Moreover, the investigation is constructed to determine the differences in perceptions of the strategies by foreign language teacher and by Asian students, for the effect carried by the practice of these strategies may differ from [...]
This means that the program is specific to the task in hand The major strength of this article is the fact that it gives a detailed account of the developments of ESP since the 1960s.
In this case the students will be taught predominantly in English, which is the language that the students will be in the process of acquiring.
To him, hedges are phrases or words that weaken or soften the force in the way of saying a certain idea".
It is therefore believed that similarities and differences in various languages play a significant role in the acquisition of the second language, the more the differences, the difficult it is to acquire the second language [...]
In cases where the interlocutor is of higher social status, the effect to the informant would be either that of aspiration to illustrate same social status to that of the interlocutor's or one that is [...]
Identifying Characteristics of Taxi Drivers as Learners of English for Specific Purposes The group of students includes taxi drivers who will need to meet the existing standards of the language proficiency.
In the article, the author seeks to enhance the understanding of anaphor agreement effect. To strengthen the perspective of argument marking, Shiraki shows the different roles that case and agreement play in the context of [...]
Some unaccusative verbs contain a theme and specify the location or state of the intended meaning of the verb, such as in the word 'go' which shows a location.
In this respect, Smith-Sutherland focuses on the culture of the Second Language learners and, thus, the researcher emphasizes the critical perspective of ethnographic research.
The essay Imaginary Homelands describes the plight of the writers in the Diaspora as they attempt to reconnect with their homelands.
It is important to consider structural differences evident in the English language in order to understand how the norms of communication and ways of speaking differ for Arabic speakers learning the language.
The paper delves into the characteristics of the theme as highlighted in the theory and the problems with the SFG Notion of Theme.
Different results have led to the explanation of the language acquisition patterns that are revealed by children and adults of the first and second language.
This text aims to find the correct definition of the term 'bilingual', by identifying the characteristics that define a bilingual, the distinctions caused by the different times a language is learned, and whether learning a [...]
Extensive reading will also enable the learner to develop an affinity to the second language and; hence, will be able to master the use of the language in context.
The girl will understand the smile to mean the German visitor is interested in the girl. Noam Chomsky explains that the secret to the innate language is syntax.
This is because learning the second language involves learning new things or aspects about the language. The third and last phase is a product of first and second language learning.
Through the use of this concept, the metaphor is understood better and meaning of the source and target is easily understood. The conceptual metaphor theory is useful in the understanding of the vital components of [...]
Understanding the practical structures of sentence interpretation has been an area of intense research for over a century, and interest in the basis of language and sentence processing is as old as the initially documented [...]
Language is said to be a system that tries to place meaning to a word, but for people to agree on a word in relation to the intended meaning, then there must be the universal [...]
It is used as the verbal means of communication and is the native language of almost all groups that can be classified as Arabic speakers in the world.
The IELTS tests are available in over 800 centers and locations in 130 countries of the world, and are accessible internationally.
This is due to the high level of understanding that exists between the individual who is sending the information and the one who is receiving it.
One of the most significant studies on the role of CPH in the acquisition of a second language was that conducted by Johnson and Newport.
However, this is part of the reason why it is very difficult to establish standards used in explaining English swear words into Arabic.
The author contents that a strong ending of a presentation will be a plus as it will leave an impact to the audience.
Teacher's Evaluation of Student Performance Assessment is an inherent component of a learning process and teacher's task here is to be consistent in marketing students' achievement pursuant to the material as well as approaches to [...]
The attitude that teachers have on the use of L1 to teach L2 influences the performance in teaching the new language.
The second language is often taught as a foreign language, alongside or after the acquisition of the first language. The teacher's exposure to the language and activities used in learning in and out of class [...]
Therefore, the main objective of the study centers on assessing the influence and impact of local language in the administration of expatriate firms in Saudi Arabia.
For example, the phrase better is commonly used to demonstrate that a particular product is superior over other rival products that fall in the same category.
The dimensions of variations in the sociolinguistic paradigm includes the adoption of theoretical aspects such as the concept of function, stylistic and social meaning, variation and linguistic change, bi-directional relations between the synchronic and the [...]
Most studies on the effectiveness of translation focus on the competence of the translator and the ability of the communicator and the translator to develop some element of synchronization in order to be effective.
The main focus of the study discussed in this paper is the analysis of the contact between English and Arabic languages in Egypt.
In the 1990s, the latest developments in nation-building have begun emphasizing a corporate outlook and regionalism directly related to the use of the English language."The younger generation is tied to the pragmatics of English-knowing bilingualism [...]
It is also evident that the writer has an attitude towards the subject matter since the audience can easily identify with both the mood of the writer and the text itself.
However, the presenter of a speech genre is free to use accent to express individuality and is capable of mixing genres from diverse spheres.
The ways of how descriptivism and prescriptivism are applied to English reading and writing, the dialects of English, which are inherent to the chosen community, and the examples of dominants dialects will be discussed in [...]
The main focus of the project is to analyse the phonological, structural and lexical features of the American dialect. In terms of the phonological distinctness of General American English, the group found out that the [...]
The above observation was also apparent in the study by Benseman, Sutton and Lander who explained that, the involvement of the learner in the teaching allows students to increase their use of first language literacy [...]
The following is an example of a contextual assumption from the journal: "I enjoy reading novels about romance and thrillers because I am drawn to the suspense created by writing styles in thrillers and also [...]
The aim of this report is to discuss the problem of the endangered languages preservation taking into account the historic and cultural conditions of their development as well as the impact of the modern time. [...]
This is because the latter statement does not necessarily refer to the material used to build the house but to the ownership and occupancy of the structure.
At this point, the teach calls it "the end" of the first round, helps the students to identify the remaining mistakes if any and call for the second group which will be assigned a new [...]
Al-Saidat's article of the phonological analysis of the English phonotactics among the Arabic English learners is a study that aimed at examining the phonotactic issues connected with learning the English language by the Arabic English [...]
After making communication easy, it is advisable to use the language of the listener to say, "I do not speak much of that language".