Following Descartes' argument, the mind is independent of the body yet eye witness testimony relies on a judgment that has to be internalized as memory on the mind.
The above factors are completely out of our control thereby affirming the fact that we do not act out of free will. Essentially, we may seem to have free will but our actions and decisions [...]
On the other hand, dualism denies physicalism, or that the physical facts of human bodies do not determine the composition of human beings.
One of the most notable cases is a contradiction between David Hume and Descartes who shared different views based on what they did perceive of the body and the mind of an individual.
Another confine that can be used to explain the solutions in tragedy is that the solution must contain elements of pain and pleasure at the same time.
The Republic was the Plato's apology, in which he discussed the principles of the state and different kinds of the state structure.
As for the Deontology theory, its primary absolute is the proposition that rules and obligations define the morality of various actions as perceived by people.
The very existence of the universe and the living creature there in has been the basis of confirmation that God exists. The existence of evil is simply to prove that there is good.
Plato thinks that knowledge is a guide to perform practical actions while true beliefs only in certain cases may lead to practical actions.
The following paper will evaluate the presentations in support of Plato's conception of Eros, by using a different approach in understanding appearance and reality and their influence on love, fate and eternity."The Consolation of Philosophy" [...]
As a perfect example of thought-provoking and emotional movies, My Own Private Idaho can affect people's political sensibilities and represent politics and power in an unfavorable light: no positive patterns connected with power and authorities [...]
They include the view of justice that forms the basis of Socrates' criticism and the reason why the philosopher found Cephalus and Polemarchus definitions and views of justice unsatisfactory.
The reasoning and ideas of Parmenides have been of great significance in the modern world as far as teaching and the quest for knowledge are concerned.
Thus, Hursthouse's approach to discussing the ethically relevant aspects in the life of human beings with the focus on ethical naturalism is convincing because the philosopher assumes the difference in people who can be good [...]
Chinese calligraphy is one of the premier practices of Chinese art and is considered an essential feature of Chinese culture. The beauty of calligraphy is realized only when we combine the expressions of the words [...]
Clifford's essay "The Ethics of Belief", it is difficult to come to conclusion whether it is necessary to believe without arguments or not.
It is in the ally of the state for through its leaders to maintain a status and to achieve power and secure its goods.
Among this view's foremost weaknesses is named the fact that it is based upon the philosopher's belief in the existence of God.
The purpose of this paper is to review each of the two theories and develop a comparison between them. This term is in contrast to the paths of extremities described by eternalism and annihilationism that [...]
As a result, the thinkers wanted to make sure that the society is a better place by advising the human race on how to live according to expectations.
The strong conviction in own rightness thus deprives of the opportunity to comprehend the vastness and beauty of life and to wonder.
Nicomachean Ethics is one of the most significant works of the prominent ancient philosopher, dedicated to the analysis of the moral purposes and virtues of a man.
A critical review of the book, Ishmael an adventure of the Mind and Spirit, shows how the author of the book presents themes in an appropriate manner.
It is in the form of a dialogue. Arjuna is the prince of Pandava.
Buddha's response to the speculation as to whether death marks the end of life is explained by referring to death as a rite of passage to another stage and not the end of living.
Chesterton, in his work The Fallacy of Success, also cogitates about this very issue, underlining the fact of uselessness of these books and outlining his own ideas connected with the issue of success.
The writing of the text is easy to read and understand, and it is not overfilled with unnecessary words. The view of this book depends on what a reader is expecting to receive from it.
As a result, it was regarded as a problem that arose from the pernicious view of a bhikkhu named Sati, addressed as the son of a fisherman, over the Dharma taught by the Blessed One [...]
To begin with, emotions do not always guarantee that a person will make a judgment that is beneficial to the entire society. It will be a subjective moral decision that is likely to be detrimental [...]
Euthyphro's second proposed definition of piety is that "what is dear to the gods is pious", and he is sure that this definition is appropriate.
Additionally, it is possible to say that it is not just a religion, however, it is the way of life and philosophy.
However, the evolution of society and human thought resulted in the increased efficiency of cognition tools and the appearance of new ideas to describe the main regularities according to which the world and universe function.
It is essential to note that the nature of the society goes ahead of the family and the individual. In this regard, it is possible to follow the teaching of Aristotle concerning modern community organization.
In the 21st century, distinguishing between scientific and non-scientific theories has been one of the most complex issues. There has to be a clear definition to establish the scope of a scientific hypothesis and other [...]
Ethics is a moral code that governs the behavior or conduct of an activity."Ethics is thus said to be the science of conduct".
Any delay could cause the loss of people's lives, and the financial and reputational losses to the airline and partner companies would be enormous.
The neo-Kantian theories seem to present a view that is founded on pessimism in the contemporary world that is marked by the politics of dominance.
Based on the theories set-up by Freud and Erikson, it is evident that they gave an imminent approach to other psychoanalysts.
Responsibility and accountability are the facets of morals, the consequences of your actions should be borne by you alone and no one must suffer or gain favors in the name of a lie.
The first proposition deals with definiteness of the beginning and the end of the world in comparison to the infiniteness of the world.
This is done so that in the end there is a way that the individual can be able to conquer or attain the trust of the other party.
A product of Frankfurt School, the critical theory was established in the 1920s, later reviewed in the 1950s, and returned to throughout the post-war history of political philosophy.
Holistic, a term used by the writer, is appropriate as the nature of the writing tends to elaborate the idea of describing the concepts of knowledge as a whole and the differentiation of parts that [...]
Although it is possible to consider Aristotle as the first political scientist with references to the aspects of discussing political science in the context of the political philosophy, a lot of researchers also determine the [...]
In answering the question on when the government is justified in compelling its citizens to obey the laws, he observed that the conflicts in achieving the desires could be controlled by the obedience of the [...]
Plato used the analogy of the sun, the line, and the cave in explaining the living conditions of prisoners in the cave.
Although the idea of searching for the meaning of life does not seem original enough, the difference between the common meaning of life and the essence of life for each and every individual is worth [...]
Kant also recognized goodwill as the only absolute good; he refused to accept that the notion of goodwill could be established by referring to a tangible good.
In other words, Freud's thesis is premised on the fact that body is the main principle for distinguishing between the outside and inside impacts through the pressure imposed on the nervous system identifying physiological stimulus, [...]
Being one of the independent systems in the organism, the enteric nervous system takes control of the digestive process and does not have to report about the processes to the brain.
Human reasoning is the ability of the human mind to utilize some part of the universal reason, and therefore is intangible and separate from the body.
The principal idea resides in the presumption that the support of the use of force is determined by the political views of the respondents.
One of the basic virtues of a human being is to be rational, and it enhances all other virtues. A human being must have the ability to select his actions, goals, and values carefully for [...]
Therefore, it is possible to state that all religions have the same goal though they may have different tools to achieve it but people should embrace the idea of religious pluralism, as it will enable [...]
Human beings rely on the available evidence to generate beliefs about life and goals that should be attained, and thus the use of reason leads to success in these objectives.
Even though knowledge is often forced upon people, especially children, and due to the deficiency of the human mind, knowledge is biased.
In this light, this paper seeks to support the argument that knowledge is possible regardless of the drawbacks instigated by the skeptical theorists.
According to Marx, that is called the externalization of a worker in his product. A man does not choose the productive activity, he is a part of it only because he is forced to he [...]
Social contract refers to a tacit or explicit agreement of the individuals to give up some of their initial freedoms in order to create the government that would be responsible for the maintenance of order [...]
To be more particular about the two types above of ethics, virtue ethics can be defined as the type of ethics that "focuses on the character traits and nonobligatory ideas that facilitate the development of [...]
According to the author, the creative process has been the subject of various myths. The first viable idea was to present a combination of ideas that focused on both adolescents and teachers.
A good life and what constitutes it is an omnipresent ideal always bringing into the focus a key question what is the meaning of life.
Similarly, political leaders who use flattery to get to the positions of power, but they fail to deliver their promises. This indicates that political leaders should strive to always grant their advisors the freedom to [...]
In Christian context, the Bible is the principle guide to ethical conduct and all actions should be in conformity to it.
Consequently, human beings' ability to know about the external world is subject to the examination of various arguments. In addition, because human beings lack a basic belief that encompasses the existence of an eternal world, [...]
The main idea of the work is that the author firmly opposes physicalism. The general argument Jackson adheres to is that physicalism blunders in terms of denying the existence of the subjective experience.
It is possible to note that this was due to the need to convey the idea of the God's and the Church's grandness.
To a large extent, Clarke's argument is based on the claim that every single truth is based on the fact that it must be true in the virtue of something that is quite distinct from [...]
In other words, truth is attached to the eventuality of a future event that is meant to limit the interests of man and it may be argued in several ways.
In conclusion, it is possible to note that Confucian ideas had a significant impact on development of the Japanese society in the 8th century.
In his work, The Ethics of Belief, Clifford gives the reader the impression that any belief that people construct to guide them should always have enough evidence to support it.
In the current paper, the author will extrapolate on what Morris is saying and analyze the impacts of the arguments on the workplace.
However, the real issue here is whether the resources that are produced in the society can be shared equally among the members of the society because of the nature and orientation of people in the [...]
Velasquez observes that ethics, as set by the society, are supposed to guide and determine the behavior of individuals, which is supposed to be acceptable in the society.
The actions of people are considered moral or immoral based on the assessment of the consequences of such acts on the people engaged in the acts and the people who are affected by the acts.
In this article, Markets, the Profit Motive and the Environment, Rodney Peffer identifies conflicting viewpoints on the impact of the market economy on the environment.
For instance, one can mention Peter Singer, who argues that it is necessary to accept the ethical responsibilities of a person to non-human animals.
In the illustration, the man was of the view that the vessel was fine and went ahead to overlook the fact that the ship was really out of order and that it was safe for [...]
The evaluation is carried out from the perspective of Althusser's "On the Reproduction of Capitalism". The Marxist approach is one example of a complex political and economic ideology.
Generally, the political dynamics of the country have numerously become a challenge for the country due to underrepresentation of some Sudanese groups, deprivation of power, exclusion, power discrepancies, and existence of a government that has [...]
Utilitarianism relates to the concept of value in that the quality of something which is good is measured by the value attached to it.
The leader should be flexible enough to alter his ways in accordance to the realities of the day. The leader must be willing to change his approach if necessary in order to be in tune [...]
There is a kind of ethical dilemma, and Kant's Principle of Universalization offers one of the possible solutions to treat strong encryption as a morally permissible concept that is wrong to prohibit or make obligatory.
In this concept, Gramsci includes the ideas of common and good sense. A better understanding of the common and the good sense contributes to the in-depth comprehension of Gramsci's philosophy.
This is one of the points that can be made. The main issue is that a person can combine two forms of behavior.
It is necessary to note that the author refers to extreme cases of altruism and to the roots of the concept.
Instead, it underlined the logical explanations of the world existence as well as attempted to ground the idea of reality processes as the evictions of changing procedures in a never-changing space.
That is why, one of the main ideas of this section is the importance of intellect and thinking for a human being and his/her understanding of the nature of things.
That is, in their strive to prove the existence of God, theologians mainly operate with the categories of logic, which in turn is expected to legitimize the validity of the would-be obtained insights into the [...]
This is probably the main pitfalls that should be avoided because it can pose a threat to a great number of people or society, in general. This is one of the issues that should not [...]
In the Symposium and in the Apology, Socrates revealed the power of questioning the status quo and to see circumstances from a different frame of reference.
Although the proponents of the theory concerning the absence of influence of the body on the human mind provide rather strong support for their conclusions, the idea of the body affecting the key mental processes [...]
It is necessary to note that it is benign most of the time, but the issue is that such behavior may not be liked by other members of society, and it can lead to numerous [...]
The concept of transparency is important to anyone interested in the ethics of human dignity and the perpetual peace of Immanuel Kant. The practice of altruism in the markets is not the alternative to markets [...]
It has been argued that a creation-myth can rarely be differentiated from a narrative of origination; this is because a narrative of origination would present the existence of a deity in a period of infinite [...]
This state of awakening is the highest good that a human being can achieve, and all Buddhists are urged to aspire to achieve it.
Nevertheless, the acquisition of knowledge is a complex process which philosophers have developed different explanations to explain the same. Infinite regress: This refers to the process of reasoning to amplify the rationed credibility of a [...]
This paper discusses the subject of justice and specifically holds the view that justice is to follow one's consciousness, and not to obey the unjust law.
It goes without saying that the desire to find one's identity and, therefore, shake off the everyday image, trying another identity and spending a considerable amount of time in search for the one.
The two issues that are outlined in the book are the definitions of justice and the reasons of being just. Although Thrasymachus stated that this was his explanation of justice, it was not truly intended [...]
Of the Standard of Taste is an essay by the Philosopher David Hume who attempts to elaborate the need and the possible existence of a rule that will reconcile the taste of individuals to one [...]
The power elite is at the top in management and has a great influence on the decisions that affect the majority.
Bertrand Russell, a British philosopher and mathematician, in his works, sought to unravel the mystery surrounding God's existence and the foundations of Christianity.
Bealer challenges the philosophers who assume that the concepts of a priori knowledge, analyticity and the necessary truth are, in the actual sense, one and the same thing.
In the context of the book The Republic, the question of knowledge of good revolves around what is wise and/or justified.
Although both viewpoints seem very legitimate, Hobbes's idea that the state of nature is the state of war and, therefore, all people are free to pursue their desires, is more credible, seeing how in nature, [...]
This paper will explore the validity of the above-stated at length while exposing the actual significance of the suggestion that, "Though the world does not change with a change of paradigm, the scientist afterward works [...]
Discussions and arguments in this area seek to establish a rationale for machine ethics in order to facilitate the construction and rationalization of ideas and thoughts in support of counter-arguments.
I will also aim to explore the validity of a suggestion that, while pointing out that no one is wiser than Socrates, the Oracle of Delphi meant to say that people are being just as [...]
The main accusations that played a significant role in Socrates' death sentence were the accusations of impiety and corrupting the young people of Athens.
To a great extent, they profoundly influenced people's views on the origins of life, the transformation of society and the behavior of an individual within the community. This is one of the main details that [...]
However, the most predominant theme portrayed by Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan is that the natural state of man in leadership is war. According to Daniel, liberty is a measure of power exercised by people in [...]
Plato insists that thematic aspects of poetry might have an impact negatively on society: "Such poetry is likely to corrupt the mind of those of its hearers who do not have the knowledge of a [...]
For example, if you are faced with a gang of hoodlums who want to kill you and the only option you have is killing one of them to escape, then the "ethics of emergencies" allow [...]
First, according to him, a prince should be able to develop the state he is governing and come up with the laws that will govern the state; to attain this, the prince should be ready [...]
As noted by the author, Socrates depicted the human body as the part or an instrument of the soul, admitting at the same time that the corporal health depended directly on the wellness of the [...]
To Karl, the key element of religion is that it is a human product."it is man who makes religion, not religion that makes man"; that it is a product of those in power, controlling production.
The ongoing drought in many parts of the world is attributable to the changes in climate. Due to the high temperatures experienced in various parts of the world, the ice is likely to melt, and [...]
The jurors argued that Socrates' ideas and teachings corrupted the minds of young people. Some scholars believe that Socrates' views and beliefs could have influenced the later works of Plato, particularly in literary writings.