Home > Free Essays > Philosophy > Page 3

Philosophy Essay Examples and Topics

Human Free Will in Philosophical Theories

The above factors are completely out of our control thereby affirming the fact that we do not act out of free will. Essentially, we may seem to have free will but our actions and decisions [...]
  • Subjects: Freedom Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 558

Humans: Physical or Spiritual Beings?

On the other hand, dualism denies physicalism, or that the physical facts of human bodies do not determine the composition of human beings.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1666

Mind and Body in Hume’s and Descartes’s Views

One of the most notable cases is a contradiction between David Hume and Descartes who shared different views based on what they did perceive of the body and the mind of an individual.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 589

Tragedy and Pleasure in James Shelley’s Thesis

Another confine that can be used to explain the solutions in tragedy is that the solution must contain elements of pain and pleasure at the same time.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 388

Ethical Theories and Christian Tradition

As for the Deontology theory, its primary absolute is the proposition that rules and obligations define the morality of various actions as perceived by people.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 592

Atheism and Religious Beliefs in McCloskey’s Views

The very existence of the universe and the living creature there in has been the basis of confirmation that God exists. The existence of evil is simply to prove that there is good.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1424

Plato’s Eros in Boethius’s The Consolation of Philosophy

The following paper will evaluate the presentations in support of Plato's conception of Eros, by using a different approach in understanding appearance and reality and their influence on love, fate and eternity."The Consolation of Philosophy" [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1131

Politics and Power in “My Own Personal Idaho” Film

As a perfect example of thought-provoking and emotional movies, My Own Private Idaho can affect people's political sensibilities and represent politics and power in an unfavorable light: no positive patterns connected with power and authorities [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 561

Socrates’ Critique of Cephalus and Polemarchus

They include the view of justice that forms the basis of Socrates' criticism and the reason why the philosopher found Cephalus and Polemarchus definitions and views of justice unsatisfactory.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1384

Ethical Naturalism in Hursthouse’s “On Virtue Ethics”

Thus, Hursthouse's approach to discussing the ethically relevant aspects in the life of human beings with the focus on ethical naturalism is convincing because the philosopher assumes the difference in people who can be good [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 889

Taoism and Chinese Calligraphy Development

Chinese calligraphy is one of the premier practices of Chinese art and is considered an essential feature of Chinese culture. The beauty of calligraphy is realized only when we combine the expressions of the words [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1431

Religious Beliefs and Need of Arguments

Clifford's essay "The Ethics of Belief", it is difficult to come to conclusion whether it is necessary to believe without arguments or not.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 575

Aristotle’s Virtue Theory vs. Buddha’s Middle Path

The purpose of this paper is to review each of the two theories and develop a comparison between them. This term is in contrast to the paths of extremities described by eternalism and annihilationism that [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 323

Clifford’s vs. James’s Knowledge Theories

This is the reason why Clifford states that the ship owner should be condemned on the basis of making a judgment without sufficient evidence In his pragmatism, James sees the truth in terms of usefulness [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 810

Early Chinese Thinkers on Governance and Society

As a result, the thinkers wanted to make sure that the society is a better place by advising the human race on how to live according to expectations.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 586

Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics in Historical View

Nicomachean Ethics is one of the most significant works of the prominent ancient philosopher, dedicated to the analysis of the moral purposes and virtues of a man.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1096

Buddha’s Speculation About Life After Death

Buddha's response to the speculation as to whether death marks the end of life is explained by referring to death as a rite of passage to another stage and not the end of living.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 896

“The Fallacy of Success” by G. K. Chesterton

Chesterton, in his work The Fallacy of Success, also cogitates about this very issue, underlining the fact of uselessness of these books and outlining his own ideas connected with the issue of success.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 555

What Is the Right Thing to Do? by Michael Sandel

The writing of the text is easy to read and understand, and it is not overfilled with unnecessary words. The view of this book depends on what a reader is expecting to receive from it.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 876

Consciousness in Buddha’s Discourse

As a result, it was regarded as a problem that arose from the pernicious view of a bhikkhu named Sati, addressed as the son of a fisherman, over the Dharma taught by the Blessed One [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 877

Emotional Detachment in Adam Smith’s Moral Philosophy

To begin with, emotions do not always guarantee that a person will make a judgment that is beneficial to the entire society. It will be a subjective moral decision that is likely to be detrimental [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 571

Piety in Socrates and Euthyphro’s Dialogue

Euthyphro's second proposed definition of piety is that "what is dear to the gods is pious", and he is sure that this definition is appropriate.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 604

Material Monism: Nature of the World and Universe

However, the evolution of society and human thought resulted in the increased efficiency of cognition tools and the appearance of new ideas to describe the main regularities according to which the world and universe function.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 559

Platonic, Aristotelian, and Marxist Societies

It is essential to note that the nature of the society goes ahead of the family and the individual. In this regard, it is possible to follow the teaching of Aristotle concerning modern community organization.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1980

Demarcation, Its Problem, Importance, Solutions

In the 21st century, distinguishing between scientific and non-scientific theories has been one of the most complex issues. There has to be a clear definition to establish the scope of a scientific hypothesis and other [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Science
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1353

Consequentialism and Human Rights

Ethics is a moral code that governs the behavior or conduct of an activity."Ethics is thus said to be the science of conduct".
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 862

Morality and Truth in Real-Life Situations

Any delay could cause the loss of people's lives, and the financial and reputational losses to the airline and partner companies would be enormous.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 573

Immanuel Kant’s Views on Lying

Responsibility and accountability are the facets of morals, the consequences of your actions should be borne by you alone and no one must suffer or gain favors in the name of a lie.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 536

Critical Theory and Modern Political Philosophy

A product of Frankfurt School, the critical theory was established in the 1920s, later reviewed in the 1950s, and returned to throughout the post-war history of political philosophy.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1901

Ontology and Epistemology in the Contemporary Society

Holistic, a term used by the writer, is appropriate as the nature of the writing tends to elaborate the idea of describing the concepts of knowledge as a whole and the differentiation of parts that [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1397

Aristotle as the First Political Scientist

Although it is possible to consider Aristotle as the first political scientist with references to the aspects of discussing political science in the context of the political philosophy, a lot of researchers also determine the [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2217

Hobbes’s, Rousseau’s, Locke’s, Mills’s Philosophy

In answering the question on when the government is justified in compelling its citizens to obey the laws, he observed that the conflicts in achieving the desires could be controlled by the obedience of the [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1119

The Meanings of Lives by Susan Wolf

Although the idea of searching for the meaning of life does not seem original enough, the difference between the common meaning of life and the essence of life for each and every individual is worth [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 546

Philosophy and the Body

In other words, Freud's thesis is premised on the fact that body is the main principle for distinguishing between the outside and inside impacts through the pressure imposed on the nervous system identifying physiological stimulus, [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 863

“Brain in the Gut”: Concept Overview

Being one of the independent systems in the organism, the enteric nervous system takes control of the digestive process and does not have to report about the processes to the brain.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1123

Philosophical Perceptions of Mind and Body

Human reasoning is the ability of the human mind to utilize some part of the universal reason, and therefore is intangible and separate from the body.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 1037

The Support of the Use of Force

The principal idea resides in the presumption that the support of the use of force is determined by the political views of the respondents.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 15
  • Words: 2985

The Purpose of Man

One of the basic virtues of a human being is to be rational, and it enhances all other virtues. A human being must have the ability to select his actions, goals, and values carefully for [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 814

Religious Pluralism and Tolerance

Therefore, it is possible to state that all religions have the same goal though they may have different tools to achieve it but people should embrace the idea of religious pluralism, as it will enable [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1399

Euthanasia: Moral Rationalist View

Human beings rely on the available evidence to generate beliefs about life and goals that should be attained, and thus the use of reason leads to success in these objectives.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1396

Knowledge Role in People’s Lives

Even though knowledge is often forced upon people, especially children, and due to the deficiency of the human mind, knowledge is biased.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1119

Knowledge Existence for Skepticism

In this light, this paper seeks to support the argument that knowledge is possible regardless of the drawbacks instigated by the skeptical theorists.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1389

Karl Marx’s Concept of Alienation

According to Marx, that is called the externalization of a worker in his product. A man does not choose the productive activity, he is a part of it only because he is forced to he [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 2028

Social and Racial Contract Theories

Social contract refers to a tacit or explicit agreement of the individuals to give up some of their initial freedoms in order to create the government that would be responsible for the maintenance of order [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 580

Ethics Types, Differences, Applications

To be more particular about the two types above of ethics, virtue ethics can be defined as the type of ethics that "focuses on the character traits and nonobligatory ideas that facilitate the development of [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 856

The Creative Process to Solve a Problem – Philosophy

According to the author, the creative process has been the subject of various myths. The first viable idea was to present a combination of ideas that focused on both adolescents and teachers.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1114

Worldviews on Good Life and Values

A good life and what constitutes it is an omnipresent ideal always bringing into the focus a key question what is the meaning of life.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1719

Niccolo Machiavelli Views on Political Decisions

Similarly, political leaders who use flattery to get to the positions of power, but they fail to deliver their promises. This indicates that political leaders should strive to always grant their advisors the freedom to [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 585

Human External Knowledge of the World

Consequently, human beings' ability to know about the external world is subject to the examination of various arguments. In addition, because human beings lack a basic belief that encompasses the existence of an eternal world, [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1121

The Medieval Ages Philosophy

It is possible to note that this was due to the need to convey the idea of the God's and the Church's grandness.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 565

Clarke’s Cosmological Argument

To a large extent, Clarke's argument is based on the claim that every single truth is based on the fact that it must be true in the virtue of something that is quite distinct from [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1433

Rawls and Marx on Distributive Justice

However, the real issue here is whether the resources that are produced in the society can be shared equally among the members of the society because of the nature and orientation of people in the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1152

Ethical Relativism and Absolutism (Kantianism)

Velasquez observes that ethics, as set by the society, are supposed to guide and determine the behavior of individuals, which is supposed to be acceptable in the society.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1113

Justice in Ethics: Thomas Hobbes and John Rawls

The actions of people are considered moral or immoral based on the assessment of the consequences of such acts on the people engaged in the acts and the people who are affected by the acts.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1146

Ethics of Economics and Environmental Protection

In this article, Markets, the Profit Motive and the Environment, Rodney Peffer identifies conflicting viewpoints on the impact of the market economy on the environment.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1152

Ethical Models and Non-Human Entities

For instance, one can mention Peter Singer, who argues that it is necessary to accept the ethical responsibilities of a person to non-human animals.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 12
  • Words: 3389

Evidentialism vs. Non-Evidentialism in Philosophy

In the illustration, the man was of the view that the vessel was fine and went ahead to overlook the fact that the ship was really out of order and that it was safe for [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1382

Ideology from Althusser’s Perspective

The evaluation is carried out from the perspective of Althusser's "On the Reproduction of Capitalism". The Marxist approach is one example of a complex political and economic ideology.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1405

The Politics of Sudan: Analytical Factors

Generally, the political dynamics of the country have numerously become a challenge for the country due to underrepresentation of some Sudanese groups, deprivation of power, exclusion, power discrepancies, and existence of a government that has [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 842

Niccolo Machiavelli: Events Determination by Fortune

The leader should be flexible enough to alter his ways in accordance to the realities of the day. The leader must be willing to change his approach if necessary in order to be in tune [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 834

Strong Encryption and Universalization Principle

There is a kind of ethical dilemma, and Kant's Principle of Universalization offers one of the possible solutions to treat strong encryption as a morally permissible concept that is wrong to prohibit or make obligatory.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 577

A. Gramsci on Power, Common Sense and Good Sense

In this concept, Gramsci includes the ideas of common and good sense. A better understanding of the common and the good sense contributes to the in-depth comprehension of Gramsci's philosophy.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2459

Altruism in Andrew Carnegie’s Life

This is one of the points that can be made. The main issue is that a person can combine two forms of behavior.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 565

Parmenides and Upanishads Philosophies

Instead, it underlined the logical explanations of the world existence as well as attempted to ground the idea of reality processes as the evictions of changing procedures in a never-changing space.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 566

Meditations On First Philosophy by Descartes

That is why, one of the main ideas of this section is the importance of intellect and thinking for a human being and his/her understanding of the nature of things.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1389

Teleological Argument for God’s Existence

That is, in their strive to prove the existence of God, theologians mainly operate with the categories of logic, which in turn is expected to legitimize the validity of the would-be obtained insights into the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1121

Richard Rorty’s Philosophy of Truth

1
This is probably the main pitfalls that should be avoided because it can pose a threat to a great number of people or society, in general. This is one of the issues that should not [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1103

Philosophy: The Allegory of the Cave

In the Symposium and in the Apology, Socrates revealed the power of questioning the status quo and to see circumstances from a different frame of reference.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 1019

Does the Body Influence the Mind?

Although the proponents of the theory concerning the absence of influence of the body on the human mind provide rather strong support for their conclusions, the idea of the body affecting the key mental processes [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 565

Ethics: Egoism, Utilitarianism, Care and Virtue

It is necessary to note that it is benign most of the time, but the issue is that such behavior may not be liked by other members of society, and it can lead to numerous [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1388

Relating Philosophical Concepts of Kant, Sandel, and Arendt

The concept of transparency is important to anyone interested in the ethics of human dignity and the perpetual peace of Immanuel Kant. The practice of altruism in the markets is not the alternative to markets [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1938

A Conceptual Creation Myth: Weigle’s Inclination

It has been argued that a creation-myth can rarely be differentiated from a narrative of origination; this is because a narrative of origination would present the existence of a deity in a period of infinite [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 656

The Highest Good of Buddhism: Arahantship

This state of awakening is the highest good that a human being can achieve, and all Buddhists are urged to aspire to achieve it.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1395

Foundationalism and the Infinite Regress of Reasons

Nevertheless, the acquisition of knowledge is a complex process which philosophers have developed different explanations to explain the same. Infinite regress: This refers to the process of reasoning to amplify the rationed credibility of a [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2232

What Is Justice?

This paper discusses the subject of justice and specifically holds the view that justice is to follow one's consciousness, and not to obey the unjust law.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1454

Philosophical Exploration in Plato’s Book ‘The Republic’

The two issues that are outlined in the book are the definitions of justice and the reasons of being just. Although Thrasymachus stated that this was his explanation of justice, it was not truly intended [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 584

The Standard of Taste by David Hume

Of the Standard of Taste is an essay by the Philosopher David Hume who attempts to elaborate the need and the possible existence of a rule that will reconcile the taste of individuals to one [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 831

A Theory of the A Priori: Philosophical Perspectives

Bealer challenges the philosophers who assume that the concepts of a priori knowledge, analyticity and the necessary truth are, in the actual sense, one and the same thing.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2272

Justice: a Natural Fact or a Social Construction?

Although both viewpoints seem very legitimate, Hobbes's idea that the state of nature is the state of war and, therefore, all people are free to pursue their desires, is more credible, seeing how in nature, [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1466

Scientific Paradigms: Theory and Practice

This paper will explore the validity of the above-stated at length while exposing the actual significance of the suggestion that, "Though the world does not change with a change of paradigm, the scientist afterward works [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Science
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2815

Machine Ethics: Essence and Rationale

Discussions and arguments in this area seek to establish a rationale for machine ethics in order to facilitate the construction and rationalization of ideas and thoughts in support of counter-arguments.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2601

“The Apology” a Work by Plato

I will also aim to explore the validity of a suggestion that, while pointing out that no one is wiser than Socrates, the Oracle of Delphi meant to say that people are being just as [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1674

“The Apology” by Plato: Socrates Accusations

The main accusations that played a significant role in Socrates' death sentence were the accusations of impiety and corrupting the young people of Athens.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1641

John Stuart Mill and Charles Darwin: Philosophers Comparison

To a great extent, they profoundly influenced people's views on the origins of life, the transformation of society and the behavior of an individual within the community. This is one of the main details that [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2201

Thomas Hobbes and John Stuart Mill’ Views on Leadership

However, the most predominant theme portrayed by Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan is that the natural state of man in leadership is war. According to Daniel, liberty is a measure of power exercised by people in [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1662

Art Effects on Society: Plato and Nochlin Views

Plato insists that thematic aspects of poetry might have an impact negatively on society: "Such poetry is likely to corrupt the mind of those of its hearers who do not have the knowledge of a [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 911

Ethics of Emergencies: Ayn Rand’s View

For example, if you are faced with a gang of hoodlums who want to kill you and the only option you have is killing one of them to escape, then the "ethics of emergencies" allow [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 648

Political Theory by Niccolo Machiavelli

First, according to him, a prince should be able to develop the state he is governing and come up with the laws that will govern the state; to attain this, the prince should be ready [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2823

What Is the Relationship Between Mind and Body?

As noted by the author, Socrates depicted the human body as the part or an instrument of the soul, admitting at the same time that the corporal health depended directly on the wellness of the [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1763

Karl Marx’ Views on Religion Role in Social Structures

To Karl, the key element of religion is that it is a human product."it is man who makes religion, not religion that makes man"; that it is a product of those in power, controlling production.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 590

Environmentalism Theory in Ethical Philosophy

The ongoing drought in many parts of the world is attributable to the changes in climate. Due to the high temperatures experienced in various parts of the world, the ice is likely to melt, and [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1195

Socrates as a Founder of Western Philosophy

The jurors argued that Socrates' ideas and teachings corrupted the minds of young people. Some scholars believe that Socrates' views and beliefs could have influenced the later works of Plato, particularly in literary writings.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1166
Psst... Stuck with your
assignment? 😱
Hellen
Online
Psst... Stuck with your assignment? 😱
Do you need an essay to be done?
What type of assignment 📝 do you need?
How many pages (words) do you need? Let's see if we can help you!