In the context of the book The Republic, the question of knowledge of good revolves around what is wise and/or justified.
Although both viewpoints seem very legitimate, Hobbes's idea that the state of nature is the state of war and, therefore, all people are free to pursue their desires, is more credible, seeing how in nature, [...]
This paper will explore the validity of the above-stated at length while exposing the actual significance of the suggestion that, "Though the world does not change with a change of paradigm, the scientist afterward works [...]
Discussions and arguments in this area seek to establish a rationale for machine ethics in order to facilitate the construction and rationalization of ideas and thoughts in support of counter-arguments.
I will also aim to explore the validity of a suggestion that, while pointing out that no one is wiser than Socrates, the Oracle of Delphi meant to say that people are being just as [...]
The main accusations that played a significant role in Socrates' death sentence were the accusations of impiety and corrupting the young people of Athens.
To a great extent, they profoundly influenced people's views on the origins of life, the transformation of society and the behavior of an individual within the community. This is one of the main details that [...]
However, the most predominant theme portrayed by Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan is that the natural state of man in leadership is war. According to Daniel, liberty is a measure of power exercised by people in [...]
Plato insists that thematic aspects of poetry might have an impact negatively on society: "Such poetry is likely to corrupt the mind of those of its hearers who do not have the knowledge of a [...]
For example, if you are faced with a gang of hoodlums who want to kill you and the only option you have is killing one of them to escape, then the "ethics of emergencies" allow [...]
First, according to him, a prince should be able to develop the state he is governing and come up with the laws that will govern the state; to attain this, the prince should be ready [...]
As noted by the author, Socrates depicted the human body as the part or an instrument of the soul, admitting at the same time that the corporal health depended directly on the wellness of the [...]
To Karl, the key element of religion is that it is a human product."it is man who makes religion, not religion that makes man"; that it is a product of those in power, controlling production.
The ongoing drought in many parts of the world is attributable to the changes in climate. Due to the high temperatures experienced in various parts of the world, the ice is likely to melt, and [...]
The jurors argued that Socrates' ideas and teachings corrupted the minds of young people. Some scholars believe that Socrates' views and beliefs could have influenced the later works of Plato, particularly in literary writings.
Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is one of the ethical writings that have spurred understanding of ethics of work place relations. A critical discussion in the Nicomachean Ethics provided by Aristotle is the argument and conversation over [...]
The aim of this essay is to explain the values on which the essay A Discourse on the Love of our Country is focused.
This is of particular concern to the interpretation of Socrates's political and philosophical visions. In particular, the source introduces a multifaceted analysis of Socrates' personality and his philosophical outlook on life.
In the above example the words of scientists are believed and there is no room to argue that the words of Einstein have a possibility of being untrue as the observations or other facts on [...]
The life and people started to be studied from the perspective of science, not from the religious point of view. This was the period when the meaning and power of critical thinking started to be [...]
A comparative study of the existence of ghosts cannot be separated from the narrative of the various religions of the world.
According to Machiavelli, it is the duty of the prince to protect his realm and to further enhance his sovereignty. He asserts that a prince should not be generous when spending the State's wealth as [...]
According to Locke, the State is placed with the burden of protecting the rights of the individual. He seems to hold a similar view with that of Locke in regards to the equality of individuals [...]
Plato was of the view that Socrates was accused falsely of inciting the youths against the ruling class yet he was the righteous person in society.
This paper explores the nature of politics in the political philosophy of Machiavelli by looking into the virtues of leadership, objectives of states, political ends, and the role of the state relative to its citizens.
In order to form a solid basis on how the two theories visualize the ability of man to reason, it is important to have a valid understanding of the theories themselves.
If considering the rebels in the novel and the movies the "vermin" instead of the "prey," the idea of the stories will change slightly.
Neo-realism on the other hand is the modern realism practiced in most of the nations today. One of the greatest contributions that Hobbes made in realism was the definition of power.
In the second article entitled Neoliberalism as Creative Destruction by David Harvey, the author is quite categorical that neoliberalism "is a theory of political economic practices". To begin with, it is apparent that the media [...]
Plato as well turns off the partition amid the private and the public and he contends for common kids and wives for the guardians in a bid to create a society amongst the rulers of [...]
For example, in the first paragraph, the narrator depicts the serenity that is characteristic of the city in the morning. As the story unfolds, the narrator delineates the reason behind the child's suffering, thereby giving [...]
The sense of language provides a comprehensive reference to a single aspect of the description. The expression of a sense has a designation of reference.
Therefore, the person will have something to eat, and this means that he had knowledge that helped him to get food.
Nonetheless, Confucianism is still present in Asian people's minds and in their literary works as their philosophy, affected by different intrusions, is rooted in their hearts in the form of genetic memory.
The right to success is personal and largely depends on the determination of the individual these are the views of Alain.
To Plato, democracy was the worst form of governance because it was the tyranny of the multitude. Furthermore, the effects of the war were hard to take because people lost everything they had.
Socrates argues that autocratic leadership is an important structure of ensuring that the rule of law is followed and that the common good of all societal members is enhanced.
Nietzsche praised the master moralities as the strong values that lead to onward development and evolutionary growth of mankind while he blamed the slave moralities for the weak and decadent nature of the society.
In addition, Koerth-Baker gives examples of the bombing of 9/11 with President Bush and the use of condoms in relation to high spread of HIV in Africa.
What it means is that there can be no 'things in themselves', in the Kantian sense of this word, by definition according to Hegel, there is no any metaphysical gap between the idea's actualization and [...]
He claimed that the sophists were selling the wrong education to the rich people. The methods of teaching that the sophists portrayed in Athens were in conflict with Plato's school of thought.
Descartes argued that for people to assent to specific truths in nature, they must have acquired the knowledge of the concerned ideas innately. Locke termed these interactions as experience, and he comprehensively managed to whitewash [...]
West is of the view that blacks in the United States are different from those in other parts of the world because of the exceptional levels of unregulated and uncontrolled violence that is always directed [...]
Specifically, the paper dwells on the origins Russell's agnosticism as well as the major arguments that were provided by the philosopher in support of his theory.
I consider accepting the unjust penalties enacted by the state a part of the activity that promotes the awareness of the injustice of certain laws and regard it as the demonstration of the person's respect [...]
I define leadership as the ability to apply specific strategies of communication, decision making, and problem-solving to address the challenges of leading people in order to achieve certain outcomes that align with one's personal values, [...]
The new generations must respect that creating new things or ideas must be in respect to the desires of humans and God.
It is apparent that Nagel's account of sexual perversion and the application of his theory omits masturbation, which is a contentious form of sexual activities.
One of the most important problems in philosophy is the ultimate nature of reality and the relationships of its spiritual and material constituents.
The essay below argues that comedy acts as a political communication tool, prompts political viewpoints, and triggers political engagements. As such, the relationship between exposure to political comedy and power has been well documented.
However, Levitin explains that induction refers to the use of past experiences, and knowledge acquired from the past to predict things that are going to happen in the future.
The second theory that will be discussed is one according to which the Earth is the center of the world. The theory that the Earth is the center of the world is scientific, according to [...]
The choice is a content of a personality, and a personality expresses itself in a choice. In Kierkegaard's philosophy, the concept of having a self is linked to the concept of consciousness.
The only way the truth will be concealed and still lead to happiness is when the truth is substituted with a lie.
He asserts that the duration of an activity and the intensity of pleasure are very important in measuring the levels of pleasure.
On the other hand, the teleological ethical perspective states that the results for all actions matter in determining the nature of the undertaken decisions.
Compatibilism is closely linked to causal determinism in that it agrees with the fact that past events affect future events. In essence, people are not locked to determinism only but also to the fact that [...]
The questions related to searching for the sense of life and exploring the nature of existence are regarded as the ones that all human beings were looking the answers for since the beginning of the [...]
The controversy of the case concerns the idea that Eddie is forbidden to disclose the truth to the society since he has previously signed a confidentiality agreement and a breakage of the rule threatens the [...]
It is also important to add that these values are only declared in many countries while the power is still in hands of the rich.
It is possible to say that the author manages to surprise a reader with the help of this shift and arouse interest for his further words.
The research conducted in the different countries during which people were asked how satisfied they were with their lives clearly indicated the existence of a non-linear relationship between the amount of money and the size [...]
The moral and intellectual pleasures were considered to be "highest pleasures", and the experiences, that caused satisfaction of flesh were considered to be "lower pleasures". The pleasures of the majority, in that case, are considered [...]
Specifically, the philosopher's idea of metaphysics is described through the review of the scientist's work, The Critique of Pure Reason. Thus, it is claimed that the idea of autonomy concern that was made in the [...]
However, since it is very similar to others and has similar characteristics, a person categorizes it with the rest of the leaves.
In the entire essay, Hick attempts to justify the existence of sin in the world. From the reasoning of Hick, the relationship between God and human beings is compared to the relationship between a child [...]
Can it happen that truth is a kind of agreement between a belief and a real life fact, or is it possible that a true belief should cohere with other true beliefs, or is it [...]
The feeling of empathy comes up when there is a clear difference between the person being empathetic and the one who is the subject of empathy.
Another definition of philosophy is 'the world view.' The main definition for a philosophy that will be considered in this article is that which defines it as a conceptual framework that is vital in the [...]
The guests were happy and eager to follow the debate of the people they believed were geniuses of their time. It is the same rhetoric that politicians use to win elections and arguments in the [...]
In particular, the modern generation attaches so much importance to money in the sense that success and money are presumed to be one and the same thing.
First of all, it should be said that Bhagavad Gita is a part of the great epic of Mahabharata, which is known to be one of the greatest literary works of Ancient India.
Cleanthes' response to Philo when he is challenged on his design argument shows that he is least interested in research about the design hypothesis.
He shows that the truth is the primary value in people's lives, and wrongful people do not have the right to live.
He could have attained the name because of the nature of his forehead or because of his extensive knowledge. Due to the wealth and political influence of his family, his father gave him the best [...]
Aristotle was a "the son of a renowned physician from Thrace" and he began his philosophy studies at the Plato's academy.
An individual, who resorts to torture in order to save the lives of other people, cannot estimate the long-term effects of this action on the welfare of the community.
The laws of nature provide the fundamental rights based on the concept of reason. The law of nature refers to the general analysis of flora and fauna through reason.
The ideologies of philosophers have influenced the world and changed the perception and attitudes of people toward various issues. The peculiarity and popularity of Aristotle's philosophy of life makes it easy for it to be [...]
Being the most praised Socrates pupil, he devoted a lot of his works to Socrates figure, trying to investigate his point of view and present it to the audience.
This is one of the assumptions that underlie Mill's logic. This is one of the principles that should be taken into consideration.
Time passed and people started to think that our body is just a repository for our eternal soul and that is why existence should be devoted to attempts to save our soul and prepare it [...]
Nozick was of the view that people are not in a position to differentiate between their experiences when in the experience machine and when outside.
Hume's philosophy is based on the ideas that all the knowledge of the world is gained from the interaction of human's experiences and the thoughts.
In this way, the author wants to show that the source of meaning lies within the individual perception of a person.
In the chapter, the author uses events in Socrates' life to argue against the stigma of unpopularity. Socrates' position is meant to offer consolation to the people who find themselves unpopular as a result of [...]
With this insight in mind, I turn to an analysis of various specific examples of individuals who are regarded as heroes as well as the ways in which the notion of a hero is usually [...]
The movie The Truman Show is that sort of film which touches the problem of a persons realization of this world and his place in it.
Therefore, using several rules of good definitions, the notion virtues is going to be defined with the further explanation of the rules used for this, Meno says that the virtue of a woman is to [...]
The rationale is that Dave's action was not the outcome of who he was and what he believed, the values he held or his desires.
There was a theory that it is a vessel for drinking and eating at the same time. There is a theory that the object was a holder of a divine light.
Although Camus and Nagel agree that absurdity plays the great role in the human life, the thinkers' views are rather contradictory, and Nagel's argument seems to be more convincing because the author focuses on the [...]
For instance, the argument states that God is a self-existing being, but it fails to provide enough grounds to prove that God really exists.
There are two categories of people as depicted in the article: the absolutists who believe that the truth can actually be recognized the when it is found, and the empiricists who argue that though the [...]
Additionally, it has been documented that one of the major virtue of philosophy is its ability to teach not what to think rather how to think.
In his description of the ideal society, Plato explains that people in the society are not advised to act without knowledge such that before a city is erected, full understanding of justice should be known.
Talking amongst themselves, Plato supposes that the hostages use language to name the shadows that they see cast on the wall and they are convinced that the shadows are real objects.
In this allegory of the cave, the story has five parts; the shadow, the common man, the ascending man, and the descending man.
The future of the Arab and Islamic world is dependent on the results of the battle between the teachings of al-Maududi and those of al-Ghazali.
As opposed to the rational theory, the empiricism theory estimates that the main source of knowledge is the experience which can be based on the "perceptional observation of the world".
The pre-Socratics tried to solve the puzzle of the connection that bonded the "one" together with the "many". Plato's solution lies in the realms, the realm of the physical world and that of the forms.
Kant says that the wellbeing of a human being is supreme, thus suicide is an abominable act. It is obvious that the death of a person through suicide causes sadness and even grief to the [...]
I have seen that Rene Descartes contribution in philosophy and natural science stood the test of time; therefore, he became a hero' on the other hand, Karl Marx's contribution in social science did not stand [...]
In summary, Descartes implies that since we do have an idea of a being that is all powerful and perfect, and since we can distinctly and clearly assign the attribute of necessarily existence to this [...]
In Virgil's work, the devices of awakening a reader's sympathy and emotions correspond to the mechanisms of agreeable emotion, identification et al outlined by Smith and influence a reader's judgments, attitudes and world-view.
Plato makes a passionate presentation for the rightness of justice in 'The Republic'; it is imperative that the place of justice be fully understood because it is the cornerstone upon which the ideal city-state is [...]
The life of Socrates is explained in the conversation between Plato and Xenophon and also in theater performances of Aristophanes. Additionally, Socrates is perceived to be the artist who designed the statue of the three [...]
The turn of the 6th century before the imminence of Christ marked a detonation in the thinking of the Greeks. This knowledge came to form the basis of most developments in the various fields of [...]
Tian is one of the most important concepts in his teachings, and it symbolizes heaven. This story is about a disciple of Confucius asking Daoists for help that was later reported to the teacher.
It is mainly used to coerce an individual to display beliefs in a topic and later validate the reality of the faiths.
He gives life to a new human being, body, and soul, which is the form of the body. If we believe in the soul's immortality, death will not seem such a great tragedy.
Generally, Aristotle's philosophy differs with that of Plato because the latter's is too shallow to establish definitions or sensibly create standards.
The article, in summary, is enlightening as it offers a perspective that is rarely given: the philosophy of advertising and morality.
Technology is a term used to refer to the practical application of science to suit our purposes. Today, in a couple of hours we can reach the neighboring city, in half an hour we can [...]
This is one of the categorical imperative that an individual should not violate. Yet, one should bear in mind that Mill may justify this behavior if a person can clearly show that it can improve [...]
It is necessary to understand the structure of society and how it was established to understand the point of view of the author.
In its turn, this is the direct consequence of the fact that, in order for this civilization to remain on the path of progress, in the linear sense of this word, it may never cease [...]
Harry Frankfurt made major contributions to the philosophy of action through the idea of guidance and objection to compatibilists' proposal about the incongruity of causal determinism and ethical accountability.
In this article, the ideas of Frankfurt on the problem of action are reviewed in an attempt to explain the causal theory of action.
The last example that is the most common comes in the form of residences being haunted wherein objects all of the sudden move for no reason, broken glassware appears, doors open and close, noises can [...]