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Philosophy Essay Examples and Topics

Justice: a Natural Fact or a Social Construction?

Although both viewpoints seem very legitimate, Hobbes's idea that the state of nature is the state of war and, therefore, all people are free to pursue their desires, is more credible, seeing how in nature, [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1466

Scientific Paradigms: Theory and Practice

This paper will explore the validity of the above-stated at length while exposing the actual significance of the suggestion that, "Though the world does not change with a change of paradigm, the scientist afterward works [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Science
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2815

Machine Ethics: Essence and Rationale

Discussions and arguments in this area seek to establish a rationale for machine ethics in order to facilitate the construction and rationalization of ideas and thoughts in support of counter-arguments.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2601

“The Apology” a Work by Plato

I will also aim to explore the validity of a suggestion that, while pointing out that no one is wiser than Socrates, the Oracle of Delphi meant to say that people are being just as [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1674

John Stuart Mill and Charles Darwin: Philosophers Comparison

To a great extent, they profoundly influenced people's views on the origins of life, the transformation of society and the behavior of an individual within the community. This is one of the main details that [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2201

Thomas Hobbes and John Stuart Mill’ Views on Leadership

However, the most predominant theme portrayed by Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan is that the natural state of man in leadership is war. According to Daniel, liberty is a measure of power exercised by people in [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1662

Art Effects on Society: Plato and Nochlin Views

Plato insists that thematic aspects of poetry might have an impact negatively on society: "Such poetry is likely to corrupt the mind of those of its hearers who do not have the knowledge of a [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 911

Ethics of Emergencies: Ayn Rand’s View

For example, if you are faced with a gang of hoodlums who want to kill you and the only option you have is killing one of them to escape, then the "ethics of emergencies" allow [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 648

Political Theory by Niccolo Machiavelli

First, according to him, a prince should be able to develop the state he is governing and come up with the laws that will govern the state; to attain this, the prince should be ready [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2823

What Is the Relationship Between Mind and Body?

As noted by the author, Socrates depicted the human body as the part or an instrument of the soul, admitting at the same time that the corporal health depended directly on the wellness of the [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1763

Karl Marx’ Views on Religion Role in Social Structures

To Karl, the key element of religion is that it is a human product."it is man who makes religion, not religion that makes man"; that it is a product of those in power, controlling production.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 590

Environmentalism Theory in Ethical Philosophy

The ongoing drought in many parts of the world is attributable to the changes in climate. Due to the high temperatures experienced in various parts of the world, the ice is likely to melt, and [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1195

Socrates as a Founder of Western Philosophy

The jurors argued that Socrates' ideas and teachings corrupted the minds of young people. Some scholars believe that Socrates' views and beliefs could have influenced the later works of Plato, particularly in literary writings.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1166

Aristotle’s Ethics Conception and Workplace Relations

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is one of the ethical writings that have spurred understanding of ethics of work place relations. A critical discussion in the Nicomachean Ethics provided by Aristotle is the argument and conversation over [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1928

Socrates and His Representations

This is of particular concern to the interpretation of Socrates's political and philosophical visions. In particular, the source introduces a multifaceted analysis of Socrates' personality and his philosophical outlook on life.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 554

Humanist Manifesto III: Philosophical Analysis

The life and people started to be studied from the perspective of science, not from the religious point of view. This was the period when the meaning and power of critical thinking started to be [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 565

Debunking Ghosts

A comparative study of the existence of ghosts cannot be separated from the narrative of the various religions of the world.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 822

Niccolo Machiavelli’s Philosophy

According to Machiavelli, it is the duty of the prince to protect his realm and to further enhance his sovereignty. He asserts that a prince should not be generous when spending the State's wealth as [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1704

Why Meletus Raised Charges Against Socrates?

Plato was of the view that Socrates was accused falsely of inciting the youths against the ruling class yet he was the righteous person in society.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1961

The Nature of Politics in the Machiavelli’ Philosophy

5
This paper explores the nature of politics in the political philosophy of Machiavelli by looking into the virtues of leadership, objectives of states, political ends, and the role of the state relative to its citizens.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1740

Dystopia Idea in the Movies and Novels

5
If considering the rebels in the novel and the movies the "vermin" instead of the "prey," the idea of the stories will change slightly.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 604

Thomas Hobbes’ and Classical Realism Relationship

Neo-realism on the other hand is the modern realism practiced in most of the nations today. One of the greatest contributions that Hobbes made in realism was the definition of power.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 557

Neoliberalism: An Interview with David Harvey

In the second article entitled Neoliberalism as Creative Destruction by David Harvey, the author is quite categorical that neoliberalism "is a theory of political economic practices". To begin with, it is apparent that the media [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 645

The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas by Ursula Le Guin

For example, in the first paragraph, the narrator depicts the serenity that is characteristic of the city in the morning. As the story unfolds, the narrator delineates the reason behind the child's suffering, thereby giving [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 824

Asian Confucianism Philosophy and Literature

Nonetheless, Confucianism is still present in Asian people's minds and in their literary works as their philosophy, affected by different intrusions, is rooted in their hearts in the form of genetic memory.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1100

Nietzsche’s Notion of Slave Morality

Nietzsche praised the master moralities as the strong values that lead to onward development and evolutionary growth of mankind while he blamed the slave moralities for the weak and decadent nature of the society.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1202

Why Did Plato Hate the Sophists? – Philosophy

He claimed that the sophists were selling the wrong education to the rich people. The methods of teaching that the sophists portrayed in Athens were in conflict with Plato's school of thought.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 558

John Locke: The Main Philosophical Ideas

5
Descartes argued that for people to assent to specific truths in nature, they must have acquired the knowledge of the concerned ideas innately. Locke termed these interactions as experience, and he comprehensively managed to whitewash [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 830

Cornel West’ Views on Liberalism

West is of the view that blacks in the United States are different from those in other parts of the world because of the exceptional levels of unregulated and uncontrolled violence that is always directed [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 843

Bertrand’s Russell’s View on Religion

Specifically, the paper dwells on the origins Russell's agnosticism as well as the major arguments that were provided by the philosopher in support of his theory.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1393

Unjust Laws and Civil Disobedience

I consider accepting the unjust penalties enacted by the state a part of the activity that promotes the awareness of the injustice of certain laws and regard it as the demonstration of the person's respect [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 836

Leadership Philosophy and Its Aspects

I define leadership as the ability to apply specific strategies of communication, decision making, and problem-solving to address the challenges of leading people in order to achieve certain outcomes that align with one's personal values, [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 556

The Ultimate Nature of Reality

One of the most important problems in philosophy is the ultimate nature of reality and the relationships of its spiritual and material constituents.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1426

Comedy’s and Power’ Philosophy Relationship

The essay below argues that comedy acts as a political communication tool, prompts political viewpoints, and triggers political engagements. As such, the relationship between exposure to political comedy and power has been well documented.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1682

Sceptical Philosophy Concept

However, Levitin explains that induction refers to the use of past experiences, and knowledge acquired from the past to predict things that are going to happen in the future.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2496

Science Theories’ Application to the Natural World

The second theory that will be discussed is one according to which the Earth is the center of the world. The theory that the Earth is the center of the world is scientific, according to [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Science
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1448

Soren Kierkegaard Philosophical Concepts

The choice is a content of a personality, and a personality expresses itself in a choice. In Kierkegaard's philosophy, the concept of having a self is linked to the concept of consciousness.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1140

Philosophy Issue: Truth vs. Happiness

The only way the truth will be concealed and still lead to happiness is when the truth is substituted with a lie.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 543

Spiritual and Physical Journeys in Human Life

5
The questions related to searching for the sense of life and exploring the nature of existence are regarded as the ones that all human beings were looking the answers for since the beginning of the [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 845

Philosophical Perspective of Ethnic Responsibility at Work

The controversy of the case concerns the idea that Eddie is forbidden to disclose the truth to the society since he has previously signed a confidentiality agreement and a breakage of the rule threatens the [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 554

The Main Descartes’ Ideas and Theories

It is possible to say that the author manages to surprise a reader with the help of this shift and arouse interest for his further words.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 559

Money, Happiness and Relationship Between Them

The research conducted in the different countries during which people were asked how satisfied they were with their lives clearly indicated the existence of a non-linear relationship between the amount of money and the size [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1128

Michael Sandel’s Objections to Utilitarianism

The moral and intellectual pleasures were considered to be "highest pleasures", and the experiences, that caused satisfaction of flesh were considered to be "lower pleasures". The pleasures of the majority, in that case, are considered [...]
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 593

“The Critique of Pure Reason” by Immanuel Kant

Specifically, the philosopher's idea of metaphysics is described through the review of the scientist's work, The Critique of Pure Reason. Thus, it is claimed that the idea of autonomy concern that was made in the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 827

John Hick Philosophy: Evil and Soul-Making

In the entire essay, Hick attempts to justify the existence of sin in the world. From the reasoning of Hick, the relationship between God and human beings is compared to the relationship between a child [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 838

Pragmatic, Coherence and Correspondent Truth Theories

Can it happen that truth is a kind of agreement between a belief and a real life fact, or is it possible that a true belief should cohere with other true beliefs, or is it [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1410

Philosophy of Empathy

The feeling of empathy comes up when there is a clear difference between the person being empathetic and the one who is the subject of empathy.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1496

Philosophy Role in Education

5
Another definition of philosophy is 'the world view.' The main definition for a philosophy that will be considered in this article is that which defines it as a conceptual framework that is vital in the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1145

Philosophical Views on the Rhetoricians and the Tyrants

The guests were happy and eager to follow the debate of the people they believed were geniuses of their time. It is the same rhetoric that politicians use to win elections and arguments in the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 1049

Money, Success, and Relation Between Them

In particular, the modern generation attaches so much importance to money in the sense that success and money are presumed to be one and the same thing.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2255

Philo and Cleanthes Views on Natural Religion

Cleanthes' response to Philo when he is challenged on his design argument shows that he is least interested in research about the design hypothesis.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1382

Socrates’ Views on Life

He shows that the truth is the primary value in people's lives, and wrongful people do not have the right to live.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 859

The Philosopher Plato: His Life and Times

He could have attained the name because of the nature of his forehead or because of his extensive knowledge. Due to the wealth and political influence of his family, his father gave him the best [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 818

Plato and Aristotle Comparison

1
Aristotle was a "the son of a renowned physician from Thrace" and he began his philosophy studies at the Plato's academy.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1118

Philosophy of Torture and Utilitarian Ethics

An individual, who resorts to torture in order to save the lives of other people, cannot estimate the long-term effects of this action on the welfare of the community.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1649

Thomas Hobbes’ Views on Natural Laws

The laws of nature provide the fundamental rights based on the concept of reason. The law of nature refers to the general analysis of flora and fauna through reason.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 924

Aristotle’s Ideologies Application in Practices

The ideologies of philosophers have influenced the world and changed the perception and attitudes of people toward various issues. The peculiarity and popularity of Aristotle's philosophy of life makes it easy for it to be [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2198

The Role of the Body

Time passed and people started to think that our body is just a repository for our eternal soul and that is why existence should be devoted to attempts to save our soul and prepare it [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1410

Robert Nozick’ Ideas about Utilitarianism

Nozick was of the view that people are not in a position to differentiate between their experiences when in the experience machine and when outside.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 566

“The Consolations of Philosophy” by Allan de Botton

In the chapter, the author uses events in Socrates' life to argue against the stigma of unpopularity. Socrates' position is meant to offer consolation to the people who find themselves unpopular as a result of [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1130

Heroism as Dedication to Principles – Philosophy

With this insight in mind, I turn to an analysis of various specific examples of individuals who are regarded as heroes as well as the ways in which the notion of a hero is usually [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 913

“Meno” a Socratic Dialogue by Plato – Philosophy

Therefore, using several rules of good definitions, the notion virtues is going to be defined with the further explanation of the rules used for this, Meno says that the virtue of a woman is to [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 559

Ceramic Vessel’ Analysis – Philosophy

There was a theory that it is a vessel for drinking and eating at the same time. There is a theory that the object was a holder of a divine light.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 745

Camus and Nagel Views on the Human Life – Philosophy

Although Camus and Nagel agree that absurdity plays the great role in the human life, the thinkers' views are rather contradictory, and Nagel's argument seems to be more convincing because the author focuses on the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1394

The Will to Believe – Philosophy

There are two categories of people as depicted in the article: the absolutists who believe that the truth can actually be recognized the when it is found, and the empiricists who argue that though the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 946

Plato’s Philosophy in “The Republic”

In his description of the ideal society, Plato explains that people in the society are not advised to act without knowledge such that before a city is erected, full understanding of justice should be known.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 772

Plato’s Allegory of the Cave – Philosophy

Talking amongst themselves, Plato supposes that the hostages use language to name the shadows that they see cast on the wall and they are convinced that the shadows are real objects.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 987

The Theory of the Forms – Philosophy

The pre-Socratics tried to solve the puzzle of the connection that bonded the "one" together with the "many". Plato's solution lies in the realms, the realm of the physical world and that of the forms.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 585

Is Suicide Morally Wrong? – Philosophy

Kant says that the wellbeing of a human being is supreme, thus suicide is an abominable act. It is obvious that the death of a person through suicide causes sadness and even grief to the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 962

Heroes Versus Anti-heroes

I have seen that Rene Descartes contribution in philosophy and natural science stood the test of time; therefore, he became a hero' on the other hand, Karl Marx's contribution in social science did not stand [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 942

God’s Existence

In summary, Descartes implies that since we do have an idea of a being that is all powerful and perfect, and since we can distinctly and clearly assign the attribute of necessarily existence to this [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 911

Adam Smith’s Views on Virgil’s Aeneid

In Virgil's work, the devices of awakening a reader's sympathy and emotions correspond to the mechanisms of agreeable emotion, identification et al outlined by Smith and influence a reader's judgments, attitudes and world-view.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2530

Philosopher Plato and His ‘The Republic’

Plato makes a passionate presentation for the rightness of justice in 'The Republic'; it is imperative that the place of justice be fully understood because it is the cornerstone upon which the ideal city-state is [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1139

Philosopher Socrates and the Power of Doubt

The life of Socrates is explained in the conversation between Plato and Xenophon and also in theater performances of Aristophanes. Additionally, Socrates is perceived to be the artist who designed the statue of the three [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1310

Greek Philosophers: Thales, Democritus, and Anaximander

The turn of the 6th century before the imminence of Christ marked a detonation in the thinking of the Greeks. This knowledge came to form the basis of most developments in the various fields of [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 366

Confucius Philosophy: His Life and Though

Tian is one of the most important concepts in his teachings, and it symbolizes heaven. This story is about a disciple of Confucius asking Daoists for help that was later reported to the teacher.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 552

Philosophy and Philosophers Definition

It is mainly used to coerce an individual to display beliefs in a topic and later validate the reality of the faiths.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1211

Aristotle vs. Plato

Generally, Aristotle's philosophy differs with that of Plato because the latter's is too shallow to establish definitions or sensibly create standards.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 560

Advertising and Morals Philosophy

The article, in summary, is enlightening as it offers a perspective that is rarely given: the philosophy of advertising and morality.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 561

Immanuel Kant’s Ethics – Philosophy

This is one of the categorical imperative that an individual should not violate. Yet, one should bear in mind that Mill may justify this behavior if a person can clearly show that it can improve [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 283

Eros and Civilization by Herbert Marcuse

In its turn, this is the direct consequence of the fact that, in order for this civilization to remain on the path of progress, in the linear sense of this word, it may never cease [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1393

Causal Theory of Action and Harry Frankfurt’s Objections

2
Harry Frankfurt made major contributions to the philosophy of action through the idea of guidance and objection to compatibilists' proposal about the incongruity of causal determinism and ethical accountability.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1431

Causal Theory of Action – Philosophy

In this article, the ideas of Frankfurt on the problem of action are reviewed in an attempt to explain the causal theory of action.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1389

Objective Look at the Paranormal and Ghosts

The last example that is the most common comes in the form of residences being haunted wherein objects all of the sudden move for no reason, broken glassware appears, doors open and close, noises can [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 20
  • Words: 5599
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