Home > Free Essays > Philosophy > Page 5

Philosophy Essay Examples and Topics

Darwin’s Theory of Human Evolution

Although Darwin seems to refute the religious claim on the origin of man, it is apparent that both religion and science share a common hypothesis that man has a distinct origin. Darwin is also concerned [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 591

Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre

The Judeo-Christian religious tradition insists that it is necessary for the soul to be viewed as being in a constant fight with the body in an attempt to transcend the temptations of the flesh. The [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2755

Lao Zi and Confucius Philosophy Relationship

The person of inferior virtue is viewed as one who seeks virtue in order to attain it. The concept of Ren is one that Confucius seems to dwell on in order to achieve virtue.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1435

Frege’s Solution to the Identity Puzzle – Philosophy

Some of his main achievements include the creation of the primary axiomatic system, the invention of the contemporary logic of quantification, and the definition of identity. In concluding the identity puzzle, Frege asserts that the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1471

Unethical Treatment of Animals

5
The fact that there is a long tradition involving the slaughter of animals for food does not justify the killing of animals.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 2004

Problem of Evil and Varieties of Atheism

The article "The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism" gives a powerful argument to support the ideas of atheism based on the existence of evil.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 567

Philosophy Issues in “Euthyphro” by Plato

The dilemma in this dialogue is "whether God says actions or things are morally acceptable because they are naturally good, or such practices become moral because God appears to declare them to be ethical".
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 568

The Definition of Happiness

For example, Aristotle's work raises questions such as, "What is the purpose of human life?", "What is happiness?" and "Why do people do the things they do?" On the other hand, Plato's text raises questions [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1119

Philosophy Critical Issues in Today’s Society

5
Excellent activities for a philosophy day event include debates and dialogues among people from different cultures and races, lectures about the connection between philosophy and culture, philosophical debates and discussions on self-reliance and individualism, and [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 252

Biblical Perspective on Finance

Yet, the author disagrees with the public opinion about capitalism stating that it is not the problem of the modern society, on the contrary, it is the solution to the biggest issues.
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 839

Frege Views on Identity – Philosophy

Frege labels the identity that the name gives as the reference, and the thought that the word captures as the sense.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 2005

Whistleblowing as a Critical Thinking Skill

Whistleblowing is defined as "having four component parts: 1) an individual acts with the intention of making information public; 2) the information is conveyed to parties outside the organization who make it public and a [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1441

“On Functionalism and Materialism” by Paul Churchland

That being the case, the concept mainly focuses on the relationships between outputs and the targeted inputs. This knowledge explains why the two aspects of materialism will make it easier for individuals to redefine their [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 583

Confucius’ Teachings of the Basis Systems – Philosophy

The teachings of Confucius form the basis of many political and social systems in China. In addition, the readings point out the fact that the teachings of Confucius have withstood the test of time several [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 591

“Dismantling Truth” by Richard Rorty

The inherent problem I have with Rorty in this article is the fact that the concept of a socially defined truth clashes with the changing nature of society and the potential for people to agree [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 562

The Challenge of Cultural Relativism

4.5
The article "The Challenge of Cultural Relativism" by Rachels explores the issue of ethics. According to Rachels, cultural relativism fails to support the existence of universal moral standards.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 570

Meaning of Life

The structure of this paper analyzes the service to God and the perception of the afterlife, as highlights of the differences and similarities about the Christian and Islamic perceptions of life.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 12
  • Words: 1625

Defensive Approach: Utilitarianism

The utilitarian attitude towards rights is that the moral 'right' is built on the basis of utilitarian aspects, especially on the principle that seeks to reduce pain and suffering of living organisms.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1379

Where Religion and Politics Cross?

Depending on the specifics of the religion that a certain society professes, as well as the extent, to which the religion in question is followed by the members of the society, the former does have [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 582

Thrasymachus Ideas in The Republic by Plato

Furthermore, Thrasymachus' interpretation of justice can undermine the efficiency of the state and deprive the elites of their credibility. This is one of the paradoxes that should be recognized, and Thrasymachus does not speak about [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 841

Philosophical Methods in Buddha’s Texts

With regards to the parable of the water snake, Buddha gives a story of young men brought up in good families. Buddha talks of the views to make Malunkyaputta understand his teachings better.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 626

Theologico-Political Treatise by Benedict Spinoza

Spinoza affirms that while the philosophical interpretation of the scripture assumes that God/nature is supreme, the religious interpretation assumes that the universe is comprised of two powers: God's power as a person/king and the natural [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2751

Philosophy: What is Confucianism?

Confucius taught that the role of the elders is to teach the youth and the role of the youth is to learn from the elders.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2791

20th Century Philosophy by Robert Wolff

In fact, what matters in the intention of the action in inter and intra personal relationship, sina ce the primary aim of the argument is to declare the directive as confirming to the source of [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 573

Philosophy Issues: Utilitarianism or Deontology?

Regardless of the extent to which some people are opposed to the applications of moral principles, which should be consistent with the scriptures of God, they are used to produce the best results in communities.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1118

Philosophy: Should People Do Whatever They Want?

However, the goal is to show that individuals do not have the right to do whatever they deem right even if it does not interfere with other people's peace of mind.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 587

Philosophy Issues: Kantianism and Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism can be explained using the principle of 'the end justifies the means', meaning if the end of a processor action is good, then the means of arriving at that end are also good and [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1370

Philosophy of Freedom in the Apology

Socrates' friends requested him to accept the charges, as they were willing to pay the expected fines, but he refused and insisted that he was ready to die for the sake of justice.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 884

The Philosophy of Ancient Greece

Overall, it is possible to argue that the philosophy of ancient Greece is mostly associated with the names of such prominent thinkers as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 830

“The American Scholar” By Ralph Waldo Emerson

2
The author says that the scholar should explore the nature in themselves, and "he shall see, that nature is the opposite of the soul, answering to it part for part.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 498

Lecture “The American Scholar” by Philosopher Emerson

A scholar perceives the natural world in a way that is free of past influence. He states that self-reliance is a concept that applied to the American scholar who must exercise a great deal of [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 573

Philosophical Studies: Human Emotion

Biologically, the brain realizes that the situation taking place is negative or depressing, and the heart reacts to the external environment, as well as internal understanding that the situation is stressful.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 563

Views on Internet and the Human Brain by Nicholas Carr

In his argument, the writer notes that the Internet is taking over the human mind. The audience is also able to relate the issues in the argument with the effects caused by computers.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 884

Inductive Reasoning: “Which Stooge Are You” by Ron Geraci

Instead, the best understanding of inductive reasoning, along with the various kinds of logic commonly referred to as inductive, enables the reader to assess the characters of the three stooges critically and develop the essay [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 602

The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God

Kant's objection to the ontological argument stems from his view of the concept that a being that is conceived in the human mind, and which exists in the real world, is superior to an idea [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2858

Descartes’ Argument for the Existence of God

Hume's argument gets interesting when he postulates that regardless of the number of times we witness a succession of events, we cannot predict the succession of events.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1415

Philosophy of Zen’ Thoughts

Zen can be used to solve the problem of Dualism in the daily life because it demonstrates the ways how to avoid and resolve the ordinary conflicts based on the duality of ideas and meanings.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 842

“Crito” by Plato – Politics and Philosophy

Socrates' argument is largely based on the premise that a citizen accepts the laws adopted in the society and should not resist the decisions of the state represents the interest of the community.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 570

Emmanuel Kant’s Philosophy

According to the moral imperative, moral worth is the foundation of a person's ability to do right and is the foundation of the metaphysics of morals.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1623

Philosophy Issues: David Hume and Miracles

Hume disqualifies the existence of miracles, as the Christian religion is weaker and more insubstantial as compared to the evidence that comes with one's experience.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 575

Philosophy: The Puzzle of Identity by Gottlob Frege

The validity of this suggestion can be illustrated, in regards to the referential sentences "the country that is being the most committed to promoting the cause of democracy in the world", on one hand, and [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1387

Philosophy: Human Mind Operating

The human mind is considered much more powerful than the minds of all other animals, yet this mind is what encourages us to do the worst things.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 864

Philosophical Moral Theories

The third aspect of Kant's moral theory touches on reciprocation and it says that one should act in such a way that he/she is both the legislated and a legislator when it comes to end [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 615

Three Stereotypes Encounting

The notion that fat people are lazy is because many of them avoid doing activities that would require them to spend a lot of energy and movement. In many cases, the speed of fat people [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 882

Benedict de Spinoza’s Philosophy

Spinoza believed that since everything in the universe is in existence due to the power of God, it is unlikely to find something that is lacking anything.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2485

“The Racial Contract” by Charles Mills

Mills' book explores the political philosophy of the social contract."The Racial contract" was published at the end of the twentieth century, and it investigates the issue of racial relations in the world over 500 years.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 613

Confucian Ethics

4
An example, of a group of people who have not mastered the concept of Li, may be judges who make their decisions based on their understanding of the law and not the prevailing special circumstances [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2192

Transcendental Movement

The emergence of new transcendental ideas reshaped the American literature introduced in the works by Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman in such a way that it contributed to the excellence and maturity of the literary world [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1384

‘The Singularity is Near’ by Ray Kurzweil

The quote selected suggests that "...one of the biggest flaws in the common conception of the future is that the future is something that happens to us, not something we create".
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 656

Philosophy’s Main Themes

As much as there are different definitions of the word philosophy, nobody can underestimate the importance that it has in our society. Ethics is a branch of philosophy that explains the nature of rights and [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 837

Philosophy’s Main Branches

It is the epitome of thinking and as it was described by the London times, "the great virtue of philosophy is that it teaches not what to think, but how to think".
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 923

Philosophers and Their Concepts

It is evident that the two main forms of beings that Sartre developed were the being-in-itself that relates to the existence of objects and the being-for-itself that relates to the existence of human beings.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 833

Inauthenticity and Authenticity Differences

Heidegger concludes that authenticity is temporary as opposed to inauthenticity because we are born with the former and achieves the later after some time Nietzsche on his view argues that authenticity is the elementary mode [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 697

Augustine’s Christian Doctrine and the Term “Sign”

Augustine also developed a theory that considerably contributed to the development of the art discipline. Written signs from Augustine's theory can be applied in certain aspects of visual art such as drawings, sculpture or paintings.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 644

Adam Smith on the Rules of Morality

The reason for this is that, contrary to what many people think, the rules of morality are simultaneously 'given' and continuously formed, in regards to what happened to be the affiliated external circumstances.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 857

Rationalism Philosophy

The moderate philosophical inclination anchors on the role of reason in the acquisition of knowledge. The extreme standpointthe posits the relevance of reason as the sole gateway to the acquisition of knowledge.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 861

Descartes Revolutionary Ideas

Descartes admits that it is possible that the piece of wax is one of the images in the individual's mind. Of course, it is possible to think of a variety of examples to prove that [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1110

Beauty and Deja Vu

The message the speaker was communicating to the audience struck me as familiar; I had a feeling that I had heard it from the same venue before.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1377

Pragmatism and Keynesian Theory

This is due to the fact that there are changes in nature of work, preferences of employer for flexibility which normally work to the disadvantage of the employees and finally the changes in institutional systems [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 595

Musical Education and The Laws by Plato

There is another very interesting quote related to the definition of good music, namely, the Athenian stranger points out that the best music is the one that "pleases the man who is distinguished in virtue [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1076

Key Lessons from the Gettier Paper

An example that can be cited for this is that if John, who is a child, has always been told that babies come from heaven, this is the knowledge that he believes is true.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1148

Xunzi’s Conceptions of Human Nature

In the Garden of Eden, the Adam and Eve had the freedom to eat of any tree except the tree in the center of the garden.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1455

Ontological and Wager Argument

While Anselm and Wager are major proponents of the ontological argument, Hume and Kant are some of the opponents of the ontological argument. Ontological argument is a controversial argument that supports the existence of God.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 574

Kantian Perspective on Water Privatisation

According to the extant literature, this is a response to the experience of the global water crisis. In this case, there is the tendency to exploit in the selling of water, and the positions are [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 1132

The Consequences of the Time Travel

Thus, the time travel can lead to the intolerable and even threatening consequences because of influencing the principle of the cause and effect in relation to the past and future, and as a result, the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1129

Can God and Real Evil Be Reconciled?

Despite the fact that God and the Evil are traditionally opposed in Christianity, the only possible way of handling the evil should be viewed through the reconciliation of the two, since the former, as the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1441

Teachings of Jesus and Kant

According to the rules by Jesus, there is no need of fixing rules to guide moral judgments because when people are guided by love for each other they do the right things.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 566

Meaning in Life

Schnell and Steger, Frazier, Oishi and Kaler observed that one critical aspect of the well-being of people in the society, which comes out in the humanistic theories that are utilized in counselling psychology, is people's [...]
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1717

Ethical relativism concept

Indeed, just as societies have different frameworks for assessing the ethical or moral implications of their actions, it is equally important to acknowledge that these ethical and moral actions are also subject to time adjustments.
  • Subjects: Ethical Philosophy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1399

Knowledge and Gettier’s Argument

Because the process contains an assumption and it happens to be the end result, it does not mean that it is universal and can be applied to all situations and the definitions of knowledge.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Science
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 832

Nielsen’s Free Will and Determinism: An Analysis and Critique

Despite the proof that Nielsen provides for the fact that determinism and freedom can actually coexist and, moreover, complement each other, Nielsen makes it clear that the existence of moral luck defines the boundaries of [...]
  • Subjects: Freedom Philosophy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1166

Karl Popper’s the 3 Worlds of Knowledge

The essence of knowledge management is to help the firm be able to retrieve this information to help it in its future management.
  • Subjects: Philosophy of Science
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1651

Athens Put Socrates and Philosophy on Trial

As he tried to enlighten the people, Athenians leaders observed that Socrates was spoiling the minds of the youths, and thus guilty of using his philosophies inappropriately.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 839

Critique of Thomas Hobbes’ Views on Monarchy

According to him, man is naturally violent, and thus, there is a need for the establishment of an authoritative government in the form of a monarchy to check and contain the violent nature of man.
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 1045

The Best Political Philosophy is Marxism

It is also important to note that these group of theorists also believed in the fact that people are selfish. On the contrary, Locke believed in a rational man, even though he could be selfish [...]
  • Subjects: Political Philosophies
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2214

“The Laws” by Plato

The Athenian's contribution to the 'would be' laws of the new city is impressive to the Spartan and the Cretan and they therefore recommend him to be part of the team founding the new city [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1221

Modern Science and the Creation Story

To establish the reason for the many scientific researches on the origin of the universe, it is prudent to explain the theory all works of science seem to tear apart, The Creationism Theory.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2793

A Choice of Life and the Price of Being Different

They are only allowed to participate in activities that do not contradict the interests and wishes of men. All people are the same and are supposed to exist freely in society.
  • Subjects: Life Philosophy
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 837

Aristotle’s Views on Women

Before the Greek physicians and philosophers of the Classical Age took up the question of the nature of women, the Greeks had serious attitudes toward women as revealed in their literature.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Works
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 2041

Kahn and Verifiability

Khun introduced the concept of "paradigm shift" in mainstream science by suggesting that scientific models undergo paradigm shifts and therefore, the notion that scientific models develop in a linear manner is untrue. After weighing the [...]
  • Subjects: Philosophers
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 830

Daode Jing and Zhuangzi in Daoism

4 The scholar provides interpretations of the major concepts of the texts, with a few references to the works' creation or creators.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 576

Reflection on Confucianism

Yao reacts against the constricted view of the philosophy, which comes from failure to open into the historical development of the philosophy and the role of the Confucian tradition as a whole in advancing Confucianism.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 891

Reflection on Neo-Confucian Discourse

The idea of neo-Confucianism is to promote healthy interactions between the culture of China and other cultures interplaying in the modern world.
  • Subjects: Philosophical Theories
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 897
Psst... Stuck with your
assignment? 😱
Hellen
Online
Psst... Stuck with your assignment? 😱
Do you need an essay to be done?
What type of assignment 📝 do you need?
How many pages (words) do you need? Let's see if we can help you!