God exists as it is the beginning of everything, as God is necessary just for the personal existence and this is the beginning of other issues which may be possibly exist or not as well [...]
Therefore, a miracle is an extraordinary happening occurring in the physical world that surpasses the natural capabilities and powers known to human beings.
The thinker argues that philosophers bring to the fore trends and outlooks existing in the human society. Some may argue that there is no point in listening to philosophers, reading their works as people will [...]
Ultimately, if it is not possible to model a human brain which functions well, then it can be argued that humans are devoid of free will and that unpredictability is a fruit of chaos, and [...]
The main aim of Moore's essay is to explain that if there are some reasons not to believe that external objects exist; the author is to convince people of physical things existence before they understand [...]
The first level appeals to a part of the human soul that focuses on reason while the second part appeals to the part of the human soul that follows reason.
Regarding the Ship of Theseus, the ship changed a lot but it remained the same in terms of its properties. Equally, Y could be said to be the same as Z in terms of properties.
His appeal is on behalf of not just the unsuccessful and downtrodden but of the criminal and degraded classes and a condemnation of what passes for 'justice', divine and human.
However, the fact that there are many actions that people engage in, Aristotle argues that their ends are countless. Aristotle concludes that happiness is the key principle that causes people to practice virtues such as [...]
On the one hand, the opponents of the hard determinism state that free will exists and people do not base their own decisions on anything, however, it is possible to say that the decision was [...]
The puzzle enlightens the human mind on what the limitations of the mind on knowledge are. In the puzzle, there is no human being when the tree falls; hence the puzzle is if the tree [...]
In the sciences, new ways of thinking often spearhead the detection of new data or facts. A counterclaim made by some individuals to this argument is that the discovery of new facts led to the [...]
Divine command theory is based on the idea that God is the determinant of right and wrong behavior. It is wrong for believers to say that the commandments given by God are arbitrary because He [...]
Through the way art is expressed, people have a way of understand the thoughts of the author as well as understanding the message the author was trying to communicate.
According to Epicurus, a debauched kind of pleasure is not the type of pleasure he was talking about since this type of pleasure only ends in the moment of enjoyment.
This paper therefore seeks to address the crisis of modern science, how and why the religion and metaphysics continue with their long and slow decline as well the role of Romanticism in the crisis of [...]
The main aim of the paper is to compare and contrast the principles set forth by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke with regards to the fundamental purpose of political society and the state of nature.
According to Locke, the state of nature is a state of perfect freedom and a state of equality that is only bound by the law of nature.
For example, Plato used to refer to the notion of morality as being synonymous to the notion of justice: "True' city and the corrupted city are put forward for us as models of human nature [...]
Socrates advocated the idea that justice was good, and that meant that injustice was equal to evil. The point he makes here is that justice is the cure for evil, and that a man who [...]
Locke's argument that "whatever is innate is true" means that he holds a position similar to Descartes that if innate principles were to occur, then it would be the work of God, a position which [...]
Therefore, it is important to first respect the rights of others, as according to the letter of the law, and then to promote one's beliefs in a non violent manner in order to promote democratic [...]
For a person to be seen as just, he or she ought to be a good person and the crucial question here is to know what good is.
At the same time, according to Socrates, the process of people growing ever more knowledgeable of surrounding reality and their place in it has the value of 'thing in itself'.
In conclusion, the question of whether man is inherently good or evil can only be answered within a specific context. People are neither evil nor good and they behave in the way they do, whether [...]
Occasionally, the carriers of the objects speak to one another, but their voices reach the prisoners in form of echoes from the wall ahead of them.
God's presence in an individual enables him/her to achieve goals that are consistent with the provisions of the church. They belong to the city of the damned and are responsible for their actions.
Thus, how is knowledge of ignorance, in Descartes' meditation and Socrates' the allegory of cave, fruitful in understanding the existence and real meaning of life?
Therefore, in his experience, Descartes believed that confusion or absolute lack of knowledge is necessary to spearhead the search for truth about objects within the context of the world.
Rawls asserts that for equality to take place, the activities have to better lives of people who are worse off in terms of improvement of living standards and empowerment of disadvantaged members to levels which [...]
The prisoners are only able to see the shadow of the puppets on the wall of the cave-their only way of being acquainted to the outside world.
In the era of ancient Greece, approximately forty years before the commencement of the Peloponnesian battles, an infant by the name of Socrates was brought into the world.
Christians believe in the existence of a God who is considered to have willed the existence of all that there is.
In the example of the crusade, the main objective of the pope and other Christians is alleged to be eliminating the Cathers and the perfects.
This paper will thus discuss why Philosophy major is needed in curriculum to teach students- who will later assume important roles in the social and business sectors- on the value of ethics in the society.
Post structuralism in teaching can be regarded as critical in the modern world since it is diversified and ideas are used in respect to the way they are expressed or brought to existence.
In many religions across the world, people belief in life after death and also being born again in the world after an individual. Life after death is the belief in the continuation of life after [...]
The most basic needs were at the bottom of the pyramid which was of a physiological nature, fundamental to the survival of the human body.
According to Cartesian dualism, the mind and the body interact at the point of pineal body because it is the only gland in the brain that is not duplicate, which connects the body and the [...]
Osama is the main face behind the Al Qaeda terror group and when it was announced that after years of hunting him down, Osama had finally been killed by the United States government, there could [...]
One of the thoughts that Camus laid down for his argument is the idea that once the abstract nature of the world is revealed to an individual, a person develops attitudes that are connected to [...]
The free-will defense as a response to the logical problem of evil will also be covered in the essay as well as how the free-will response demonstrates the existence of evil to be logically inconsistent [...]
Pain which is brought about by harm is the main source of injustice, pursuing pleasure involved refraining from doing what does not bring pleasure to oneself but ensuring that obtaining utmost personal pleasure would be [...]
Procrastination is said to be the avoidance of starting or going through on a task that is deemed to be important and necessary.
It is referred to as the mind-body problem from the difficulties that are encountered in understanding the working of the body and that of the mind.
In some instances, as in the conception of the human beings as a make-up of the soul- body union, it is likewise clear that biological considerations are paramount.
The reading in the Quran that touches on Heaven, Hell, and Death is a complex through a straightforward recitation to understand the passage of reading.
Based on the illustration that Smith provides, "if the consumers want more gloves as opposed to shoes, it implies that the demand of the gloves will increase as that of shoes fall, leading to fall [...]
According to him, the motive behind an action is the one that makes the action to be deemed as right or wrong.
As far as the body and the soul interacted, Plato also commented on the things that the soul could be influenced by the work or the actions of the body.
Additionally, I would like to address the relationship of Arendt and Heidegger in the context of The Holocaust, and the effect that it had upon their philosophical works.
To downplay the importance of sense experience, Plato and Descartes show that sense experience can never be a cause of experience since the objects captured through it are vulnerable to change.
According to him, moral virtue is the only means of ensuring that there is order in the society. His mother thus played the role of the father in bringing up Confucius and it is through [...]
As Plato recounts the episode "Myth of Er" found in the republic dialogue phaedo and the story of time reversal in the statesman, a clear view of the hierarchical arrangement of the cosmos is illuminated.
Justice is not dependent on the majority of any particular group, but on the views held by a majority of the people, which implies that the rights of an individual are limited to what majority [...]
Since perception is as a result of stimulation of the senses, and the senses only give us the appearance of objects not there reality, then it is wrong to consider perception to define knowledge.
The concept of equality is significant in the discussion of liberty, property, and the role of government in the lives of people.
It is from deduction of this principle that gives rise to the third principle of rectification in which Nozick brings forth suggestions of solutions that should be adopted to rectify the unjust distribution and ownership [...]
If people presume that opportunity costs causes a decrease in the overall desirability especially the most favorite choice, then the more the increased choices, the greater the sense of loss and dissatisfaction they will derive [...]
Fist, he does not appear to be apologetic and to the contrary confirms the general opinion held by majority of his jury that he thinks he is the wisest.
Socrates was a man of unfathomable religious convictions and a patriot, but most of his contemporary allies regarded him with suspicion and dislike due to his attitude towards the state of Athens and the various [...]
Moreover, King justified his pursuit of justice on the streets from the fact that the protests he organized were essentially peaceful and nonviolent; meaning that all he was trying to do was get his message [...]
Augustine is concerned about the certainty in knowledge claims especially of knowledge in things that he has never seen or things that were enacted beforehand by predecessors.
In this religion it is believed that the Lord is the creator of nature which evolved with time and lead to the emergence of man.
A fiery critic of the Papacy doctrines, Martin Luther believed that any good choice made by man has to be founded on God's principles and not from institutions like Roman Catholic Church, which was based [...]
In the context of marriage as a social institution, the performative statement said to fulfill the action is "I do", which fulfills the action of marrying.
This essay explains that the universe has a direction and goal only when we view it as the same entity in the past, now and in our future imagination.
Agnostics have been unable to take a stand in the issue due to their inability to make a decision and it is advisable that agnostics emulate theists and atheists.
In this essay, we are going to discuss and explain the deism of the period of Enlightenment and show the relations between ides of deism and Enlightenment philosophy through the analysis of teaching such great [...]
The question of whether there is a supreme being behind the existence the universe is a one that has confounded many people to date.
In Foucault's views however the full lighting used in panoptic institutions was a "visibility trap" that is replicated in the larger society in order to enforce discipline.
Buddhism also teaches that it is the unfulfilled desires of men and women that causes misery and therefore the removal of these desires from the consciousness of the individual will solve all of society's problems.
In contrast to the weighed and reasonable ideas of war which Plato suggests, Augustine molds the basis of the war ideology on the idea that war can be a means to achieve piece.
It is clear through the literature that has come to man, that philosophers started being increasingly concerned with the task of justifying the possibility, and therefore, the credibility of human knowledge of the entire world.
The universe is perceived as the creation of a supernatural being and hence there are devotional practices and ritual performances that are directed towards the relationship between people and the superhuman being and a set [...]
In this essay, I shall define the success strategies that I have discovered and which I intend to use in the coming years to achieve success.
The study of superheroes has been of interest to psychologists mainly due to the inspirational impacts it has on those in the neighborhood of the superhero.
His experience as a physician and the philosophical knowledge he had, formed a perfect combination of knowledge, which gave him the ability to explain human nature.
Kant's moral system is anchored on morality and therefore goes ahead to explain that a rational human being would easily adapt to universal moral laws and use them as a basis of determining what is [...]
This is due to the fact that different people explain the existence of God in different ways and there is always a contradiction between scientific theories and faith of individuals. However, from the explanation provided [...]
The most prominent topic was the status of intellectualism at Harvard in addition, to the canon of the Unitarian church trained at Harvard School of religion.
The main similarity of the Platonic and Aristotelian forms is in their ability to be the bearers of the objective truth."The expression 'the F' must have been construed as indicating something about the nature of [...]
Kant's moral philosophy holds that the final result of an action has no value; the value of an action lies on the motivation behind it.
While he was fourteen years of age, Giovanni went to Bologna where he studied for two years, and was mostly engaged with the Decrials."While still in Bologna, he was disgusted with the traditional studies of [...]
Nietzsche in the seventh maxim asks whether man is a result of the erroneous work of God or God is the error of man.
So, it would be appropriate to suggest the overview of changing virtues and people's views within the well-known cognitive books: The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, The Consolation of Philosophy by Ancius Boethius, and the [...]
However, it is important to note that most of Hume's theories are based on the idea that a man's previous experience is not to be taken into consideration.
By examination of Tyler Durden in the "Fight club" and Clint Eastwood in "The good the bad and the ugly," it can be noted that the heroes and anti-heroes are depicted in a similar yet [...]
Self-knowledge is very necessary as it helps one to identify the strengths and weaknesses that one has in the view of imminent challenges in life.
Justice, which is suitable for the constitution of the country, is also beneficial to the people. The Plato's theory of justice tries to balance what people and societies practice."Justice is the good of another".
Furthermore, due to the different laws and cultures in our world, it would be seemingly impossible to uphold such a rule According to Pojman, "the idea of rewarding the good and punishing the bad is [...]
He says that the idea of the bed from which all beds are made generates from god, the carpenter who makes the bed 'naturalizes' what god had conceived, and the painter copies the idea of [...]
This is by far the most convincing evidence that we have, which so far supports the model of dualism in our contemporary society.
The controversy over the effects of literature has made the great philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, to differ in their perceptions of the literature impacts on the society.
Although there is no way to accurate define the meaning of "cool" or "coolness" one can get close to it by understanding the spirit behind the term and Botz-Bornstein was correct when he wrote that [...]
They based their perception of what is good on what they received and deemed good while the masses were obliged to accept that as common and if common then as the norm of the values.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze critically the concept of the sublime as presented by Immanuel Kant in his work 'The Critique of Judgment'.
The highest type of reality is the one that is based on knowledge of forms as illustrated through the allegory of the cave.
Incidentally this is the concept from which the science of psychology is based which is best exemplified by the theory of behaviorism: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the concepts of self ideology [...]
However, according to the article, it is imperative to note that neither reason nor the quest for evidence started with the ancient Greeks, but the pre-Socratic philosophers endeavored to identify a single underlying standard that [...]