Genetic experimentation and development

Introduction Genetic experimentation and development have the prospect of initiating a number of alterations as well as benefits to the human being. In addition, the genetic developments have the ability of creating new living things, prevent emission of toxic wastes as well as provide cure to various ailments. Further, through the utilization of genetic tools, […]

Genetic modification and testing: ethical considerations

Sciences and in depth knowledge about human and animal genetics has received extensive attention and reached heights that were not expected. Modifications to the genetic information and the types of outcomes have been surprising but at the same time, met with some displeasement. This sort of engineering has resulted in modified foods, animal testing and […]


Today many researchers discuss the peculiarities of the ecological misbalance, the environmental protection, and the effects of the human invasion in the animal world. All these problems involve the issue of the humans’ relationships with animals. It is possible to note that the history of these relationships is as long as the history of our […]


Bacteria present a world that is constantly under study in the search for better understanding of life and its processes. The cells are being examined in “microfluidic devices” that allow for movement and create an environment to observe the interaction between cells, as well as internal mechanisms and reactions (Mosier & Cady 1). The division […]

Cell Membranes

The cell membrane is a biological layer that acts as a barrier between a cell’s interior and its exterior environment. Cell membranes act in a selectively permeable manner. This means cell membranes have the ability to control the entry and exit of substances in and out of their interior structure. Some organic ions and molecules […]

In Vitro Fertilization and Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis

Introduction In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a successful treatment for purposes of infertility and in couples who are in need of Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) so as to assess genetic abnormalities of their potential offspring. These two procedures can also be used by couples who do not have fertility problems. In these instances, IVF and […]