The variety of sources make essays on Ancient history stimulating to write but hard to structure. Therefore, the first thing you must do is research your topic, even briefly.
This advice may seem boring, but good ancient history essay structure comes from understanding your subject and being comfortable with your sources:
Write down the books and journals you are using;
Ask yourself what they bring to your essay;
Reflect on whether your sources let you approach the topic from different perspectives;
Remove or add sources.
Repeating this process once or twice will help you create a paper that is both informative and to the point.
Outline and Subheadings
After working with sources, you should be ready to create an outline for essays with all kinds of titles on ancient world history topics. Write out your subheadings, making sure their arguments do not overlap. They have to be broad enough to cover enough, but sufficiently narrow to be distinct from each other.
Let us assume your essay’s title is, for example, on archaeology, with the title “Burial Mounds around the World.” Dividing all the mounds in every corner of the earth by their date of creation, with no regard for the civilization that created them, would be an overlapping mess. However, you could group the information by the mounds’ locations.
Another case of bad subheadings could be created by forgetting your main goal. Always remember that your ancient history essay structure should be reflective of your argument.
Switching from “Women and Court Life” to “The Social Exclusion of Women” could be hurtful to your grade in an essay about Ancient Persian women and their place in society. These topics claim entirely different things! Find examples of better essay structures on IvyPanda.
Introduction Throughout the annals of time, there have been relationships that have quite literally steered the course of human history, while such occurrences are rare and are fortunately few and far between this does not lessen their historical importance nor their need to be studied. Before beginning on an examination of one such relationship, it […]
The exchange” speech” Isocrates birth time is in 436 BC prior to the Peloponnesian war which never ended until the Greek lost their independence to Macedonia at Chaeronea in 338 BC. He was well educated and he studied with the famous rhetorician Gorgias and for ten years he wrote speeches used in law courts. At […]
Introduction The collapses of such great civilizations as the Maya, the Aztec, and the Inca civilizations are discussed by many researchers as rather unexpected and influenced by a lot of different factors, including environmental and social changes along with the war conflicts. The stages of the development of the Mesoamerican civilization and of the Incas […]
In the ancient world, law and justice was used to maintain peace and harmony between people living in different societies. These laws were used to judge citizens of territories where ancient empires had acquired authority to administer as the dominant source of government. Ancient laws and justice systems were influenced by religious doctrines, where the […]
Introduction Political economy is vital to existence and expansion of any country. This is evident in ancient empires, which used political economy to strengthen their grip on colonies. For instance, Imperialism, which is currently utilized in United States, was developed by Assyrians. Moreover, use of electric batteries, flush toilets, paved roads and locks were used […]
Introduction Students of world history face a great deal of problem with the term ancient world partly because it traces its origin from western historical thought. The narrow perspective with which this term has been treated to has confined ancient history to the period from the rise of civilization in South West Asia and Egypt […]
The Mechanical Water Clock of Ibn Al-Haytham (Discover the golden Age of Muslim Civilisation par. 5) The first simplest water clock was invented in Egypt about 1500BC. This simplest form of clock was known as the outflow clepsydra; it is shown above from different viewpoints. The water clock had the shape of a cone that […]
The societies of ancient Mesoamerica, their development, structure and collapses are still considered some of the biggest historical mysteries of the world. The researchers and expert experience scarcity of evidence and materials to study in order to have a better picture of the societies and cultures of ancient Mesoamerica. It is a well known fact […]
The emergence of trade routes marked a major development in the history of humankind. Observably, the rise and fall of most classical empires played a crucial role in these historical developments. Indicatively, the sociopolitical and economic elements provided the greatest center stage for these historical advancements. In addition, the economic and religious factors also had […]
The dissolution of the Roman Empire was a monumental occurrence that continues to elicit varied reactions from theorists and scholars around the world. Historians seeking to determine the actual cause of the decline and eventual dissolution of the Roman Empire have formulated several theories. Such theories interrogate the decline of political, economic, military, and related […]
Introduction Greek history is very rich. This paper looks at definitions and significance of terms and names used in Greek history. They include: Dark Age, funeral games, hector, Archilochus, Ionia History, Helots, Cleisthenes and Sacred disease. Dark Age is the period in Greek history between 1200 BC and 800 BC. During this period, the Greek […]
Introduction Pericles was an Athenian leader during the Peloponnesian war; he was the leader responsible for the reconstruction of Athens after the war. Pericles was killed by plague, which descended upon the city. Pericles was the General during the Peloponnesian war, and he was of the opinion that Athens should firmly remain in the war. […]
Introduction There were at least eight crusades in all but four of them were the major ones. The crusades started in the year 1095 with the appeal of Pope Urban II to the European Christians and ended in the year 1291 with the downfall of Acre. Pope Urban II appealed to the people of France […]
Summary of the article in the book Mary Fraser begins by exploring Nova Scotia and its aboriginal inhabitants. From the article in the book, it is evident that the Miemac Indians were the aboriginal group that dominated Nova Scotia from very early times. The confederation of eastern Algonquins was the original homeland of this group […]
Ancient Greece is often referred to as a cradle of the Western World. This is not just a smart metaphor, but a certain fact that can hardly be refuted. Thus, Greek dreams of a perfect society where everyone (or at least the majority) is happy resulted in the creation of the first democracy in the […]
According to the National Geographic, the human history of Cape Breton can be traced back to 10,000 years of migration (National Geographic, p.1). Ancient people groups came here to settle thousands of years ago. But with regards to European settlers, their arrival started in the 15th century when explorers came to visit the area. Some […]
Introduction An aqueduct is a passageway for liquids or fluids. In this context, an aqueduct is a passageway or a channel built specifically for conveying water from one area to another. Aqueducts were built to allow water to move to areas that were preferred. This technology relied heavily on gravity. In this case, aqueducts were […]
Lucretius believed that the universe constituted of particles which arrangement had occurred by chance. In addition, he held the conviction that change and decay were inevitable. These assertions formed a doctrine that was similar to the modern concept of entropy. Lucretius described the way human activities in the Roman agriculture interacted with the environment and […]
Introduction The word Mesopotamia is derived from an ancient Greek work, which translates to “(land) between rivers.” The earliest known usage of the term has been recorded to be in the second century when it was used to refer to the land that sits on the east of the Euphrates River in Syria. This was […]
The modern scientific revolution view about the world replaced the existing medieval view. The scientific view of the world brought about modern understanding of human nature, physics, natural environment as well as biology. The medieval view of the world examined the globe using major realms of religion. Later, the new scientific view of the world […]
This paper is inspired by the book about Charles the Great, written by Einhard, Notker and Ganz (2008). This book contains two books, two perspectives on the same person. Here, one can read about a biography of one of the most powerful and influential medieval European rulers, Charlemagne. Charlemagne receives his alias during his lifetime. […]
Introduction Islam means ‘to Submit’ or offer exclusive devotion to one God who is Allah. It refers to a religion that regards prophet Mohammad as God’s sent prophet whose role was to deliver his message which is recorded in the holy writings of the Quran. Believers in Islam or the Muslims adhere to the recordings […]
The Kings of Ancient Egypt The study of ancient history will never be complete without taking a closer examination at the history of ancient Egypt. This is because of how the Egyptians made a lasting impact on the lives of ancient peoples; from Africa, the Middle-East, India, Greece and Rome. Their greatness is seen in […]
Paganism is the term that describes various spiritual practices and religious acts, which are not connected to Christianity. Pre-Christian Europe with Paganism, Judaism, and Islam still spread nowadays; and lots of people want to join these beliefs again. Pagans had their own ides as for significance of their lives and the things, which happened to […]
The Histories is one of the most brilliant works by Herodotus that represents the grounds, the development, and the outcomes of the conflict that happened between the Greeks and the Persians, who also were regarded as non-Greeks or the barbarians. The author underlined that the Persians wanted to win the Greeks by means of a […]
Introduction Gaius Julius Caesar remains one of the most important figures for his prolific conquests that he made during his life as an emperor and probably his untimely-preplanned death. This was a genius in making, combating with not only the minute Egypt but also with world giants like Germany, Gaul, and Britain (Appian 1949, 115). […]
Introduction The Maya are people otherwise known as Mesoamericans. Long time ago, the people of Maya inhabited large cities and urban centers in the Central America; in fact, it is recorded that at a certain point in time, the Maya people had approximately a thousand cities. They used to live in rainforests and mountains; the […]
Introduction History shows that Alexander the great was the greatest commander of his time. The evidence of his greatness is revealed by the massive conquests he made. Alexander succeeded in conquering many kingdoms, thereby presiding over the greatest empire in recorded history. It is reported that he succumbed to a fever while planning another conquest […]
Introduction While the human race takes great pride in the progressive nature of each subsequent civilization, human beings continue to harbor a keen interest on ancient civilizations. This interest in the past sometimes springs from specific attributes of certain ancient civilizations which are hailed as benchmarks in the civilization process. Some of the ancient civilizations […]
Introduction The likelihood that any civilization of the world could die is very high in societies today (Tainter 1990:38). However, many people still believe that modern societies possess immunity to such occurrences primarily due to its enhanced scientific and technological capacities as well as the benefits it derives from advanced knowledge of economics and history […]
Introduction Between 1st and 7th century AD, Teotihuacan was one of the largest empires in its time that was even larger than Roman Empire. Incidentally, it was during the same time that the Roman Empire was also a formidable civilization many thousands miles away in Europe; during this period the Teotihuacan Empire area of influence […]
The Roman Empire had mixed complexities with ruthlessness and could suddenly heave from civilization, dictatorship, and extreme greed. Besides, it had different leaders who exercised their powers in unusual ways. Consequently, the unworthy empires abused their offices by infuriating their subjects. They employed several ways of ruling over the Roman Empire (Gordon 94). For instance, […]
Abstract The women in Egypt enjoyed relatively equal rights with men compared to women in other countries of the ancient world that suffered from discrimination and biases demonstrated against women from their birth and until death. In this respect, the paper focuses primarily on the analysis of primary and secondary sources that support the hypothesis […]
Introduction The great person theory explains how great people shaped the history of the world. The noble abilities of the great persons had decisive impact on the course of the history. On this theory, Thomas Carlyle asserts that, “the history of the world is but the bibliography of great men.”1 The great persons in the […]
Introduction From the past, the center of attention for those in leadership tends to be on power and control. However, great thinkers in the past came to appreciate that it would be very beneficial if the government was to be inclined to people’s interest as opposed to the personal interests of its leader. This new […]
The Maya Civilization covered Northern Guatemala and bordering areas of Mexico, Belize and Honduras (Demarest 2004). Demarest (2004) adds that this empire covered the Petén rainforest. “Maya civilization’s monuments displayed unrivalled success in astronomy, mathematics, calendrics and violent political history” (Demarest 2004, p.35). For that reason, it is one of the most powerful and widely […]
When the Society Existed The Maya Empire was extremely influential during the 6th century A.D. A majority of the prosperous stone cities were discarded by A.D. 900. The nineteenth century scholars made extra efforts to assess the causes of the dramatic decline. The Maya Empire was exceptionally prominent during its period. Location The Maya Empire […]
Introduction Yusuf ibn-Ayyub Salah-al-Din (commonly known as Saladin) stands apart as the single most prominent figure in the history of the Middle East. Because of his exploits in the Crusades, Saladin is perceived as the chief “hero” of the Crusades by both his Islamic side and the Christian side. Saladin was able to establish a […]
Medicine in the ancient era of the Romanians came about as a result of a number of diverse aspects. There was not a lot of knowledge as there is today and not many people were able to understand the causes and cures, as well as maintenance of certain diseases. This posed serious challenges to people […]
In 406, Rome started military attacks against Veii, a remarkable Etruscan city. During these times, the Roman Senate appointed Marcus Furius Camillus as a military commander to control the Roman Army. Due to his talent as a warrior, Camillus managed to defeat Falerii and Capena, two allies of the Etruscan city. In the book, Livy […]
Introduction Women in the ancient societies of Egypt and Greece played the roles of wives and mothers. Before the New Kingdom in Egypt, this was more pronounced than in the ancient Greece. Many arts and artifacts that were created in Egypt supported this argument. There is a comparison and contrast between the social status of […]
Introduction Socrates is one of the great thinkers of all times owing to the fact that his philosophy shaped the Greek’s tread of thoughts. Although he was a great personality among the Greek people, Socrates did not record any of his thoughts making it difficult to trace clearly his early life. Nussbaum asserts that “this […]
Introduction The story of Cleopatra VII Philopator is still a myth to a lot of historians. Most of her traces have been lost or destroyed (Ebers 5). She is mostly remembered as a temptress who lured powerful rulers into accepting her wishes and her reign was marked by chaos and drama. This paper gives an […]
Introduction: The Legends, Revived Ancient Egypt is one of those mysteries which are yet to be solved. Taking a closer look at the specific culture and historical details of the famous state, one can see the whimsical mechanism of the world long gone. Djoser and Imhotep: The First Pyramid and the Last Tomb The pharaoh […]
The secular governments that exist around the world today are modernized forms of ancient governments. The modern governments are an enforcement of a blend of social and political norms nurtured over centuries from the time of ancient civilization. In the process of the modernization of civilization, societies have developed beliefs, which influence the form of […]
The fall of the Western Roman Empire in the fourth century marked the collapse of one of largest civilizations, as well as the beginning of radical cultural and social transformations. Hence, the Empire initiated the significant changes in all spheres of life including culture, art, politics, and philosophy. The newly emerged civilizations, therefore, applied to […]
The period which is now called Classical Greece was marked by significant changes in political, social, artistic and religious life of people. In particular, one can speak about the establishment of a civic state, the adoption of new approaches to education and science, the development of new artistic forms, and more critical attitude toward those […]
The Americans and the Western nations’ political systems and ideologies are in a way based on the ancient Greece and the Romans’ ideas. These countries are not the only ones that were affected. However, most of the ideas that are being used by governments in the world were originally borrowed from Greece (Wolin, 1960). Issues […]
Civilization involves high level developments on the cultural, political and social aspects of a region or a country. Mesopotamia and Egypt can be described as the two earliest civilizations which were located along the great river systems. Mesopotamia and Egypt had well established religion, art, architecture, education as well as political organizations. Both of them […]
Introduction Stone age is a term that is used in reference to the pre-historic times basically between 600,000 to 700,000 years and ending at around 6,0000 B.C, the time that human beings began to make their own weapons and tools from stones (Ignacio, 2011, p. 770). Therefore, the term is associated with the tools and […]
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