Natural Sciences Paper Examples

Environmental Studies: Water Contamination in China

Introduction Development and population growth have adverse effects on the environment, and thus they are the major causes of water contamination in China. Water is essential for human livelihood and a basic requirement for industrial and economic growth. However, with the government focusing on economic growth, little attention is given to water conservation, thus leading […]

Chemical Hazard of Plastic Industry

Background Plastics form perhaps one of the distinguished engineering materials of today. A plastic is “a material that contains an essential ingredient of an organic substance of large molecular weight…it is a solid in its finished state and at some stage in its manufacture” (Eckardt, 1976, p.103). Plastics appear in two categories: thermosetting or thermoplastics. […]

Power Plants Role in Escalating Global Warming

Introduction The world has evolved unprecedentedly with each successive decade witnessing massive transformations including rapid industrial growth. Agricultural activities during the Agrarian Revolution had little impact on the climate as compares to the innovations of the modern world. Since the advent of the Industrial Revolution, human beings and their activities have resulted in massive gas […]

Environmental Issues: Hudson River Pollution

The Hudson River had always been the cultural icon of New York, an essential feature of the city’s natural landscape, and a distinguishing element of its history. Unfortunately, the Industrial Revolution and the subsequent advancement of the local and national economy have turned the River into an object of environmental pollution. Since the 17th century, […]

Personal Emergency and Disaster Plan

Natural, accidental and intentional disaster threats While some disasters are natural, some are accidental such as fires while others are man-made. Since disasters, irrespective of their cause are prone to occurring, planning to how to deal with their effects is imperative. My disaster preparedness plan will focus on tornadoes as natural disasters, fires as accidental […]

Concentrating Solar Power

With the high rate of global warming continuously emanating from products used in generating electricity like coal, the world has diversified the search for electricity generation from ecofriendly options. Concentrating Solar Power is one of the best sustainable options of acquiring energy from sun rays using clean mirrors placed at specific angles in hot regions […]

Energy Problem Evaluation Report

Introduction This report evaluates the solution for the problem Minh, Mekong Vietnam, and evaluates it according to cost, sustainability, environmental impact and cultural appropriateness. In the social aspect, the project in its entirety brings social benefits to the community at large. This means it is sustainable and socially friendly. Hence, it is of a high […]

Responsible factors for climate change

By definition, climate change is an average long-term shift in weather patterns that is manifested by altering in the contributing factors including precipitation, temperature and pressure among other indicators. Climate change can be a consequence of a modification in variability typified by extreme weather conditions, for example, erratic rainfalls that cause floods. The earth’s climate […]

Sustainability in Slums

Introduction Sustainable development is one of the core strategies of development adopted by many countries across the world. Although this awareness has reached to that level currently, sustainability was not considered profoundly in the past. In the past, people focused on development without considering other crucial aspects such as environmental awareness, sociology and humanity. The […]

Environmental Impact Statement

Introduction In the recent past, the environmental studies have ranked industries as the leading causes of environmental pollution (Syrakov, Batchvarova, & Wiman 1998, p. 118). The current challenges of global warming facing major industries across the globe have necessitated the need for coming up with tools that measure environmental risk. A number of studies affirm […]

Tsunami of 2004

Introduction The tsunami of December 26 th 2004 was a natural disaster that occurred in the Indian Ocean. According to Shibayama (2005), the tsunami was caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake which released 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs in terms of energy. The earthquake struck the coastal area off northern Sumatra in Indonesia triggering a gigantic […]

Environmental Issues for Managers: UK’s Current Strategy on Renewable Energy/Technologies

Current Strategy of the UK on Renewable Energy and Technologies The renewable energy strategy of the UK entails escalating the utilization of micro-generation and lessening energy wastage (The Stationery Office 2009). At present, strategy seeks to facilitate dissemination of renewable energy and heat technologies into the whole nation. This is an element to comply with […]

Groundwater Contamination Using 3D GIS Techniques

Introduction Currently, the most important source of water for human consumption and industrial use is groundwater. Hence, it is imperative to manage groundwater resources effectively and guarantee its future presence. This requires proper identification and management of possible threats to groundwater resources. Previous cases of groundwater and surface water pollution have been globally. Today, however, […]

Totemism and Structuralism

Totemism and structuralism are some of the key topics that place Levi-Strauss in the limelight. The two elements are not only important in the analysis of system composition, but also in determining the relationships between systems. In structuralism, classification and systems play a foreground role in determining what makes a structure (Tilley 1990). This study […]

Sustainability Metrics: Thring and Bellagio Principles

Sustainability has been a topic of heated debate for decades. People, officials, policy makers, educators all strive for sustainable future, though there are a few people who can really follow sustainable principles. Notably, there are numerous sustainability principles and approaches which have been developed by different people. Though, none of the approaches has been chosen […]

The effect of science on climate change

According to Naomie Oreskes, policy-makers and the media have constantly emphasized that climate change is uncertain. A number of the policy-makers have used this allegation to oppose the implementation of strong measures aimed at lessening the amount of gas emitted from the greenhouses. Statements made by various organizations, about the effect of science on climate […]

Strategic planning analysis: the New Orleans Fire Department and the New York City Fire Department

Introduction Strategic planning is a management tool that serves various purposes in organizations. It provides a framework for developing appropriate courses of action in organizations after an analysis of current organizational operations and outcomes. Strategic planning also helps organizations adapt to changes in the face of complexities and diversification of factors. In order to determine […]

Water Quality

Coagulation and Flocculation These are the initial procedures during treatment of water. Chemical substances possessing a positive charge are added to water in this compartment. The positive charge neutralizes the negative charge from dirt leading to the formation of huge fragments known as floc. Sedimentation Floc is heavier than other particles present in water. Therefore, […]

Water Quality & Drinking Water Treatment

This reflective report analyses New York City’s drinking water quality and the treatment process. The paper identifies the contaminants in New York City water and analyzes these contaminants through a broad spectrum approach. The New York City Water Report The fluoride contaminant violated the maximum requirement level in the New York drinking water. The fluoride […]

Impact of policies on the practice of urban agriculture in Los Angeles

Introduction Climate change has a socio-political angle with great impact on economies. The impact of damages associated with such natural phenomena depends on vulnerabilities of social, political, or economic nature to individuals and entire communities. For instance, devastation associated with floods is usually high in populations with poor economic systems and poor political policies with […]

Nuclear Waste Disposal

Introduction The main challenge associated with the nuclear energy is the disposal of the resultant waste. Although several ways of storing nuclear waste have been established, nuclear waste disposal remains to be a major issue as none of the available alternatives are comprehensive enough in their solutions. The biggest challenge emanates from the fact that […]

Ecocriticism Concepts: Interaction Between Man and the Natural Habitat

Introduction Debates on the interaction between man and the natural habitat imply that there are different philosophical arguments by different researchers concerning culture/binary. The natural environment is central to the sustainability of life and the well-being of man. In this sense, man is charged with the responsibility of ensuring that the natural environment is well […]

Reflection on Statistics Learning Goals

Introduction Statistical knowledge is important to both statisticians and non-statisticians (Broers, 2006). It is, therefore, recommended that people from all disciplines are given basic skills in statistics. For this reason, I pursued this course to obtain quantitative skills to be applied and improved on in several ways. In this regard, I hoped to obtain knowledge […]

The Renewable and Non-renewable Electricity Sources

Environmental impact assessments conducted by various research authorities reveal that production of electrical energy is associated with many environmental hazards. In this study, both the renewable and non-renewable sources have been considered. Most of the sources of production of electricity are considered environmentally friendly. However, at one point or another, they contribute to environmental degradation. […]

Electricity Production and Consumption in the US

Electricity production in the US consumes over 40% of the total energy produced within the continent. Given the high percentage of energy consumption in electricity, the concept forms a significant segment of consumers’ environmental footprint. Fossils fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil are the key generators of electricity in the US. According to […]

Pollution and Human Health

Ecosystem An ecosystem is often defined as an environment or community, where inter-relationships among organisms take place (Vogt 69). In this respect, plants, animals, natural resources and humans interact for mutual benefits. Other elements such as soil, micro-organisms and non-living things are also included as part of a freshwater lake ecosystem. A freshwater localized ecosystem […]

2008 and 2013 Sichuan Earthquakes in China

Introduction This paper explores both 2008 and 2013 Sichuan earthquakes in China. It provides detailed descriptions of how each earthquake occurred, similarities and differences between the two incidences. In addition, it shows social and economic effects of the two earthquakes on people. The Sichuan Earthquake in 2008 On May 12, 2008, a devastating earthquake with […]

The article U.S., China Agrees on Climate Steps to Curb Emissions by Howard Schneide

The article U.S., China agrees on climate steps to curb emissions by Howard Schneider highlights a detailed analysis on current climate development. The article was published on The Washington Post. The author gives the details of the recent agreement between the United States and China on pollution. The agreement between the two countries was to […]

Brazil Economic Development and Conserve the Environment

Introduction Brazil is the second, fifth-largest country in the world geographically and in terms of population. In this view, Brazil epitomizes on the ongoing global tension pitying biodiversity preservation against sustainable agricultural practices and economic growth. According to current statistics, Brazil is a critical emerging economic power, which has a GDP of US$6040 billion and […]