The Real Causes of Autism

At present, the causes of autism have not been accurately determined. This question still remains a subject of many studies. However, there are many stereotypes and misconceptions about this issue. In particular, one should discuss the belief that vaccination leads to this neural disorder. On the whole, it is possible to argue that this concern […]

Autism. Sensory Integration. Tactile Desensitization

Introduction The development of individuals begins at the very early stages in life. Through the lifetime of an individual, the individual receives different types of information. The nature of development of the individual’s nervous system will influence the reception and interpretation of information by their sensory system. Sensory integration activities like playing with toys in […]

Traumatic Brain Injury

A description and criteria for Traumatic Brain Injury using DSM-IV-TR According to the Center for Disease Control, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an individual sustains a jolt to his head or a piercing head damage that interrupts the functions of human brain. The degree of TBI varies from mild to traumatic. Mild TBI […]

Brain Research Supports Differentiation

Introduction Modern research in educational techniques and strategies has focused a lot on brain research and classroom differentiation. Specifically, the field of educational neuroscience has focused a lot on the relationship between cognitive processes and classroom differentiation. A number of research studies have endeavored to explore the kind of differentiation brought about by certain brain […]

Parkinson Disease

Introduction Parkinson’s disease is one of the neurological disorders referred to as motor system disorders considering that these conditions are implicated in the loss of brain cells particularly dopamine-producing cells. As a result, Parkinson’s disease is recognized by four primary symptoms including stiffness or rigidity (of the trunk and limbs), bradykinesia, tremor or trembling (in […]

Dyslexia

History of Dyslexia Dyslexia was initially termed by W. Pringle Morgan as ‘congenital word blindness’ in a medical literature in 1886. The phrase was however coined by German ophthalmologist named R. Berlin where dys is a Greek word referring to ‘difficult’ and lexus referring to ‘word’. Berlin applied the name to refer to particular difficulty […]

Neuro-Scientific Research Findings and Recent Discoveries: How the Brain Learns

Educational neuroscience is an upcoming field of science that brings together scholars and researchers in educational psychology, cognitive neuroscience, education theory, and developmental cognitive neuroscience among other related disciplines in exploring the various interactions that exist between education theory and biological processes. Neuroscientific research is arguably one of the major areas of study which have […]

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a significant crisis due to the fact that many people have suffered from the disease without getting proper support from clinical strategies applied. This is a disease which consumes the healthy body tissues that support life. Moreover, the disease affects the brain to the extent of the victim losing […]

Batten Disease

Batten disease, commonly denoted as a group of diseases is therapeutically identified as Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL). In the event the NCL’s are discussed, they may be sometimes called varieties of Batten disease. In reality, they all have a similar basic cause, same progression and same consequence. However, they may be distinguished by chronological age […]

Memory Loss

Neuroimaging experiments are applicable in the study of memory loss. Brain imaging is very crucial. This is because it enables the examination of the cognitive and affective processes. The “functional Magnetic Resonance imaging,” (fMRI) may also be applicable in the examination of memory loss. It facilitates the gathering of images related to various neural actions. […]

Autism

Introduction Autism is a disorder that affects children at the very tender age of their lives especially within the first three years. This disorder affects the brain of the child during growth so that it does not develop in the right way thus affecting the social and communication skills of the child. A child suffering […]

How Dysphagia Disorder (swallowing disorder) is caused in Parkinson’s disease

Introduction Dysphagia disorder that is also referred to as swallowing disorder is a complication, which is very common in people suffering from Parkinson’s disease. The combination of the two increases the risk of a patient already suffering from Parkinson’s disease. This situation is worsened because the dysphasia disorder (swallowing disorder) reduces the ability of a […]

Significance of neural plasticity on visual perception

Introduction Purpose Neural plasticity as concept describes the process through which the brain adapts itself and rewires to the environment. Such a process is manifested in both the physical and chemical nature. Against traditional psychologists who previously opined that the brain is developed fully in the infancy period, the contemporary psychologists have demonstrated that the […]

Epilepsy

Introduction Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disease that is characterized by the presence of more than one unprovoked seizures in the individual. There is no cure for epilepsy, although it is possible to manage the seizures that characterize the disease, therefore enabling the patient to live a productive life. This paper will provide a […]

Early Intervention for Young Adults with Autism

Introduction Autism is a developmental disorder that affects the brain and derails the normal development of social and communication skills (Brill, 2007, p.24). It normally occurs during the first three years after birth. Autism alters mechanisms of processing information by the brain. It affects the proper functioning of nerve cells. Symptoms of autism are observed […]

Methods of Research: Neurobiology of Ecstasy (MDMA) Abuse

Introduction The three articles chosen for analysis focus on the neurological correlation between ecstasy and memory impairment; one by Simon and Mattick (2001) assessed the relationship between ecstasy use and memory impairment. The second one by Zakzanis & Young (2001) dwelt on memory impairment in abstinent MDMA users over one year. Lastly, a study done […]

Head Injuries and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Methodology The focus of the proposed study is on patients suffering from head injuries and chronic traumatic encephalopathy, (CTE). Case control methodology is appropriate for this study. To enhance efficiency, the case control methodology must assume a retrospective approach. This is because the proposed study involves examination of the existing cases of head injuries in […]

Importance of Drug Therapy in Management of Alzheimer’s disease

Introduction Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia characterized by decreased cognitive and functional abilities. Mostly, it affects elderly people from the age of 50-65. Alzheimer’s progresses gradually and early symptoms are not easily identified. Some of the early symptoms of the disease include memory impairment where the individual experiences difficulty remembering new information (Cappel […]

Brain Bisection

There is one human brain but appears to be in two halves. The first one is called the left hemisphere while the second one is called the right hemisphere depending on the orientation of the person. It has been assumed that there is only one brain and therefore there is only one person. But in […]

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a medical disorder that affects development and functions of the brain. There are several causes associated with the occurrence of ADHD including genetic effects, exposure to toxic substances and brain injury among others. Broad studies carried out on genetic relationship within families, adopted children, between twins and molecular genetics […]

Causes of Anencephaly, Its Signs and Symptoms, Treatments and Prognosis

Introduction “Anencephaly is a congenital anomaly characterized by an open neural tube in the cephalic region with an exposed mass of degenerate neural tissue on the skull floor” (Cohen, C et al. 2001, p.704). It results when neural tube fails to come into contact during the first few days of embryogenesis. Anencephaly leads to alteration […]

Huntington’s disease

According to Knowles (2007), Huntington’s disease can be described as a disorder that results in continuous degeneration of the nerve cells found in the human brain. The disease has several effects on an individual’s functional capacities including reasoning, psychiatric and movement impairments. Both men and women can get affected by the disease. Generally, the symptoms […]

Babinski Condition

The significance of a positive Babinski finding in an adult trauma patient is that indicates a dysfunction within the central nervous system (CNS) of the patient. Specifically, the finding indicates that the problem within the CNS is at the pyramidal track. Thus, the medical personnel will have an overview of the problem area within the […]

Hydrocephalus in Animals

Hydrocephalus is a nervous system disorder characterized by increased intracranial pressure and enlargement of the head. Increased intracranial pressure is a direct consequence of fluid accumulation in ventricular system. This condition can affect almost all animal species including domestic animals like cattle, dogs, and cats (Rousseaux & Ribble 31). The disorder is mostly diagnosed in […]

Neuroendocrine Tumor (NETs)

The human body organs have several neuroendocrine cells. These cells are mostly found in the lungs and digestive system. Neuroendocrine cells produce hormones in the endocrine glands – thyroid and adrenal glands (What is NET Cancer?, n.d.). At times, these organs can develop tumors from the neuroendocrine cells, and then multiply as it spread to […]

Gene-Environment Interactions

The issues of gene-environment interactions are widely discussed in the field of the modern medicine in relation to the possibilities which can be provided for treating diseases with references to the factor of gene-environment interaction. Researchers pay much attention to examining the interaction between the genetic information and environmental issues as significant factors for developing […]

Understanding Multiple Sclerosis

Introduction Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, which affects both the spinal cord and the brain. MS affects myelin sheaths of the nerves, thus preventing transmissions of nerve impulses in the body. Myelin sheaths insulate nerves cells in the body, which have a pivotal role of transmitting action potentials […]

Therapeutic Interventions for Parkinson ’s Disease

Introduction Parkinson ’s disease (PD) is a serious progressive disease that was first described in 1817 by James Parkinson. Many years passed before it was established that disappearance of doperminergic and non-doperminergic nerve cells in the substantia nigra of the mid brain was a primary feature in PD patients (Jankovic, 2008). This disappearance results the […]

Sensory perceptions

The five senses: smell, touch, sight, sound and taste are avenues through which people perceive the world around them. Psychologists argue that through these senses, people do not experience sensation but the results of sensation. Regardless of this, the accuracy and inaccuracy of sensory data is affected by a number of factors namely environmental, psychological […]

Traumatic Brain Injury

Introduction Traumatic brain injury is caused by sudden external forces that have physical impact on the head and thus the brain. Impacts due to abrupt collisions on the head such as in case of accidents, falls or the being knocked can have adverse effects on the brain that may lead to traumatic brain injury. This […]

Psychological Disorders: Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is one of the most complicated and challenging health conditions in elderly people. In 2000, an estimated one million people in the U.S. suffered the symptoms and consequences of this neurodegenerative disorder (Baatile, Langbein, Weaver, Maloney & Jost, 2000). According to Parkinson’s Disease Foundation (2011), approximately ten million people all over the world […]