Since the volatility of the exchange rate does not necessarily imply instability in the economic activity, the choice of the regime for exchange rate plays a predominant role in define the level with which the [...]
This increased the level of exports and realized a positive change in the income flow of the county. The rise of the balance of payment deficit has resulted in a rise in the gross foreign [...]
The creation of customs union with Mercosur, and the renewal of capital inflows to Latin America highly changed the structure of Argentina firm's incentives; one of the most important consequences was due to a higher [...]
Generally, the aspect of economic growth and development by the developing countries in the relationship with the spending system of their national income is highly inadequate for optimal scales of economic development.
According to a report published by Point Topics, the major thrust is on technology and it is companies that use the latest technology, that prosper.
However, the job cuts and losses that to an increase in the unemployment rate reduces the disposable income of white and blue-collar workers who are the major consumers in the USA economy.
The extent of these linkages determines the size of the multiplier, i.e.the smaller the extent of the linkages, the smaller the size of the multiplier and vice versa.
This paper discusses the current state of the US economy and outlines some of the problems that have caused the GDP to face a decline in recent times.
One of the aims of the present research is to review achievements of financial strategy in the Euro area and offer modifications that would augment the association among words and actions; rationalize the realization that [...]
Ireland today being named as 'Celtic Tiger' for the economic boom it has experienced from 1990s to 2001 and then from 2003 to 2006, which has changed the fate of this poor economy to be [...]
The theory suggests that the level of employment is determined by the aggregate demand or how much money is spent and not by the cost of labor. Fiscal policy is the use of government expenditure [...]
The EU Competitiveness Council met in February this year worked towards finding key solutions to the problem with the competitive process: "The Competitiveness Council's key issues paper covers key measures in the area of investment [...]
The Republic of Ireland is one of the fifteen nations in the European Union and Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom.
If the economy already appeared in a state of stagflation at the intersection of AD and AS2, the goal of the policy is to shift the aggregate supply curve to the right to AS.
The purpose of this paper is to review the article and express the author's opinion on the subject matter. The budget of South Africa should implement the government's commitments to reduce the budget deficit and [...]
Overall, Egypt is not particularly attractive compared to the rest of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Lastly, Egypt's financial market development is one of its two characteristics that match the average, [...]
The 4th Industrial Revolution is the digital revolution that builds upon the third and is characterized by the assimilation of technologies that distort the barriers between digital, physical, and biological spheres of human life.
The interests of the island's population must be considered in the context of developing a vision for the future. Another option would be for the island to focus on developing a digital and financial economy.
Such indicators of economic development as the labor force rate and the unemployment rate are the significant aspects of state development and its policies regarding the labor market.
The focus should be on analyzing such issues influencing the economic stability in the state as the problem of unemployment, changes in the unemployment rate, as well as changes in the inflation rate.
Its continental borders are the North Sea, the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean, the Bay of Biscay, Spain, Monaco, and Andorra, the Mediterranean Sea, and Italy, Switzerland and Germany, and Belgium and Luxemburg.
The country is located on the shore of the Gulf of Guinea and borders four other African Countries: Benin, Cameroon, Niger, and Chad.
Comparative analysis of the production of soda cans and clothing units in the United States and Brazil shows different production efficiencies along the line of the production possibility frontier.
The economic crisis resulted in the shrinking of the economy, and the austerity measures adopted led to the deterioration of living standards and the rise of social inequalities.
In his article, Paul Romer addresses the challenges that the global economy has been experiencing due to the rise in the influence of the factors such as scientific research on the development of macroeconomics and [...]
The main argument of the chosen chapter includes the discussion of political developments and public consumption that were and are observed in the United States, emphasizing the role of the noble savage spin.
Therefore, this hurts McDonald's reputation as a global fast-food business. The price demand elasticity strategy was a tactic to increase McDonald's market share.
It should be known that various insolvencies that had been experienced are falling and this is good as far as the economy is concerned. The Federal Reserve has maintained low-interest rates and this has been [...]
P & G's global presence offers the company with economic opportunities. The company's global presence is integral in establishing a premium focus on low-income consumers from developing countries.
The goal of this project is to come up with a model that relates to the poverty level in the United States and the unemployment rate and total household income.
The unemployment rate had been above 3% once since the the1940s went above 4% in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s recessions. The inflation rate was above 10% in the early 1990s.
When ADF and ASF are equal, the amount of group 3 funds has for lending would be equal to the total amount group 2iwould be willing to borrow.
In the event that there are these changes to these variables, the graphs presented in appendix 1 are a show of what is anticipated to happen to the core macroeconomic elements of the economy.
March 1: 1 USD = 81. 8425 JPY March 12: 1 USD = 81.
Both local and international companies suffered the due loss of value of the peso. The president's idea to cut ties with the dollar led to devastating effects as the peso lost three times its value [...]
If the saving rates are considered to be endogenous, the implication is that the amount of income among countries differs in comparison to a case of exogenous saving rates.
The neoclassical model examines whether the development between steady states, positive changes in the savings ratio may stimulate the growth rate in the economy.
3 percent in the third quarter, compared to 0. 2 percent in the fourth quarter.
Situated in the southern hemisphere, Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world with an area of 7,617,930 square kilometers. In addition to all these, Australia is credited to be one of the few countries [...]
At the beginning of the industrial revolution in Japan, the concentration was primarily in the light-manufacturing sector. However, due to pressure from the trade unions in the US, the US government, along with the European [...]
Peter Coy's article gives insight into the economic thought on the government's involvement in the economy. In the article by Peter Coy, critics view the free market as the only thought that can counterbalance the [...]
The coefficients of regression 1 and 2 show the unit change of the independent variable which was in this case the Foreign Direct Investment.
Both increased productivity and trade are regarded as beneficial for the economy due to the potential ability to move labor resources from one sector that experiences productivity exceeding demand to those that encounters prevalence of [...]
Regardless of the price of oil and oil products, the firms would have to purchase the same quantity of oil. This means that a geopolitical fear of oil prices will cause consumers to buy more [...]
In the first four months of 2014, the rate of unemployment in the United States dropped to about 6. 3 percent, and the number of the unemployed dropped by about 1.
Majorly, this is because the current value of the euro in the international market has depreciated. This reduces the cost of exports in foreign countries and makes imports costly to local consumers and corporations.
The repercussion of the ASF line being horizontal is seen given a scenario where the APE line shifts to the right; implying an increase in expenditure with no funding to compliment it.
The major role of any economy is to ensure that it coordinates the changes in the level of goods produced and the changes in the demand for the goods.
A market economy is linked with decentralized decision-making and ex-post coordination, events that have promoted the system to be the best with regards to the allocation of scarce resources for the benefit and welfare of [...]
This chapter covers the background of the study, problem statement, research objectives and hypotheses and the significance of the study. He argues that the inverse relationship between inflation and real stock returns is as a [...]
Final expenditures on goods and services, inventory changes, and the value of exports are added together before subtracting the value of imports.
As a result, the effects of the recession on the economy are lessened. During the short-run period, the prices and wages do not react to changes in the economic situation.
The first part of this study provides a detailed summary of the technique used by the author in coming up with the conclusions to the article but the second part of the study shows the [...]
One of the main domestic issues facing China's CPI is the structural inadequacy of labor, which led to a decrease in the volume and value of export commodities.
Based on their needs, the most appropriate options are for the consumers, especially group two to borrow money in the form of loans, spend the money, and pay back the loan with interest. However, the [...]
In this regard, it is essential for the company to analyze the strength of rival firms, the market position they occupy, strategies, and future actions. This is handy in isolating it as the best place [...]
The spending power of the population has been eroded and the growth of wages is half the level of inflation. This is because there is little excess to be affected than in the first occurrence [...]
Firms and companies in Spain have no requirement to hire more people and this is because of the state of the economy.
This in turn means that the revenue generated by firms on sales of goods and services to pay up wages for their workers and rent for to owners will be absent.
Fiscal policy involves the use of government incentives to address the amount of money in circulation. Borrowing entails the use of treasury bills by the government to control the amount of money in circulation.
If the value of the dollar continues to reduce, and the credit worthiness of the United States is maintained at these low levels, then it is likely that fewer tourists will stream out of the [...]
According to the chamber of commerce and industry, the economy will grow by 5. 25 per cent in 2011/2012, which is a one per cent decline from the forecast made in September of 2011.
Retail sales refer to the sum total of all receipts that go to those who sell merchandise and other consumer goods.
In figure 1, the economy is in short-run equilibrium at the point E with quantity Q0 and price P0 an increase in international oil prices has the effect of shifting the aggregate supply curve inwards [...]
The APE line has a relatively large negative gradient and cuts the ASF line at io. Implications of the vertical ASF line to the economy Case#1: Increase in the APE.
A country's money supply is the quantity of money in circulation and the entire value of checking accounts in the banks.
The discussion concentrated on unemployment rates in the State of Nevada and its potential solutions. The unemployment rate in the State of Nevada was 12% for March.
An IMF report has revealed that the relaxation of inflexible labor laws can lead to a decline in the rate of unemployment.
Transfer of payment is the spending that the government makes to the welfare and social security systems such as a pension, child benefits as well as funds for the unemployed and aged.
Table 1: Data for the real GDP in Australia, China, and Greece from 1999-2011. Source: The World Bank Table 3: Data for Annual real GDP growth.
Therefore, the demand curve will shift inwards to AD2 as less oil will be demanded. They will be forced to produce less oil leading to a shift in the long run demand curve.
This resulted in a major decline of the economy with the GDP and the industrial output dropping by up to 50%.
The AA-DD model consists of the G&S model, the money model, and the forex model. The DD curve represents an amalgamation of the GNP and exchange rates that sustain equilibrium in the G&S market.
Thus, the study aimed to establish the influence of inflation and FDI on the GDP of a developed country, developing country, and the world.
After investigating the Big Mac index and how it relates to the absolute PPP, the authors move on to the relative PPP index.
At the same time, equity capital markets are of insufficient size, and the process of fundraising in the region is complicated.
The article has its basis on the recent global financial crisis, which started in the United States and spread to other parts of the world.
This article reviews in detail the impact of the policies of the Federal Government on the recession. Wherever the value of the house is lesser than the mortgaged amount or the money that the owner [...]
That is why it is possible to claim that inflation is one of the important macroeconomic issues that are to be solved in the future.
Business development and growth in a region strongly depends on the socio-economic and political climate which exists in the country. Furthermore, the government has committed to investing in training and education for the population to [...]
Kuwait is one of the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council. Kuwait is one of the smallest countries in the world with a petroleum-based economy.
In most of the cases, mining of minerals and extraction of oil often limit the ability of the locals to conduct other meaningful economic activities such as farming.
Thanks to the efforts of the Arabian-American Oil Company, Saudi oil production rose exponentially and allowed for exporting the product to the other countries in the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean.
One of the sectors that are vital in development is management of electricity and water in the country. Secondly, there is a need to look at the financial muscle of the individuals and professionals that [...]
The outsourcing aspect has greatly boosted the rate of employment in the country, henceforth leading to robust economic growth in Poland.
Sequestration refers to the act of mandatory use of money cuts in the budget in a situation where the government cost of running becomes more than the amount provided for expenses1.
This growth has been influenced by the steady development of local private corporations and the consumption of local products and services. Some of the minerals are also used in local industries and construction which has [...]
The Philips curve shows the relation between the rate of inflation and the unemployment rate of a country. The paper will also measure the impact of Okun's law in the context of Turkey, considering the [...]
However, despite the temporary effectiveness of the strategy, the increase of the money supply can also diminish the value of the national currency and make the country's exports much cheaper. QE is a powerful tool [...]
This makes the imports to be less competitive as compared to the goods manufactured in the UK. A fall in the value of the Pound makes exports more attractive as compared to the imports.
One of the most important aspects of the referendum that appealed to pro-Brexit voters was the perception of how immigration can affect the labour market.
Thus, to be a macro-economist in the company means to analyze these macroeconomic factors and suggest a strategy that considers the latest trends in the market or the industry.
In response to the effects of the tragic economic meltdown and the rise in the world's interest rates, the British government has put in place strategies to cushion the possible implications.
However, the growth in Ireland was more than that in Greece. For Greece, it was engaged in fighting a runaway debt since the 1990s.
This increase in mineral resources, in addition to the fact that the mining sector is one of the country's core sectors, implies that the impact of the resources boom has been felt by the entire [...]
The level of profits, the rate of technological change, and the rate of change of national income also play a significant role in determining investment spending.
By lowering the Argentina peso's exchange rate to the U.S.dollar, the government could balance its payment priorities. Clearly, the Argentina government tried to stabilize the economy and help the poor.
After the rapid development of the UAE economy and airlines, as well as the emphasis on the role of Gulf carriers, particularly, "Emirates, Etihad Airlines and Qatar Airways", the U.S.government has been trying to oust [...]
While the modern France has seen tremendous growth in the industrial sector, agriculture is still one of the most important economic activities for the generation of revenue for the government.
The decline in economic growth reported in the first quarter of the year 2012 is a reflection of a lower growth rate in fixed investments and inventory by businesses.
61 The formula was used to calculate the real household consumption and real GDP of Estonia over the other years and their results can be seen in the table below.
The leaders of the country focused on powerful initiatives to create a sense of consciousness and identity. The median age of the country's residents is around 39.
This will in turn improve the rate of growth and progression with regard to the country's economy. The energy subsidies will lead to low cost of production and investment in the country.
The appearance of specific trends in the way countries interact, the high speed of globalization, and the emergence of new dominant agents impact the way economies evolve.
The recent article UAE infrastructure being built for EXPO 2020 to be permanent, published in The National, one of the leading UAE news portals, highlights the statement by the Minister of State and Managing Director [...]
Although the issue of the Chinese market crash for the UK was initially lull, its persistence is likely to have significant impacts on the financial services of the UK and the EU in general.
The Obama administration passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 in response to the financial crisis caused by the disappearance of the $5 trillion household wealth of the country in just 12 weeks.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the data of National Accounts presented by the Bureau of Economic Analysis to evaluate the U.S.economy from the standpoint of the business cycle.
The Southeast Asian peninsula is made up of the countries that are geographically positioned south of China, north of Australia, and east of India. The metropolitans are extensions of the cities to the periphery as [...]
California is the third largest and the most populous region in the United States of America. Therefore, this paper confirms the significance of California to the US and the global economies.
However, today, Kurds born and brought up in Southeast Turkey communicate not only in Kurdish but also in Turkish while the majority of the rest of the population, especially the youths, use only the Turkish [...]
The monetary report released in July 2014 in Canada by the bank of Canada showed that the currency devalued due to the pressure from the Canadian and global economy.
The member states in a monetary union can be easily "coerced" into evasion of debts by the financial markets and the resultant outcome of the default directly and negatively affects the economy.
The rise of Babylon is closely linked to the evolution of the concept of debt and credit; without bond markets and banks, the brilliance of the Italians would not have materialized; the foundation of the [...]
According to Green, the GDP is flawed and cannot be used to address the challenges of the 21st century since it was developed to address the economic challenges of the 20th century.
Recently, the economy was projected to rise due to the increased inflow of investments and revival of 100 projects that were stalled in the past years.
The present paper analyzes the recent revelations using the quantity theory of money and concludes that the United States Federal Reserve can reverse the anticipated deflation tide by increasing the amount of money circulating in [...]
According to the existing definition, the term "account deficit" is used to describe the situation in which the value of the goods imported into the country is higher than that of the goods exported from [...]
The Australian financial system is one of the economies in the developed world that had a better performance both in the wake of and after the global financial crisis.
When entering the gas and oil sector of Azerbaijan, the CEO of the company should determine whether the risk factors outweigh the positive aspects of the industry.