Physiology Paper Examples

Effects of Massage Therapy

Introduction Massage has been in practice for many centuries and refers to manipulation of external and deep-seated levels of muscle and adjoining tissue through different methods in order to improve their function, quicken a healing process, reduce reflex activity in tendons, prevent motor-neuron vehemence, and enhance relaxation and general well-being as well as a pastime. […]

Hypoxia and Air Accidents

Introduction Hypoxia is defined as a deficiency of oxygen in the body tissues or simply oxygen starvation. Hypoxia can occur due to a variety of reasons. Normally this condition is preceded by low levels of oxygen in the blood system-a condition normally known as hypocalcaemia. Nonetheless, it is important to note that hypoxia can occur […]

The Role of Psychological Work Characteristics and Intermediate Factors in the Onset of Low Back Problems

Overview of the article This article sought to identify psychological work related factors and the confounding issues that are associated with back pain. The researcher used a questionnaire to gather data on the various variables to be used in the study (Bongers, Ijmker, Heuvel, & Blatter, 2006). The results of the study revealed that none […]

Reliability of Incremental Shuttle Walk Test

Literature Review: Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT) Reliability Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT) has been in use for the last two decades and it is imperative to determine its reliability. Singh, Morgan, Scott, Walters, & Hardman (1992) noted that the ISWT tool could offer an objective means of assessing disability and allowing straightforward comparisons of […]

Respiratory System

Abstract Respiratory system regulates the volume of gases inhaled and exhaled by a person. This experiment examined the lung volume and capacities and the differences in vital capacities between genders. Furthermore, it investigated several factors that control the respiratory rate and volume, such as pH, O2, and CO2 level. The lung volume helps in studying […]

The Relationship between Color Vision and High Altitude

Abstract Color vision is one of the characteristics that are recognized as having an effect on careers and human interaction. This research establishes the effects of high altitude on color vision. It also investigates the color systems that are affected more in relation to others. The research methodology mainly involves the analysis of materials on […]

Hearing and Hearing Impairment Auditory Verbal Therapy and Auslan

Introduction It has been suggested that victims with complications related to hearing can feel unhappy with their situations because some are neglected, and discriminated by the public, who refrain from associating with them. Significant adaptations should be made to provide access and equity to all children, including those with disabilities such as hearing impairment. There […]

Types of Cardiac Arrhythmia Resulting From Centrifugal Acceleration

Abstract Cardiac arrhythmia is one of the many health conditions that form the basis of aviation medicine. The absence of adequate information around the condition necessitates studies to that effect. The current paper sought to determine the types of cardiac arrhythmia that result from aviation related movement. The study relied on findings made in centrifugal […]

Foods That Effect Children With Adhd/ Add

Introduction Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the worst neurobehavioral disorders that affect young children, and research studies have proven that there is a specific genetic component attached to ADHD that has about 76 percent heritability. Therefore, the ADHD disorder not only affects children, but their parents and siblings as well since it […]

Microglandular Hyperplasia Cells

Microglandular hyperplasia refers to polypoid cell growth in the adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Measuring about 1 to 2 cm, the glandular lesions normally occur in pregnant or postpartum women on oral contraceptive therapy, clinically referred to us Depomedroxyprogesterone acetate. These lesions mostly occur in women of productive age and a few cases in postmenopausal women. […]

The Mental, and Physical Effects Muscular Dystrophy Has On Students

Muscular dystrophy refers to a category of genetic diseases where the voluntary and skeletal muscles responsible for regulating muscles weaken and degenerate progressively (Emery, 1987, p.47). The disease is hereditary in nature. It may occur in childhood, later in life or during the middle years of one’s life. The most common type of muscular dystrophy […]

Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Introduction Falvo (2005) writes on the medical and psychosocial aspect of chronic disease including fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is defined as a rheumatologic disease in which the patient experience widespread pain, coupled with aching and stiffness of muscles and/or joints, plus fatigue, sleep disturbances, and broadly distributed sites of tenderness (tender joints) (Millea & Hollaway, 2000, cited […]

Effects of Noise

The ear provides a sense of balance as well as transmitting sound waves to the brain. The pebbles (otoliths) by lying on the bed of hairs (cilia) gives a sense of the direction in which gravitational pull is acting. The outer part of the year focuses the sound onto the eardrum. The eardrum is very […]

The Arthritis Definition

Definition and Description of Arthritis Arthritis simply stands for the swelling joints in the human body. There are many incidences of arthritis (Coates, 2010). A joint refers to an anatomical position in which two or more bones meet (Angelillo, 2009). Notably, there are approximately several kinds of arthritis. Healthcare providers regard arthritis to be a […]

Concept of Cardiovascular Diseases in UK

Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) encompasses different blood and heart diseases, for instance, coronary heart diseases, hypertension, rheumatic heart diseases and stroke. These diseases lead to deaths and hospitalization of patients. Biological Causes CVD occurs as a result of clogged arteries due to blood clotting, atherosclerotic plague and wandering clot or rupture of a brain artery. […]

Open-loop controlled movements

Open-loop controlled 1. The main difference between the ideas of open-loop controlled movements and closed-loop controlled movements is in the consideration of the further steps. According to the theory of the open-loop controlled movements, the first movement is done consciously while all other ones are completed automatically, as the reaction to the first movement. These […]

Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders IEP

Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders: a design and evaluations of the appropriate individualized education goals and the issues surrounding the disorder IEP stand for individualized education program. Individualized education program consists of a statement describing an education program for students with disabilities. This program gets termed individualized because it deals with disabled students individually. Individual statement […]

Sleeping Problems

Introduction At present, no one is sure as to why sleep exists but it is acknowledged that sleep plays a very significant role in our lives. While scientists are at a loss explaining the varying sleeping habits of different animals, they do concede that sleep is crucial and a sleeping disorder may be detrimental to […]

Effects of stress on physical health

Introduction Stress forms an integral part of our daily life despite negative notions people have developed against it. According to Wein (2000), stress ensures that the body functions optimally particularly when responding to adverse situations. He further explains that the flight or fight response guarantees individual’s safety since the body is able to react swiftly […]

Cognitive Functions

Introduction The functioning of human brain is one of the most complex systems studied by the scientists. Even after so many years of research, there still remain parts if the brain the functions of which are not yet known. Everything that we do is controlled by our brain even the slightest injury can have adverse […]

Cracking Knuckles

Introduction Knuckle cracking (or snapping of joints) is a type of joint osteopathy that generates a cracking noise. Most people possess the ability to pop a number of joints such as jaws or elbows. Going by my experiences with a colleague who works as a lab technician, the sound of cracking knuckles is annoying especially […]

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Introduction The treatment of prostate cancer is normally accompanied by some undesirable side effects such as bowel and urinary incontinence, and most commonly, erectile dysfunction. According to Klein (2000), of all these any other side effects, it is the erectile dysfunction (ED) that is the most common and the one that bother’s most men because […]

Pathology of HIV and AIDS

Aids or acquired immune deficiency syndrome is defined as a combination of symptoms and infections that results from low immunity caused by a virus known as HIV or the human immunodeficiency virus. However, researchers have argued that there are other factors that contribute to the same problem. The condition increases individuals’ susceptibility to opportunistic infections […]

Klinefelter Syndrome in Young Adults

Extant literature shows that Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is a chromosomal condition that affects the male physical, psychosocial and cognitive capacities due to the presence of one or more supernumerary X chromosomes among the affected individuals. With an occurrence rate of 1:500 to 1:1000 live male births, affected persons exhibit a multiplicity of signs and symptoms […]

Type 2 diabetes

Coping with type 2 diabetes (DT2) involves three major things. First, there is need for change in diet. A lot of fruits and vegetables is advised as opposed to high-sugar foodstuffs. However, for some who find it hard to drop the aforementioned, consumption is limited to periods of low blood sugar. Secondly, it is important […]

Ethic Problem of the Withdrawal of Medical Equipment in Medicine

Mrs. M was diagnosed with acute anterior myocardial infarction. In addition to the first diagnosis, Mrs. M was also diagnosed with acute pancreatitis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute respiratory failure, and lactic acidosis. A look into Mrs. M’s patient history revealed that she had at one time suffered from anxiety and depression, for which she received […]

Urinary Tract Infection

The urinary tract is composed of different parts including the kidney, urethra, ureters and urinary bladder. Human beings have two kidneys that help in body excretion and blood purification. The kidney is usually brown in color and has a small size of around 10-12 cm. The outer cover of the kidney is called the renal capsule […]

Mechanisms of Teratology

Teratology is the study of physiological defects in organisms. The defects could be due to several factors like the environmental factors. These factors work together to impair the normal development of an embryo. The level of vulnerability to these defects depends on several factors like the stage of development of an embryo at the time […]