The model for the interactions conducted through the electronic data interchange for e-procurement can vary depending on the requirements of the parties and the business.
Before choosing the type of sourcing for a particular product, the organization has to consider the state of the market for this good and determine its competitiveness, quality and cost margins, and significant players.
In contrast, industrial organization theory addresses descriptive aspects of the behavior of firms in markets and the nature of market structure.
They work in a firm on temporary basis in order to get aware of the practical things that goes by, internship, basically prepares a person for the real world, interns are said to be "on [...]
In both types of businesses, B2B and B2C, the organizational structure needs to ensure that supplier relationships, supply chain, and supply base strategies are focused on the strategic goals of the organization.
Karakul's 2008 article "Joint Pricing and Procurement of Fashion Products in the Existence of a Clearance Market published in the International Journal of Production Economics, cites that in the apparel industry, the dilemma of always [...]
The purpose of inventory is to insulate each step of the production process from the other steps and to protect the production process from the suppliers and the customers.
One of the most used means is the freight transportation system and therefore the need for the survey that will lead to the linking of this communication gaps and have the provision of facts and [...]
Both external factors and environmental performance have the highest Cronbach's alpha values of 0.79. 38 was with external factors, and the lowest correlation of 0.
The environmental sustainability, Subway is committed to waste reduction and waste conservation, which are controlled as a part of the company's supply chain management.
The present is marked by numerous ecological and environmental concerns such as the high rate of pollution, the threat of global warming, and others.
Currently, GE deals in a wide a range of products and services spanning from aircraft engines and parts, medical imaging, financing and power generation to industrial products, and oil and gas production implying that the [...]
The guarantee of the timely and high-quality provision of transportation whenever required and the centralization of the supply activities are the strengths of the supply chain.
One of the areas of control over the success of sales is supply chain management as the mechanism that determines the principles of logistics, transportation, and data exchange with buyers.
The purchasing department is related to the operations of a business, which regularly monitors the requirements of the production process to ensure that it does not halt at any time due to the shortage of [...]
In other words, the law requires the company to formulate terms and conditions that are within the limits of the divine law.
The importance of this theme lies in the fact that today, the quality and speed of interaction with suppliers are the keys to business success, and the sphere associated with style and fashion is no [...]
Benetton has adopted the technology strategy in its distribution by automating its warehouse activities to store, pack, and assemble individual orders for all its retail outlets.
In the staple stock flow model, suppliers transport goods to the DCs where they are stored and supplied to different outlets on demand.
It would also help the organization to develop the best supply chain policies to follow in the outsourcing plan and assist the company's managers to identify the right type of relationship to be developed between [...]
This hardware is manufactured in Singapore and shipped to the production sites in China on behalf of Apple Incorporation by Infineon Company.
For example, the conflict between the cost of outsourcing and the profit the vendor makes can result in issues with the quality of services.
Gain-sharing is the most convenient way of interaction between a supplier and a client to develop products, since the vendor receives part of the client's profit for the contribution to the project.
Because of the necessity to manage the available inventory efficiently and enhance the communication process across the SC, thus, improving product quality, "Feets" will have to deploy the principles of Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment.
JIT would also provide shoe vendors with new opportunities since the system emphasizes the production of goods in demand, and, therefore, it would contribute to the attractiveness of new vendors for the company under discussion.
One of the factors that have helped Nike to succeed in the sportswear industry is its ability to source discounted raw materials and labor overseas.
This analysis indicates that UPS has to implement an effective marketing and sales strategy that is informed by the number of goods or raw materials and customers' demands. UPS' success is attributable to its sustainable [...]
The first one highlights the role of supply chain management and logistics, the link between the company's structure and its supply chain functions, as well as ways to provide supply chain intelligence.
The primary source of the said expenses is the cost of the land that needs to be acquired by the company.
The current report is provided at the request of the management of the company to investigate complaints about late food deliveries and the coldness of food.
The requirements of Alpine Beverages are not that complex, that is why one may suppose that RAK Logistics will be able to cater to them.
However, the extent of the power of customers to defend their demands in the chain of supply remains questionable, with their disconnection from the original companies producing goods and services.
KPIs in logistics and supply chain operations measure the actual gap that exists between the planning of different activities and the results from transforming the plans into action.
The choice of a transportation mode depends on the nature of the products and the distance it has to cover. One of the primary features of water transportation is that it is slow.
The procedure involved is critical in ensuring the maximization of profits and the reduction of the cost of production. The price mechanisms applied must conform to the situation of the industry and have the ability [...]
A priority procedure can be used as the mechanism to represent the order of services and selection from a queue. The application of FIFO or LIFO can be a good decision in some operations.
The queuing theory is a valuable asset in the research, helping to achieve and explain the results. Knowledge and understanding of the method are conducive to the success of a business.
Indeed, with the adoption of the suggested tool, one will be able to minimize the instances of conflicts and confrontations among staff members, thus encouraging a positive shift in the corporate relationships' dynamics. The company [...]
These are as follows: Toyota: a federation of businesses dominated by a Toyota; the suppliers are partners, and the main company possesses partial ownership of these companies.
In this way, the central objective of the given paper is to determine the size and scope of the valve market as well as identify the extent of competition in this industry.
Experts also point out that a company that chooses the intensive type of distribution supplies its retailers with the right to set their prices and has little control over the distribution process, unlike the company [...]
In this paper, the author will provide a report on an article touching on the application of the constraints theory in the management of inventory problems in the aerospace industry.
Each student was assigned the task of overseeing one supply chain and ensuring that the process went on in a hassle-free manner.
The first thing that they need to learn is to master the flow of information from the production team to the suppliers and how to receive feedback from the suppliers in order to translate it [...]
In summary, the study has found that most firms' employ a reactive approach rather than a proactive approach in the adoption of green supply practices practices, most organizations are aware of GSCM practices and adopt [...]
Today, the efficiency of the military forces is highly dependent on the efficiency of the logistics department. Military logistics is the planning, coordinating, directing, controlling, transporting and management of the movement and maintenance of military [...]
The companies' websites are used as the platform for the SCM solutions including the use of specialised software and some mobile applications.
This is one of the biggest issues that have made it difficult for the ATW to help these small and mid-size vendors to implement this new technology.
Even though the given event is going to take place relatively soon and there is little time to get ready for the show, the scale of the given event provides a pool of opportunities for [...]
In order to become responsive, a supply chain for convenience stores can be organized using three main models: the dependence on distribution centers, the direct provision of goods, and the local production of fresh foods.
These companies offer logistics services in South Korea and have close-knit logistics networks in Northeast Asia, enabling them to provide speedy assistance to shippers at an affordable cost both in the region and throughout the [...]
In the context of the Finnish industrial sector, what factors inform the use of road, sea, rail, and air transport in planning the logistics for importing and exporting products?
China is known to be lagging in the construction of facilities on cold chain logistics that has led to a considerable amount of pharmaceutical wastage in addition to hindering the speed with which the country's [...]
The first is that any sale of goods is considered as a gift to the importers until they send the payment for the goods.
Because it is very expensive and time-consuming for manufactures to transport their products directly to their customers, they make the use of intermediaries which are generally very efficient and economical.
The topic, which is widely linked to the wider agenda of sustainable development, has in the recent past been a point of interest for many businesses, governments, organizations and other stakeholders.
The transportation costs incurred in using the manual system cause the company to incur higher production costs causing the selling prices of the milk to be high.
It is the summation of lead time demand and the optimal safety stock. The formula is important as it assists the company to analyze the transport costs, lead times, and order quantities of different suppliers.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the company's scheduling model, operational model, and supply chain in order to provide potential solutions based on principles of lean management as well as assess the parameters [...]
Cold chain logistics is the maintenance of a constant temperature of products throughout the demand-supply chain right from the time of harvesting to when the product reaches the consumer.
According to Kummua et al, some of the emerging global trends have a significant impact on the food supply chain and the losses that occur at stages of harvesting, processing, transporting, and making the products [...]
The project uses the ISO 9001 approach to strengthen the supply chain, expand the supply area, and provide medicines to the diseased people of Kenya on time.
The company's objective is to serve the demands of last-mile delivery services in the United Arab Emirates market while enhancing the growth of e-commerce through the improvement of service delivery.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the supermarket revolution and analyse the evolution or development of the fresh fruit and vegetables supply chain in regard to analytical frameworks associated with the management of [...]
The statement that Alibaba has potentially higher prospects for success in developing countries than in developed ones is considered to be logical and reasonable from the point of view of modern market trends.
While Amazon invests in the growth and development of new facilities to cover new areas and increases the effectiveness of its operations, it also seeks ways to decrease their cost.
However, the overall traditional features of the industry, including high-volume production, low variety, and repeatability of processes played a role in determining the success of lean practices in Toyota as well. In spite of underlying [...]
The researcher would formulate the hypothesis of the study and then observe the patterns that will then be analysed to fulfill the hypothesis that confirms the economic theory.
It is possible to define procurement as the process of purchasing goods and services which are needed in order for the business to function; it should be pointed out that this term describes the full [...]
Global exports and indicated as a percentage of GDP, the direction of the strong growth of the mid-1980s of the last century and until the beginning of 2008.
For this reason, this paper is devoted to a comprehensive investigation of the supply chain for Apple's iPhone as a factor, as mentioned above, that contributes to the company's outstanding results.
The Logistics network of Yamato Transport covers the entire territory of Japan, allowing the company to deliver to the customers located anywhere in the country.
The following technical report provides an overview of two major issues of the meat supply chain and outlines the opportunities for improvement in the identified areas.
This is opposed to Benetton and H&M that depend on the market changes and designers' skills to create new trends. Through its market specialists and customers' specific demands, Zara is able to determine new trends [...]
The outline of the essay seeks to highlight the importance of supply economy and conservation of supplies. In addition, the framework seeks to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the supply economy improvement and management.
H&M has to devote substantial attention to the ability of a supplier to ensure the quality and compliance with H&M's social responsibility strategy and the Code of Conduct. Simultaneously, it is vital to assess the [...]
The last bit of the reported proposal outlines the timeline that will be required to complete the entire research Global exports as a percentage of GDP indicated a robust growth trend from the mid-1980s of [...]
In the case of Panera Bread, it would be useful to develop a promotional strategy that would attract younger populations, such as teenagers and young adults.
The study was conducted to determine the procurement and supply chain of polymers by SABIC through the dedicated function of Kayan that specializes in the development of the polymeric material as a feedstock for the [...]
It is significant to draw the line between insourcing and outsourcing because understanding the nature and peculiarities of both strategies together with the accurate estimation of a company's resources determines the future of the business.
The paper at hand is aimed at analyzing the impact that the innovations in the artificial intelligence field are likely to have on the fashion industry in general, and supply chain management, in particular.
Pharmaceutical industries are some of the many companies that work under the influence of reverse logistics. Pharmaceutical products are recalled when they are discovered to be harmful, cause side effects, or below the stipulated standards.
Besides, a customer who discovers some problems with a good should go to a retailer who is responsible for the organization of the process and initiation of the procedure of reverse logistics.
The optimization of the links between production and distribution processes is the most critical regarding the possibility of improving a particular enterprise's supply chain for the purpose of its sustainable development.
The last dramatic changes in the market and business world conditioned the increase in the importance of customer satisfaction and the quality of suggested products.
The fundamental purpose of the paper is to discover the return process in the closed-loop supply chain process. As a matter of fact, it resulted in the creation of the closed loop supply chain management [...]
Christopher adds that third party logistics mixes the elements of expertise, process efficiency, and technology to create a strong logistics operation 3PL providers are able to support supply chain requirements across the product lifecycle of [...]
The role of this function is to establish the location of various facilities in relation to the network. When developing a supply chain network design, it is important to find out the nature of customers.
The goal of the paper is in the identification of the main constructs of the green logistics concept. The main aim of the study is the detection of interrelations between the green logistics principles integration [...]
This maintenance is easy to schedule and implement; it is not expected that, with the recommended low-cost inventory management system plan, maintenance will be an important issue.
The former relies on lean management and tight coordination between the production team and the suppliers to bypass the need for warehousing, while the other operates within the confines of the standard supply system but [...]
And one of the major functions of logistics as a system is the integration of the multiple logistic operations aimed. However, like any other business and economic activities, logistics contributes to the deterioration of the [...]
The author gives concrete and elaborate findings that if an auto-part retail shop adopted an area-based delivery strategy, the store would be able to improve on its efficiency, and, at the same time, bring a [...]
The industrial revolution in the early twentieth century changed the world in terms of production and distribution of the products to consumers.
According to Hugos, having the raw materials or items needed for the normal operations of a firm at the right time, in the right quantity and quality has become one of the management areas where [...]
Also, when it comes to supply chain management, it should be stressed that the farm-to-table approach to purchasing products for cafeterias, restaurants, and so on ought to allow for a simplified supply chain because the [...]
The occurrence of bottlenecks in a supply chain process is something that affects the performance of every organization. The importance of reverse logistics to the competition: Businesses should eliminate bottlenecks in order to achieve cost [...]
This calls for a significant reconsideration of existing approaches and also promotes the implementation of new practices that might increase the efficiency of various and vital activities.
Owen and Minor was the leading medical supplier to the acute care hospital. Even with the customers paying a cost-plus fee Michael Stephanie the Owen and Minor cost manager wanted to use the activity-based pricing [...]
The administration of the Nike Company has come up with a mindset strategy that focuses on the improvement of the form of labor employed by the outsourced contractors.
It can be concluded that VW admits the importance of RL and recalls and uses the campaign to produce competitive advantage.
A particular focus is likewise put on the analysis of the depot repair structure and the key models of its operation to provide a better idea of the service significance.
According to Coyle, Langley, Novack, and Gibson, the characteristics of a standard logistical company include the quest to achieve maximum customer service, the quest to provide high quality products, a desire to operate using the [...]
Such companies as Nordic Parcel and ARI Logistics usually use the advanced GPS for navigation of their vehicles in long routes. In this case, the routes for vehicles are applied automatically, and the system can [...]
In order to keep its positions as the leader in the logistics segment, DHL operates its own Innovation Center, dedicated to research and improvement of the company's logistics.
The process involves the suppliers who bring the raw materials to the company and the manufacturer who is the consumer product company.
Following the acquisition of Maytag in 2006 and the financial crisis of 2008-2009, it became clear to the Whirlpool Corporation's top-managers that both of these developments called for many readjustments to be applied to the [...]
Inefficient delivery process management, suppliers' irresponsibility, communication problems, and the inability to manage inventories well can lead to the failure to deliver vehicles in time and to adhere to the right sequence of delivery procedures.
The aim of this paper is to analyze the logistics operations of the largest e-commerce company in the world and identify several areas for improvement.
On the monitoring stage, the technique of project learning can be implemented, with the usage of tools such as recording to systematically retain the project experiences and document the technical aspects of supply.
The purpose of model development was the optimization of gleaning to increase the volume of gathered food. Gleaning with the involvement of volunteers is suggested as one of the possible activities to reduce the loss [...]
The ability of a firm to adhere to the terms and conditions of a contract and to enforce the variables stipulated in the contract ensures adherence to good procurement practices.
Being one of the renowned and leading suppliers of the internet in the region, Etisalat has to evaluate Huawei, which is one of its suppliers, and asses its performance.
The feature of the model that contributed to its popularity was its simple outlay and accessibility for the professionals as well as the individuals whose occupations are not related to purchasing. The simple outlay and [...]
The first section entailed the analysis of the practical roles of stakeholders in the process of procurement. The final section entailed the application of the 5-R model to examine the aspects of the purchase that [...]
The selection of the supplier is connected with various risks and benefits among which there can be the reputation of a business among the consumers and partners, the satisfaction of the stakeholders, the efficiency of [...]
It further outlines the problem statement to be solved, the purpose of the study, research questions and the organization of the study.
According to Tovasszy et al, the last couple of years have witnessed a steady expansion of international development in the distribution of goods, triggered by the worldwide growth of the global economy and lessening of [...]
The aim of the paper is to establish the challenges in logistics management in selling refurbished phones from the US in five countries within the South American continent.
In order to understand the significance of this problem, one should mention that the price of a product partly reflects the cost of distribution, while warehouses and distribution centers can be viewed as the central [...]